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Haripur, Pakistan

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Founded: 1822 Population: 52,361 Time Zone: +5
Latitude: 33.994 N Longitude: 072.93 E Altitude: 1,640 ft
Average High: 52.58 Average Low: 40.85 Annual Precipitation: 7.68

Under Construction


Haripur, Pakistan, was founded in 1822 by General Hari Singh Nalwa. General Nalwa was the Commander-in-chief of the Khalsa, the army of the Sikh Empire. Haripur was built as a fortress and was surrounded by a wall that only had four openings. That fortress later became the city police station. Haripur is located in a green valley, rich in fruits and vegetables. The town serves as the base market for the mountainous cities of Abbottabad and Mansehra and the rest of the Hazara Division. Allama Iqbal Open University, and the Hazara University have a campus in Haripur.[1]

 

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History of Haripur, Pakistan[1]



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History of Pakistan[4]



Ancient times


I am still doing research on this history of the Pakistan.

  • ca. 500,000 to 125,000 BP; Soanian Culture
  • 7000 - 5500 BCE; Mehrgarh
  • 3300 - 1700 BCE; Indus Valley Civilization
  • 1700 - 150 BCE; Vedic period
  • 1700 BCE; Aryans invade from Central Asia
  • 516 BC; Northern Pakistan becomes the easternmost province of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
  • 327 - 325 BC; Alexander the Great invades Pakistan.
  • 322 BC - 185 BC; Mauryan Empire.
  • 185 BC; Bactrian Greeks conquer northwest Pakistan.
  • 75 BC; Arrival of Scythians (Sakas) from Central Asia.
  • 20 AD; Parthians conquer northern Pakistan.
  • 60 AD; Kushans from Central Asia overthrow the Parthians.
  • 3rd Century; Kushans decline and are dominated by the Sassanian Empire of Persia.
  • 4th Century; Kidar (Little) Kushans come to power.
  • 445; White Huns invade Gandhara and are converted to Hinduism, possibly as the Rajput warrior caste.
  • 565; Sassanians and Turks overthrow White Huns.
  • Late 6th - 7th Century; Kabul Shahi controls area west of Indus, including Gandhara.
  • 711; Mohammad Bin Qasim conquers Sindh and southern Punjab.
  • 870; Hindu Shahis arrive from Central Asia.
  • 1001 - 1026; Mahmud of Ghaznavi invades Pakistan.
  • 1001 - 26; Mass conversions to Islam.
  • 1034 - 1337; Sindh ruled by Sumrahs, a Sindhi tribe.
  • 1150; Mohammad Ghuri destroys the Kingdome of Mahmud Ghaznavi.
  • 1194; Mohammad Ghuri makes Delhi the capital of the empire.
  • 1206 - 1526; Delhi Sultanate is established by Ilbari Dynast. At the time of Muhammd Ghuri's death in 1206 (had no sons), Qutbuddin Aibak was in Lahore, where he assumed the sovereign powers as he was elected Sultan by the Amirs. The assumption of sovereign powers by Qutbuddin Aibak in 1206 is regarded as the foundation of the Sultanate Delhi.
  • 1221; The Mongol, Genghiz Khan invades Punjab.
  • 1290-1320; The Khalji Dynasty marks the end of the Turks rule. Among the Khaljis, Alauddin Khalji (1296-1316) reign is known for revenue reforms, market regulations and conquests.
  • 1320-1412; The Tuqhluq Dynasty. Tuqhluq were from 'Qarauna Turk' tribe. Sultan Ghiyasuddin Tughluq Shah (Ghazi Malik) founder of third dynasty of the Sultanate. Among the Tughluq dynastry, Mohammad Tughluq and Firuz Tughluq were the most popular.
  • 1337; Sammah Rajputs overthrow the Sumrahs in Sindh.
  • 1351; Samma Dynasty assumed rule over Sindh.
  • 1398 - 1399; Tamerlane invades from Central Asia.
  • 1414 - 1451; The Sayyid dynasty[5].
    • Khizr Khan was the founder of the Saiyid dynasty. He ruled from 1414 until 1421.
    • Khizr Khan appointed Malik-us-Sharq Malik Tuhfa as his wazir.
    • Mubarak Shah ruled from 1421 until 1434.
    • Muhammad Shah ruled from 1434 until 1445.
    • Ala-un-din Alam Shah was the last ruler. He ruled from 1445 until 1451.
  • 1451-1526; Lodi dynasty.
    • The Lodhis were Afghans.
    • Bahlul Khan Lodi was the founder of the Lodi dynasty.
    • Sikandar Lodi ruled from 1489 until 1517.
    • The last Lodhi Sultan, Ibrahim Ladhi, ruled from 1517 until 26, was killed by Babur in the first battle of Panipat.


1500 - 1700
  • 1524; Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, first Mughal emperor, rais Punjab.
  • 1524; Sindh conquered by Shah Beg Arghun from Kandahar.
  • 1524; Amir Chakar Rind unites Balochi tribes and defeats Sammahs.
  • 1526, April 21; Battle of Panipat - is fought in North India between Babur and the Lodi Empire. This was one of the earliest battles involving gunpowder firearms and field artillery.[6]
  • 1526; Battles with the Rajputs: Zahiruddin Mohammad Babur battles with Rana Sanga, the Rajput ruler of Mewar.
  • 1527 - 1857; The Mughal Empire.
  • 1530–1540; Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun (7 March 1508 AD – 17 January 1556 AD) is the second emperor. His reign is interrupted by Suri Dynasty. Youth and inexperience at ascension led to his being regarded as a less effective ruler than usurper, Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545). Humayun restores rule in 1555. His son Akbar the Great becomes emperor after his death in January 1556.
  • 1541 - 1543; Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545) built the Rohtas Fort.
  • 1545, May; Sher Shah Suri dies. During his five year rule from 1540 to 1545, he set up a new civic and military administration, issued the first Rupee and re-organized the postal system of India.[7]
  • 1545; Islam Shah Suri (reigned: 1545–1554) becomes the second ruler of the Sur dynasty. He is succeeded by his 12 year old son Firuz Shah Suri (1554). Firuz Shah Suri was assassinated within days of his coronation by Muhammad Mubariz Khan who later ruled as Muhammad Shah Ad.[8]
  • 1554 - 1591; Tarkhan Dynasty, rules Northern India and Sindh, Pakistan.[9]
  • 1555; Ibrahim Shah Suri becomes the fifth ruler. He is followed by Sikandar Shah Suri (1555 – June 1555) and Adil Shah Suri (1555-1556).
  • 1556, 7 October; Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (also known as Hemu) accedes to the throne of Delhi. During his short reign he revitalized the administration that had flagged after the demise of Sher Shah Suri. He is killed during the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556.
  • 1556, February; Abu l-Fath Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar (14 October 1542 – 27 October 1605) accedes to the ascended the Mughal throne in Delhi. His reign lasted from Feb. 14, 1556 until Oct. 27, 1605. He eliminated military threats from the powerful Pashtun descendants of Sher Shah Suri, and at the Second Battle of Panipat he decisively defeated the newly self-declared Hindu king Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (also known as Hemu). On 3 October 1605, Akbar fell ill with an attack of dysentery, from which he never recovered. Akbar lasting legacy of "pluralism and tolerance" that "underlies the values of the modern republic of India.[10]
  • 1583; Queen Elizabeth I dispatched the ship Tyger to the sub-continent to exploit opportunities for trade.
  • 1586; Yusufzais defeat Akbar in the Karakar pass.
  • 1605; Nur-ud-din Mohammad Salim, known by his imperial name Jahangir, reign lasted from October 15, 1605 until November 8, 1627.
  • 1614; The British East India Company opens its first office in Bombay.
  • 1628; A'la Azad Abul Muzaffar Shahab ud-Din Mohammad Khurram, known by his imperial name Shah Jahan is the 5th Mughal Emperor. His reign lasted from 1628 until 1658. In 1612 he marries Arjumand Banu Begum. Arjumand dies in 1631 after givinh birth to Shahzadi Gauhara Begum. She will be buried in the Taj Mahal. During his reign “India became the richest center of the arts, crafts and architecture and some of the best of the architects, artisans, craftsmen, painters and writers of the world resided in his empire, it is believed that the Mughal Empire had the highest gross domestic product in the world”.[17]
  • 1632; Construction begins on the Taj Mahal. Construction will continue until 1653.
  • 1658; Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb, (4 November 1618 - 3 March 1707) commonly known as Aurangzeb becomes the 6th Mughal Emperor. His regien last from July 31, 1658 until March 3, 1707.


1700 - 1899
  • 1707; Bahadur Shah I becomes the 7th Mughal Emperor. His reign last from June 19, 1707 until February 27, 1712.
  • 1712; Jahandar Shah become the 8th Mughal Emperor of India. His reign last from February 27, 1712 until February 11, 1713.
  • 1713; Farrukhsiyar reign last from January 11, 1713 until February 28, 1719.
  • 1719; Rafi-ul Darjat reign last from February 28 1719 until June 6, 1719.
  • 1719; Shah Jahan II becomes the 11th Mughal Emperor of India. His reign last from June 6, 1719 until September 19, 1719.
  • 1719; Nikusiyar Mohammed (9 August 1703 - 31 January 1746) becomes the 12th Mughal Emperor of India.
  • 1720; Mohammed Ibrahim was a claimaint to the throne of India. He was defeated by Emperor Muhammad Shah at the battle of Hasanpur on November 13, 1720, and deposed the same day.
  • 1719; Muhammad Shah becomes the 14th Mughal Emperor. His reign lasted from September 27, 1719 until April 26, 1748. His is succeeded by Ahmad Shah Bahadur.
  • 1736; Founding of Kalhora Dynasty in Sindh.
  • 1739; Nadir Shah of Persia invades the subcontinent.
  • 1747 - 1773; Ahmad Shah Durrani founds the Kingdom of Afghanistan and acquires Indus territories, Punjab and Kashmir.
  • 1757; The battle of Plassey is considered a major breakthrough for the Britishers in the Subcontinent.
  • 1707 – 1762; Shah wali Ullah's Reform Movement.
  • 1760-1830; Sikhs become dominate force in Pubjab.
  • 1789; Talpur Balochis overthrow Kalhora Dynazty in Sindh.
  • 1799 - 1839; Ranjit Singh rules Punjab from Lahore.
  • 1830; Faraizi Movement (1830-57).
  • 1843; British defeat Talpurs in the battle of Miani and annex Sind.
  • 1845 - 1846; First British-Sikh War.
  • 1857, November 1; The British control most present-day Pakistan region and incorporate it as part of the British Indian Empire.
  • 1848 - 1849; The British defeat the Sikhs in Second Sikh War, annex Punjab and NWFP.
  • 1857; First War of Independence (Mutiny).
  • 1858; British government assumes direct rule of British East India Company lands, establishes British Raj.
  • 1858; Aligarh Movement (1858-98) is led by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, to educate the Muslims of the South Asia.
  • 1866; Deoband Movement (1866-1947).
  • 1884; Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam, Lahore (1884-1947).
  • 1885; Establishment of Indian National Congress.
  • 1887; All districts of Balochistan in British hands.
  • 1889; British establish Gilgit Agency.
  • 1891; British conquer Hunza and Nagar.
  • 1894; Nadva-tul-'Ulama of Lucknow (1894-1947).


1900 - 1999
  • 1902, January 30; Japan signs the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. The alliance was renewed and extended in scope in 1905 and 1911, before its demise in 1921. It was officially terminated in 1923.
  • 1906, 30 December; The annual meeting of Mohammadan Educational Conference held at Dacca under the chairmanship of Nawab Viqar ul Mulk. In the meeting Nawab Salim ullah Khan presented a proposal to establish a political party, All India Muslim League, to safeguard the interests of the Muslims.
  • 1906; All India Muslim League founded as forum for Indian Muslim separatism.

  • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
      • Allied (Entente) Powers
        France, British Empire, Russia (1914-17), Italy (1915-18), United States (1917-18), Romania (1916-18), Japan, Serbia, Belgium, Greece (1917-18) and others
      • Central Powers
        Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria (1915-18)

    • During World War I the British Indian Army fought in Egypt, Palestine, Mesopotamia, Gallipoli, and France and suffered very heavy casualties. The British Indian Army's strength was about 189,000 in 1939. There were about 3,000 British officers and 1,115 Indian officers. [11]
    • 1914, October 17 - November 7; The Siege of Tsingtao.
    • 1917, April 6; The US declares war on Germany.
    • 1918, March 3; Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
    • 1918, November 11; Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
    • 1919; The Khilafat Movement (1919-1924).
    • 1930; Mohammad Iqbal proposes creation of separate Muslim state.

  • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1935; 27 November; The 1935 Balochistan earthquake was a magnitude 7.7 earthquake centered 4.0 kilometers South West of Ali Jaan, Balochistan, British India (now Pakistan) injuring from 30,000 - 60,000.[21]

  • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
      • Axis powers
        Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria versus
      • Allies Power:
        U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa and Yugoslavia.

    • The British Army was expanded greatly to fight in World War II. By 1945, the strength of the Army had risen to about two and a half million. There were about 34,500 British officers and 15,740 Indian officers. The Army took part in campaigns in France, East Africa, North Africa, Syria, Tunisia, Malaya, Burma, Greece, Sicily and Italy. It suffered 179,935 casualties in the war (including killed (24,338), wounded (64,354), missing (11,762) and POW (79,481) soldiers). Many future military officers and leaders of Pakistan fought in these wars.[11]
    • 1939; Germany invades Poland.
    • 1941, December 7; Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
    • 1945, April 12; President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies at Warm Springs, Georgia.
    • 1945, May 8; Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
    • 1945, September 2; Victory over Japan, V-J Day Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri (BB-63).


  • 1940; Lahore Resolution, which endorses idea of separate nation for India's Muslims, to be called Pakistan.
  • 1947, 3 June; The British Government announced its plan to divide British India between India and Pakistan and the subsequent transfer of power to the two countries [11]
  • 1947, 18 July; The British Parliament passes the Indian Independence Act.
  • 1947, 19 July; Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (1895-1951) of Muslim League becomes the first Prime Minister.
  • 1947, 14 August; Birth of Pakistan, consisting of East Bengal, a part of Assam (Sylhet), West Punjab, Sind, North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan.
  • 1947; Some 15 million people flee religious persecution, Muslim fleeing to East and West Pakistan, while Hindus flee to India. An estimated one million people are killed in widespread communal violence and millions are made homeless.
  • 1947, 14 August; The modern state of Pakistan is established.[12]
  • 1947, 15 August; Quid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) of Muslim League becomes first governor-general and Liaquat Ali Khan (1895-1951) of Muslim League becomes the first Prime Minister of the new nation.
  • 1948, 11 September; Quid-e-Azam Dies and Kashmir Crisis Starts.
  • 1948, 14 September; Cheif Minister of Bengal Khwaja Nazimuddin (1894-1964) of Muslim League becomes second governor-general.
  • 1948; The first war with India over Kashmir.
  • 1949, 12 March; Objectives Resolution passes moved by Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan.
  • 1950 - 1953; The Korean War is fought in Korea.
  • 1952, 22 December; The second draft of the Basic Principle Committee presents to the Constituent Assembly.
  • 1953, 17 April; Malik Ghulam Mohammad dismisses the Khawaja Nazimuddin.
    (Important note: This is this act of Ghulam Mohammad that sets an unhealthy tradition and precedent in Pakistan of Presidents removing ELECTED governments. This tradition is later carried on by various Presidents creating a continuous instability in the Pakistan.)
  • 1953, 17 April; A not well-known leader of East Pakistan Mohammad Ali Bogra (1909-1963 ) of Muslim League, who was then Pakistani Ambassador to United State, becomes third Prime Minister.
  • 1954, May; Governor General Ghulam Mohammad appointed Iskander Mirza (1899-1969) as Governor of East Pakistan. In order to established the peace in East Pakistan, the first step he took as Governor was to order the arrest of 319 persons, including Mujib al Rahman and Yusuf Ali Choudhury. By mid June, the number of persons arrested had reached 1051, including 33 assembly members and two Dhaka University Professors. So, in a way Iskander Mirza had sown a permanent seed of hatred for the Central government in the heats of East Pakistani people.
  • 1954, 24 October 24; Malik Ghulam Mohammad dissolved the Constituent Assembly of Mohammad Ali Bogra and declares a state of emergency.
    Pakistan signed an agreement with the U.S. saying that US will come to Pakistan's aid in a time of war.
  • 1955, 11 August; Bogra resigns and Chaudhary Mohammad Ali (1905-1963) of Muslim League becomes appointed forth Prime Minister.
  • 1955, 6 October; Governor-General Ghulam Mohammad resigns.
  • 1955, 6 October; Iskander Mirza (1899-1969) of Military becomes the fourth and last Governor General.
  • 1956, 23 March; The Pakistan’s Constitution proclaims Pakistan an Islamic republic. The Constitution consisted of 234 articles, which divided into 13 parts and 6 schedules. The National Assembly (the only house of the parliament) was consists of 300 members. The 300 hundred National Assembly seats were equally divided between West Pakistan and East Pakistan (note that the concept of one unit was there in constitution.).
  • 1956, 23 March; Iskander Mirza of Republican Party becomes first president.
  • 1956, 12 September; Chaudhry Mohammad Ali resigns and after the adoption of the constitution, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (1893-1963) of Awami League becomes the fifth Prime Minister.
  • 1957, 17 October; Suhrawardy resigns, due to President's refusal to convene a meeting of the parliament to seek a vote of confidence.
  • 1957, 17 October; The Law Minister in the Federal Cabinet Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar (1897-1960) of Muslim League becomes sixth Prime Minister.
  • 1957, 11 December; I. I. Chundrigar was forced to resign since he failed to maintain the support of his coalition partners and thus becomes the only Prime Minister of Pakistan for less than two months.
  • 1957, 16 December; Malik Feroze Khan Noon (1893-1970) of Republican Party takes over the office of Prime Minister and becomes the seventh prime minister.
  • 1958, 7 October; President Iskander Mirza abrogates Constitution and with the help of Gen. Ayub Khan, the Chief Martial Law Administrator, enforces the first martial law as a response to rebellions in East Pakistan.
  • 1958; Military coup -- Chief of the army staff takes over and declares martial law.
  • 1958, 24 October; Gen. Mohammad Ayub Khan (1907-1974) of Military becomes eighth Prime Minister and resign from the office of chief martial law administrator.
  • 1958, 27 October; Iskander Mirza's Presidency ends and sent into exile.
  • 1958, 27 October; Gen. (Mohammad Ayub Khan) of Military assumes presidency and becomes second president.
  • 1958, 28 October; The Prime Minister, Ayub Khan, resigns.
  • 1962; Constitution Adopted (second time).
  • 1962; Gen. Mohammad Ayub Khan of Military becomes president.
  • 1965, August; Second war between India and Pakistan over Kashmir
  • 1966, 10 January; Gen Ayub Khan and Indian prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri signed the cease-fire agreement in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, USSR.
  • 1966; The cease-fire agreement led to the resigning of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Ayub Khan's talented Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • 1969, 25March; Ayub Khan handed his place over to Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan (1907-1980), who promised return to civilian rule. He is the first chief martial law administrator (March 25, 1969 through March 31, 1969).
  • 1969; Martial law declared by military chief Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan.
  • 1969, 25 March; Gen. Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan of Military takes over and becomes the third president.
  • 1969, 27 March; Gen Ayub Khan resigns from office of Prime Minister.
  • 1970; First general elections.
  • 1970; Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League acquires absolute majority in new National Assembly.
  • 1970; West Pakistan-dominated government headed by military chief Yahya Khan Declines to assemble assembly.
  • 1971; East Pakistan attempts to break away.
  • 1971; Civil war begins in East Pakistan.
  • 1971; East Pakistan declares itself independent nation and becomes Bangladesh.
  • 1971; India intervenes on behalf of Bengali separatists.
  • 1971; Pakistani military surrenders to Indian armed forces.
  • 1971, 7 December; Nurul Amin (1893-1974) of Pakistan People's Party becomes ninth prime minister.
  • 1971, 20 December; Nurul Amin resigns.
  • 1971, 20 December; President (military chief) Yahya Khan resigns.
  • 1971, 20 December; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1928-1979) of Pakistan Peoples Party becomes fourth president of Pakistan.
  • 1972; President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign Simla agreement that adjusts cease-fire line between Pakistan and India and creates new Line of Control.
  • 1973; New constitution goes into effect (Third time).
  • 1973, 13 August; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto resigns from presidency.
  • 1973, 14 August; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan People's Party becomes tenth prime minister.
  • 1973, 14 August; Fazal Elahi Chaudhry (1904-1982) of Pakistan People's Party becomes fifth President.
  • 1974, 18 May; India tests its first nuclear device, code named Smiling Buddha, at nation's nuclear testing grounds near Pokhran in southeastern India.[18]
  • Prime Minister Z. A. Bhutto's government begins nuclear program.
  • 1976; Diplomatic ties established between Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • 1977; Riots erupt over allegations of rigging of general election by Pakistan Peoples Party.
    Gen. Mohammad Zia ul-Haq (1924-1988) of Military declares martial law.
  • 1977, 5 July; the military, led by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, staged a coup. Gen. Zia ul-Haq becomes the prime minister.
  • 1978, 16 September; President Fazal Elahi Chaudhry resigns
  • 1978, 16 September; Gen. Zia ul-Haq of Military becomes sixth president.
  • 1979; Islamic penal code introduced.
  • 1979, 4 April; Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Z. A. Bhutto is hanged.
  • 1979, 24 December; The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan. The Soviet-led Afghan forces are opposed by a multi-national insurgent groups called the Mujahideen. The Mujahidden tarins in Pakistan and China, as well and receive billions of dollars from the United States, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, and other countries. The Soviets redraw all of its forces starting on May 15, 1988 and ending on February 15, 1989.[13]
  • 1980; The United State pledges military assistance following Soviet Union intervention in Afghanistan.
  • 1983; Gen. and president Zia announces that he will lift the martial law but military will retain the key role in future governments.
  • 1985; Martial law and ban on political parties lifted.
  • 1985; General elections held under military rule.
  • 1985; Controversial eighth Amendment is passes.
  • 1985, 24 March; Military chief Zia-ul Haq resigns as prime minister. Mohammad Khan Junejo (1932-1993) of Pakistan Muslim League is appointed the twelfth prime minister by Gen. Zia ul-Haq.
  • 1986; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's daughter Benazir Bhutto (21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) returns from exile to lead Pakistan Peoples Party in campaign for elections.
  • 1988, 29 May; Military chief (president) Zia dismisses Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo's government.
  • 1988, 9 June; Gen. and president Zia becomes thirteenth prime minister.
  • Military chief, president and prime minister Zia orders new elections.
  • 1988, 17 August; Military chief, president and prime minister Zia, the US ambassador and top Pakistan army officials die in mysterious plane crash.
  • 1988, 17 August; Ghulam Ishaq Khan (born: 1915) becomes seventh President. (Acting president to Dec. 12, 1988.)
  • 1988, Benazir Bhutto">Benazir Bhotto's Pakistan People's Party wins November general election. Benazir Bhutto, the eldest child of Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto sworn in as first woman Prime Minister of a Muslim nation. She becomes fourteenth prime minister.
  • 1988, 14 December; Ghulam Ishaq Khan Khan becomes seventh President.
  • 1989, May; India test fires its Agni missile, ballistic missile that can be able to deliver a nuclear warhead to any target in Pakistan or southern China.
  • 1990, 6 August; Benazir Bhutto's government dismissed on charges of incompetence and corruption.
  • 1990, 6 August; Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (born: 1931) of National People's Party becomes fifteenth Prime Minister (caretaker). In National election, Benazir Bhutto's Pakistan Peoples Party lost to coalition of rightist parties.
  • 1990, November; Jotoi resigns and Mian Nawaz Sharif (born: 1949) of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz group) becomes sixteenth prime minister.
  • 1991; Islamic Sharia law formally incorporated into legal code.
  • 1992; Nawaz Sharif's government launches campaign to stamp out violence by supporter of Mohajir Quami Movement (MQM).
  • 1993, 19 April; President Ishaq Khan dissolves the National and Provincial Assemblies.
  • 1993, 18 April; Ishaq Khan selects Mir Balakh Sher Mazari of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz group) as the seventeenth Prime Minister (caretaker).
  • 1993, 26 May; Mazari’s tenure as a caretaker Prime Minister ended in May, when the Supreme Court of Pakistan invalidates the presidential order on May 26 and reinstated Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif as the Prime Minister. Nawaz Sharif becomes eighteenth prime minister.
  • 1993, 18 July; President, Ghulam Ishaq and the Prime Minister, Mian Nawaz Sharif both resign under pressure from military, thus dissolving all the Central and provincial Assemblies.
  • 1993, 18 July; Wasim Sajjad (born: 1941) of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz Group) selected as eight President (interim).
  • 1993, 18 July; Moin Qureshi (born: 1930) is selected as the nineteenth Prime Minister (caretaker).
  • 1993, 6 - 9 October; General Elections are held.
  • 1993, 19 October; Benazir Bhutto (born: 1953) wins slim margin and took oath as Prime Minister. She becomes twenty prime minister.
  • 1993, 13 November; Presidential election are held. Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari (born: 1940) of Pakistan People's Party candidate won by 274 to 168 votes against, the then acting President Wasim Sajjad.
  • 1993, November 14; Wasim Sajjad resign and Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari of Pakistan Peoples Party elected as eighth President.
  • 1993, 19 November; The Egyptian Islamic Jihad attacks the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan killing 17 and injuring approximately 60. [14]
  • 1996, 5 November; President Farooq Leghari dismisses Benazir Bhutto accuses her government of corruption and nepotism under the Article 58(2) b of the Eighth Amendment.
  • 1996, 5 November; Miraj Khalid (born: 1916) becomes twenty first prime minister (caretaker).
  • 1997; Queen Elizabeth II visits Pakistan on 50th Anniversary of its Independence. Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, right, meets Britain's Queen Elizabeth II at the presidential palace in Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • 1997; Malik Meraj Khalid selected as Caretaker Prime Minister.
  • 1997, February; National elections are held.
  • 1997, February 17; Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif becomes twenty second Prime Minister.
  • 1997, February 18; Nawaz Sharif obtained a vote of confidence from the National Assembly.
  • 1997, February 18; Controversial Eighth Amendment is repealed, which empowered the president to dismiss the prime ministers.
  • 1997; The Thirteenth Am Amendment and the Ehtesab Act are passed.
  • 1997, 2 December; Because of constitutional crisis, President Farooq Leghari resigned.
  • 1997, 2 December; Wasim Sajjad of Pakistan Muslim League (N) becomes tenth President (interim) (second time).
  • 1998, 1 January; Wasim Sajjad resigns and Mohammad Rafiq Tarar (born: 1929) of Pakistan Muslim League (N) becomes eleventh President.
  • 1998, 28-29 May; Pakistan carried out its nuclear tests in response to Indian detonation of its three nuclear devices and becomes a Nuclear Power.
  • 1998, 28 May; Nawaz Sharif's government proclaims an emergency, because of this, all fundamental rights of Pakistani people were suspended and all the foreign currency accounts in Pakistani banks were frozen.
  • 1998, 9 October; Nawaz Sharif introduces the Fifteen Amendment.
  • 1998, 7 October; The Fifteen Amendment is an effort by Sharif to acquire more powers, soon brought him into serious confrontation with military. This confrontation led to the resignation of General Jehangir Karamat .
  • 1999, 20 February; Indian Prime Minister Vajayeee visits Pakistan.
  • 1999, April; Benazir Bhutto and her husband convicted of corruption and given jail sentences.
  • 1999, 11 April; India tests an upgraded version of Agni missile on Wheeler Island in the Bay of Bengal.
  • 1999; The Kargil Offensive. The Kargil crisis in its aftermath led to tense relationship between Nawaz Sharif and the military. It was this tense relationship, which culminated in the removal of the Nawaz government by successor of General Karamat (Musharraf ).
  • 1999, 12 October; Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif overthrown in military coup led by military chief Pervez Musharraf (born: 1943), thus Military Comes to Power Again.
    Pakistan is suspended from the Commonwealth due to widely condemned military coup.
  • 1999, 12 October; Military chief Musharraf becomes the Chief Executive of Pakistan.
  • 1999, 14 October; Military chief and chief executive, Pervez Musharraf, becomes prime minister. [15]
2000- 2007
  • 2000, April; Nawaz Sharif sentenced to life imprisonment on hijacking and terrorism charges.
  • 2000, December; Nawaz Sharif goes into exile in Saudi Arabia after being pardoned by military authorities.
  • 2001, 14 – 16 July; Agra Summit between India and Pakistan hold a summit to aim of resolving long-standing issues.
  • 2001, 20 June; Gen. Pervez Musharraf (born: 1943) of Military dissolved the parliament as a result the figurehead president, Rafiq Tarar vacated his position. Later in the day Gen Pervez Musharraf names himself president while remaining head of the military. He becomes twelfth the President.
  • 2001, July; Gen Musharraf meets Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee in Agra summit. Talks fails (not even a joint statement).
  • 2001, September; Pakistan cut its diplomatic relation with the Taliban and becomes a major ally to U.S. campaign against the Taliban and al-Qaida. The US lifts some sanctions imposed after Pakistan's nuclear tests, but retains those imposed after Musharraf's coup.
  • 2001, 10 November; US President Bush meets President Musharraf in New York and assures additional aid of one billion dollar.
  • 2002, January; Gen. Musharraf announces that elections will be held on October 2002.
  • 2002, April; Gen. Musharraf of Military wins another five years in office in a referendum criticized as unconstitutional and fraught with irregularities.
  • 2002, May; Pakistani military fires three medium-range surface-to-surface missiles that can carry nuclear warheads.
  • 2002, August; President Musharraf of Military grants himself sweeping new powers, including the right to dismiss an elected parliament. Opposition parties accuse Musharraf of perpetuating dictatorship.
  • 2002, October; General election results in a hung parliament.
  • 2002, 23 November; National Assembly "selects" Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali (born: 1944) of Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam Group), a member of a party close to Gen Musharraf of Military, as a twenty fourth prime minister and Musharraf resigns as prime minister
  • 2003, 24 February; Senate elections: Ruling party wins most seats in voting to the upper house.
  • 2003, 23 March; AAJ TV, Pakistan's premier channel inaugurated.
  • 2003, 24 June; President Pervez Musharraf meets G.W. Bush in Camp David. US announces $3-billion five-year economic assistance package for Pakistan.
  • 2003, 11 July; Lahore-Delhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
  • 2003, 14 December; General Musharraf survived an assassination attempt in Rawalpindi.
  • 2004, 1 January; General Musharraf won a vote of confidence in the Senate, National Assembly, and provincial assemblies.
  • 2004, 5 January; Musharraf meets Vajpayee in Islamabad, discusses Kashmir dispute.
  • 2004, 22 May; Pakistan readmitted to Commonwealth.
  • 2004, 26 June; Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali steps down and nominates Ch. Shujaat Hussain as his interim successor.
  • 2004, 28 August; Shaukat Aziz becomes Prime Minister.
  • 2004, 17 October; Pakistani physician Dr. Muhammad Saeed Fazal Karim Beebani sets new world record for having the smallest Holy Qur'an of the world. His claim was accepted by Guinness world record administration.
  • 2005, 13 July; 136 people killed and about 170 injured in a collision of three passenger trains near Ghotki.
  • 2005, 14 July; NWFP Assembly passes the Hasba bill with a majority vote.
  • 2005, 19 July; Government of Pakistan launches country-wide crackdown against extremist elements.
  • 2005, 8 October; A 7.5 magnitude earthquake kills an estimated 80,000 people in northern Pakistan. (see:2005 Pakistan earthquake)
  • 2005, 11 October; Renowned littérateur, linguist and poet, Shanul Haq Haqqee, passes away in Toronto. He was 88.
  • 2006, 2 January; Dr. Shamshad Akhtar assumes office of State Bank Governor having the first woman Governor of SBP.
  • 2006, 14 May; Charter of democracy (CoD) is signed by two former prime ministers of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto in London.
  • 2006, 26 April; Pervez Musharraf lays foundation-stone of Diamir-Bhasha dam.
  • 2006, 8 July; Process to release over 1600 women prisoners from 55 jails across starts after Presidential Ordinance.
  • 2006, 10 July; Noted poet, writer and columnist, Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, passes away in Lahore. He was 89.
  • 2006, 26 August; Prominent Baloch leader and politician Sirdar Akbar Bugti killed by military.
  • 2007, 9 March; President Pervez Musharraf dismissed Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar.
  • 2007, 3 July; Pakistani security forces started operation Sunrise to liberate Lal Masjid from the fundamentalist Islamic militants
  • 2007, 20 July; Iftikhar restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan.
  • 2007, 18 October; Bhutto, Benazir returned to Pakistan, after exile of about 8 years.
  • 2007, 3 November; Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency, most of the senior judges of Supreme Court ousted.
  • 2007, 16 November; After completion of 5 years, National Assembly dissolved, Catetaker government of Muhammad Mian Soomro took oath.
  • 2007, 25 November; Nawaz Sharif returned Pakistan after 7 years of forced exile.
  • 2007, 16 December; Emergency lifted, banned civil rights and suspended constitution restored
  • 2007, 27 December; Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto assassinated in Rawalpindi
  • 2008, 2 January; The Election Commission announces elections will now be held on February 18.
  • 2008, 18 February; Elections are held amidst tight security. Pakistan Peoples Party, Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Muslim League (Q) and Awami National Party win 118, 89, 50 and 13 seats respectively.[19]
  • 2008, 24 March; Yusuf Raza Gilani is elected as the new Prime Minister.
  • 2008, 18 August; Pervaiz Musharraf steps down as President of Pakistan. Mohammadmian Soomro takes over as President.
  • 2008, 6 September; Asif Zardari wins presidential election with 481 votes.
  • 2008, 9 September; Asif Zardari takes oath as President of Pakistan.
  • 2008, 29 October; A magnitude 6.4 earthquake strikes Balochistan province, near Quetta.[20]
  • 2009, 16 February; Pakistan government announces a truce with Taliban, accepting a system of Islamic law in the Swat valley, conceding the area as a Taliban sanctuary.
  • 2009, 9 March; Militants attack bus with the touring Sri Lankan cricket team. All international cricket matches in Pakistan are suspended. Pakistan also loses its status as hosts for the cricket World Cup 2011.
  • 2009, 16 Marach; As the result of long march Lawyers' Movement succeeded. Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry was restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan and other judges dismissed by Musharraf.
  • 2009, 23 May; Pakistan Army launched Operation Rah-e-Rast and cleared Swat Valley of all Taliban elements. It is regarded as one of the most successful counter-insurgency operations in modern age (to 15 July)
  • 2011, 2 May; U.S. Navy SEALs kill Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011) in Abbottabad, Pakistan. [16]



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Haripur, Pakistan Weather Information



Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Haripur, Pakistan.
Data from .


 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Annual

Avg. High

42.8 °

42.8 °

44.6 °

53.6 °

53.6 °

°

53.6 °

51.8 °

55.4 °

55.4 °

46.4 °

46.4 °

52.58 °

Avg. Low

33.8 °

35.6 °

35.6 °

42.8 °

41 °

46.4 °

46.4 °

42.8 °

39.2 °

46.4 °

42.8 °

37.4 °

40.85 °

Mean

38.3 °

39.2 °

40.1 °

48.2 °

47.3 °

°

50 °

47.3 °

47.3 °

50.9 °

44.6 °

41.9 °

46.72 °

Avg. Precip.

0.71 in

0.94 in

1.65 in

0.83 in

1.18 in

in

0.12 in

1.06 in

0.47 in

0.47 in

0.12 in

0.12 in

7.68 in






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Historical Weather data


I am still doing research on this weather history of the city.





Pakistan Notable Severe Weather Events







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References

  1. a b Wikipedia: Haripur, Pakistan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haripur,_Pakistan
  2. Wikipedia: Allama Iqbal Open University   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allama_Iqbal_Open_University
  3. Wikipedia: Hazara University   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazara_University
  4. Wikipedia: History of Pakistan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Pakistan
      •Quick History of Pakistan   [Online] http://www.personal.kent.edu/~rmuhamma/Personal/Pakistan/PakHistory/timeLinePak.htm
  5. Wikipedia: Sayyid dynasty   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sayyid_dynasty
  6. Wikipedia: Battle of Panipat (1526)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Panipat_(1526)
      •Wikipedia: Early modern warfare   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunpowder_warfare
  7. Wikipedia: Sher Shah Suri   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri
  8. Wikipedia: Islam Shah Suri   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_Shah_Suri
  9. Wikipedia: Tarkhan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarkhan
      •Wikipedia: Tarkhan Dynasty   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarkhan_Dynasty
  10. Wikipedia: Akbar the Great   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akbar
  11. Wikipedia: Military history of Pakistan, The World Wars   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Pakistan#The_World_wars
  12. Wikipedia: Pakistan, Independence and modern Pakistan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan#Independence_and_modern_Pakistan
  13. Wikipedia: Soviet war in Afghanistan   [Online] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan
  14. Wikipedia: Attack on the Egyptian Embassy in Pakistan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_the_Egyptian_Embassy_in_Pakistan
  15. Wikipedia: List of Prime Ministers of Pakistann   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Pakistan
  16. Wikipedia: Osama bin Laden   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osama_bin_Laden
  17. Wikipedia: Shah Jahan   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Jahan
      •Wikipedia: Taj Mahal   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal

  18. Wikipedia: Smiling Buddha   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smiling_Buddha

  19. Wikipedia: Pakistani general election, 2008   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_general_election,_2008

  20. Wikipedia: 2008 Pakistan earthquake   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_earthquake_of_2008

  21. Wikipedia: 1935 Balochistan earthquake   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1935_Balochistan_earthquake

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