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Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia

The Civil War in Georgia as told by its historic markers.

 



Battle of Peachtree Creek

Beginning on 1864/07/20 and ending 1864/07/20


The Battle of Peachtree Creek was fought in Georgia on July 20, 1864, as part of the Atlanta Campaign in the American Civil War. It was the first major attack by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman´s Union army on the defenses of Atlanta. The main armies in the conflict were the Union Army of the Cumberland, commanded by Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas, and the Confederate Army of Tennessee, commanded by Lt. Gen. John B. Hood. Peachtree Creek was the first battle fought by Hood as commander of the Army of Tennessee.

 


 

 

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Start Date
07/20/1864
End Date
07/20/1864

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Historic Markers Across Georgia - Civil War in GA

The Battle of Peachtree Creek

Battle of Peachtree Creek
Part of the Atlanta Campaign

"Few battlefields of the war have been strewn so thickly with dead and wounded as they lay that evening around Collier's Mill." (Union Major Gen. J.D. Cox.)
Synopsis
Date July 20, 1864
Location Fulton County, Georgia
Result Union victory
Belligerents
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
John B. Hood
Forces Engaged
Army of Tennessee
Casualties and losses
1,710
4,796

 

 ◊  Confederate Order of Battle - Battle of Peachtree Creek.
 ◊  Union Order of Battle - Battle of Peachtree Creek.

 

The Battle of Peachtree Creek was the first of three desperate Confederate attacks on the armies commanded by Maj. General William T. Sherman which were closing in on Atlanta. Although heavy skirmishing occurred between the Federal right and the Confederate left, which extended west to Moore´s Mill Road, and other forces were engaged east of Atlanta, the actual battle was fought along a two - mile front extending from Clear Creek (east of Brookwood Hills) to Howell Mill Road along Collier and Northfleet roads, one of the most costly here along Tanyard Branch at Collier Mill. After 70 days of slow retreat Dalton (88 miles N.), forcing the enemy to fight for every mile, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston´s Confederate Army of Tennessee (Hardee´s, Hood´s and Stewart´s corp. and Wheeler´s cavalry corps) crossed the Chattahoochee River at Bolton late on July 9th and retires toward Atlanta. Although Atlanta was encircled by 12 miles of forts and parapets which Sherman termed "unassailable", Johnston was not ready to use them. He watched closely for the time when Sherman's stronger forces would cross upriver to approach Atlanta beyond mutual support. Now he sensed that Sherman left wing would cross upriver to approach Atlanta from the east while his right wing crossed near Peachtree Creek. While they were miles apart, he planned to attack the exposed right wing.


And some detailed information and more photos

 



For more information on The Battle of Peachtree Creek, see:

  1. CWSAC Battle Summary - Atlanta
  2. Wikipedia - Battle of Peachtree Creek
  3. Peachtree Creek Civil War Georgia - American Civil War July 20, 1864
  4. About North Georgia - Battle of Peachtree Creek
  5. Atlanta Defenses and Batteries Map
  6. Wikipedia - Atlanta Campaign Union order of battle
  7. Wikipedia - Atlanta Campaign Confederate order of battle

 

 

Links to Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia.

 

33d N.J. State Flag
Bate's Division
Captain E. P. Howell's Battery - Battle of Peachtree Creek
Closing the Gap
Coburn's Brigade
Collier's Mill
Durand's Mill
Featherston's Brigade
French's Division Hood's Left Flank
Gap in Federal Line
Garrard's Cavalry Raid
Geary's Division
Geary's Refused Line
Georgia Military Institute 1851 ~ 1864
Gresham's Division
Hardee's Attack
Harrison's Brigade
King's Brigade
Loring's Hill
Maj. William C. Preston C.S.A.
Newton's Division
O'Neal's Brigade
O'Neal's Brigade at The Ravine
Old Montgomery Fy. Rd.
Old Mt. Zion Church
Old Williams Mill Rd.
On Geary's Front
Reynold's Brigade at The Ravine
Rt. of 20th A.C. Line
Scott's Brigade
Stanley's & Wood's Sector
The Battle of Peachtree Creek Plaque 1 - July 20, 1864
The Battle of Peachtree Creek Plaque 2 - Forces Engaged
The Battle of Peachtree Creek Plaque 3 - The Federal Advance
The Battle of Peachtree Creek Plaque 4 - The Federal Advance Cont. - The Change of Command
The Battle of Peachtree Creek Plaque 5 - The Confederate Attack
The Battle of Peachtree Creek Plaque 6 - The Confederate Attack - Continued
The Hiram Embry Plantation
The Mississippi Brigade
Ward's Div. Crossed Peachtree Creek
Ward's Div. Deployed
Wesley Chapel / Confederate Commissary / First Methodist Church
Williams' Div. Deployed
Wood's Brigade
Zero Mile Post