Columbia, SC

Fast Facts

Founded: 1786 Population: 129,272 Time Zone: -5
Latitude: 34.00 N Longitude: 081.033 W Altitude: 285 ft
Average High: 78.0 Average Low: 54.3 Annual Precipitation: 47.14

Columbia is the capital of South Carolina and is the county seat of Richland County, but a small portion of the city extends into Lexington County. The city's name is derived from a poetic name for America, based on the name of Christopher Columbus, the use of the moniker being first attributed to poet Phillis Wheatley, according to popular legend.

Columbia is located 13 miles northwest of South Carolina's geographic center, and as such it is centrally located to the rest of the state. Founded in 1786 as the site of South Carolina's new capital city, it was one of the first planned cities in the United States. The area is often cited for its high quality of life offerings, with its many cultural amenities, parks, and recreational features. Columbia is located at the confluence of the Saluda and Broad Rivers which join to form the Congaree River.

  US Census Quick Facts about Columbia, SC.

  Census Reporter Demographic Profile about Columbia, SC.



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Memorial Park Columbia skyline South Carolina Statehouse

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History of Columbia, SC.

Columbia, SC, was established by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1786 to replace Charleston as the seat of government for South Carolina. The reason for moving the state's capital from Charleston was because of the growing numbers of backcountry residents, who by the late 1700s outnumbered their Lowcountry counterparts four to one. The city's name may stem from Christopher Columbus who was credited with founding the New World in 1492. Columbia enjoys the distinction of being the state's first planned city, and only the second planned city in the United States (Savannah, Georgia was the first).

Columbia's original layout consisted of blocks laid out within a two-mile-by-two-mile square grid. Bordered by the Congaree River to its west, the city is situated along the state's geographic fall line, or the point at which the rivers cease to be navigable from the Lowcountry. Thanks to this, and the fact that the city rests almost in the middle of the state, Columbia grew into a center for politics, education, commerce, and transportation within the first generation of its existence. Much of the city's success stemmed from an economy based upon cotton whose international marketability yielded vast sums of wealth, evident in the homes left behind by plantation owners. With the advent of greater technology such as a canal system in the 1820s and then rail service by 1842, Columbia was a modern city boasting a population of about 6,000 by the mid nineteenth century. A decade later, on the eve of the Civil War 1861-1865), Columbia was the largest inland town in the Carolinas. With 8,052 residents it was twice the size of its closest rival of Raleigh, North Carolina.

  • 2006; Population 122,819.
  • 2010; Population 129,272.
For more information on the history of Columbia and of South Carolina, visit
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State History

Ancient times

  • ca. 40,000-15,000 B.C.: People migrate to North America from Asia at irregular intervals by way of the Bering Land Bridge.
  • 10,000-8000 B.C.: Paleo-Indian-period American Indians are nomadic and hunt large animals for food. They also eat small game and wild plants. They leave no evidence of permanent dwellings in North Carolina.
  • 2,500 BC - 100 BC: Gulf Formational Period of Indian culture with increasing sophistication in ceramic development with tempered pottery.
  • 1,000 B.C.-A.D. 1550: Woodland-culture American Indians settle in permanent locations, usually beside streams, and practice a mixed subsistence lifestyle of hunting, gathering, and some agriculture. They create pottery and also develop elaborate funeral procedures, such as building mounds, to honor their dead.
  • A.D 950 to 1250: Medieval Warm Period.
  • A.D. 700-1550: Mississippian-culture American Indians create large political units called chiefdoms, uniting people under stronger leadership than the Woodland cultures have. Towns become larger and last longer. People construct flat-topped, pyramidal mounds to serve as foundations for temples, mortuaries, chiefs' houses, and other important buildings. Towns are usually situated beside streams and surrounded by defensive structures. The Etowah Indian Mounds just west of the confluence of Pumpkinvine Creek and the Etowah River south of Cartersville, GA, are an example of the mounds built during this period.
  • 1300-1850: The Little Ice Age.
  • At least 29 distinct groups of Indians, or tribes, lived within South Carolina. Many of the tribes that once lived in South Carolina are now extinct due to European diseases, such as smallpox, for which they had no immunity, and to conflicts with the settlers over trade practices and land. This means that there are either no surviving members or that they no longer organize themselves as a tribe.

    A few tribes, however, still exist and are active today. This means that descendents of the original tribe organize themselves, either socially or politically, as a group. This includes the Catawba, Pee Dee, Chicora, Edisto, Santee and Chicora-Waccamaw tribes. There are also many descendents of the Cherokee.

1500 - 1700
  • 1521 June 24: First recorded Spanish expedition reaches the Carolina coast, probably near Winyah Bay (present day Georgetown, South Carolina).
  • 1524: First French ship scouts the Carolina coast.
  • 1526 August: First Spanish attempt at a settlement, San Miguel de Gualdape, probably near Winyah Bay. The first group of African Americans to set foot on what is now the United States were brought by a Spanish explorer to South Carolina to erect the settlement San Miguel de Gualdape. However, they fled to the interior on April 22 and settled with the native American people. Colony fails within a year, and only 150 of 500 settlers live to return home.
  • 1540: Hernando de Soto may have reached Carolina Lowcountry on a trek north from Florida.
  • 1562: First French attempt at a settlement made by Jean Ribaut on Parris Island. Built a fort named Charlesfort. Settlement fails within a year. Similar French attempts to settle in Florida bring about bloody Spanish massacre and equally bloody French reprisal.
  • 1565: Founding of St. Augustine Florida.
  • 1566: A Spanish settlement is established at Santa Elena (Parris Island).
  • 1566: Spain decides to build coastal forts to discourage French settlements. First of these, Fort San Felipe (later rebuilt as Fort San Marco), is built near the ruins of Charlesfort.
  • 1587: Spanish withdraw from San Marco after Sir Francis Drake burns St. Augustine, FL.
  • 1607: First permanent English colony in North America established at Jamestown, VA.
  • 1620: Pilgrims establish Plymouth Colony in present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts.
  • 1623: First charter for Carolina Colony granted to Sir Robert Heath by King Charles I. Charter would never be used.
  • 1663: King Charles II, as repayment for their political support against the forces of Richard Cromwell, grants eight ex-generals, the Lords Proprietors, title to Carolina. Charter is later amended to include the Albemarle Sound settlements.
  • 1666: Capt. Robert Sanford explores and names the Ashley River. On June 23 takes formal possession of Carolina for England and the Proprietors.
  • 1669 July 21: The Fundamental Constitution of Carolina, written by the philosopher John Locke, serving as secretary to Ashley-Cooper, is approved by the Lords Proprietors. Its guarantee of religious freedom, in language similar to Locke's "A Letter Concerning Toleration", will have a profound and lasting influence on the development of Charleston's social fabric, leading to the immigration of such diverse groups as French Huguenots and Sephardic Jews.
  • 1669: Carolina colonists sail from London on three ships: the Albemarle, the Port Royal, and the Carolina.
  • 1669 Nov 2: The colonists reach Barbados, where their ships are struck by a hurricane. The Albemarle is destroyed and the Port Royal and Carolina are damaged.
  • 1670 March 15: The Carolina arrives in Seewee Bay, and proceeds to anchor at the north end of Bull's Island.
  • 1670 April: Charles Town is founded as the capital city of Carolina, across the Ashley River from its current site on the main peninsula.
  • 1672: Charles Town is reported to consist of 30 houses and some 200-300 settlers
  • 1673 The first Morris Island light station at the entrance to Charleston Harbor is build. The light station is a raised metal pan filled with pitch set afire nightly. The light station is replaced in 1767.
  • 1680: Charles Town is moved to Oyster Point. 45 French Protestants (Huguenots) arrive from England.
  • 1685 October: Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, which had guaranteed the rights of Huguenots in France. This revocation accelerates the emigration of French Huguenots to Charleston, SC.
  • 1690: Charles Town is officially moved to current site on the peninsula. Population is estimated at 1,200, making it the fifth largest city in North America.
  • 1693: ":Liberty of Conscience": substantiated, reaffirming the right of locals to worship as they please.
  • 1698: The first library is established in Charles Town by Thomas Bray.
  • 1698 Oct 8: Increasing importation of African slaves prompts a law providing cash incentive for bringing white servants into Carolina.

1700 - 1899


1900 - 1999


  • 1901: Charleston Naval Shipyard is established on the Cooper River in North Charleston, SC.
  • 1904: Carnegie library construction begins at Benedict College in Columbia, South Carolina.
  • 1909: The Charleston Navy Yard, a U.S. Navy ship building and repair facility, located along the west bank of the Cooper River, in North Charleston, South Carolina begins operations and continued as a navy facility until 1996.
  • 1910, March 1: The Battleship USS South Carolina (BB-26) is commissioned. Built in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the USS South Carolina is 452.8 feet long and displaces 16,000 tons. Her main armament consists of 8 12 inch guns.
  • 1914 - 1918: The First World War. [More Information] . During World War I, a small garrison manned the two twelve-inch rifles at Battery Huger at Fort Sumter. Battery Huger is named for South Carolina Revolutionary War Brigadier General Isaac Huger, and was built in 1898-99 in response to the Spanish-American War.
  • 1918: Flu Epidemic infected 500 million people across the world, and killed 50 to 100 million. (see 1918 flu pandemic for more information.)[Ref]
  • 1920: Susan Pringle Frost helps form the Society for the Preservation of Old Dwellings, marking the formal beginning of organized historic preservation in Charleston, SC.
  • 1924, June 2: Congress passes the Indian Citizenship Act, conferring citizenship on Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.[Ref].
  • 1925: The Charleston dance craze hits Charleston and quickly spreads to the rest of the country. It is based on a West African rhythm and was popularized in U.S. mainstream dance music by a 1923 tune called "The Charleston", which was written by composer/pianist James P. Johnson.
  • 1929 - 1940: The Great Depression and New Deal.
    • The beginning of the Great Depression in the United States is associated with the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. The depression had devastating effects in both the industrialized countries and those which exported raw materials.
    • The New Deal is the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs and promises he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving relief, reform and recovery to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression.
  • 1931, September 18: Japan invades Manchuria.
  • 1934: Composer George Gershwin visits Charleston to research and write ":Porgy and Bess", the first American opera.
  • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1935, October 3: The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1937, December 13 – January 1938: The Nanking Massacre was a mass murder (50,000–300,000 dead) and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. [Ref]
  • 1939 - 1945: World War II. [More Information]
  • 1947: The Historic Charleston Foundation is established.
  • 1948: Fort Sumter becomes a U.S. National Monument.
  • 1950 - 1953: The Korean War is fought in Korea.
  • 1954: Strom Thurmond becomes first U.S. Senator elected by a write-in vote.
  • 1954, November 4: The Savannah River Plant located on the Savannah River becomes the world's first operational full-scale PUREX separation plant. PUREX (Plutonium and Uranium EXtraction) extracted plutonium and uranium products from materials irradiated in the reactors.
  • 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis.
    • September 8: First consignment of SS-4 MRBMs arrived in Cuba from the Soviet Union. The range of the SS-4 is 2,080 km. (1100 nautical miles, about 1266 statute miles).
    • September 16: Second consignment of SS-4 MRBMs and SS-5s with a 4,000 kilometer-range (2,400 statute miles) arrived in Cuba.
    • October 1: Four attack submarines -- B-4, B-36, B-59, and B-130--of the Soviet Sixty-Ninth Submarine Brigade depart from Sayda Bay, near Murmank, heading for Mariel Bay, Cuba. The submarines are of the "Foxtrot" (F-class) category, as designated by NATO. Armed with nuclear-tipped torpedoes and supplied with tropical clothing, the submarines and their crews have orders to sail covertly to Cuba and establish a base at Mariel.
    • October 22: President John F. Kennedy delivers a televised address announcing the discovery of the missile installations. He proclaimed that the United States would "...regard any nuclear missile launched from the island of Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response..." He also placed a naval "quarantine" on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of military weapons from arriving there.
    • October 24: Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara informs President Kennedy that a Soviet submarine is close to two Soviet ships that the U.S. Navy intends to intercept.[3] He stresses the danger of the situation, but assures Kennedy that the Navy is prepared. The USS Essex group was instructed to block the progress of the submarine and was authorized to use "small explosives" if necessary. Unbeknownst to the Navy, the submarine carried a nuclear-tipped torpedo with orders that allowed its use if the submarine was "hulled" [4]. At 10:25 a.m. John McCone received an intelligence message and announced that the ships had gone dead in the water.
    • October 28: a new message from Nikita Khrushchev is broadcast on Radio Moscow. Khrushchev stated "the Soviet government, in addition to previously issued instructions on the cessation of further work at the building sites for the weapons, has issued a new order on the dismantling of the weapons which you describe as 'offensive' and their crating and return to the Soviet Union."
  • 1975, January 25: California-class, nuclear powered guided missile cruiser, USS South Carolina (CGN-37) is commissioned. She is 597 feet long and displaces 10,500 toms. Her Armament is two 20 mm Phalanx CIWS (Close-in weapon system), 1 ASROC missile launcher (Anti-Submarine ROCket), 2 Mk 13 missile launchers for standard missiles and Mark 46 torpedoes. The USS South Carolina (CGN-37) will be decommissioned July 30, 1999.
  • 1989, Sept. 21: Hurricane Hugo pounds the Charleston area, damaging 80 percent of the structures on Sullivan's Island and Folly Island and many homes in the Historic District. The category-4 storm caused nearly $2.8 billion worth of damage.
  • 1995, May: Author Clive Cussler announces that his divers have located the wreck of the Confederate Submarine H. L. Hunley in the waters off Sullivan's Island.


2000 - 2009


  • 2003: Congaree Swamp National Monument designated South Carolina's first National Park and renamed Congaree National Park.
  • 2006: Richland County is awarded "All America City"; by the National Civic League.
  • 2006, Oct 17; Pres. Bush signed into law a bill to provide grant money for the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor. In September Congress had declared a swathe of coastline from North Carolina to Florida the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, in an effort to preserve the region’s distinctive black culture and creole language.    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.42)(
  • 2007, Apr 21; A US Navy Blue Angel jet went down during an air show in South Carolina, plunging into a neighborhood of small homes and trailers and killing the pilot.   (AP, 4/22/07)
  • 2007, Aug 4; Yousef Megahed (21) of Egypt and Ahmed Mohamed (24) of Kuwait, students from the Univ. of South Florida, were arrested following a speeding stop in the vicinity of the Naval Weapons Station, located in Goose Creek, South Carolina. Pipe bombs were found in their vehicle. They were later indicted for carrying explosives across state lines. In 2008 Ahmed Abdellatif Sherif Mohamed pleaded guilty in a Tampa court to making a video demonstrating how to build a remote bomb detonator to help terrorists.    (, 9/1/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/19/08, p.A2)
  • 2007; Charleston, South Carolina, opened a slavery museum.     (Econ, 10/1/11, p.34)
  • 2007, Apr 21; A US Navy Blue Angel jet went down during an air show in South Carolina, plunging into a neighborhood of small homes and trailers and killing the pilot.   (AP, 4/22/07)
  • 2009, Jan. 20; Barack Obama becomes the 44th President of the United States. Barack Obama was the first African-American president of the United States.
  • 2009, Apr 24; South Carolina's worst wildfire in at least three decades threatened to intensify after a lull overnight, when calm winds and firebreaks helped contain the blaze that demolished homes and roared through woods just miles from the most-populated stretch of the state's tourist beaches.(AP, 4/24/09)
  • 2009, Apr 29; The WHO raised its alert for swine flu from level 4 to level 5, its 2nd highest alert level. Austria and Germany confirmed cases of swine flu, becoming the third and fourth European countries hit by the disease. US health officials reported that a 23-month-old child in Texas has died from the disease. The World Health Organization called an emergency meeting to consider its pandemic alert level. (AP, 4/29/09)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A8)


2010 - 2020


  • 2010, March; US and Chilean engineers extracted Chile's last batch of highly enriched uranium (HEU), 18 kg (40 pounds), from reactors near Santiago and shipped it to the US. It was then driven to the Savannah River Site in SC and the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Ten., where much of it would be converted to safer fuel and resold for nuclear power. (AP, 4/8/10)
  • 2010, Nov 2; Nikki Haley (38) won election as governor of South Carolina, the first Indian-American female governor in US history. The Tea Party-backed Republican candidate won 51% of the vote against Democratic state Sen. Vincent Sheheen, who received 47%.     (AP, 11/7/10)
  • 2011, Mar 2; In Germany a gunman shot dead 2 US airmen at Frankfurt airport. The gunman was identified as Arid Uka (21), a Kosovo national who was working on a short-term contract at the Frankfurt international postal center. The airmen were later identified as Senior Airman Nick Alden (25) of South Carolina and Airman 1st Class Zachary R. Cuddeback (21) of Virginia. On Feb 10, 2012, Uka was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. AP, 3/2/11)(Reuters, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/10/11)
  • 2011, Apr 5; Storms pummeled the US South with tornadoes. At least 8 people were reported killed in the Carolinas, Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee.     (SFC, 4/6/11, p.A11)
  • 2011, May 2; In Eutawville, South Carolina, Barnard Bailey (54), an unarmed man, was shot and killed by Eutawville police officer Richard Combs. In 2014 Combs (38) was charged with murder. (, 12/5/14, p.A18)
  • 2012, Oct 10; A 3-judge panel upheld a South Carolina state law requiring voters to present photo identification, but delayed enforcement until next year.    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)
  • 2012, Oct 29; The HMS Bounty, a three-masted replica of the ship featured in the film "Mutiny on the Bounty," sank 90 miles southeast of Hatteras, NC, as it tried to go around Hurricane Sandy. 14 people were rescued and two remained missing. (AP, 10/29/12) The Captain was not found and presumed dead on 2 November 2012. It was later reported that the Coast Guard had recovered one of the missing crew members, Claudene Christian, descendant of Fletcher Christian of the original HMS Bounty. Christian was found to be unresponsive and pronounced dead on arrival at a hospital in North Carolina.[Ref]
  • 2013; The mobile phone app Yik Yak was created by Tyler Droll (24) and Brooks Buffington (24), recent graduates of South Carolina’s Furman Univ.  (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.D2) (SFC, 2/7/15, p.A6)
  • 2015, Feb 26; More than 220,000 homes and businesses remained without power in North Carolina and South Carolina today due to a winter storm with high winds. (Reuters, 2/26/15)
  • 2015, Jun 17, In South Carolina gunman Dylann Storm Roof (21) shot and killed 9 people at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston. The dead included state Sen. Rev. Clementa C. Pinckney. Roof was arrested the next day in Shelby, NC. (AFP, 6/18/15)(SFC, 6/19/15, p.A9)
  • 2015, Jul 10; South Carolina’s Confederate flag came down at the State House in Columbia. The flag was taken to the nearby Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum.(AFP, 7/10/15)(SFC, 7/11/15, p.A5)
  • 2015, Oct 4; In South Carolina floodwaters swamped Columbia after a rainstorm dumped over a foot of rain overnight. By October 7 the number of weather-related deaths in the Carolinas rose to at least 17. (SFC, 10/5/15, p.A7)
  • 2016, Mar 4; Writer Pat Conroy (October 26, 1945 – March 4, 2016) died at his home in Beaufort, South Carolina. His novels included “The Great Santini" (1976) and “The Prince of Tides" (1986). (, 3/6/16, p.A9)
  • 2016, May 17; South Carolina lawmakers passed a bill to restrict abortions beyond 20 weeks. Gov. Nikki Haley (R) signed the bill on May 25 making South Carolina the 17th state with such a ban.     (CSM, 5/18/16)(SFC, 5/26/16, p.A6)
  • 2016, Oct 9; Almost 2.2 million homes and businesses were without power morning after Hurricane Matthew pummeled Florida, Georgia, South and North Carolina with heavy rain and wind. (Reuters, 10/9/16)
  • 2016, Nov 23; President-elect Donald Trump chose South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley as US ambassador to the United Nations, the first woman tapped for a top-level administration post during his White House transition so far. Trump charter school advocate, Betsy DeVos, as his secretary of education. (AP, 11/23/16)(SFC, 11/24/16, p.A6)
  • 2017; Jan 10, In North Carolina, Dylann Roof was sentenced to death for the June 17, 2015, killing of nine church members during Bible study in Charleston.  (SFC, 1/11/17, p.A7)
  • 2017, May 26; In South Carolina Todd Kohlhepp pleaded guilty to seven counts of murder over nearly 13 years and other charges. He was arrested when investigators found a woman November 3, 2016, chained inside a shipping container on his property. (SFC, 5/27/17, p.A6)
  • 2017, Sep 12; The World Health Organization said Hurricane Irma has left about 17,000 people in desperate need of shelter and has devastated hospitals and health clinics across the eastern Caribbean islands. At least 43 were left dead in the Caribbean and at least 11 in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina.   (AP, 9/12/17)(Reuters, 9/12/17)
  • 2017, Oct 6; In South Carolina two army privates were killed when a military vehicle struck a formation of soldiers at the Fort Jackson training base. (SSFC, 10/8/17, p.A8)
  • 2018, Jan 3; An agreement was proposed to tie up loose ends from two failed nuclear reactors in South Carolina. The deal could mean $1.3 billion in refunds for utility customers affected by the failed project. South Carolina Electric & Gas Co. had abandoned construction reactors at the V.C. Summer Nuclear Station. Thousands were left jobless in the wake of the $9 billion failure.    (AP, 1/4/18)
  • 2018, Jan 4; Four people were reported killed in North Carolina and South Carolina after their vehicles ran off snow-covered roads. More than 5,000 flights were reported cancelled across the US.   (SFC, 1/5/18, p.A5)
  • 2018, Feb 4, In South Carolina an Amtrak passenger train slammed into a parked CSX freight train in Cayce. Two Amtrak crew members were killed and more than 110 people injured. Human error and a switch in the wrong position was later identified as the cause of the collision. (SFC, 2/5/18, p.A6)(SFC, 2/16/18, p.A7)
  • 2018, Apr 15; In South Carolina seven inmates were killed and 17 others injured in a riot at the Lee Correctional Institution in Bishopville. The maximum security facility was built in 1993 to house violent offenders and inmates who exhibit behavioral problems.    (AFP, 4/16/18)
  • 2018, Aug 20; In South Carolina Cassandra Cline (45) was attacked and killed by an 8-foot alligator while walking her dog at Sea Pines Resort.(SFC, 8/21/18, p.A5)
  • 2018, Sep 11; South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster ordered as many as one million coastal residents to leave their homes ahead of the projected arrival of Hurricane Florence on September 13. The governor of neighboring North Carolina ordered an evacuation of the Outer Banks.   (AFP, 9/11/18)
  • 2018, Sep 16; Flooding from Hurricane Florence spread across the Carolinas as the death toll climbed to 17.   (SFC, 9/17/18, p.A4)
  • 2018, Sep 21; Residents in communities of North Carolina and South Carolina were still being forced to flee to higher ground eight days after Hurricane Florence hit with nearly 3 feet of rain. The death toll reached at least 42 people.   (SFC, 9/22/18, p.A7)
  • 2019, Apr 3; South Carolina police arrested Brook Graham (53) after DNA evidence submitted to family genealogy sites led them to find and arrest her for the death of a baby abandoned 29 years ago. She was charged with homicide by neglect. (SFC, 4/5/19, p.A4)
  • 2019, Oct 3; US scientists said more than 45 million people across 14 Southern states are now in the midst of what’s being called a “flash drought" that’s cracking farm soil, drying up ponds and raising the risk of wildfires. The weekly US Drought Monitor report showed extreme drought conditions in parts of Texas, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina and the Florida panhandle. (AP, 10/3/19)
  • 2019, Oct 15; The US Supreme Court shut down South Carolina's attempt to complete the Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility at the Savannah River site near Aiken. The government has already spent $8 billion on the nuclear fuel facility.  (SFC, 10/16/19, p.A5)
  • 2020, Feb 7; More than 300,000 homes and businesses were without power early today as a weather system blamed for five deaths in the South moved into the northeastern United States. Authorities confirmed five storm-related fatalities, in Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina and Tennessee. (AP, 2/7/20)

For more information about the History of South Carolina, visit the following sites:

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Columbia, SC Weather Information

Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Columbia, SC.
Data from Columbia, University of SC Weather station, 1.66 miles from Columbia.

Month Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
Avg. High 58.1 ° 63.2 ° 71.3 ° 79.5 ° 86.3 ° 92.0 ° 95.2 ° 93.3 ° 88.3 ° 78.7 ° 69.2 ° 60.7 ° 78.0 °
Avg. Low 36.5 ° 39.5 ° 46.5 ° 53.1 ° 61.4 ° 68.2 ° 71.9 ° 70.9 ° 65.7 ° 53.8 ° 45.4 ° 38.7 ° 54.3 °
Mean 47.3 ° 51.4 ° 58.9 ° 66.3 ° 73.9 ° 80.1 ° 83.6 ° 82.1 ° 77.0 ° 66.3 ° 57.3 ° 49.7 ° 66.2 °
Avg. Prec. 4.57 in 3.75 in 4.56 in 2.96 in 3.21 in 5.19 in 5.20 in 4.51 in 3.83 in 2.89 in 3.11 in 3.36 in 47.14 in

Columbia, SC climate is hot and humid during summer with temperatures in the upper 80's and low 90's. Winter temperatures tend to be in the 40's.

The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 95.20° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 36.50° Fahrenheit.

The average annual precipitation at Columbia, SC, is 47.14 Inches. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. July, with an average rainfall of 5.20 inches, is the wettest month of the year.

Climate Classification:

The climate in Columbia, SC, is classified as humid subtropical climate (Cfa) by the Köppen-Geiger system.

Humid subtropical climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F) (or −3 °C (27 °F)), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F). No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled). No dry months in the summer. [Ref]

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SC Notable Severe Weather Events

You can find a general description of the weather in SC and the maximum highs and lows for the state of SC on the South Carolina State Climatology Office web site. The following information is from the South Carolina State Climatology web site.

For more information about the climate:


Drought Severity Classification


Category Description Possible Impacts Palmer Drought Index CPC Soil
Moisture Model
USGS Weekly Streamflow
Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Objective Short and Long-term Drought Indicator Blends (Percentiles)
D0 Abnormally
Going into drought: short-term dryness slowing planting, growth of crops or pastures. Coming out of drought: some lingering water deficits;  pastures or crops not fully recovered -1.0 to -1.9 21-30 21-30F -0.5 to -0.7 21-30
D1 Moderate Drought Some damage to crops, pastures; streams, reservoirs, or wells low, some water shortages developing or imminent; voluntary water-use restrictions requested -2.0 to -2.9 11-20 11-20 -0.8 to -1.2 11-20
D2 Severe
Crop or pasture losses likely;  water shortages common; water restrictions imposed -3.0 to -3.9 6-10 6-10 -1.3 to -1.5 6-10
D3 Extreme Drought Major crop/pasture losses;  widespread water shortages or restrictions -4.0 to -4.9 3-5 3-5 -1.6 to -1.9 3-5
D4 Exceptional Drought Exceptional and widespread crop/pasture losses; shortages of water in reservoirs, streams, and wells creating water emergencies -5.0 or less 0-2 0-2 -2.0 or less 0-2

Historically, droughts have had severe adverse impacts on the people and economy of South Carolina. Periods of dry weather have occurred in each decade since 1818 (National Water Summary 1988-1989 Hydrologic Events and Floods and Droughts, 1991). The earliest records of drought indicate that some streams in South Carolina went dry in 1818, and fish in smaller streams died from lack of water in 1848. The most damaging droughts in recent history occurred in 1954, 1986, and 1998-2002. Less severe droughts were reported in 1988, 1990, 1993, and 1995. The adverse impacts on the people and economy were made especially clear during the drought of 1998-2002 that impacted agriculture, forestry, tourism, power generation, public water supply, and fisheries

Droughts included in the National Water Summary 1988-89[5]

  • 1925; State wide drought, driest calendar year on record in Asheville (1925); record daily minimum discharge for South Fork New River and French Broad River.
  • 1930-1935; State wide drought, record minimum annual discharge on the Lumber River at Boardman in 1934.
    NOAA Drought January 1934

  • 1940-43; State wide drought, most severe in Blue Ridge.
    NOAA Drought May 1941

  • 1950-57; Persistent drought state wide. Worst conditions in fall of 1954. Minimum daily discharge of record at more than 25 gaging stations.
  • 1966-71; The drought mainly affected the Piedmont and Coastal Plain. Most critical during Aug. and Sept. 1968.
  • 1980 - 82; Streamflow less than normal, but not extreme state wide.
  • 1985 - 88; Most severe in Blue Ridge Water-use restrictions in 1986 and 1988 in many communities across the State.

For more information:


Enhanced Fujita Scale


The following statistics where compiled from "The Tornado Project" for the time period of 1950-04-27 - 2014-10-14.

Intensity Number Fatalities
F0 383 0
F1 378 7
F2 131 19
F3 28 6
F4 10 31
F5 0 0


Between 04/27/1950 - 10/14/2014 South Carolina has had 940 tornadoes killing 63 people and injuring 1710 people. The longest path for a tornado in that state occurred on 04-08-1957 when a F4 tornado touched down north of Kershaw, SC and stayed on the ground for 121.4 miles, traveling to just south of Roseboro, NC. The deadliest tornado in this time period occurred on March 31, 1973 when a F4 touchdown east of Calhoun Falls and passed north of Abbeville, SC.[Ref]

  • 1761, May 4; The earliest recorded U.S. tornado with multiple fatalities ouured in Charleston, SC. [Ref]
  • 1924, April 30; The highest tornado death toll in South Carolina's history occurred on this date when two tornadoes struck. The paths of both were unusually long; each over 100 miles long. Together they killed 67 persons, injured 778 more, and destroyed 465 homes and many other buildings resulting in many millions of dollars of damage. One tornado remained on the ground from Anderson County to York County; the other, which as been named "The Horrell Hill Tornado", was the more destructive of the two. Its path was 135 miles from Aiken County to Florence County. [Ref]
  • 1957, April 2-5; The April 1957 Dallas tornado outbreak struck most of the Southern United States from April 2 to April 5, 1957, producing 57 tornadoes. Twenty-one (21) people were killed by this outbreak in four states, 1 in Mississippi, 2 in Georgia, 6 in Oklahoma and 12 in Texas. On April 2, a F3 tornado hit a densely populated area of the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area, killing 10 people and injuring 200 or more. The states affected by the Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence were Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
  • 1973, March 31; A F4 killed 7 and injured 30 in the Abbeville and Greenwood Counties.[Ref]
  • 1924, April 30; The April 1924 tornado outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Virginia. There were least 28 tornadoes, 13 rated as F2, 11 F3s and 2 F4s. There were 114 dead and at least 1,166 injured. The most severe damage during this outbreak was seen in parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia on April 30. During the April 1924 tornado outbreak, left 5 dead NC. A small home and a sawmill were destroyed north of Pittsboro, Chatham County.
  • 1984 March 28; The second highest loss of life from tornadoes occurred when 11 tornadoes touched down along a narrow band that extended from Anderson County through Marlboro County. These tornadoes caused 15 deaths, 448 injuries, and damage of over $100 million. These tornadoes also caused several other storm related fatalities.
  • 1992, Nov. 21-23; The November 1992 tornado outbreak struck large parts of the eastern and Midwestern. The storm spawned 95 tornadoes, 6 of them F4s. There were 26 fatalities and 641 injuries in Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. The tornado outbreak began on November 21 with a cluster of 6 tornadoes (ranging from F1 to F4) intensities that struck parts of the Houston, TX, area. There were 12 fatalities and 122 injuries on Nov. 21, when devastating, long-tracked (128 miles), violent F4 tornado began near Hopewell, MS, and moved northeast and ending west of Sherwood. During this outbreak, there were 4 confirmed tornadoes in South Carolina resulting in 1 death.[Ref][S-2]
  • 1994, August 16; An outbreak of 22 confirmed tornadoes occurred when the remnants of Tropical Storm Beryl merged with a cold front. The tornadoes damaged homes and buildings in a very narrow band running north from Bamberg County through Lancaster and York Counties. One tornado hit the Town of Lexington's central business district. There were no deaths, at least 40 injuries, and over $50 million in damage.
  • 2004, Sept 6-7; Tropical Storm Frances triggered a record 47 tornadoes as it tracked up the spine of the Appalachians. The National Weather Service, using the F0-F5 Fujita scale, identified 26 F0s, 17 F1s, 3 F2s and 1 F3 during the 2-day period. 43 tornadoes touched down on September 7, setting a new one day record. The 47 tornadoes caused widespread damage in the Low Country, Midlands and Pee Dee. Sumter County experienced the worst damage. An F2 destroyed 9 Sumter County homes, damaged 55 homes, injured 3 people and caused over $1.7 million dollars worth of damage. Kershaw County was struck by the F3 tornado which demolished several cinder block stables and deftly picked up a large horse trailer and placed it on the roof of another stable. This record setting tornado outbreak injured 13 and inflicted $2.77 million in total state-wide damages.
  • 2007, Feb 28 - March 1; The February-March 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Florida, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 55 confirmed tornadoes, 3 EF3s and 3 EF4s with 19 fatalities. An EF4 struck the Enterprise, Alabama, high school killing 9 and injuring 50. One person was also killed in Millers Ferry, Alabama by an EF4. 1 person was killed in Caulfield, Missouri. In Georgia there was 1 death and 4 injuries in Reynolds, 2 deaths and 11 injuries in Americus and 6 deaths 3 injuries in the Newton area.[Ref]
  • 2009, April 9-10; The April 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Kentucky, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 85 confirmed tornadoes, 9 EF3s and 1 EF4. There were 5 deaths caused by this outbreak two in Tennessee and 3 in Arkansas. An EF3 tornado hit the Mena, Arkansas area killing three people; an EF4 tornado hit Murfreesboro, Tennessee killing two people.[Ref]
  • 2010, March 28-29; The March 2010 Carolinas tornado outbreak affected Florida, North and South Carolina, Virginia and The Bahamas. In total there were 13 Tornadoes, 4 EF0, 5 EF1, 3 EF2 and 1 EF3 in High Point, NC. On March 28, nine were injured across North Carolina. On March 29, a tornado of unknown strength hit Freeport, Bahamas, toppling a crane and killing 3 workers and injuring 4 more.[Ref]
  • 2011, April 14-16; The April 14-16, 2011 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Missouri, Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. There were 162 confirmed tornadoes, 14 EF3s and 43 fatalities.[Ref]
  • 2011, Nov 14-16; The tornado outbreak of November 14–16, 2011 was a relatively small but deadly tornado outbreak. The outbreak produced a total of 23 tornadoes, 6 EF0, 10 EF1 and 7 EF2. The outbreak affected Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia. On March 16, an EF2 damaged dozens of homes and businesses in Auburn, Alabama. Damage was also reported on the Auburn University campus, where a veterinary school was damaged and two horses were fatally injured. The tornado crossed into Georgia where damage occurred to numerous homes, the Harris County School Complex, the county's 911 center, and several other structures. Three people were injured. Two deaths were caused by an EF2, east of Linwood, North Carolina and 3 deaths occurred south west of Rock Hill, South Carolina. [Ref]

For more information:

Hurricanes / Tropical cyclone


Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5
Related classifications
Tropical storm Tropical depression
Rollover for details

  • Hurricane Hugo - category: 4. Hugo crossed into South Carolina coast near the Isle of Palms on September 22, 1989. Surface winds were recorded at 138 miles per hour, with gusts of 160+ miles per hour. The National Weather Service at Charleston recorded a minimum barometric pressure of 27.85 inches. Damage to coastal and inland properties, utilities, agriculture, timber and commerce exceed $6 billion. 50,000 - 70,000 people were left homeless and 26 people were killed.
       ◊National Hurricane Center
  • Hurricane Gracie - category: 3. Hurricane Gracie: On September 29, 1959, Gracie made landfall between Charleston and Savannah, Georgia. Winds reached 140 mph and tides reached 8 ft. Damage was estimated at $20 million (1959 dollars), and seven lives were lost.
       ◊ Beaufort County, SC
       ◊ CHC - Canada
  • Hurricane Hazel - category 4. Hazel caused $27 million (1954 dollars) in damage on October 14, 1954 after moving parallel to the coast and making landfall near Little River South Carolina. Winds reached 106 mph and tides greater than 16 feet at Myrtle Beach. The heaviest damage in South Carolina was from Pawleys Island northward.
       ◊The Weather Channel
       ◊Affect on NC - NOAA
       ◊Affect on NC - National Weather Service, Raleigh NC
       ◊CNC - Canada
  • August 27, 1893 - Sea Island Hurricane - category 4. This un-named storm was the most deadly hurricane in South Carolina's history. This storm struck near Savannah, Georgia causing extensive flooding along the lower South Carolina coast. Winds of 120 miles per hour were measured at Charleston and Beaufort. More than 2,000 people drowned and damage estimates exceed $10 million (1893 dollars).
       ◊Economic history : the Sea Island hurricane of 1893


For more information:


USGC - Flood Mark
  • 1876, June; The flood on the French Broad River, named the “June Freshet,” it was exceeded only by the 1916 flood at Asheville.
  • 1903, June; The highest number of people killed by floodwaters in South Carolina occurred on the Pacolet River, a tributary of the Broad River, when 60 to 80 people drowned in a flash flood.
  • 1908, Aug.: Haw, Cape Fear, and Neuse Rivers. Flood of record on Haw and upper Neuse Rivers; stage 34 feet over flood stage on Cape Fear River at Fayetteville. All the major rivers of the state rose from 9 to 22 feet above flood stage.
  • 1916, July 14-16; Western one-third of State. Most extensive and destructive in State's history.
  • 1928, Aug. 15-16; Broad and French Broad Rivers. More than 10 inches of rain in 2 days.
  • 1928, Sept. 17-18; Southern Coastal Plain. Flood of record on Lumber River; Cape Fear River 30 feet above flood stage at Fayetteville.
  • 1933, Sept. 15-17; Middle and northern coast. Storm tides rose 2 feet above previous high-water marks in New Bern. Lives lost, 21; damage, $3 million.
  • 1940, Aug. 14-17 and 30; Blue Ridge and western Piedmont, Roanoke River. Floods of record in rivers of northern Blue Ridge province. Lives lost, 30-40; damage, S30 million.
  • 1945, Sept. 17: Coastal Plain and central Piedmont. Floods on upper Neuse, Haw, Cape Fear, Lumber, Rocky, and lower Pee Dee Rivers. Cape Fear River at Fayetteville was 34 feet above flood stage.
  • 1954, Oct. 15; Eastern Coastal Plain. Hurricane Hazel was the costliest storm in the State's history. Lives lost 19; damage, $ 125 million.
  • 1955, Aug. 12 and 17; Middle coast. Hurricanes Connie and Diane. Estuaries of Neuse and Pamlico Rivers hardest hit. Damage, $ 58 million.
  • 1964, Sept. 28, and Oct. 4; Southwestern Blue Ridge. Two floods on the upper French Broad, Little Tennessee, and Hiwassee Rivers caused damage of $ 2.7 million.
  • 1977, Nov. 6-7; Northwestern Blue Ridge. Storm produced 8 to 14 inches of rain. Lives lost, 13; damage $ 50 million.
  • 1990, October 10-13, and October 22; The former was a result of the remnants of Hurricane Klaus and Tropical Storm Marco moving northwards along a stationary front. This flood caused 4 deaths in Kershaw County, when a dam burst sending water across a road trapping the people in their vehicle. Another death occurred in Spartanburg County, when a toddler drowned in a rain-swollen creek. As a result of the flooding, Aiken, Calhoun, Cherokee, Darlington, Edgefield, Florence, Kershaw, Lee, Orangeburg, Spartenburg, Sumter, and Union counties were declared federal disaster areas.
  • 1999, September 16; The remnants of Hurricane Floyd dumped up 15"-20" of rain along the coast triggering wide spread flooding along the South Carolina Coast. The heavy rains caused record flooding of the Waccamaw River. Over 1700 homes were damaged in Horry County. Three foot flood waters were reported in the vicinity of Murrell's Inlet. No flood related injuries were reported.

For more information:

Winter Storms[6]


Regional snowfall index (RSI)[Ref-1] [Ref-2]

Category RSI Value Description
1 1—2.999 Notable
2 3—5.99 Significant
3 6—9.99 Major
4 10—17.99 Crippling
5 18.0+ Extreme


  • 1989, December: Charleston experienced its first white Christmas on record. Other coastal locations had more than six inches of snow on the ground for several days.
  • 1899, Feb. 11; The Great Blizzard of 1899 was an unprecedented winter storm that affected the southern United States. Record low temperatures for February were reported across the US. Atlanta, Ga: -9 °F (-23 °C) all-time record low, Fort Logan, MT: -61 °F (-51 °C), Dallas, TX: -8 °F (-22 °C), all-time record low, Gainesville, FL: 6 °F (-14 °C) all-time record low, Harrison, AK: -24 °F (-31 °C), all-time record low, Raleigh, NC: -2 °F (-19 °C), Santuc, SC: -11 °F (-24 °C) and Marienville, PA: -40 °F and C.[11]
  • 1950, Nov. 24 - 30; The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 was a large extratropical cyclone that moved through the Eastern United States. The storm caused significant winds, heavy rains east of the Appalachians, and blizzard conditions along the western slopes of the mountain chain. The storm impacted 22 states, killing 353, injuring over 160, and creating US$66.7 million in damage (1950 dollars). All-time record lows for November were set at Asheville, NC, -5 °F (-21 °C), Wilmington, NC, 16 °F (-9 °C), Charleston, SC, (17°F), Greenville, SC, (11°F), Birmingham, AL. 5 °F (-15 °C), Mobile, AL, 22 °F (-6 °C) Montgomery, AL, 13 °F (-11 °C) Atlanta, GA, (-3°F), Columbus, GA, (10°F), Augusta, GA, (11°F), and Savannah, GA (15°F).[12]
  • 1969, February: One of the most severe cases of ice accumulation from freezing rain took place, in Piedmont and Midlands counties. Timber losses were tremendous and power and telephone services were seriously disrupted over a large area.
  • 1973, February: The greatest 24-hour snowfall, 24 inches, was recorded at Rimini.
  • 2000, Jan 24 - Feb. 1; January 2000 North American blizzard: Thirty-eight South Carolina counties were affected by the severe winter storms. Major Disaster Declaration was declared for South Carolina on January 31, 2000(DR-1313). North Carolina counties are blanketed by January 24-25's record-breaking snowfall. The Raleigh-Durham airport airport received 20.3 inches of snow.[7]
  • 2002, Dec. 4-6;A winter storm produced damaging ice accumulations from freezing rain and several inches of snow and sleet in various parts of the western Carolinas and extreme northeast Geogia.[8] Major Disaster Declaration declared on January 8, 2003, for six South Carolina counties (DR-1451).
  • 2004, Jan. 26-30;Severe Ice Storm, Major Disaster Declaration declared on February 13, 2004, for seventeen South Carolina counties (DR-1509).
  • 2005, Dec. 15-16; The December 2005 North American ice storm affceted a large portion of the Southern United States. The ice storm left more than a million people without power in and near the Appalachians, affceting 630,000 customers in Georgia, 358,000 in South Carolina, 328,000 in North Carolina and 13,000 in Virginia.[9] Major Disaster Declaration was declared for seven South Carolina counties on January 20, 2006 (DR-1625).
  • 2006, Nov 20 - Dec 1; The November 2006 nor'easter was a powerful extratropical cyclone that formed offshore of the Southeastern United States on November 20. The storm brought heavy rains, high winds, beach erosion, and coastal flooding to the Carolinas and southern New England. In addition, the earliest snowfall ever noted in both Charleston, South Carolina and Savannah, Georgia occurred on the southwest side of this cyclone. Over 10,000 were without power during the storm. On Nov 21, extreme southeast Georgia received 5 to 7 inches of snow. In South Carolina, 4.13 inches (105 mm) measured at Chester, and winds gusted to 44 mph (38 knots) at Folly Beach. Heavy rainfall fell throughout central and eastern North Carolina. The Raleigh-Durham International Airport set a record for its wettest November on record. Winds gusted to 70 knots (80 mph) at Alligator River, with numerous gusts above 50 knots (60 mph) throughout the Outer Banks.[13]
  • 2007, Jan 11-24; The January 2007 North American ice storm was a severe ice storm that affected a large of North America from the Rio Grande Valley in Texas to New England and southeastern Canada. The first wave occurred between Jan 11, 2007 through January 16. This was followed by a second wave in the Southern United States from Texas to the Carolinas from January 16 through January 18 and a third one that hit the southern Plains and mid-Atlantic states as well as Newfoundland and Labrador from January 19 to January 24. The storm resulted in at least 74 deaths across 12 U.S. states and 3 Canadian provinces, and caused hundreds of thousands of residents across the U.S and Canada to lose electric power. In Oklahoma, 40,000 customers lost power on Jan 12. After additional waves of ice and sleet, 120,000 customers were without power (60 000 of them for over a week). Freezing rain hit the Carolinas on Jan. 17th and 18th, leading to school closures in both states. In North Carolina police reported over 600 traffic accidents, including two resulting in fatalities. [14]
  • 2007, Feb. 12-15 - The February 2007 North America Winter Storm was a massive winter storm that began on Feb. 12, 2007 and lasted until on Feb. 14, producing heavy snowfalls across the Midwestern U.S. from Nebraska to Ohio and similar conditions across parts of the northeastern U.S., and into Canada and tornadoes across the southern US. Significant sleet and freezing rain fell across the southern Ohio Valley and affected portions of the east coast of the United States, including the cities of Boston, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., New York City and Philadelphia. The southern portion of the storm produced severe thunderstorms with numerous tornadoes reported. One tornado hit a subdivision of New Orleans. In total, this storm system was responsible for 37 deaths across 13 U.S. states and Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec. On Tuesday, February 13, 2007, the storm produced 7 EF0, 9 EF1 and 3 EF2 tornadoes affecting Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. NOAA classified the storm as a Category 3, “'Major” storm.[Ref]
  • 2007, April 13-17 - The Spring Nor'easter of 2007 was a nor'easter that affected mainly the eastern parts of North America. The combined effects of high winds, heavy rainfall, and high tides led to flooding, storm damages, power outages, and evacuations, and disrupted traffic and commerce and resulted min at least 13 fatalities. There were 36 confirmed tornadoes in the Southern States, 15 EF0, 16 EF1, 4 EF2 and 1 EF3 in Sumter County, SC. Tornadoes struck Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas.[Ref]
  • 2010, Oct 23 - Nov 5 - The October 2010 North American storm complex was a Extratropical cyclone, Blizzard and Tornado outbreak. The storm brought a major serial derecho stretching from the Gulf Coast to the Great Lakes, a widespread tornado outbreak across the Southeast United States and Midwest and a blizzard across portions of the Canadian Prairies and the Dakotas. The heaviest snow fell in St. Louis County, Minnesota where 9 inches (22.5 cm) of snow fell. The storm produced 69 tornadoes, 8 rated as EF2s. Tornadoes struck Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Wisconsin. No fatalities where reported.[Ref]
  • 2011, Jan 8 - 13 - The January 8-13, 2011 North American Blizzard was a major nor'easter, winter storm, and a New England blizzard. The storm also affected the Southeastern regions of the United States. Jan 8 through Jan 10, the storm dropped snow and ice across Eastern Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. Savoy, Massachusetts reported 40.5" of snow. Portions of Connecticut received 20 to 30" of snow.[Ref]
  • 2014, Jan. 27-31 - The January 2014 Gulf Coast winter storm was a winter storm that impacted the eastern and southeastern United States, as well as Mexico. Freezing rain and sleet were recorded in cites along the Gulf Coast including Houston, TX, New Orleans, LA, Mobile, AL and Tallahassee, FL. On Jan 27, warnings were issued for Atlanta'a south metro area, while the central region (from east to west) was placed under a winter weather advisory. At 3:38 AM, on Jan. 28, the winter storm warning was expanded northward. A tweet issued by the NWSFO in Peachtree City at 3:08 pm and repeated on the local news read: “Winter precip will make travel risky across GA midday Tues into Weds. Not a bad idea to stay off the roads if you're able!”. Many believed that the storm would not occur until midday and planned accordingly. The NWSFO was correct in its forecast, but the roads became slippery faster than anyone anticipated. Thinking they would have time to get home before the road condition deteriorated, many business and school systems planned to work a half day. The results was a higher than normal volume of traffic on the Atlanta roads and with the slippery conditions and hilly terrain in Atlanta, traffic stooped. Many people were not able to reach their homes and had to find shelter where they could. Coastal South Carolina got some of the freezing rain that closed bridges around Charleston, SC. The Outer Banks of North Carolina and the Tidewater region of southeastern Virginia received significant snows.[Ref]<
  • 2014, Feb. 11-17 - The North American winter storm of 2014, was a snow and ice storm that affected the American South and East Coast. Damage was estimated at $15 million+ and there were 22 fatalities. Four people died in traffic accidents in Texas due to ice, and in Round Rock, TX, on February 11, a single accident resulting from ice on a bridge affected 20 vehicles. Mississippi had two deaths attributed to the weather. Several tractor-trailers jackknifed on Interstate 65 in northeast Alabama. [10] Emergency Declaration declared on February 12, 2014(EM-3369) for South Carolina.

For more information:

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  1. Fort Moultrie - National Park Service Brochure   
  2. Fort Moultrie - National Park Service Brochure   
  3. The National Security Archive,  Chronology of Submarine Contact During the Cuban Missile Crisis - October 1, 1962 - November 14, 1962. [Online]
  4. The National Security Archive,  NEWS RELEASE - 1 October 2002 - 5:00 PM EST. [Online]
  5. NATIONAL WATER SUMMARY 1988-89 / Hydrologic Events and Floods and Droughts   [Online - PDF]
  6. FEMA: Disaster Declarations for South Carolina (1953-2015)   [Online]
  7. National Weather Service, Raleigh NC: January 25, 2000 Winter Storm   [Online]
  8. National Weather Service, An Overview of the Winter Storm of December 4-5, 2002   [Online]
  9. Wikipedia: December 2005 North American ice storm   [Online]
  10. Wikipedia: February 11-17, 2014 North American winter storm   [Online],_2014_North_American_winter_storm
  11. Great Blizzard of 1899   [Online]
  12. Wikipedia: Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950   [Online]
  13. Wikipedia: November 2006 nor'easter   [Online]
  14. Wikipedia: January 2007 North American ice storm   [Online]

Last Update: October 15, 2017

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