Historic Markers Across Georgia

Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement

Marker ID: GHS 106-3
Location: 100 10th Street, Columbus, GA
County: Muscogee
Coordinates: N 32° 27.871    W 084° 59.435
  32.46451666    -84.99058333
Style: Free Standing **
Waymark: WMV2AY
Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement Marker
Photo by David Seibert


Primus King and the
Civil Rights Movement

The modern Civil Rights Movement in Georgia began on July 4, 1944, when Primus E. King, an African-American barber and minister, attempted to vote at the Muscogee County Courthouse in the Democratic Party's primary election, which barred blacks from participating. King, a registered voter, was roughly turned away by a law enforcement officer. With the encouragement and financial backing of local activist Dr. Thomas Brewer, King filed suit in Federal court in Macon, arguing that excluding black voters was unconstitutional. The court ruled in King's favor, as did the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, ending Georgia's "whites only" primary. King's challenge eliminated the legal barriers to black voting in Georgia's state and local elections and set in motion a statewide black voter registration campaign that helped end disfranchisement and the system of Jim Crow discrimination.

GHS 2015.1 Erected by the Georgia Historical Society,
the City of Columbus, Historic Columbus, and
the Georgia Department of Economic Development

Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement
Photo by David Seibert


Dedicated 4/10/2015