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Kashan, Iran

Fast Facts

Founded: CA. 6000 BCE Population: 248,789 Time Zone: + 3.5
Latitude: 33.98 N Longitude: 051.44 E Altitude: 1,640 ft
Average High: 85 Average Low: 60.82 Annual Precipitation: 5.2

Under Construction


Kashan, Iran, and its surrounds have been home to human settlements since at least the 4th millennium BCE. Much of what is known of Kashan´s history is interwoven with legend. It is known that Kashan was twice destroyed by invading armies. During the Seljuk period (AD 1051-1220) the city walls were rebuilt, and the town became famous for its textiles, high quality pottery and tiles.[1] Today, Kashan is the capital of Kashan County, in the province of Isfahan, Iran and houses most of Iran's mechanized carpet-weaving factories. The city is internationally famous for the carpets, silk and other textiles manufactured there. Kashan also has an active marble and copper mining industry. Its population in 2006 was 248,789.[2]

 

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 ◊  History of Kashan, Iran
 ◊  History of Iran
 ◊  Weather data for Kashan, Iran
 ◊  Historic Weather Events for Iran






History of Kashan, Iran[2]

  • 5500-6000 BCE - Archeological evidence indicates that the Tepe Sialk date back to 5500-6000 BCE.
  • 11th century - Sultan Malik Shah I (b. 1055 d. 1092) of the Seljuk dynasty ordered the building of a fortress in the middle of Kashan.
  • 1779 - An earthquake destroys much of Kashan. Much of the city is rebuilt during the subsequent Qajar period.[1]
  • 1851 - Amir Kabir, one of Irans most capable and innovative figures is exiled to Kashan and then murered there on January 10, 1852.[3]



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History of Iran[4][5]



Ancient times



1500 - 1699



1700 - 1899



1900 - 2012
  • 1901; William Knox D'Arcy negotiates an oil concession with Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar of Persia. He assumed exclusive rights to prospect for oil for 60 years in a vast tract of territory including most of Iran. In exchange the Shah received £20,000 (£1.9 million today, an equal amount in shares of D'Arcy's company, and a promise of 16% of future profits.[19]
  • 1908, May 26; George Bernard Reynolds, a geologist hired by William Knox D'Arcy finds oil. [19]
  • 1909, 14 April; the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) is created by Burmah Oil.[19]
  • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
      • Allied (Entente) Powers
        France, British Empire, Russia (1914-17), Italy (1915-18), United States (1917-18), Romania (1916-18), Japan, Serbia, Belgium, Greece (1917-18) and others
      • Central Powers
        Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria (1915-18)

    • Iran declared its neutrality during WW I, but it became a battleground for Russian, Turkish, and British troops during the war.
    • 1914, October 17 - November 7: The Siege of Tsingtao.
    • 1917, April 6: The US declares war on Germany.
    • 1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
    • 1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
  • 1919: Anglo-Persian Agreement established a British protectorate over Iran. This is opposed by the Majlis.[13]
  • 1925-1941: Reza Shah rules Iran until September 16, 1941, when he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
  • 1927-1933; The Trans-Iranian Railway is constructed connecting the capital Tehran with the Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea.[20]
  • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1941-1979: Mohammad-Reza Shah rules Iran.
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
    • Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia).

    • 1939: Germany invades Poland.
    • 1941, August 21: Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran: Three Soviet armies invaded Iran from the north. The Soviet and British armed forces met in Tehran on September 17.[18]
    • 1941, December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
    • 1941, August 21: Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran: Three Soviet armies invaded Iran from the north.
    • 1941, September 17: Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran: The Soviets and British armed forces met in Tehran.
    • 1943, November 28 - December 1: Tehran Conference Consensus to open a second front against Nazi Germany by 1 May 1944 is reach by: the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.[11]
    • 1945, April 12: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies at Warm Springs, Georgia.
    • 1945, May 8: Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
    • 1945, September 2: Victory over Japan, V-J Day Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri (BB-63).
    • 1945, November; The Soviet Union established the Azerbaijan People's Government in Iranian Azerbaijan.
  • 1946, January 22: The Soviet-backed Kurdish Republic of Mahabad declared its independence from Iran.
  • 1946, March 2 Iran crisis: British troops withdrew from Iran. The Soviet Union violated its prior agreement and remained.
  • 1946, May 9: Iran crisis: The Soviet Union withdrew from Iran.
  • 1946, December 11: Iran regained control over the territory of the Azerbaijan People's Government.
  • 1946, December 15: Iran conquered Mahabad.
  • 1951; Iranian parliament (the Majlis) voted to nationalise the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) and its holdings.[19]
  • 1977, August 2: Seyyed Mohammad Khatami is elected president of Iran.
  • 1977, October: Demonstrations against the Mohammad Reza Pahlavi begin. [14]
  • 1978, August 19: Four Islamic militants arsonists barred the door of the set the fire to the Cinema Rex in the southwestern city of Abadan killing 422.[14][21]
  • 1979, February 1: Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran.[14]
  • 1979, February 11: The Iranian government collapsed during a popular revolt known as the Iranian Revolution.[14]
  • 1979, May 5: The Revolutionary Guard, or Pasdaran-e Enqelab, is established by Ayatollah Khomeini.[14]
  • 1979, April 1: A referendum passed which made Iran an Islamic republic.[14]
  • 1979, November 4: The American Embassy is invaded. 52 Americans are held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979, to January 20, 1981.[15]
  • 1980, January 28: The Six American diplomats hiding at the Swedish and Italian embassies, with the help of the Canadian Government and Canadian ambassador Ken Taylor, escape from Iran. The Canadian Parliament held a secret session for the first time since World War II and pass special legislation allowing Canadian passports to be issued to some American citizens so that they could escape. In cooperation with the Central Intelligence Agency and using the cover story of a film project, the six American diplomats board a flight to Zürich, Switzerland. [15]
  • 1980, September 22 - 1988, August 20: Iran-Iraq War, also known as the First Persian Gulf War. During the war, the Iraqi government made extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas against Iranian troops, civilians, and Iraqi Kurds. The number of estimated casualties for Iran are 320,000 - 720,000 soldiers and militia killed, and Iraq 150,000-375,000 soldiers and militia killed.[16]
  • 2001, June 8: Iranian presidential election, 2001: President Mohammad Khatami was reelected with vast majority.
  • 2005, June 24: Iranian presidential election, 2005: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad defeated the more liberal Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.
  • 2009, June 12: Iranian presidential election, 2009: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad reelected for a second time after defeated Mir-Hossein Mousavi.
  • 2009, June 13: Iranian election protest all over Iran over the election results.
  • 2012, November 8: A magnitude 6.4 earthquake occurs. The earthquake is centered 32 miles (51.5 km) north-northeast of Tabriz, at a depth of 6.2 miles (10 km) killing at least 250.[17]





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Kashan, Iran Weather Information



Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Kashan, Iran.
Data from World Weather On-line - Kashan , Esfahan, Iran.


 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Annual

Avg. High

49 °

56 °

66 °

78 °

88 °

99 °

104 °

103 °

94 °

81 °

65 °

52 °

85 °

Avg. Low

31 °

36 °

44 °

55 °

64 °

73 °

79 °

76 °

76 °

56 °

44 °

35 °

60.82 °

Mean

40 °

46 °

55 °

66.5 °

76 °

86 °

91.5 °

89.5 °

85 °

68.5 °

54.5 °

43.6 °

72.91 °

Avg. Precip.

0.7 in

0.5 in

0.8 in

1.1 in

0.5 in

0.4 in

0.2 in

0 in

0 in

0.1 in

0.3 in

0.6 in

5.2 in






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Historical Weather data


I am still doing research on this weather history of the city.





Iran Notable Severe Weather Events







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References

  1. Lonely Planet - Introducing Kashan   [Online] http://www.lonelyplanet.com/iran/central-iran/kashan
  2. Wikipedia - Kashan  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashan
  3. Wikipedia - Amir Kabir   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Kabir
  4. Wikipedia - Timeline of Iranian history   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Iranian_history
  5. Wikipedia - Chogha Bonut   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogha_Bonut
  6. Wikipedia - Susa   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susa
  7. Wikipedia - Achaemenid Empire   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire
  8. Wikipedia - Battle of Edessa  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Edessa
  9. Wikipedia - Muslim conquest of Persia  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquest_of_Persia
  10. Wikipedia - Samanid Empire  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samanid_Empire
  11. Wikipedia - History of Iran; Mongol invasion   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Iran#Mongol_invasion_.281219.E2.80.931221.29
  12. World War I   [Online] http://countrystudies.us/iran/14.htm
  13. Wikipedia - Iranian Revolution   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution
  14. Wikipedia - Iran-Iraq War   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
  15. Huffington Post - Iran Earthquake 2012: Death Toll Raised To At Least 250   [Online] http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/12/iran-earthquake-2012-death-toll-rises_n_1769722.html
  16. Wikipedia - Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Soviet_invasion_of_Iran
  17. Wikipedia - Anglo-Persian Oil Company   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Persian_Oil_Company
  18. Wikipedia - Trans-Iranian Railway   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Iranian_Railway
  19. Wikipedia - Cinema Rex fire   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_Rex_fire
  20. Wikipedia - Ismail I, Reign   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_I#Reign
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