Historic Markers Across Georgia

The J.S. Pemberton & the Confederacy / The "Formula"

Marker ID: HCC 
Location: GA side of the 14th Street Pedestrian Bridge
County: Muscogee
Waymark: None


THE J.S. Pemberton & the Confederacy

"The Columbus Museum's Bradley Olmsted Garden was designed for homeowner W.C. Bradley by the Olmsted Brothers firm of Massachusetts. Frederick Law Olmsted, the famed American landscape architect, founded the firm. Of the thirteen residential projects the Olmsted firm worked on in Georgia, including others in Columbus, the Bradley garden is widely recognized as the most substantial and significant. Its shaded ravine, formal and informal pools, cascading waterfall, pecan grove, and Japanese yew and crape myrtle walkways typified the more naturalistic gardens that became popular after the close of the Victorian era. Azaleas, camellias, dogwood, iris, roses, and forget-me-nots were among the many blooms planted between 1925 and 1928. Bradley had a great interest in the garden and corresponded frequently with William B. Marquis, the Olmsted firm's lead Columbus designer. At Bradley's request, the firm transformed an 1880s trolley station located on the property into a pool house. It is the only remaining structure from that line. The Bradley Olmsted Garden is part of the Wynn's Hill-Overlook Historic District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

THE J.S. Pemberton & the Confederacy

The popular Vin Mariani wine, infused with extract of coca leaves, began selling worldwide in 1863. Dr. Pemberton used this tonic to relieve pain from stomach cancer, intestinal disorders, and wounds. He modified Mariani's drink to produce French Wine of Coca, the predecessor to Coca-Cola The Coca-Cola Company now recognizes Pemberton mixed the prototype formula in Columbus and then brought it to Atlanta. The 1885 prohibition law in Atlanta forced him to remove the wine from his tonic. Pemberton added sweeteners and an extract of kola nuts to create Coca-Cola.

Erected by Historic Columbus Foundation, Inc.
and The Historic Chattahoochee Commission 2015