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Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia

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Battle of Utoy Creek

Beginning on 1864/08/05 and ending 1864/08/07


Federal siege operations not only involved the encircling line of Atlanta´s defenses, but threatened the two railroads South West of the city. Pursuant thereto, Federal forces after the battle of Ezra Church, were shifted South only to be confronted by a line of Confederate works West of and parallel; to the railroads.


Sherman transferred John M. Schofield´ s Army of the Ohio from his left to his right flank and sent him to the north bank of Utoy Creek. Although Schofield´s troops were at Utoy Creek on August 2, they, along with the XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, did not cross until the 4th.


On August 5th, Schofield´s force began its movement to exploit the situation which was initially successful. Schofield then had to regroup his forces, which took the rest of the day.


The delay allowed the Rebels to strengthen their defenses with abatis, which slowed the Union attack when it restarted on the morning of the 6th. The Federals were repulsed with heavy losses by Bate´s Division and failed in an attempt to break the railroad.


On the 7th, the Union troops moved toward the Confederate main line and entrenched. Here they remained until late August.



 

 

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Start Date
08/05/1864
End Date
08/07/1864

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Historic Markers Across Georgia - Civil War in GA

Battle of Utoy Creek


Battle of Utoy Creek
Part of the Atlanta Campaign
Synopsis
Date JAugust 5, 1864 (1864-08-05)–August 7, 1864 (1864-08-07)
Location Fulton County, Georgia
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
William T. Sherman
John M. Schofield
John Bell Hood
William B. Bate
Forces Engaged
Army of Tennessee
Casualties and losses[1]
400
225

On Aug. 5, 1864. Brigadier General Richard W. Johnson´s 1st division of Major General John M. Palmer´s XIV corps moved via Peyton Road to the Henry Bankston home, where it was deployed while the 15th & 18th U.S. Regulars forced passed on to the creek - - after which the division crossed to the south side and camped that night.


August 6, 1864. The ridge just south along Utoy Creek was densely wooded at the time and fortified by General William B. Bate´s division, Hardee´s A.C. [Confederate]. It extended west from the Atlanta to works at East Point, and blocked further Federal moves toward the railroad.


To eliminate this barrier, Cox´s division, 23d A.C. [USA] assaulted Bate´s position in an action known as the battle of Utoy Creek. Strongly posted with abates and head-logs, Bate withstood the frontal attack until forced to withdraw when his left was assailed from the direction of Cascade Springs. Fighting in the ranks of the embattled Confederate defenders of the ridge, was the famous “Orphan Brigade” of Kentucky.



For more information see:

  1. Utoy Creek - Civil War Georgia - American Civil War - August 5-7, 1864
  2. Wikipedia - Battle of Utoy Creek
  3. CWSAC Battle Summary - Utoy Creek
  4. The Battle of Ezra Church
  5. Wikipedia - Atlanta Campaign Union order of battle
  6. Wikipedia - Atlanta Campaign Confederate order of battle



References

  1. Wikipedia - Battle of Utoy Creek   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Utoy_Creek
  2.  

     

    Links to Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia.

     

    Battle of Utoy Creek
    The Embattled Ridge
    Valley of Utoy Creek
    Zero Mile Post