Latitude - Longitude - Navigation - Time - History - Weather - Lat34North; Header




Jeju, South Korea

Fast Facts

Founded: Population: 408,364 Time Zone: + 9
Latitude: 33.512 N Longitude: 126.53 E Altitude: 219 ft
Average High: 66.65 Average Low: 55.25 Annual Precipitation: 669.13

 

Jeju City is located on the north side of Cheju Island, is located in the Korean Strait, south of the South Korean mainland. In 1946, Cheju Island became a Special Self-Governing Province and today is known as Jeju Province, short Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Jeju City is the capital of Jeju Province.[1]


With its mild climate, Jeju is a popular vacation spot for Koreans and many Japanese. Jeju City city is a well-known resort, with prestigious hotels and public casino facilities. The economy is primarily gear to the tourists trade, but the city is surrounded by orange and mandarin farms.[2]


Cheju Island, or Jeju Island, is also known as the “Island of the Gods”. The island has a surface area of 1,846 square kilometers (712.744 mi2) and was formed by volcanic activity starting during the Cretaceous period and lasted until the early Tertiary period. Mount Hallasan is a shield volcano and is the tallest mountain in South Korea. Mount Hallasan is dormant and rises 1,950 meters (6397.637 feet) above sea level. The island is covered in by volcanic rock and volcanic soil and the weather is mild and warm throughout the year. Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.[3]


 

    Page Index
 ◊  History of Jeju, South Korea
 ◊  History of South Korea
 ◊  Weather data for Jeju, South Korea
 ◊  Historic Weather Events for South Korea






History of Jeju, South Korea[18]

  • ? – 1404: Jeju Island was ruled by the kingdom of Tamna from ancient times until it was absorbed by the Korean Joseon Dynasty.[19]
  • 1271: General Kim Tong-jeong escaped with what remained of his Sambyeolcho force from Jindo and built the Hangpadu Fortress at Kwiil-chon. They hold out for two years before being total annihilated.
  • 1948: Jeju Uprising.
  • 2007, June: The Korean government selected Gangjeong, a village on the southern coast of the island, as the site of a $970 million Jeju-do Naval Base.



Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.



History of South Korea[4]



Ancient times

  • 400th to 500th millennium BC: Beginning of the Paleolithic period.
  • 8th millennium BC: Beginning of the Mesolithic Jeulmun pottery period.
  • 35th century BC: Appearance of Pit-Comb Ware culture, beginning of the Middle Jeulmun pottery period.
  • 1500 BC: Beginning of the Mumun pottery period.
  • 900 BC~800 BC: Beginning of the Bronze age.
  • 800 BC: Beginning of the Liaoning bronze dagger culture.
  • 700 BC: Immigrants from eastern China bring new rice-growing techniques.[5]
  • 400 BC: Beginning of the Iron age.
  • 300 BC: Establishment of Jin in southern Korean peninsula.
  • 238 BC: Establishment of Buyeo kingdom.
  • 200 BC: Establishment of Samhan confederacies.
  • 195 BC: Wiman's seizures the throne from Gojoseon's King Jun . This is thenbegining of the of Wiman Joseon period.
  • 108 BC: Han Dynasty destroys Wiman Joseon, establishing four commanderies in northern Korean Peninsula!
  • 57 BC: Traditional date for the founding of Silla by Bak Hyeokgeose.
  • 37 BC: Traditional date for the founding of Goguryeo by Jumong.
  • 18 BC: Traditional date for the founding of Baekje by Onjo.
  • 8: Baekje annexes much of the Mahan confederacy.
  • 42: Traditional date for the founding of Gaya by Suro.
  • 53: Goguryeo becomes a centralized kingdom under Taejo's reign.
  • 105: Baekje and Silla sign peace treaty.
  • 122: Goguryeo allies with the Mahan confederacy to attack Han China in Liaodong.
  • 167: Baekje attacks Silla for harboring a Baekje court traitor.
  • 188: Baekje expands into Silla territory, capturing several castles.
  • 200: Laws and a new writing system that uses Chinese characters are developed.[6]
  • 234: Baekje becomes a centralized kingdom under Goi's reign.
  • 250: Goguryeo attacks Silla, signs truce.
  • 313: Goguryeo destroys China's Lelang commandery.
  • 346: Baekje's Geunchogo ascends to the throne, beginning the peak of Baekje's power.
  • 356: Silla becomes a centralized kingdom under Naemul's reign.
  • 369: Baekje completes absorption of the Mahan confederacy.
  • 371: Baekje's King Geunchogo invades Goguryeo and kills King Gogugwon.
  • 372: Under Sosurim, Goguryeo imports Buddhism from Former Qin of China.
  • 384: Asin of Baekje officially adopts Buddhism.
  • 392: Gwanggaeto the Great of Goguryeo begins his reign, expanding Goguryeo into a major regional power.
  • 400: Goguryeo supports Silla with 50,000 troops to repel Wae of Japan.
  • 414: Jangsu of Goguryeo erects the Gwanggaeto Stele as a memorial to his deceased father.
  • 427: The Goguryeo kingdom moves its capital from Guknae Seong to Pyongyang.
  • 433: The kingdoms of Baekje and Silla form an alliance against Goguryeo's aggression.
  • 475: Goguryeo attacks Baekje and captures Hanseong (modern day Seoul). Baekje moves its capital south to Ungjin (modern day Gongju), and again to Sabi (modern day Buyeo) in 523.
  • 494: The last remains of the Buyeo kingdom is absorbed by Goguryeo.
  • 498: The Baekje kingdom attacks Tamna (modern day Jejudo).
  • 512: Silla conquers Usan (modern day Ulleungdo).
  • 522: Silla begins absorption of Gaya.
  • 527: Silla formally adopts Buddhism.
  • 540: Silla establishes the Hwarang, a military and religious order of youth.
  • 551: Silla-Baekje forces attack Goguryeo, Silla captures Seoul.
  • 553: Silla attacks Baekje, breaking the alliance.
  • 562: Silla completes annexation of Gaya.
  • 598: First of a series of major Sui Dynasty attacks in the Goguryeo-Sui Wars, which ends in 614 in a costly defeat for Sui.
  • 612: Goguryeo repulses second Sui invasion at the Salsu.
  • 632: Queen Seondeok of Silla becomes the peninsula's first known ruling Queen. The astronomical observatory of Cheomseongdae is built in Gyeongju, South Korea.
  • 645: Goguryeo repels attacking Tang Dynasty forces at Ansi fortress.
  • 648: Silla establishes alliance with Tang.
  • 660: Baekje falls to the Silla-Tang forces.
  • 668: Goguryeo falls to the Silla-Tang forces.
  • 676: Silla repels Chinese alliance forces from Korean peninsula, completes unification of much of the Three Kingdoms.
  • 698: Former Goguryeo general Dae Joyeong repels Chinese forces from remainder of former Goguryeo territory, founding Balhae as a successor state.
  • 751: Silla, at its cultural peak, constructs Seokguram and Bulguksa.
  • 828: Jang Bogo establishes Cheonghaejin, a major center of trade with China and Japan.
  • 892: Silla begins to lose control of parts of the peninsula as the brief Later Three Kingdoms period begins.
  • 900: Hubaekje ("Later Baekje") established in the southwest of the peninsula.
  • 901: Taebong ("Later Goguryeo") established in the northwest of the peninsula.
  • 918: Founding of Goryeo by Wang Geon.
  • 926: Balhae falls to Khitan forces!
  • 935: Silla formally surrenders to Goryeo.
  • 936: Hubaekje formally surrenders to Goryeo.
  • 936: Goryeo completes the reunification of the Later Three Kingdoms, absorbing the remainder of Hubaekje and parts of Balhae territory.
  • 956: Emperor Gwangjong forces major land and slavery reforms, and in 958 implements civil service examinations.
  • 993: The first of three Goryeo-Khitan Wars.
  • 950 to 1250; Medieval Warm Period.


1000 - 1499




1500 - 1699


1700 - 1899
1900 - 2012
  • 1902, January 30: Japan signs the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. The alliance was renewed and extended in scope in 1905 and 1911, before its demise in 1921. It was officially terminated in 1923.
  • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
      • Allied (Entente) Powers
        France, British Empire, Russia (1914-17), Italy (1915-18), United States (1917-18), Romania (1916-18), Japan, Serbia, Belgium, Greece (1917-18) and others.
      • Central Powers
        Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria (1915-18).

    • 1914, October 17 - November 7: The Siege of Tsingtao.
    • 1917, April 6: The US declares war on Germany.
    • 1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
    • 1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
  • 1907: June. The Hague Secret Emissary Affair.
  • 1907: July 18. Gojong was forced to abdicate in favor of his son, Sunjong.
  • 1909: October. Ito Hirobumi (the first Resident-General) is assassinated by Korean independence leader An Jung-geun.
  • 1910: August. The Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910 started the annexation of the Korean Empire by Japan.
  • 1916: The final wave of Uibyeong rebels is defeated by Japanese forces.
  • 1919: March 1st Movement. Spurred by the sudden and mysterious death of Gojong. Declaration of Korean Independence. Nation-wide peaceful demonstrations are crushed by Japanese military and police forces after two months. Governor-General Hasegawa resigns.
  • 1919: The establishment of The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in Shanghai.
  • 1919: Saito Makoto appointed as third Governor-General of Korea. The period of “cultural policy” begins.
  • 1920: Battle of Cheongsanri, Korean independence Army victory.
  • 1926, 10 June: Manse Independence Movement.
  • 1932: Korean independence activist Lee Bong Chang fails in his attempt to assassinate Emperor Hirohito in Tokyo.
  • 1932: Korean independence activist Yun Bong Gil bombs Japanese Military gathering in Shanghai.
  • 1931, September 18: Japan invades Manchuria.
  • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1935, October 3: The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1938: Beginning of the Soshi-kamei policy.
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
  • 1945; The United Nations develops a plan for a trusteeship administration of the Korean Peninsula. The Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.
  • 1945: After the surrender of Japan, the Korean peninsula is divided between Soviet and American occupation forces at the 38th parallel.
  • 1945: South Korea created a franchise to raise money and funds to recover.
  • 1945, 6 September: Establishment of Peoples Republic of Korea with Yuh Woon-Hyung, but 1946 February, US Army breaks it and Yuh Woon Hyung is murdered.

    People's Republic of Korea (PRK) was a short-lived provisional government that was organized with the aim to take over control of Korea shortly after the Surrender of the Empire of Japan at the end of World War II. It operated as the government in late August and early September 1945 until the United States Army Military Government in Korea was established by the United States of America. After that it operated unofficially, and in opposition to the United States Military Government, until it was forcibly dissolved in January 1946.
  • 1946: US-USSR Joint-Commission on the formation of a Korean Government reaches an impasse. The Joint-commission is dissolved as the Cold War begins.
  • 1948, 10 May: UN sponsored elections are held in South Korea.
  • 1948, 15 August: Establishment of the Republic of Korea with Syngman Rhee as President.
  • 1948, 25 August: Establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea with Kim Il-sung as Premier.
  • 1949: The murder of Kim Gu. Kim Gu was a Korean Nationalist who believed in, and fought for, a unified Korea. He strongly objected to the formation of a separate South Korean state. He was shot in his home by a South Korean Army lieutenant.
  • 1949, March 23: President Harry S. Truman approves the withdrawal of all US Forces in South Korea except for 500 military advisors.[7]
  • 1950 25 June: The Korean War begins.
  • 1950, August: UN Forces are driven back to South-east corner of the Korean Peninsula (The Pusan Perimeter).
  • 1950, September 15: UN Troops, commanded by General Douglas MacArthur, make an Amphibious Landing at Inchon.[8]
  • 1950, October 19: UN Troop capture Pyongyang city, the capital of North Korean.[9]
  • 1950, October 25: Two hundred thousand Chinese troops of the People's Volunteer Army enter North Korea. Chairman Mao Zedong appointed Zhou Enlai as the overall commander and coordinator of the war effort, with Peng Dehuai as field commander. [10]
  • 1950, October 25: The Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) 13th Army Group launched the First Phase Offensive, attacking the advancing U.N. forces near the Sino-Korean border. Twelve days later, Stalin allowed the Soviet Air Force to provide air cover, and provides more aid to China.[11]
  • 1950, November 27: The Chinese 9th Army launched multiple attacks and ambushes along the road between the Chosin Reservoir and Koto-ri. At Yudam-ni, the 5th, 7th and 11th Marines were surrounded. The UN forces breakout on December 6 and conduct a fighting withdrawal to the port city of Hungnam. Approximately 105,000 soldiers, 98,000 civilians, 17,500 vehicles, and 350,000 tons of supplies are evacuated from Hungnam.[12]
  • 1953: The Korean War is halted by the Korean Armistice Agreement that has remained in force until now.
  • 1960: A student uprising begins the April Revolution which overthrows the autocratic First Republic of South Korea. Syngman Rhee resigns and goes into exile.
  • 1961, 16 May: Military forces, headed by General Park Chung Hee, overthrow the Second Republic of South Korea in what is known as the Military Coup d'état of 16 May.
  • 1961, 12 November: Summit conference for normalization of Kor-Japanese relations.
  • 1962: start of the first Five-year plans of South Korea.
  • 1964: South Korea joined Vietnam War.
  • 1965, June 22: Signing of Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea. Earned both much controversy and procurement of budgets for later economic developments.
  • 1967: Start of the second Five-year plans of South Korea.
  • 1968, 21 January: An unsuccessful attempt of North Korean commandos to assassinate president Park Chung Hee- the Blue House Raid.
  • 1968, 1 April: Establishment of the Pohang Iron and Steel Company.
  • 1968, 5 December: Proclamation of the National Education Charter.
  • 1970, 22 April: Start of the government-operated New Community Movement.
  • 1970: Gyeongbu Expressway (Seoul - Busan) is completed and opened to traffic.
  • 1972: Start of the third Five-year plans of South Korea.
  • 1972, 12 August: The first Red Cross talks between North and South Korea are held.
  • 1972: President Park Chung Hee declares Emergency Martial Law and changes Constitution in August, which may allow him to become the permanent ruler. This is similar to Gojong of the Korean Empire stating his country's governmental system as 'autocratic' in the constitution- for greater leadership and less opposition.
  • 1974, 15 August: Assassination of first lady Yuk Young-soo by self-proclaimed North Korean Mun Segwang.
  • 1976, 18 August: The Axe Murder Incident in Panmunjom, Joint Security Area. Triggers former North Korean leader Kim il-sung's first official apology to the South.
  • 1976, 12 October: Discontinuation of rice imports, accomplishment of total self-sufficiency in rice by the 'Unification Rice'.
  • 1977: start of the fourth Five-year plans of South Korea.
  • 1977: 22 December. Celebration of achievement of 10 billion dollars gained by exports.
  • 1978, 26 October: Detection of 3rd underground tunnel. Made by North Korea to attack South Korea.
  • 1978, 10 December: Achievement of 1,117 US dollars as GNP.
  • 1979: American president Jimmy Carter visits Korea. Threatens Park by stating he would reduce the US forces in Korea if he does not stop the ongoing Nuclear Weapons Development project.
  • 1979, 26 October: President Park Chung Hee is assassinated by chief of KCIA, Kim Jaegyu(Assassination of Park Chung Hee).
  • 1979: Coup d'état of December Twelfth, Chun Doo Hwan gets military power.
  • 1980: The Gwangju Uprising. Martial Law is declared throughout the nation. The city of Gwangju becomes a battleground between dissenters and the Armed Forces (18-27 May). Some reports claim over 100 casualties.
  • 1987: A student uprising begins the June Democracy Movement, which overthrows the autocratic Fifth Republic of South Korea. The ruling party of Fifth Republic, Democratic Justice Party, declares democratic elections.
  • 1988: 24th Olympic Games held in Seoul.
  • 1990, 11 September: South Korea and the USSR establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1991, 17 September: North Korea (DPRK) and South Korea join the United Nations (UN).
  • 1992, 24 August: South Korea and the People's Republic of China (PRC) establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1993: Test of Rodong-1, a single stage, mobile liquid propellant medium range ballistic missile by the DPRK.
  • 1994: Kim Jong Il takes control of North Korea upon the death of his father Kim Il-Sung. Start of the Arduous March (famine), in North Korea.
  • 1998: Taepodong-1, a two-stage intermediate-range ballistic missile is developed and tested by the DPRK. End of the Arduous March famine in North Korea. It is possible that up to 3.5 million people did not survive the 'march'.
  • 1999: The DPRK promises to freeze long-range missile tests.
  • 2000: President Kim Dae-jung becomes the first South Korean to win the Nobel Peace Prize.[13]
  • 2002: The 2002 FIFA World Cup jointly held by Korea & Japan. The Korean National Team makes it to the semi-finals for the first time in Korean history. The DPRK pledges to extend moratorium on missile tests beyond 2003.
  • 2004: The DPRK reaffirms moratorium.
  • 2005: The DPRK fires short-range missile into the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
  • 2006: Test of Taepodong-2 by DPRK, a successor of Taepodong-1.There is a nuclear test in the DPRK. US officials assert it might have been a misfire.
  • 2007: The second summit between DPRK and ROK leaders is held, with Roh Moo-hyun representing the south and Kim Jong Il the north. The DPRK fires short-range missile into the Sea of Japan.
  • 2008: A South Korean tourist, a women in about her 50s, is shot down by a DPRK soldier for 'going into military territory' at 4 am, in Keumgang Mountain Tourist Region. This causes immediate uproar and all tourism into North Korea is suspended after the incident.
  • 2009: North Korea launches a rocket (Unha), supposedly for space exploration. This move affects relationships with Japan, the United States and South Korea. The DPRK conducts another nuclear test.
  • 2010: North Korea launches missile and attacks Korean Pohang class corvette, ROKS Cheonan. 46 Korean soldiers die because of the attack. At November, North Korean army rains artillery fire on Yeon-Pyeong-Do island. The DPRK conducts, yet again, another nuclear test.
  • 2011, 17 December: Kim Jong Il dies, Kim Jong un takes over as the Supreme Leader of North Korea. The National Intelligence Service discovers Communist spies who have been working underground for the DPRK for almost 10 years. One of the members was a former Democratic Party representative. Their mission was to influence the party named above and extract military secret information.
  • 2012, 13 April: The Kim Regime of the DPRK tested a rocket, officially called “Unha-3”, an expendable launch system developed from the Soviet Scud rockets. The rocket was to send a satellite, called “Kwangmyongsong-3”, into orbit. The rocket failed to launch the satellite and fell into the Yellow Sea. The mission ultimately ended in complete failure.
  • 2012, 12 December: DPRK has successful launch of Kwangmyongsong-3 Unit 2 it was launched from the Sohae Satellite Launching Ground. A South Korean military official cited 3 stage success. DPRK confirmed.
  • 2012, 19 December: Park Geun-hye daughter of Park Chung-hee, is elected as first female and the 11th president of South Korea.





For more information about The History of South Korea, visit the following sites:




Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.



Jeju, South Korea Weather Information



Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Jeju, South Korea.
Data from .


 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Annual

Avg. High

42.8 °

50 °

55.4 °

64.4 °

71.6 °

77 °

84.2 °

86 °

78.8 °

71.6 °

60.8 °

51.8 °

66.65 °

Avg. Low

39.2 °

39.2 °

42.8 °

50 °

57.2 °

66.2 °

73.4 °

75.2 °

68 °

59 °

50 °

42.8 °

55.25 °

Mean

41.18 °

42.08 °

47.3 °

55.94 °

62.96 °

69.62 °

78.08 °

79.88 °

72.86 °

63.86 °

54.32 °

45.68 °

59.48 °

Avg. Precip.

31.89 in

25.20 in

36.97 in

33.15 in

49.29 in

78.23 in

101.97 in

129.92 in

119.33 in

30.39 in

29.65 in

3.15 in

669.13 in






Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.




Historical Weather data


I am still doing research on this weather history of the city.





South Korea Notable Severe Weather Events







Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.

 

References

  1. Wikipedia — Jeju City   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_City
      •  Wikipedia — Jeju Province   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_Province
  2. Wikipedia — Jeju City   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_City
      •  Jeju (Cheju) Island Travel Information   [Online] http://www.lifeinkorea.com/travel2/Cheju/
  3. Wikipedia — Jeju Province   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_Province
      •  Wikipedia — Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_Volcanic_Island_and_Lava_Tubes
      •  Wikipedia — Hallasan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallasan
  4. Wikipedia — Timeline of Korean history   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Korean_history
  5. Time for Kids - Timeline of South Korean history   [Online] http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/south-korea/history-timeline
  6. Time for Kids - Timeline of South Korean history   [Online] http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/south-korea/history-timeline
  7. Bill Gilbert Ship of Miracles (Triumph Books - Chicago, © 2000); ISBN 1-57243-366-3, p 35
  8. Bill Gilbert Ship of Miracles (Triumph Books - Chicago, © 2000); ISBN 1-57243-366-3, p 63
  9. Wikipedia — Korean War - UN forces cross partition line (September - October 1950)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War#UN_forces_cross_partition_line_.28September_.E2.80.93_October_1950.29
  10. Wikipedia — Korean War - China intervenes (October - December 1950)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War#China_intervenes_.28October_.E2.80.93_December_1950.29
  11. Wikipedia — Korean War - China intervenes (October - December 1950)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War#China_intervenes_.28October_.E2.80.93_December_1950.29
  12. Wikipedia — Korean War - China intervenes (October - December 1950)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War#China_intervenes_.28October_.E2.80.93_December_1950.29
      •  Wikipedia — Battle of Chosin Reservoir   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chosin_Reservoir
  13. Time for Kids - Timeline of South Korean history   [Online] http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/south-korea/history-timeline
  14. Wikipedia — Korean Martyrs   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Martyrs
      •  Paul Yun Ji-chung (1759-1791)   [Online] http://www.koreanmartyrs.or.kr/sbss124_en_view.php?num=1
  15. Wikipedia — Paris Foreign Missions Society - 1839 persecutions   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Foreign_Missions_Society#1839_persecutions
      •  Wikipedia — Laurent-Joseph-Marius Imbert, M.E.P   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurent-Joseph-Marius_Imbert
  16. Wikipedia — Gabo Reform   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabo_Reform
      •  Wikipedia — Joseon – Social and population structure   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseon_Dynasty#Social_and_population_structure
      •  Wikipedia — Slavery – Asia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery#Asia
  17. Wikipedia — Jeju Province  [Online] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_Province
  18. Wikipedia — Tamna  [Online] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamna
  19. [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamna]
Lat34North Footer.com Lat34North Footer.com