|The American Civil War in Georgia 1861-1865 |
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On March 12, 1864. Ulysses S. Grant was placed in command of all armies of the United States.  This was the first time during the war that there was one commander in charge of all Federal forces and allowed for a "Grand Strategy". Several times during the war, when the Federal forces had taken the offensive, the Confederates had use its Railroads and to move troop from one area to the threaten area and been able to halt the Federal Advance. To counter this strategy, Grant, working with President Lincoln, developed a strategy to advance on five fronts at ones. With suzerainty in numbers as well as sullies, this was possible. What Grant was purposing was to "concentrate in time" to offset the Confederates ability to "concentrate in space." Grant, George G. Meade, and Benjamin Franklin Butler against Lee near Richmond; Franz Sigel in the Shenandoah Valley; Sherman to invade Georgia, defeat Joseph E. Johnston, and capture Atlanta; George Crook and William W. Averell to operate against railroad supply lines in West Virginia; and Nathaniel Banks to capture Mobile, Alabama.  
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The Atlanta Campaign
|Joseph E. Johnston|
|Army of Tennessee|
Casualties and losses
In his official report, dated September 15, 1864, General Sherman´s sums up the strength and disposition of the two armies:
But on the 1st of May the effective strength of the several armies for offensive purposes was about as follows: Army of the Cumberland, Major-General Thomas commanding: Infantry, 54,568; artillery, 2,377; cavalry, 3,828; total, 60,773. Guns, 130.
Army of the Tennessee, Major-General McPherson commanding; Infantry, 22,437; artillery, 1,404; cavalry, 624; total, 24,465. Guns, 96.
Army of the Ohio, Major-General Schofield commanding: Infantry, 11,183; artillery, 679; cavalry, 1,697; total, 13,559. Guns, 28.
Grand aggregate: Troops, 98,797; guns, 254. About these figures have been maintained during the campaign, the number of men joining from furlough and hospitals about compensating for the loss in battle and from sickness.
These armies were grouped on the morning of May 6 as follows: That of the Cumberland at and near Ringgold; that of the Tennessee at Gordons Mills, on the Chickamauga; and that of the Ohio near Red Clay, on the Georgia line, north of Dalton.
The enemy lay in and about Dalton, superior to me in cavalry (Wheelers), and with three corps of infantry and artillery, viz : Hardees, Hoods, and Polks, the whole commanded by General Joe Johnston, of the Confederate Army. I estimated the cavalry under Wheeler at about 10,000, and the infantry and artillery about 45,000 to 50,000 men.
THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS
MAY 1-SEPTEMBER 8, 1864
O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXXVIII/1 [S# 72] pages 52-54
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Links to Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia.
Atlanta Campaign Ringgold Gap May 7, 1864.
Catoosa Springs Confederate Hospitals
Historic Red Clay
Ringgold Gap November 27, 1863