Historic Markers Across Georgia

Tunnel Hill

Marker ID: GHM 155-24
Location: At the railroad tracks at Oak St in Tunnel Hill
County: Whitfield
Coordinates: N 34° 50.407    W 085° 2.587
  34.84012372    -85.04311461
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WM6216
Tunnel Hill Marker  


May 7, 1864. The Federal forces, under Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman, began the campaign for Atlanta by seizing Tunnel Hill. Howard´s 4th A.C., having marched from Catoosa Springs, drover Wheeler´s Cav. from the R.R. tunnel S. to Mill Creek Gap. Palmer´s 14th A.C., moving from Ringgold (U.S. Highway 41), supported Howard on his right and extended the Federal front to Mill Cr. Gap, where its rt. joined left of 20th A.C. in dogwood Valley. These operations were designed to engage the Confederate forces at Dalton, while McPherson´s army moved from the W. to Snake Creek Gap, 18 miles S. of Tunnel Hill.

GHM 155-24 Georgia Historic Marker 1985


An engineering marvel of its time, this 1850 tunnel linked the Atlantic Coast to the Western Frontier via the Tennessee River at Chattanooga, Tennessee. This is the oldest railroad tunnel in the Southeastern United States. The Great Locomotive Chase passed through the tunnel ending a few miles north at Ringgold. It served as a vital link to Confederate forces at Chickamauga and later to Sherman's forces during the Atlanta Campaign. Early in the War, Jefferson Davis gave a rousing speech at the depot. During 1864, Union and Confederate forces contested the site on four occasions.

For more information on the Great Locomotive Chase and Andrew's Raiders

The Great Locomotive Chase

The Great Locomotive Chase or Andrews' Raid