Kure Beach, NC

Fast Facts

Founded: 1947 Population: 1,858 Time Zone: -5
Latitude: 34.00 N Longitude: 077.91 W Altitude: 13 ft
Average High: 73.0 Average Low: 51.1 Annual Precipitation: 60.99

  Kure Beach (pronounced "CURE-ee") is located on the Atlantic Coast of Southeastern North Carolina, 18 miles south of the historic city of Wilmington, North Carolina, in New Hanover County. The town is situated between the Cape Fear River to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

  The Kure Beach fishing pier is one of North Carolina's oldest. It is 712 feet in length and has recently been rebuilt and restored.

  2010 U.S. Census Demographic Profile about Kure Beach, NC.


Kure Beach



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 ◊  History of: Kure Beach, NC
 ◊  History of NC
 ◊  Weather data for Kure Beach, NC
 ◊  Historic Weather Events for NC

History of Kure Beach, NC

Kure Beach was incorporated in 1947 when it was a "T" city with K Avenue running down the center of town from east to west, and U.S. 421 going north and south creating a "T".

Kure Beach was a major part of the Civil War battle fought at Fort Fisher in 1865. Hans Kure purchased 900 acres at Federal Point back in 1885 and in 1923 L. C. Kure built the first public fishing pier on the island.

In the 1930's the Dow Chemical Plant was built and operated in Kure Beach for many years. During World War II the Shipyard in Wilmington increased the population of Kure Beach. The Fort Fisher Air Force Base was to the South of the town and served as an Anti-Aircraft Training center in the 1940's.

After the war many vacation homes were constructed in the area forcing Kure Beach to seek Incorporation in 1946.

2003; Population 1,858.

2010; Population 2,012.

For more on the history of Kure Beach click here.

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North Carolina History

Ancient times [2]

  • The eastern half of the state was underwater, and giant megalodon sharks roamed the waters. On land, there were wooly mammoths and mastodons. Archaeologists believe the first Native Americans crossed into the New World from Siberia some 12,000 to 10,000 years ago.
  • ca. 40,000-15,000 B.C.; People migrate to North America from Asia at irregular intervals by way of the Bering Land Bridge.
  • 10,000-8000 B.C.; Paleo-Indian-period American Indians are nomadic and hunt large animals for food. They also eat small game and wild plants. They leave no evidence of permanent dwellings in North Carolina.
  • 2,500 BC - 100 BC; Gulf Formational Period of Indian culture with increasing sophistication in ceramic development with tempered pottery.
  • 1,000 B.C.-A.D. 1550; Woodland-culture American Indians settle in permanent locations, usually beside streams, and practice a mixed subsistence lifestyle of hunting, gathering, and some agriculture. They create pottery and also develop elaborate funeral procedures, such as building mounds, to honor their dead.
  • A.D 950 to 1250; Medieval Warm Period.
  • A.D. 700-1550; Mississippian-culture American Indians create large political units called chiefdoms, uniting people under stronger leadership than the Woodland cultures have. Towns become larger and last longer. People construct flat-topped, pyramidal mounds to serve as foundations for temples, mortuaries, chiefs' houses, and other important buildings. Towns are usually situated beside streams and surrounded by defensive structures. The Etowah Indian Mounds just west of the confluence of Pumpkinvine Creek and the Etowah River south of Cartersville, GA, are an example of the mounds built during this period.
  • 1300-1850: The Little Ice Age.

Prior to 1500

  • Approximately 30 Native American tribes are scattered across North Carolina. Chief among these are the Cherokee, the Catawba, the Tuscarora, and the Croatans. Native Americans build the Town Creek Indian Mound.
1500 - 1700
  • 1524: Italian explorer Giovanni de Varrazano is the first European to visit North Carolina.
  • 1540: Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto explores the southwestern part of the state in search of gold.
  • 1584-1586: Sir Walter Raleigh sends several shiploads of people to establish the New World's first English colony on North Carolina's Roanoke Island. The colonists are forced to return to England due to hardships.
  • 1587 - July 2: John White establishes a second English colony at Roanoke.
       ◊ August 18: Virginia Dare is born, becoming the first English child christened on American soil.
       ◊ August 22: White returns to England for more supplies.
  • 1590 - White returns to Roanoke to find that the settlers have all disappeared. The word "CROATOAN" is found carved into a tree. The fate of "The Lost Colony" remains one of the state's most enduring mysteries.

  • 1607; First permanent English colony in North America established at Jamestown, VA.
  • 1620; Pilgrims establish Plymouth Colony in present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts.

1700 - 1899

  • 1705: Bath, the first town in North Carolina, is built.
  • 1712: The territory of Carolina is divided into North and South, each having its own governor.
  • 1756 - 1763; The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris among France, Spain and Great Britain and the Treaty of Hubertusburg among Saxony, Austria and Prussia, in 1763. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.[Ref]
  • 1764, April 5: The Sugar Act is passed. This is the first serious dispute between the colonies and Great Britain.
  • 1765, March 22: The British Parliament passes the Stamp Act.
  • 1766, March 18;: King George III signs bill to rescind the Stamp Act.
  • 1767, June 29: The Townshend Revenue Act passed by Parliament. The Act imposes duties on tea, glass, paint, oil, lead and paper imported into the colonies. The estimated revenue is £40,000 per annum. Charles Townsend, is Chancellor of the Exchequer. Townshend said, "These colonies are children of the mother country. They were planted by our care and nurtured by us. They will not grudge us their mite to help with the heavy burden we bear. "James Habersham warns the British, "If you persist in your right to tax the colonists, you will drive them to rebellion."
  • 1770, January 19-20: The battle of Golden Hill, New York, is the first clash between British forces and colonists.
  • 1770, March 5: Boston Massacre. British troops fire into a rioting mob killing five men and wounding six. Three men die instantly and two die later of wounds. The British Captain and his men are tried for murder and acquitted. The prosecutor is Robert Treat Paine and the defense attorneys are John Adams and Josiah Quincy II.
  • 1774: Gold is discovered in Guilford County, NC.[6]
  • 1775 to 1781: American Revolution in North Carolina.
    • 1776, February 27: The Battle of Moores Creek Bridge is the first battle of the American Revolution to be fought in North Carolina.
    • April 12; North Carolina becomes the first state to vote in favor of independence.
    • July 4; the 13 colonies to declare independence from Britain. The Signers to the Declaration of Independence from North Carolina are: William Hooper, Joseph Hewes and John Penn.
    • October 7, 1780; Battle of King´s Mountain , North Carolina.
    • March 15, 1781 Battle of Guilford Courthouse.
    • October 19, 1781: General Cornwallis surrenders.
    • 1781 Dec; When news reaches London of Washington´s defeat of Cornwallis at Yorktown, the British Parliament resolves to bring the war to an end.
    • 1783: The Treaty of Paris is signed formally ending the American War of Independence. The United States was bounded by British Canada on the north, Spanish Florida on the south, and the Mississippi River on the west.
  • 1789: November 21: North Carolina becomes the 12th state of the United States of America.
  • 1793; Eli Whitney invents cotton gin.
  • 1795, February 12; The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill opens.
  • 1825: Matthias Barrington notices that more Gold could be uncovered by digging along a vain of quartz.[6]
  • 1804: The "Walton War" is fought between residents of Georgia and North Carolina.
  • 1828: North Carolina Native Andrew Jackson becomes the 7th president of the United States.
  • 1830s: The U. S. government forces Cherokee Indians from their homes in what becomes known as the "Trail of Tears". Many Cherokee hide in the mountains of North Carolina.
  • 1837: The US Government establishes a mint in Charlotte, NC. All gold coinage coming from this mint has a "C" mint mark. The mint operated until October 1861 when the Confederate Government converted the mint into a hospital and military office space. [7]
  • 1845: James Polk becomes the 11th president of the United States.
  • 1846, April; The Mexican-American War ignited as a result of disputes over claims to Texas boundaries. The outcome of the war fixed Texas' southern boundary at the Rio Grande River. Stephen Watts Kearny annexed New Mexico to U.S.[Ref]
  • 1848, February 2; The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed. The treaty established the U.S. - Mexican border of the Rio Grande River, and ceded to the United States the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, most of Arizona and Colorado, and parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming. In return, Mexico received US $18,250,000 ($461,725,000 [2011])-less than half the amount the U.S. had attempted to offer Mexico for the land before the opening of hostilities-and the U.S. agreed to assume $3.25-million ($82,225,000 [2011]) in debts that the Mexican government owed to U.S. citizens. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants being considered as inviolable.[Ref]
  • 1848: Gold is discovered in California. The gold is easier to recover in California so the focus of gold mining moves out of North Carolina. [6]
  • 1861 - 1865 American Civil War. [More Information]
  • 1865, December 6; The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery.
  • 1868, July 4; North Carolina is readmitted to the Union.
  • Late 1800s: The textile and furniture industries grow rapidly in North Carolina.
  • 1892, October 5; The Women´s College at Greensboro opened. It is the first and only public university in North Carolina founded for the purpose of educating women. Men were admitted in 1963 and today the collage is named the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
  • 1896; Plessy v. Ferguson decision by U.S. Supreme Court establishes "separate but equal" doctrine in racial policy.
  • 1898, February 15; The USS Maine (ACR-1) exploded and sinks in Havana Harbor, Cuba.
  • 1889, October 3; The North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, now the North Carolina State University, opens with 71 students.
  • 1896; Plessy v. Ferguson decision by U.S. Supreme Court establishes "separate but equal" doctrine in racial policy.
  • 1898, February 15; The USS Maine (ACR-1) exploded and sinks in Havana Harbor, Cuba.
  • 1898; Spanish-American War.
  • 1899; The boll weevil crosses the Rio Grande from Mexico.


1900 - 1999


  • 1903: The Wright brothers make man's first successful flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.    Wright brothers National Memorial.
  • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
  • 1918: Flu Epidemic infected 500 million people across the world, and killed 50 to 100 million. (see 1918 flu pandemic for more information.)[Ref]
  • 1920, August 18; Women win the right to vote when the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified by Tennessee.
  • 1923: L.C. Kure builds the Kure Beach Fishing Peir.
  • 1924, June 2; Congress passes the Indian Citizenship Act, conferring citizenship on Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.[Ref].
  • 1929 - 1940; The Great Depression and New Deal.
    • The beginning of the Great Depression in the United States is associated with the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. The depression had devastating effects in both the industrialized countries and those which exported raw materials.
    • The New Deal is the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs and promises he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving relief, reform and recovery to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression.
  • 1931, September 18; Japan invades Manchuria.
  • 1931; The Negro Voters League was formed in Raleigh to press for voter registration.
  • 1935; The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1937, December 13 - January 1938; The Nanking Massacre was a mass murder (50,000-300,000 dead) and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. [Ref]
  • 1941; April 9; The battleship USS North Carolina (BB-55) is commissioned. The main armaments of the USS North Carolina are 9 x 16 in (410 mm)/45 caliber Mark 6 guns. The ship is 728.8 feet long with a maximum width of 108.3 feet. She is powered by four General Electric steam turbines and can travel at 26 knots. The ship saw action during World War Two and was decommissioned on June 27, 1947. Today the USS North Carolina is a museum ship moored nearWilmington, NC, at the USS North Carolina Memorial.
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
  • 1943; Pembroke State College for Indians (now UNC-Pembroke) becomes the nation's first public four-year college for Native Americans.
  • 1950 - 1953; The Korean War is fought in Korea.
  • 1954; Hurricane Hazel (Category 4 on the SSHS), one of the most destructive hurricanes in state history, batters the Carolina coast.
  • 1955; the United States Air Force retained part of Fort Fisher AAF and renamed it Fort Fisher Air Force Station. The Fort Fisher Air Force Station closed in 1988.
  • 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis.
    • September 8: First consignment of SS-4 MRBMs arrived in Cuba from the Soviet Union. The range of the SS-4 is 2,080 km. (1100 nautical miles, about 1266 statute mile).
    • September 16: Second consignment of SS-4 MRBMs and SS-5s with a 4,000 kilometer-range (2,400 statute miles) arrived in Cuba.
    • October 1: Four attack submarines -- B-4, B-36, B-59, and B-130--of the Soviet Sixty-Ninth Submarine Brigade depart from Sayda Bay, near Murmank, heading for Mariel Bay, Cuba. The submarines are of the "Foxtrot" (F-class) category, as designated by NATO. Armed with nuclear-tipped torpedoes and supplied with tropical clothing, the submarines and their crews have orders to sail covertly to Cuba and establish a base at Mariel.
    • October 22: President John F. Kennedy delivers a televised address announcing the discovery of the missile installations. He proclaimed that the United States would "...regard any nuclear missile launched from the island of Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response..." He also placed a naval "quarantine" on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of military weapons from arriving there.
    • October 24: Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara informs President Kennedy that a Soviet submarine is close to two Soviet ships that the U.S. Navy intends to intercept.[4] He stresses the danger of the situation, but assures Kennedy that the Navy is prepared. The USS Essex group was instructed to block the progress of the submarine and was authorized to use "small explosives" if necessary. Unbeknownst to the Navy, the submarine carried a nuclear-tipped torpedo with orders that allowed its use if the submarine was "hulled" [5]. At 10:25 a.m. John McCone received an intelligence message and announced that the ships had gone dead in the water.
    • October 28: a new message from Nikita Khrushchev is broadcast on Radio Moscow. Khrushchev stated "the Soviet government, in addition to previously issued instructions on the cessation of further work at the building sites for the weapons, has issued a new order on the dismantling of the weapons which you describe as 'offensive' and their crating and return to the Soviet Union."
  • 1971; North Carolina ratified its third state constitution.
  • 1989; Hurricane Hugo (Category 5 on the SSHS)strikes North Carolina, reaching as far inland as Charlotte, and doing major damage.


Wilmington NC

Although there had been attempts to settle the Cape Fear region in the 1600s, the first permanent English settlers established themselves in the area in the 1720s. The town of Wilmington was incorporated in 1739. A number of the first settlers of the region came from South Carolina and Barbados. Slavery came early to the region, as landowners used slave labor to exploit the region's natural resources. The forest provided the region's major industries through the 18th and most of the 19th century: naval stores and lumber fueled the economy both before and after the American Revolution.

Captain William Gordon Rutherfurd , (1765 - 14 January 1818), who commanded HMS Swiftsure in Nelson's victory at Trafalgar, was born in Wilmington.

Thomas Peters , an early founder of Sierra Leone, escaped from slavery in Wilmington during the American Revolution.

For more information about the History of North Carolina, visit the following sites:

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Kure Beach, NC Weather Information

Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Kure Beach, NC.
Data from Southport 5 N Weather station, 6.45 miles from Kure Beach. You can get the Current weather conditions at Kure Beach and the 5 day forecast from the weather underground.

Month Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
Avg. High 56.4 ° 58.3 ° 64.5 ° 71.4 ° 78.1 ° 84.3 ° 88.0 ° 87.4 ° 83.5 ° 75.7 ° 68.4 ° 59.5 ° 73.0 °
Avg. Low 33.5 ° 35.1 ° 41.6 ° 48.7 ° 57.0 ° 65.4 ° 70.1 ° 68.5 ° 62.9 ° 50.9 ° 43.3 ° 35.8 ° 51.1 °
Mean 45.0 ° 46.7 ° 53.1 ° 60.1 ° 67.6 ° 74.9 ° 79.1 ° 78.0 ° 73.2 ° 63.3 ° 55.9 ° 47.7 ° 62.1 °
Avg. Prec. 5.28 in 4.18 in 4.47 in 3.08 in 4.15 in 5.04 in 6.69 in 7.66 in 8.93 in 3.87 in 3.45 in 4.19 in 60.99 in

The climate in Kure Beach, NC, climate is hot during summer when temperatures tend to be in the upper 80´s and cool to cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the low 40´s. The yearly mean is 62.1 ° Fahrenheit.

The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 88.0 ° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 33.5 ° Fahrenheit.

The annual average precipitation at Kure Beach is 60.99 inches. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest period of the year is in September with an average rainfall of 8.93 inches while the driest month is April with an average rainfall of 3.08 inches.[1]

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Climate Classification:

The climate in Kure Beach, NC, is classified as humid subtropical climate (Cfa) by the Köppen-Geiger system.

Humid subtropical climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F) (or −3 °C (27 °F)), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F). No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled). No dry months in the summer. [Ref]

Historical Weather data

You can find a general description of the weather in NC and the maximum highs and lows for the state of NC on the The State Climate Office of North Carolina web site.

Event Location Date/Time Period
Highest temperature of record 110° F * Fayetteville, Cumberland County August 21, 1983
Lowest temperature of record -34° F (below zero) Mount Mitchell, Yancey County January 21, 1985
Greatest 24-hour rainfall 22.22 inches Altapass, Mitchell County July 15-16, 1916
Greatest 24-hour snowfall 36 inches Mount Mitchell, Yancey County March 13, 1993
Greatest single storm snowfall 60 inches* Newfound Gap, Swain County, Great Smoky Mountains National Park (unofficial) April 2-6, 1987 *
50 inches Mount Mitchell, Yancey County March 12-14, 1993
Warmest Weather Station ** 63.8° F Wilmington, New Hanover County annual average
Coldest Weather Station ** 43.8° F Mount Mitchell, Yancey County (on mountain top) annual average
48.8° F Banner Elk, Avery County (in a valley where people actually live) annual average
Wettest Weather Station ** 91.72 inches Lake Toxaway, Transylvania County annual average
Driest Weather Station ** 37.32 inches Asheville (Downtown), Buncombe County annual average
Maximum single station precipitation for any calendar year 129.60 inches Rosman, Transylvania County 1964
Minimum single station precipitation for any calendar year 22.69 inches Mount Airy, Surry County 1930

* Obtained from RDU public Statement March 2, 1988
** Based on 1971-2000 Normals

NC Notable Severe Weather Events

For more information about the climate:


Drought Severity Classification


Category Description Possible Impacts Palmer Drought Index CPC Soil
Moisture Model
USGS Weekly Streamflow
Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Objective Short and Long-term Drought Indicator Blends (Percentiles)
D0 Abnormally
Going into drought: short-term dryness slowing planting, growth of crops or pastures. Coming out of drought: some lingering water deficits;  pastures or crops not fully recovered -1.0 to -1.9 21-30 21-30F -0.5 to -0.7 21-30
D1 Moderate Drought Some damage to crops, pastures; streams, reservoirs, or wells low, some water shortages developing or imminent; voluntary water-use restrictions requested -2.0 to -2.9 11-20 11-20 -0.8 to -1.2 11-20
D2 Severe
Crop or pasture losses likely;  water shortages common; water restrictions imposed -3.0 to -3.9 6-10 6-10 -1.3 to -1.5 6-10
D3 Extreme Drought Major crop/pasture losses;  widespread water shortages or restrictions -4.0 to -4.9 3-5 3-5 -1.6 to -1.9 3-5
D4 Exceptional Drought Exceptional and widespread crop/pasture losses; shortages of water in reservoirs, streams, and wells creating water emergencies -5.0 or less 0-2 0-2 -2.0 or less 0-2

  • 1925-29; Driest calendar year on record in Asheville (1925); record daily minimum discharge for South Fork New River and French Broad River.
  • 1930-34; Record minimum annual discharge on the Lumber River at Boardman in 1934.
    NOAA Drought January 1934

  • 1940-43; Most severe in Blue Ridge.
    NOAA Drought May 1941

  • 1950-57; Persistent drought. Worst conditions in fall of 1954. Minimum daily discharge of record at more than 25 gaging stations.
  • 1966-71; Most critical during Aug. and Sept. 1968.
  • 1980-82; Streamflow less than normal, but not extreme.
  • 1985-88; Most severe in Blue Ridge Water-use restrictions in 1986 and 1988 in many communities across State.

For more information:


Enhanced Fujita Scale


The following statistics where compiled from "The Tornado Project" for the time period of 1950-05-12 - 2014-12-24.
Intensity Number Fatalities
F0 526 1
F1 474 3
F2 196 30
F3 36 58
F4 12 49
F5 0 0


Between 05/12/1950 - 12/24/2014 North Carolina has had 1245 tornadoes killing 141 people and injuring 3054 people. The longest path for a tornado in that state occurred on Nov. 23, 1992 when a F3 tornado touched down between Angier and Coats near the Harnett and Johnston county line. This tornado then moved northeast for 160 miles before lifting. The deadliest tornado in this time period occurred on March 28, 1984 when a F4 ripped across northern Lenoir, central Greene, and into Pitt County. Six people lost their lives at Snow Hill in Greene county, two in Ayden, one in Winterville, and six on the east side of Greenville. In addition, the F4 tornado injured 153 and destroyed more than 300 homes as its path of destruction occasionally reached to more than 1200 yards wide. The outbreak on March 28, 1984, produced 22 tornadoes that killed 57 people, including 42 in North Carolina with 15 in South Carolina, and injured another 800. [Source 1] [Source 2]


  • 1875, Mar 20: There were 5 dead 30 and injured on plantations south of Florence and in Marion County.
  • 1884, Feb 19: The 1884 Enigma outbreak is thought to be among the largest and most widespread tornado outbreaks in American history, striking on February 19-20, 1884. In outbreak left 32 dead 100 and injured in North Carolina. Two people died in the Pee Dee area; 15 other died in the town of Philadelphia.
  • 1924, April 30: The April 1924 tornado outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Virginia. There were least 28 tornadoes, 13 rated as F2, 11 F3s and 2 F4s. There were 114 dead and at least 1,166 injured. The most severe damage during this outbreak was seen in parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia on April 30. During the April 1924 tornado outbreak, left 5 dead NC. A small home and a sawmill were destroyed north of Pittsboro, Chatham County.
  • 1931, Jan 5: A tornado that left 6 dead 10 and injured. A man and his four sons were killed as their home was swept away near Norlina.
  • 1936, April 2: The Cordele-Greensboro tornado outbreak, in NC an F4 tornado left damage along a 7-mile-long path (up to 800 yds in width) through the southern part of downtown Greensboro; 56 buildings completely destroyed, with many 233 more damaged. ~$2 million in damage, in 1936 dollars.
  • 1943, April 19; An F3 tornado that left 7 dead 15 and injured. A tornado damaged or destroyed every building in the town of Roxobel.
  • 1957, April 2-5; The April 1957 Dallas tornado outbreak struck most of the Southern United States from April 2 to April 5, 1957, producing 57 tornadoes. Twenty-one (21) people were killed by this outbreak in four states, 1 in Mississippi, 2 in Georgia, 6 in Oklahoma and 12 in Texas. On April 2, a F3 tornado hit a densely populated area of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area, killing 10 people and injuring 200 or more. The states affected by the Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence were Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
  • 1975, January 10; The Great Storm of 1975 (also known as the Super Bowl Blizzard, Minnesota's Storm of the Century, or the Tornado Outbreak of January, 1975) was an intense storm system that impacted a large portion of the Central and Southeast United States from January 9 to January 12, 1975. The storm produced 45 tornadoes in the Southeast U.S. resulting in 12 fatalities, while later dropping over 2 feet (61 cm) of snow and killing 58 people in the Midwest. This storm remains one of the worst blizzards to ever strike parts of the Midwest, as well as one of the largest January tornado outbreaks on record in the United States A total of 7 tornadoes struck Mississippi on January 10, 1975. An F4 tornado moving from southwest of McComb, MS, to southwest of Pinola, MS, caused 9 deaths and 210 injuries. Tornadoes also struck Alabama (1 death), Arkansas, Florida (1 death), Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana (1 death), North Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas. [18]
  • 1975, April 8; An F4 tornado that left 4 dead and and injured. Between Roseboro and Parkersburg, about 20 homes were destroyed and four people were killed.
  • 1984, Mar 28;
    • An F3 tornado that left 6 dead 19 injured. This tornado struck a trailer park near Lewiston, killing five members of one family.
    • An F4 tornado that left 16 dead 153 and injured. Six people were killed near Snow Hill, two at Ayden, one at Winterville, and six near Greenville.
    • An F4 tornado that left 12 dead 101 and injured. Deaths were at Beaver Dam (2), Salemburg (1), Roseboro (2), and Clinton (6).
  • 1988, Nov 28; An F4 tornado that left 4 dead 154 and injured.The funnel crossed the northwest part of Raleigh, New Hope, Justice, Ita, Halifax, and Jackson.
  • 1989, May 5; An F4 tornado that left 4 dead and 52 injured. Damage was in the millions as the funnel cut a swath across Cleveland, Lincoln, and Catawba counties.
  • 1992, Nov. 21-23; The November 1992 tornado outbreak struck large parts of the eastern and Midwestern. The storm spawned 95 tornadoes, 6 of them F4s. There were 26 fatalities and 641 injuries in Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. The tornado outbreak began on November 21 with a cluster of 6 tornadoes (ranging from F1 to F4) intensities that struck parts of the Houston, TX, area. There were 12 fatalities and 122 injuries on Nov. 21, when devastating, long-tracked (128 miles), violent F4 tornado began near Hopewell, MS, and moved northeast and ending west of Sherwood. During this outbreak, there were 5 confirmed tornadoes in North Carolina resulting in 2 deaths.[Ref][S-2]
  • 1996, April 19-22; The April 1996 Tornado Outbreak Sequence affected Texas, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Ontario, Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, Louisiana, Quebec and Arkansas. There were 117 confirmed tornadoes with 11 F3s and six people were killed. In Arkansas there 2 deaths, 8 homes and a mobile home destroyed and a church was also damaged. Six people were injured. In the Ft. Smith, Oklahoma, area 2 people were killed, 498 homes were destroyed while 620 had major damage and 1,275 had minor damage, 98 businesses were damaged or destroyed and 246 apartment units were damaged and 89 people were injured.
  • 2007, February 28 - March 1; The February-March 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Florida, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 55 confirmed tornadoes, 3 EF3s and 3 EF4s with 19 fatalities. An EF4 struck the Enterprise, Alabama, high school killing 9 and injuring 50. One person was also killed in Millers Ferry, Alabama by an EF4. One person was killed in Caulfield, Missouri. In Georgia there was 1 death and 4 injuries in Reynolds, 2 deaths and 11 injuries in Americus, GA, and 6 deaths 3 injuries in the Newton area.[Ref]
  • 2008, March 14-15; The 2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 45 confirmed tornadoes, with 3 EF3s. On Friday, March 14, 2008, an EF2 struck the downtown Atlanta Area, damaging the CNN Center, the Georgia World Congress Center the Georgia Dome, Philips Arena, Ritz Carlton, Westin Peachtree Plaza, Georgia-Pacific Building, SunTrust Tower, Equitable Building, Georgia State University and other downtown businesses. Fortunately only one death was caused by this tornado. On March 15, an EF3 hit in the Aragon, Georgia area, killing two.
  • 2009, April 9-10; The April 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Kentucky, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 85 confirmed tornadoes, 9 EF3s and 1 EF4. There were 5 deaths caused by this outbreak two in Tennessee and 3 in Arkansas. An EF3 tornado hit the Mena, Arkansas area killing three people; an EF4 tornado hit Murfreesboro, Tennessee killing two people.[Ref]
  • 2010, March 28-29; The March 2010 Carolinas tornado outbreak affected Florida, North and South Carolina, Virginia and The Bahamas. In total there were 13 Tornadoes, 4 EF0, 5 EF1, 3 EF2 and 1 EF3 in High Point, NC. On March 28, nine were injured across North Carolina. On March 29, a tornado of unknown strength hit Freeport, Bahamas, toppling a crane and killing 3 workers and injuring 4 more.[Ref]
  • 2011, April 4-5; The April 2011 derecho and tornado outbreak affected Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina and Maryland. "derecho" is Spanish: meaning straight. There were 46 confirmed tornadoes, 6 EF 2s. There were 9 fatalities. An EF2 in struck a mobile home near Eastman, Georgia, killing one and injuring two others.[Ref]
  • 2011, April 14-16; The April 14-16, 2011 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Missouri, Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. There were 162 confirmed tornadoes, 14 EF3s and 43 fatalities.[Ref] In North Carolina a tornado first touched down about one mile south of Askewville (east of U.S. Rt. 13), producing minor tree and building damage. The tornado began producing significant damage on the east side of Askewville, where numerous structures and several mobile homes sustained major damage or were destroyed. The tornado then tracked continuously for nearly 19 miles finally lifting east of Harrellsville. This tornado killed 12, injured 22 and caused 2.25 million in property damage. [Ref] Across the state 24 people lost their live, 55 were injured and there was $ 387.72 in property damages. [Ref]
  • 2011, April 25-28; The 2011 Super Outbreak affected the Southern, Midwestern, and Northeastern United States. It was the largest, costliest, and one of the deadliest tornado outbreaks ever recorded. The 317 fatalities on April 27, was the highest number of tornado-related fatalities in the United States in a single day since the "Tri-State" outbreak on March 18, 1925 when at least 747 people were killed. The outbreak produced 15 violent (EF4-EF5) tornadoes all on April 27. During the four days, 348 people were killed as a result of the outbreak, which includes 324 tornado-related deaths across six states (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee and Virginia) and an additional 24 fatalities caused by other thunderstorm-related events such as straight-line winds, hail, flash flooding or lightning. The 2011 Super Outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia. There were 334 confirmed tornadoes, 22 EF3s, 11 EF4s and 4 EF5s. There were 328 fatalities, 237 in Alabama, 6 in Arkansas, 14 in Georgia, 31 in Mississippi, 32 in Tennessee, and 4 in Virigina. There were 238 fatalities in Alabama, 32 in Tennessee, 31 in Mississippi, 14 in Georgia, 5 in Arkansas and 4 in Virginia. One of the longest-lived tornadoes on record, an EF5 traveled 132 mi (212 km) across northwest Alabama, devastating Hackleburg and other communities, killing 72 people. In total there were 324 deaths and over 3,200 injuries.[Ref] A strong EF1 tornado touched down in Rabun County, GA, late on the 27th, with additional tornadoes affecting the North Carolina foothills during the early morning hours of the 28th. At least three supercell thunderstorms crossed the western Carolinas and northeast Georgia during this time. A greater number of supercells and tornadoes affected areas to the west of the Appalachians. Scattered areas of straight line wind damage and large hail also accompanied the storms. One person was injured in North carolina.[Ref]
  • 2011, Nov 14-16; The tornado outbreak of November 14–16, 2011 was a relatively small but deadly tornado outbreak. The outbreak produced a total of 23 tornadoes, 6 EF0, 10 EF1 and 7 EF2. The outbreak affected Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia. On March 16, an EF2 damaged dozens of homes and businesses in Auburn, Alabama. Damage was also reported on the Auburn University campus, where a veterinary school was damaged and two horses were fatally injured. The tornado crossed into Georgia where damage occurred to numerous homes, the Harris County School Complex, the county's 911 center, and several other structures. Three people were injured. Two deaths were caused by an EF2, east of Linwood, North Carolina and 3 deaths occurred south west of Rock Hill, South Carolina. [Ref]

For more information:

North Carolina Hurricanes / Tropical cyclone


Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5
Related classifications
Tropical storm Tropical depression
Rollover for details

(category at landfall)

  • Hurricane Hugo - category: 4. Hugo crossed into South Carolina coast near the Isle of Palms on September 22, 1989. Surface winds were recorded at 138 miles per hour, with gusts of 160+ miles per hour. The National Weather Service at Charleston recorded a minimum barometric pressure of 27.85 inches. Damage to coastal and inland properties, utilities, agriculture, timber and commerce exceed $6 billion. 50,000 - 70,000 people were left homeless and 26 people were killed.
       ◊ Wikipedia
       ◊ National Hurricane Center
  • Hurricane Gracie - category: 3. Hurricane Gracie: On September 29, 1959, Gracie made landfall between Charleston and Savannah, Georgia. Winds reached 140 mph and tides reached 8 ft. Damage was estimated at $20 million (1959 dollars), and seven lives were lost.
       ◊ Beaufort County, SC
       ◊ CHC - Canada
  • Hurricane Hazel - category 4. Hazel caused $27 million (1954 dollars) in damage on October 14, 1954 after moving parallel to the coast and making landfall near Little River South Carolina. Winds reached 106 mph and tides greater than 16 feet at Myrtle Beach. The heaviest damage in South Carolina was from Pawleys Island northward.
       ◊The Weather Channel
       ◊Affect on NC - NOAA
       ◊Affect on NC - National Weather Service, Raleigh NC
       ◊CNC - Canada
  • August 27, 1893 - Sea Island Hurricane - category 4. This un-named storm was the most deadly hurricane in South Carolina's history. This storm struck near Savannah, Georgia causing extensive flooding along the lower South Carolina coast. Winds of 120 miles per hour were measured at Charleston and Beaufort. More than 2,000 people drowned and damage estimates exceed $10 million (1893 dollars).
       ◊Economic history : the Sea Island hurricane of 1893


For more information:


USGC - Flood Mark

  • 1876, June; Named the June Freshet, it was exceeded only by the 1916 flood at Asheville.
  • 1908, Aug.; Flood of record on Haw and upper Neuse Rivers; stage 34 feet over flood stage on Cape Fear River at Fayetteville.
  • 1913, March 23 and March 26; The storms that created the floods in 1913 continued over several days and produced record-breaking rain. The storms affected Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, and Virginia.
  • 1916, July 14-16; Most extensive and destructive in State's history.[9]
  • 1928, Aug. 15-16; More than 10 inches of rain in 2 days.
  • 1928, Sept. 17-18; Flood of record on Lumber River; Cape Fear River 30 feet above flood stage at Fayetteville.
  • 1933, Sept. 15-17; Storm tides rose 2 feet above previous high-water marks in New Bern. lives lost, 21; damage, S3 million.
  • 1940, Aug. 14-17 and 30; Floods of record in rivers of northern Blue Ridge province. Lives lost, 30-40; damage, S30 million.
  • 1945, Sept. 17; Floods on upper Neuse, Haw, Cape Fear, Lumber, Rocky, and lower Pee Dee Rivers. Cape Fear River at Fayetteville was 34 feet above flood stage.
  • 1954, Oct. 15; Hurricane Hazel was the costliest storm in the State's history. Lives lost 19; damage, S125 million.
  • 1940, Aug. 12 and 17, 30; Hurricanes Connie and Diane. Estuaries of Neuse and Pamlico Rivers hardest hit. Damage, S58 million.
  • 1945, Sept. 19; Hurricane lone caused flooding from New River to Chowan River. Lives lost, 7; damage, S88 million.
  • 1964, Sept 28 and Oct 4; Two floods on the upper French Broad, Little Tennessee, and Hiwassee Rivers caused damage of S2.7 million.
  • 1977, Nov. 6-7; Storm produced 8 to 14 inches of rain. Lives lost, 13; damage S50 million.

For more information:


Winter Storms[10]


Regional snowfall index (RSI)[Ref-1] [Ref-2]

Category RSI Value Description
1 1—2.999 Notable
2 3—5.99 Significant
3 6—9.99 Major
4 10—17.99 Crippling
5 18.0+ Extreme


  • 1886, Jan 6-11; The January 1886 Blizzard was caused by a strong extratropical cyclone which initially dropped southeast across Texas before strengthening while it moved through the South and East, near the Eastern Seaboard through New England. Across the Texas Panhandle, at least five die due to exposure on January 6. A mix of rain, sleet, and snow fell in Jasper, AL, on January 8 and 9. Savannah, GA, reported a light snowfall for the first time in six years. On January 8, Fort Macon, NC, registered winds up to 62 miles per hour (100 km/h) from the southwest. A significant chunk of arctic air from the north filtered down into the South in the wake of this system. Portions of North Carolina saw temperatures fall well below 0 °F (-18 °C) from Jan 11 through 14, with readings as low at -18 °F (-28 °C) in Wilkes County, NC, on Jan 12.[16]
  • 1899, Feb. 11; The Great Blizzard of 1899 was an unprecedented winter storm that affected the southern United States. Record low temperatures for February were reported across the US. Atlanta, Ga: -9 °F (-23 °C) all-time record low, Fort Logan, MT: -61 °F (-51 °C), Dallas, TX: -8 °F (-22 °C), all-time record low, Gainesville, FL: 6 °F (-14 °C) all-time record low, Harrison, AK: -24 °F (-31 °C), all-time record low, Raleigh, NC: -2 °F (-19 °C), Santuc, SC: -11 °F (-24 °C) and Marienville, PA: -40 °F and C. [17]
  • 1950, Nov. 24 - 30; The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 was a large extratropical cyclone that moved through the Eastern United States. The storm caused significant winds, heavy rains east of the Appalachians, and blizzard conditions along the western slopes of the mountain chain. The storm impacted 22 states, killing 353, injuring over 160, and creating US$66.7 million in damage (1950 dollars). All-time record lows for November were set at Asheville, NC, -5 °F (-21 °C), Wilmington, NC, 16 °F (-9 °C), Charleston, SC, (17°F), Greenville, SC, (11°F), Birmingham, AL. 5 °F (-15 °C), Mobile, AL, 22 °F (-6 °C) Montgomery, AL, 13 °F (-11 °C) Atlanta, GA, (-3°F), Columbus, GA, (10°F), Augusta, GA, (11°F), and Savannah, GA (15°F).[19]
  • 1956, April 24; A sever storm struck North Carolina and a State of Disaster was declaration (DR-56).
  • 1968, Feb. 10; A Severe Ice Storm struck North Carolina and a State of Disaster was declaration (DR-234). The storm affected Beaufort, Bertie, Chowan, Craven, Edgecombe, Greene, Harnett, Hertford, Johnston, Lee, Lenoir, Martin, Moore, Nash, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Wake, Washington, Wayne and Wilson Counties.
  • 1993, March 17; A low pressure system strengthen in the Gulf of Mexico and move northeast. North Carolina experiences Severe Snowfall and a Winter Storm. A state if emergency was declared (EM-3110). Known as the Storm of the Century, Boone, North Carolina, received 33 inches of snow. [11] The storm affected Alamance, Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Beaufort, Brunswick, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Carteret, Caswell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Columbus, Craven, Dare, Davidson, Davie, Durham, Forsyth, Franklin, Gaston, Graham, Granville, Guilford, Haywood, Henderson, Hyde, Iredell, Jackson, Lenoir, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, New Hanover, Orange, Pamlico, Pender, Person, Polk, Rockingham, Rowan, Rutherford, Stokes, Surry, Swain, Transylvania, Vance, Wake, Warren, Watauga, Wilkes, Yadkin and Yancey Counties.
  • 1996, Jan. 6-12; The Blizzard of 1996 paralyzed the U.S. East Coast with up to 4 feet (1.2 m) of wind-driven snow from January 6 to January 8, 1996. A second storm struck on January 12. A Major Disaster is declared on January 13 (DR-1087). The areas affected were Alamance, Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Bertie, Buncombe, Burke, Cabarrus, Caldwell, Camden, Caswell, Catawba, Chatham, Cherokee, Chowan, Cleveland, Davidson, Davie, Durham, Edgecombe, Forsyth, Franklin, Gaston, Gates, Graham, Granville, Guilford, Halifax, Harnett, Haywood, Henderson, Hertford, Iredell, Jackson, Johnston, Lee, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, Montgomery, Moore, Nash, Northampton, Orange, Pasquotank, Person, Pitt, Polk, Randolph, Rockingham, Rowan, Rutherford, Stanly, Stokes, Surry, Swain, Transylvania, Union, Vance, Wake, Warren, Watauga, Wilkes, Wilson, Yadkin and Yancey Counties.
  • 2000, Jan 24 - Feb. 1; January 2000 North American blizzard : North Carolina counties are blanketed by January 24-25's record-breaking snowfall. The Raleigh-Durham airport airport received 20.3 inches of snow.[12] A Major Disaster Declaration was declared on January 31, 2000 (DR-1312). Other snow fall totals: 10 inches in Charlotte, 26 inches in Monroe, 9 inches in Kannapolis, 5 inches in Salisbury, 7 inches in Winston-Salem, 15 inches in Asheboro, 10 inches in Greensboro, 16 inches in Sanford, 14 inches in Carrboro, 16 inches in Chapel Hill, 18 inches in Durham, 16 inches in Fayetteville, 24 inches in Raleigh and 10 inches in Smithfield. The storm affected Alamance, Anson, Cabarrus, Caswell, Chatham, Davidson, Durham, Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, Guilford, Halifax, Harnett, Hoke, Johnston, Lee, Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Moore, Nash, Northampton, Orange, Person, Randolph, Richmond, Rockingham, Scotland, Stanly, Union, Vance, Wake, Warren and Wilson Counties.
  • 2002, Dec. 4-5; On December 4 and 5, 2002, a major ice storm (the “December 2002 Ice Storm” or the “Ice Storm”) blanketed 40 North Carolina counties with up to one inch of ice, Raleigh, NC more than doubled its previous record for freezing rain totals from a single storm (February 2, 1996 with 0.69 inches)[13] Major Disaster Declaration declared on December 12, 2002 (DR-1448).
  • 2003, March 27-28; The North American blizzard of 2003 developed in the southern Rockies on February 14, and moved through southern Missouri and the Lower Tennessee Valley during the next few days. It brought heavy rain, ice and severe weather to North Carolina and other areas of the South, including the nation's first tornado of the year. Farther north, snow and ice affected the Midwest. Southern Iowa and eastern Illinois also got significant snow. In central Kentucky the storm produced mostly ice. Much of Ohio received heavy snowfall. Major Disaster Declaration declared in NC on March 27, 2003 (DR-1457).
  • 2005, Dec. 15-16; The December 2005 North American ice storm affceted a large portion of the Southern United States. One death was reorted in Gwinnett County. The ice storm left more than a million people without power in and near the Appalachians, affceting 630,000 customers in Georgia, 358,000 in South Carolina, 328,000 in North Carolina and 13,000 in Virginia.[20].
  • 2006, Nov 20 - Dec 1; The November 2006 nor'easter was a powerful extratropical cyclone that formed offshore of the Southeastern United States on November 20. The storm brought heavy rains, high winds, beach erosion, and coastal flooding to the Carolinas and southern New England. In addition, the earliest snowfall ever noted in both Charleston, South Carolina and Savannah, Georgia occurred on the southwest side of this cyclone. Over 10,000 were without power during the storm. On Nov 21, extreme southeast Georgia received 5 to 7 inches of snow. In South Carolina, 4.13 inches (105 mm) measured at Chester, and winds gusted to 44 mph (38 knots) at Folly Beach. Heavy rainfall fell throughout central and eastern North Carolina. The Raleigh-Durham International Airport set a record for its wettest November on record. Winds gusted to 70 knots (80 mph) at Alligator River, with numerous gusts above 50 knots (60 mph) throughout the Outer Banks.[21]
  • 2007, Jan 11-24; The January 2007 North American ice storm was a severe ice storm that affected a large of North America from the Rio Grande Valley in Texas to New England and southeastern Canada. The first wave occurred between Jan 11, 2007 through January 16. This was followed by a second wave in the Southern United States from Texas to the Carolinas from January 16 through January 18 and a third one that hit the southern Plains and mid-Atlantic states as well as Newfoundland and Labrador from January 19 to January 24. The storm resulted in at least 74 deaths across 12 U.S. states and 3 Canadian provinces, and caused hundreds of thousands of residents across the U.S and Canada to lose electric power. In Oklahoma, 40,000 customers lost power on Jan 12. After additional waves of ice and sleet, 120,000 customers were without power (60 000 of them for over a week). Freezing rain hit the Carolinas on Jan. 17th and 18th, leading to school closures in both states. In North Carolina police reported over 600 traffic accidents, including two resulting in fatalities. [22]
  • 2009, Dec. 16-20; The North American blizzard of 2009 was a powerful nor'easter that formed over the Gulf of Mexico. Metrologies' identified a storm forming in the Gulf of Mexico Dec. 16, 2009. By midnight Saturday morning, snowfall in Boone, North Carolina had reached 14-18 inches (36-46 cm), Asheville, North Carolina accumulated up to 12 inches (30 cm), while Greensboro, North Carolina received 3-7 inches (7.6-17.8 cm).
  • 2009, Dec. 22-28; The 2009 North American Christmas blizzard was a powerful winter storm and severe weather event that affected the Midwestern United States, Great Plains, Southeastern United States, the Eastern Seaboard, and parts of Ontario Canada. The storm started on Dec. 22, was reported to have claimed at least 21 lives. In the Southeastern and Central United States, there were 27 reported tornadoes on December 23-24. Major Disaster Declaration declared for NC on February 2, 2010 (DR-1871).
  • 2010, Feb 1-6; The February 5-6, 2010 North American blizzard formed on February 1, 2010 and moved ashore on the West Coast near Baja California Sur, Mexico, and moved north east. The storm moved off the east coast on Feb 6, 2010. The storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet, freezing rain, and flooding, in Mexico the heavy rains resulting in at least 15 fatalities. The storm affected Arizona and New Mexico from February 1 to 4 with up to 1 foot of snow in the mountains east of Albuquerque, New Mexico. On February 4, Oklahoma and northern Texas saw rain and snow, with severe thunderstorms further south. Feb. 4 brought widespread rainfall totals of 1 inch to 4 inches of rain were reported in portions of Central and Southern Mississippi. Jackson, MS, broke a daily rainfall record with 2.51 inches (6.4 cm) of rainfall. On Friday Feb, 5., power outages effecting about 40,000 customers, were reported in the North Carolina's mountain counties as the winter storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet and freezing rain to much of the state. A drenching rain fell early Friday in the Charlotte, NC, and in Atlanta, GA, which transitioned to a few inches of snow later in the day, while several inches of snow accumulated farther north. To the north, Howard, MD, received 38.3 inches of snow, while Washington Dulles International Airport measured 32.9 inches. Fatalities occurred in to Mexico, New Mexico, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The storm was classed as a Category 3 (“major”) nor'easter and severe weather event. [Ref]
  • 2010, Oct 23 - Nov 5; The October 2010 North American storm complex was a Extratropical cyclone, Blizzard and Tornado outbreak. The storm brought a major serial derecho stretching from the Gulf Coast to the Great Lakes, a widespread tornado outbreak across the Southeast United States and Midwest and a blizzard across portions of the Canadian Prairies and the Dakotas. The heaviest snow fell in St. Louis County, Minnesota where 9 inches (22.5 cm) of snow fell. The storm produced 69 tornadoes, 8 rated as EF2s. Tornadoes struck Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Wisconsin. No fatalities where reported.[Ref]
  • 2010, Dec 5 - Jan 15; The December 2010 North American blizzard was a major nor'easter and historic blizzard affecting the Contiguous United States, and portions of Canada. The system moved across the Atlantic and was known as Windstorm Benjamin in Europe. The storm formed in the western Gulf of Alaska on Dec 5. From Dec 15 through Dec 22, the system stalled off the coast of the Pacific Northwest bringing with it as much as 2 feet (61 cm) of rain to the San Gabriel Mountains and over 13 feet (4.0 m) of snow in the Sierra Nevada. Although the entire state of Califoria was affected, the Southern California counties of San Bernardino, Orange, San Diego, and Los Angeles bore the brunt of the system of storms as coastal and hillside areas were impacted by mudslides and major flooding. The storms weaken while crossing the America west. The storm began strengthen again on Dec 24, when it moved into the Gulf of Mexico and began a period of rapid intensification off the North Carolina coast. Trenton, GA, received 6" of snow while Rocky Mount and Wilson, NC, both received 12" of snow.[Ref]
  • 2011, Jan 8 - 13; The January 8-13, 2011 North American Blizzard was a major nor'easter, winter storm, and a New England blizzard. The storm also affected the Southeastern regions of the United States. Jan 8 through Jan 10, the storm dropped snow and ice across Eastern Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. Savoy, Massachusetts reported 40.5" of snow. Portions of Connecticut received 20 to 30" of snow.[Ref]
  • 2012, Dec 25-26; The December 25-28, 2012 North American storm complex was a massive Extratropical cyclone, Blizzard and Tornado outbreak across the southern and eastern United States. On Christmas Day 2012, 30 confirmed tornadoes occurred in Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Two of the tornadoes were rated as EF3. On Dec 26, an EF1 tornado touchdown north of Beaufort, NC. This tornado outbreak occurred in conjunction with a much larger winter storm event that brought blizzard conditions to much of the interior United States. There were 16 fatalities as a result of the related blizzard, and thousands were without power.[Source1]
  • 2013, March 23-31; The March 2013 nor'easter was a powerful nor'easter Extratropical cyclone, Blizzard that affected that affected much of the United States, most notably New England, and moved on in to British Columbia. The maximum snowfall was 36 inches recorded near Bear Paw Ski Bowl, Montana.[Ref]
  • 2014, Jan. 27-31; The January 2014 Gulf Coast winter storm was a winter storm that impacted the eastern and southeastern United States, as well as Mexico. Freezing rain and sleet were recorded in cites along the Gulf Coast including Houston, TX, New Orleans, LA, Mobile, AL and Tallahassee, FL. On Jan 27, warnings were issued for Atlanta'a south metro area, while the central region (from east to west) was placed under a winter weather advisory. At 3:38 AM, on Jan. 28, the winter storm warning was expanded northward. A tweet issued by the NWSFO in Peachtree City at 3:08 pm and repeated on the local news read: “Winter precip will make travel risky across GA midday Tues into Weds. Not a bad idea to stay off the roads if you're able!”. Many believed that the storm would not occur until midday and planned accordingly. The NWSFO was correct in its forecast, but the roads became slippery faster than anyone anticipated. Thinking they would have time to get home before the road condition deteriorated, many business and school systems planned to work a half day. The results was a higher than normal volume of traffic on the Atlanta roads and with the slippery conditions and hilly terrain in Atlanta, traffic stooped. Many people were not able to reach their homes and had to find shelter where they could. Coastal South Carolina got some of the freezing rain that closed bridges around Charleston, SC. The Outer Banks of North Carolina and the Tidewater region of southeastern Virginia received significant snows.[Ref]
  • 2014, Feburary 11-17; The 2014 North American winter storm, was a snow and ice storm that affected the American South and East Coast. In North Carolina 6-12 inches of snow was dropped in some areas, along with accumulating ice. Winston-Salem reported 8 inches of Snow. Damage was estimated at $15 million+ with $65 million worth of timber damaged in Georgia. There were 22 fatalities.[14]
  • 2014, March 6-7; A Severe Winter Storm struck NC. Asheboro, Burlington, Lexington and Welcome, NC each recorded 0.50 inches of freezing rain. “A narrow swath of 4 to 6 inch snowfall totals, with isolated amounts of up to 15 inches, was reported from western North Carolina into south central Virginia.” [15] Major Disaster Declaration for NC issued on March 31, 2014 (DR-4167). The counties affected were Alamance, Caswell, Davidson, Davie, Granville, Guilford, Orange, Person and Randolph counties.

For more information:

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  1. North Carolina Museum of History   [Online] http://ncmuseumofhistory.org/nchh/amerindian.html
  2. North Carolina History   [Online] http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/kidspg/history.htm
  3. The National Security Archive,  Chronology of Submarine Contact During the Cuban Missile Crisis - October 1, 1962 - November 14, 1962.
    [Online] http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB75/subchron.htm
  4. The National Security Archive,  NEWS RELEASE - 1 October 2002 - 5:00 PM EST.
    [Online] http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/press3.htm
  5. Jancer, Matthew,  Southern Gold The History Channel Mahazine November/December 2013. p 55-58.
  6. Jancer, Matthew,  Southern Gold The History Channel Mahazine November/December 2013. p 55-58.
      • Wikipedia: Charlotte Mint   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Mint
  7. NATIONAL WATER SUMMARY 1988-89 / Hydrologic Events and Floods and Droughts   [Online - PDF] http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wsp2375
  8. Wikipedia: Great Flood of 1913   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Flood_of_1913
  9. FEMA: Disaster Declarations for North Carolina (1953-2015)  [Online]
  10. Wikipedia: 1993 Storm of the Century   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993_Storm_of_the_Century
  11. National Weather Service, Raleigh NC: January 25, 2000 Winter Storm   [Online] http://www4.ncsu.edu/~nwsfo/storage/cases/20000125/
  12. North Carolina Utilities Commission   [Online - PDF] http://www.ncuc.net/reports/part1ice.pdf
    •   Stae Climate Office of North Carolina: The December 4-5, 2002 Southeast Severe Ice Storm: A Climatological Comparison   [Online - PDF] http://www.nc-climate.ncsu.edu/climate/winter/dec2002ice.html
  13. Wikipedia: February 11-17, 2014 North American winter storm   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_11%E2%80%9317,_2014_North_American_winter_storm
  14. Southern Appalachians Winter Storm - 6-7 March, 2014 By: Mary Beth Gerhardt, WPC meteorologist   [Online - PDF]
  15. Wikipedia: January 1886 Blizzard   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_1886_Blizzard
  16. Wikipedia: Great Blizzard of 1899   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Blizzard_of_1899
  17. Wikipedia: Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Appalachian_Storm_of_November_1950
  18. Great Storm of 1975 - Wikipedia  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Storm_of_1975
  19. Wikipedia: December 2005 North American ice storm   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_2005_North_American_ice_storm
  20. Wikipedia: November 2006 nor'easter   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_2006_nor%27easter
  21. Wikipedia: January 2007 North American ice storm   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_2007_North_American_Ice_Storm

Last Update: October 15, 2017

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