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Delight, AR

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Founded: 1904 Population: 279 Time Zone: -7
Latitude: 34.03 N Longitude: 093.5W Altitude: 351 ft
Average High: 72 Average Low: 47.9 Annual Precipitation: 53.67

 

Delight, Arkansas is located in Pike County in the south western section of the state. The area was first settled by whites in the late 18th century and was originally called Wolf Creek. A post office becane severing the area in 1832. By the 1890's, land is sold to the Southwestern Arkansas and Indian Territory Railroad for a train station to serve the area. The town was official incorporated on September 15, 1904. [13] In 2000, the population of Delight was 311. In 2010, the population had decrease to 279. The major highways leading to Delight are Arkansas routes 19, 26 and 195. [14]


  2010 U.S. Census Demographic Profile about Delight, AR.


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    • History[13]

      • 18th century White settlers began moving into the area near the end of the eighteenth century, settling along Wolf Creek, which flows from northwest of Delight in a southeasterly direction.
      • 1832, January 18 The settlement became known as Wolf Creek and a post Office is opened. The area becomes a mail stop between Little Rock, AR, and the Hempstead County Courthouse, then at Washington, AR.
      • 1897; A sawmill and planer, built by B. F. Key begins operations.
      • 1903; Dr. Rice becomes the areas first permanent doctor.
      • 1904; Delight, Arkansas was named by landowner W.H. Kirkham, who was well pleased with his surroundings.[11]
      • 1904, July 25; The incorporation petition goes before the court.
      • 1903, September 15; The name Delight becomes official and John Brock becomes the towns first mayor.
      • 1948-49; Billstown and Delight's schools consolidate in the 1948-49 school year.



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      Arkansas´ History

      State History [1]



      Ancient times


       

      • ca. 40,000-15,000 B.C. - People migrate to North America from Asia at irregular intervals by way of the Bering Land Bridge.
      • 10,000 BC - As glaciers from the last Ice Age recede, flood waters carve the channel of the Mississippi river.
      • 10,000-8000 B.C. - Paleo-Indian culture of seminomadic hunter-foragers living in open countryside and in natural rock shelters.
      • 8,000 BC to 5,000 BC - First evidence of human habitation in Upper Mississippi region.
      • 7,000 BC - 1,000 BC - Archaic Period of Native American hunter-gatherer culture as Indians build temporary dwellings, add shellfish to their diets, and fashion atlatls (spear throwers) to hunt small game.
      • 6,000 BC - Hunters slaughter giant bison in what is now Itasca State Park, Minnesota, leaving evidence of their presence.
      • 2,500 BC - 100 BC - Gulf Formational Period of Indian culture with increasing sophistication in ceramic development with tempered pottery.
      • 1,000 B.C.-A.D. 1550 - Woodland-culture American Indians settle in permanent locations, usually beside streams, and practice a mixed subsistence lifestyle of hunting, gathering, and some agriculture. They create pottery and also develop elaborate funeral procedures, such as building mounds, to honor their dead.
      • 300 BC - 1000 AD - Woodland Period of permanent houses, embellished pottery, bows and arrows, and maize and squash cultivation. The Hopewell (Mound building) culture dominates area.
      • A.D. 700-1550 - Mississippian-culture American Indians create large political units called chiefdoms, uniting people under stronger leadership than the Woodland cultures have. Towns become larger and last longer. People construct flat-topped, pyramidal mounds to serve as foundations for temples, mortuaries, chiefs' houses, and other important buildings. Towns are usually situated beside streams and surrounded by defensive structures. The Hopewell (Mound building) culture dominates area.
      • 950 to 1250 - Medieval Warm Period.
      • 1300-1850 - The Little Ice Age.


      1500 - 1700
      • 1541, June 18; Hernando De Soto of Spain was the first European to explore Arkansas.
      • 1673, July; French explorers Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette descend the Mississippi to the mouth of the Arkansas River. Warned by the Quapaw (Arkansas) Indians of hostile tribes farther south they turn back.
      • 1682, Mar 13; Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, reaches the Arkansas on his way to the mouth of the Mississippi. He visits a Quapaw village and claims the land in the name of King Louis XIV.
      • 1686; Henri de Tonti founded Arkansas Post, the first settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley. It served as a trading post, a way-station for Mississippi River travel, and the home of a Jesuit mission for a few years.
      1700 - 1899
      • 1721; A group of 1,300 half-starved colonists - whites and black slaves - abandons Arkansas Post after John Law's scheme to develop the Mississippi Valley collapses.
      • 1756 - 1763; The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris among France, Spain and Great Britain and the Treaty of Hubertusburg among Saxony, Austria and Prussia, in 1763. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.[Source]
      • 1762; France cedes the Louisiana Territory, including Arkansas, to Spain, but French soldiers continue to man Arkansas Post.
      • 1803; The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France, which had retaken it from Spain as part of the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
      • 1811-1812; The New Madrid Earthquakes occurred between December 1811 and April 1812 along the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The area covered by the seismic zone affects parts of : Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi. The 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes and aftershocks caused extensive damage throughout northeast Arkansas and southeast Missouri, altering the landscape, affecting settlement of the area, and leaving noticeable reminders that another huge earthquake could happen at any time.
      • 1818; The Quapaw cede their lands between the Red and Arkansas rivers.
      • 1819, March 2; Arkansas, which has been part of Missouri Territory since 1812, is detached and made a territory.
      • 1819, November 20; Arkansas Gazette, the first newspaper in Arkansas, published.
      • 1821, October 25; The capital moves from Arkansas Post to Little Rock.
      • 1822, March 16; The Eagle, first steamboat to ascend the Arkansas River, arrives at Little Rock.
      • 1830, May 28; Congress establishes the boundary separating Arkansas from Indian Territory to the west.
      • 1832-1839; Removal of the "Five Civilized Tribes" of Indians from the Southeast through Arkansas to Indian Territory.
      • 1836, June 15; Arkansas became the 25th state with Little Rockas its capital.
      • 1846; Disillusioned by the collapse of two state-chartered banks, legislators ratify a constitutional amendment barring any banking institution from being established in the state.
      • 1846, April; The Mexican-American War ignited as a result of disputes over claims to Texas boundaries. The outcome of the war fixed Texas' southern boundary at the Rio Grande River. Stephen Watts Kearny annexed New Mexico to U.S.[Source]
      • 1848, February 2; The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed. The treaty established the U.S. - Mexican border of the Rio Grande River, and ceded to the United States the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, most of Arizona and Colorado, and parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming. In return, Mexico received US $18,250,000 ($461,725,000 [2011])-less than half the amount the U.S. had attempted to offer Mexico for the land before the opening of hostilities-and the U.S. agreed to assume $3.25-million ($82,225,000 [2011]) in debts that the Mexican government owed to U.S. citizens. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants being considered as inviolable.[Source]
      • 1857, April; From 120 to 150 settlers, most from Arkansas, began a journey toward California. Before they could reach their destination, a party of Mormons and Indians attacked them while they camped on a plateau in southern Utah known as Mountain Meadows. All of the travelers died except for seventeen children, who were taken into Mormon homes.[9]
      • 1858; Edward Payson Washburn paints The Arkansas Traveler.
      • 1859, February 12; Signing of legislation ordering all free Negroes out of Arkansas by the end of the year.
      • 1860; On the eve of the Civil War, Arkansas has a population of 435,450, of whom 111,115 are black slaves, 4,086 are free blacks and 11,481 are slave owners.
      • 1861 - 1865 American Civil War. [More Information]
        • 1861, January 10: First Shot of the Civil War fired at the Union Ship "Star of the West" as it attempted to reinforce Major Anderson at Fort Sumter.
        • 1861, February 18: Jefferson Davis becomes the President of the Confederate States of America.
        • 1861, March 4: Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th President of the United States.
        • 1861, February Provisional Confederate Constitution is adopted (Confederate Constitution Day). Arsenal at Little Rock, AR occupied by State Troops. 1861, Feb. 8 Arsenal at Little Rock, AR occupied by State Troops. 1861, April 23 Arkansas troops occupy Fort Smith. General Robert E. Lee assumes command of State troops in Virginia. 1861, May 6 A convention votes to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy. The first of some 60,000 Arkansas residents join the confederate troops, but some 9,000 whites and more than 5,000 blacks fight on the Union side during the war. 1861, May 13 Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch is appointed to the command of the district embracing the Indian Territory lying west of Arkansas and south of Kansas. CSA Major Douglas H. Cooper, of the Choctaw Nation is authorized to raise a mounted regiment of Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians.
        • 1861, April 9: The Confederate cabinet at a meeting in Montgomery, AL, decides to open fire on Ft. Sumter. President Jefferson Davis orders General P. T. Beauregard to "reduce" Fort Sumter.
        • 1861, April 12: Bombardment of Fort Sumter begins at 4:30 A.M. The bombardment lasts 33 hours and the Confederates fire 3,000 shells. No one on either side is killed and only one injured at Fort Sumter. Edmund Ruffin is credited with the first shot. Captain James fired the signal shell from a ten inch mortar on Johnson's Island but the first gun from the iron clad battery on Morris Island is generally considered the first shot. Roger A. Pryor declined the honor of firing the signal shell. Ruffin later wraps himself in the Confederate Flag and commits suicide.
        • 1861, April 13: Fort Sumter surrenders at 2:30 PM on Saturday. Major Robert Anderson is allowed to fire a 100 gun salute to the United States Flag but only 50 guns are fired. One of the guns explodes and Private Daniel Hough is killed and five are injured. Some authors say two were killed. Perhaps one died of wounds.
        • 1861, April 15: Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers for three months service.
        • 1861, April 23 Arkansas troops occupy Fort Smith. General Robert E. Lee assumes command of State troops in Virginia. 1861, May 6 A convention votes to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy. The first of some 60,000 Arkansas residents join the confederate troops, but some 9,000 whites and more than 5,000 blacks fight on the Union side during the war. 1861, May 13 Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch is appointed to the command of the district embracing the Indian Territory lying west of Arkansas and south of Kansas. CSA Major Douglas H. Cooper, of the Choctaw Nation is authorized to raise a mounted regiment of Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians.
        • 1861: Construction begins on the Confederate submarine, H.L. Hunley in Mobile, Alabama. For more information; visit the Online Library; SHIPS of the CONFEDERATE STATES, Submarine H.L. Hunley (1863-1864).
        • 1862 , March 7-8: Battle of Pea Ridge in northwest Arkansas. A Confederate advance north is rebuffed. CSA Generals Benjamin McCulloch and James M. McIntosh are killed in action.
        • 1862, June 16: In early June Major General David Hunter transports Horatio G. Wright's and Isaac I. Stevens's Union divisions under immediate direction of Brigadier General Henry Benham to James Island where they entrenched at Grimball's Landing near the southern flank of the Confederate defenses around Charleston, SC. Without orders, Benham launched an unsuccessful frontal assault against Fort Lamar at Secessionville.
        • 1862, July 14: The CSS Arkansas, Confederate Ironclad attacks and damages three Yankee ships at Vicksburg, MS.
        • 1862, August 2: Skirmish at Jonesboro, AR.
        • 1862, September 22: President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation declaring the freedom of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863.
        • 1862, December 7: Battle of Prairie Grove. Federal forces suffered 1,251 casualties and Confederate forces suffered 1,317 casualties.
        • 1862, December 7: Battle of Fayetteville - Thomas Hindman [CS] attacks Francis "Frank" Herron [US] advancing from Wilson's Creek in an attempt to defeat him before joining he could join up with Brig. Gen.James G. Blunt's [US] men. Blunt reached the Confederate line just as Herron was considering withdrawal, resulting in a Union victory.
        • 1863, January 9-11: Battle of Fort Hindman - General John McClernand [US] defeats Brigadier General T. J. Churchill [CS] at Fort Hindman or Arkansas Post. Defending the outpost on the Arkansas River, 5,000 Confederates are surrounded by a force of 50,000 Union troops, and a U. S. Naval squadron under the command of Admiral David D. Porter. The Navy silenced the Confederate artillery and McClernand attacked, gaining the outer walls. The Confederates then surrendered.
        • 1863, January 10: nine men were taken from a guardhouse and led to a field on the Samuel P. Vaughn farm about one mile northeast of Huntsville (Madison County), where they were shot by Union soldiers on the bank of Vaughn’s Branch. [8]
        • 1863, July 1-3: Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
        • 1863. July 4: Battle of Helena, AR.
        • 1863, July 13-16: Draft Riots in New York City.
        • 1863, July 25: Skirmish at Brownsville, AR and Williamsburg, KY.
        • 1863, August 12: the Hunley arrived by train in Charleston.
        • 1863, September 10: Federal troops occupy Little Rock.
        • 1863, September 19 - 20: Confederate Victory at the Battle of Chickamauga, GA. The battle is the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.
        • 1863, November 15: William T. Sherman arrives in Chattanooga, TN.
        • 1863, November 19: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
        • 1864: A unionist convention abolishes slavery in Arkansas and adopts a new constitution for the state. Abraham Lincoln instructs Arkansas commander General Frederick Steele to permit elections following the proposed anti-slavery constitution of the state.
        • 1864. April 9-13: The Battle of Prairie D'Ane (also known as Prairie De Ann, Gum Grove, and Moscow) was fought April 9-13, 1864, in Nevada County, Arkansas as part of the Camden Expedition.
        • 1864, April 10: Moving south through Arkansas, General Frederick Steeleengages Confederate forces before being driven back to Little Rock.
        • 1864, April 18: Battle of Poison Spring - Sterling Price* [CS] and John Marmaduke [CS] raid US supply wagons heading for Grand Ecore to relieve Nathaniel Banks [US] failed expedition. After heavy fighting the federals were forced to withdraw.
           * Wikipedia has Samuel B. Maxey´s and John Marmaduke in command of the confederate forces, not Sterling Price.
        • 1864, July 25: Skirmish at Benton, AR and Pleasant Hill, MO.
        • 1864, December 21: United States troops occupy Savannah, GA.
        • 1865, April 8: General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Station, VA.
        • 1865, April 14: Lincoln shot by John Wilks Booth at Fords Theater on Good Friday.
        • 1865, April 14: General Robert Anderson raises the same flag over Fort Sumter that he lowered 4 years before.
        • 1865 May 26: Civil War ends; when General Kirby Smith surrendered Confederate forces west of the Mississippi River.
      • 1865, December 6; The 13th amendment"Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution" target="_blank">Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified by Gerogia, thus officially abolishing slavery.
      • 1866, August; Ex-Confederates sweep control of the legislature and pass laws denying blacks the right to sit on juries, serve in the militia, or attend white public schools.
      • 1867, March 2; Congress passes the Reconstruction Act, which voids the government of Arkansas and nine other southern states.
      • 1868, March 13; A new constitution adopted by referendum enfranchises Negroes and disenfranchises ex-Confederate soldiers.
      • 1868, June 22; Arkansas re-admitted to the Union.
      • 1868, November; Governor Powell Clayton declares martial law in much of the state; a mostly black militia battles the Ku Klux Klan.
      • 1871; Completion of a railroad between Memphis and Little Rock.
      • 1872; University of Arkansas opens in Fayetteville.
      • 1874, May 15; Month-long "Brooks-Baxter War" between rival claimants to the governorship ends when President Ulysses S Grant orders the forces of the former to disperse.
      • 1874, October 13; Ratification of a new constitution restoring the franchise to all whites and guaranteeing full civil rights for blacks ends the Reconstruction era.
      • 1887; Bauxite discovered southwest of Little Rock; peak output is reached by 1918, by which time almost all U.S. Bauxite is being mined in Arkansas.
      • 1891; Jim Crow legislation segregates railroad coaches and waiting stations.
      • 1892; Adoption of a constitutional amendment imposing a poll tax restricts the electorate.
      • 1896; Plessy v. Ferguson decision by U.S. Supreme Court establishes "separate but equal" doctrine in racial policy.
      • 1898; The Democratic Party adopts whites-only primary elections.
      • 1898, February 15; The USS Maine (ACR-1) exploded and sinks in Havana Harbor, Cuba.
      • 1899; Bauxite mining began in 1899 and Arkansas soon led all other states in production.
      • 1898; Spanish-American War.
      • 1899; The boll weevil crosses the Rio Grande from Mexico.
      1900 - 2007
      • 1904; Near Ulm, William H Fuller grows a 70 acre stand of rice, establishing one of the state's leading crops.
      • 1906, August 1; Diamonds found near Murfreesboro, which becomes the site of the only diamond mine in the United States.
      • 1909; Lumber production is Arkansas leading industry.
      • 1912, September 17; The Wyoming-class battleship USS Arkansas (BB-33) is commissioned.
      • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
        • 1915, May 7; The British ocean liner RMS Lusitania is torpedoed by German U-boat U-20, 128 Americans were killed.[Source]
        • 1917; Fort Jackson, SC, the nation's largest U.S. Army training facility, established to prepare soldiers for World War I.
        • 1917, Jan 11; The Zimmermann Telegram offers a military alliance with Mexico, in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.[Source]
        • 1917, Jan 31; Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.[Source]
        • 1917, February 3: US severs diplomatic ties with Germany.
        • 1917, April 6: The US declares war on Germany.[Source]
        • 1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
        • 1918, May 28: US forces make their first offensive, at Cantigny, France.
        • 1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
        • 1917-1918: More than 72,000 troops from Arkansas serve during World War I.[2]
      • 1918: Flu Epidemic infected 500 million people across the world, and killed 50 to 100 million. About 7,000 people died in Arkansas. (see 1918 flu pandemic for more information.)[Source]
      • 1920, August 18; Women win the right to vote when the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified by Tennessee.
      • 1915; The General Assembly of 1915 enacted a statewide game and fish law and created the Game and Fish Commission.
      • 1920; Over 40 percent of land under cultivation is in cotton, the state's leading crop.
      • 1921; The first radio station, WOK in Pine Bluff, began broadcasting in 1921.
      • 1921, January 10; Discovery of oil near El Dorado triggers a boom; Arkansas is fourth among states in oil in 1924, but production peaks in 1925.
      • 1929 - 1940; The Great Depression and New Deal.
        • The beginning of the Great Depression in the United States is associated with the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. The depression had devastating effects in both the industrialized countries and those which exported raw materials.
        • 1933; The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is created as part of the The New Deal to develop resources of poor Appalachian South, including large parts of north Alabama.
        • The New Deal is the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs and promises he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving relief, reform and recovery to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression.
      • 1927; The Mississippi River floods one-fifth of Arkansas.
      • 1931, September 18; Japan invades Manchuria.
      • 1931, November 13; Hattie W. Caraway First woman elected to the Senate.
      • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
      • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
      • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
        • Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia).
        • 1939: Germany invades Poland.

        • 1941, September: Construction of Camp Chaffee is started. During World War II, in addition to providing a training facility for US soldiers, Fort Chaffee served as a POW camp, housing 3000 German prisoners of war.
        • 1941, December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
        • 1942, April: American and Filipino prisoners of war are forced to endure World War II Bataan Death March in the Philippines.
        • 1945, April 12: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies at Warm Springs, Georgia.
        • 1945, May 8: Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
        • 1945, September 2: Victory over Japan, V-J Day Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri (BB-63).
      • 1944; J. William Fulbright is elected to the United States Senate.
      • 1946; In an early round of the "GI Revolt," decorated former Marine Sidney P. McMath runs against the Hot Springs political machine for Garland County prosecuting attorney and wins.
      • 1948; Sid McMath is elected governor on a reform platform. Although hampered in some efforts, McMath places African-Americans on state boards for the first time since Reconstruction, promotes highway construction and encourages industries to move to Arkansas.
      • 1950 - 1953; The Korean War is fought in Korea.
      • 1953; The Hot Springs Bathers baseball team signs Negro League stars Jim and Leander Tugerson, the first African-Americans to play professional ball in Arkansas. The team is evicted from the Cotton States league, and then readmitted after the Tugersons are declared ineligible to play.
      • 1953; Television station KATV in Little Rock went on the air in 1953.
      • 1954; U.S. Supreme Court decides in Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka that "separate" schools cannot be "equal." This paved the way for desegregation and the civil rights movement.
      • 1955-1967; Orval E. Faubus was the first Arkansas governor to be elected to six terms (1955-67).
      • 1955; Orval E. Faubus is elected governor. Winthrop Rockefeller, veteran and grandson of John D. Rockefeller, is tapped to head the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission.
      • 1957; President Dwight D. Eisenhower had to send US troops to help African Americans attend Central High School in Little Rock.
      • 1957; The Little Rock school desegregation brings international attention to the American civil rights movement and to the divided community of Little Rock.
      • 1958; Little Rock high schools are closed for the academic year while political and social controversy over desegregation continues.
      • 1964; Winthrop Rockefelleris the Republican gubernatorial nominee but loses to Orval E. Faubus. Rockefeller promises to try again.
      • 1966; Winthrop Rockefeller is elected governor. He becomes Arkansas´ first Republican governor elected since 1874.
      • 1967; Winthrop Rockefeller became the first Republican governor of Arkansas since Reconstruction.
      • 1968; In a special session in February, the General Assembly passes 67 bills, including a freedom of information act and the state´s first general minimum-wage act. In November, Arkansans ratify Amendment 53, authorizing kindergartens in the state´s free public schools.
      • 1969; The University of Arkansas establishes a multi-campus system.
      • 1970; Dale Bumpers of Charleston is elected governor, promising to rid Arkansas of ";the old machine and the money machine." In February, a federal judge declares the Arkansas prison system unconstitutional.
      • 1974; Dale Bumperssuccessfully challenges J. William Fulbright in the Democratic primary and wins election to the U.S. Senate. David Pryor of Camden is elected Governor. University of Arkansas Law School professor William J. Clinton loses his race for the Third District Congressional seat.
      • 1975; Following the end of the Vietnam conflict, significant numbers of Vietnamese immigrants are relocated to Camp Chaffee, near Fort Smith, where many eventually settle. On October 11, Professor William J. Clinton marries Hillary Rodham.
      • 1976; William J. Clinton is elected attorney-general, advocating victim compensation, the rights of the elderly, tough ethics laws for public officials, tighter oversight of utilities and opposing the twenty-five-cent pay phone call.
      • 1978; Attorney-General William J. Clinton is elected governor.
      • 1980; Arkansas is ranked in the top five states in percentage of population over the age of 65, due to the "Retiree Movement." In May, the Federal government informs Governor Clinton that Camp Chaffee will house 120,000 Cuban "Freedom flotilla" refugees. Bill Clinton is defeated by Frank White, once a Democrat, in his bid for a second term as governor.
      • 1982; Arkansas´ "creation science" law is overturned in Federal District Court; Bill Clinton is re-elected governor.
      • 1983; The Quality Education Act is passed by the General Assembly; education once again becomes a widely-discussed issue within Arkansas.
      • 1984; William J. Clinton is re-elected governor.
      • 1984 Voters approve Amendment 63 giving statewide officials four-year, rather than two-year, terms.
      • 1986; William J. Clinton again is re-elected, this time for a four-year term.
      • 1988; The Mississippi Delta Commission is created with the mission of investigating and improving Delta life.
      • 1990; William J. Clinton wins a fifth term as governor. Latinos are Arkansas´ the fastest-growing minority population. Tyson Foods of Springdale is the largest broiler chicken processor in the nation.
      • 1991, October 3; Governor Clinton announces he will run for the presidency of the United States. Lt. Governor Jim Guy Tucker becomes acting Governor in Clinton´s absence. October 18 sees the last issue of the Arkansas Gazette, the "oldest newspaper west of the Mississippi."
      • 1992; Bill Clinton is elected the 42nd President of the United States. Lieutenant Governor Jim Guy Tucker becomes governor.
      • 1994; Jim Guy Tucker is elected governor; Sharon Priest is the first woman elected to the office of Arkansas Secretary of State.
      • 1996; Republican Tim Hutchinson is elected to the U.S. Senate, the first of his party in over 100 years to represent the state in Washington. Governor Tucker resigns his office in July and is succeeded by Republican Lieutenant Governor Mike Huckabee. In November, Bill Clinton wins re-election to the Presidency.
      • 1997; Ceremonies at Little Rock Central High School mark the fortieth anniversary of the desegregation crisis.
      • 1998; Mike Huckabee is elected Governor.
      • 2000; Arkansas returns a Republican majority in the Presidential vote.
      • 2002; Bentonville-based Wal-Mart is identified as the world´s largest corporation.


      For more information about The History of Arkansas, visit the following sites:





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      Delight, AR Weather Information



      Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Delight, AR.
      Data from ANTOINE Weather station, 4.74 miles from Delight.


       

      Jan

      Feb

      Mar

      Apr

      May

      Jun

      Jul

      Aug

      Sep

      Oct

      Nov

      Dec

      Annual

      Avg. High

      49.8 °

      56.1 °

      64.4 °

      72.5 °

      79.2 °

      86.5 °

      91.1 °

      91.1 °

      84.4 °

      74.3 °

      61.7 °

      53 °

      72 °

      Avg. Low

      27.1 °

      30.7 °

      38.4 °

      46 °

      56.4 °

      64.1 °

      68 °

      66.7 °

      60.6 °

      48.8 °

      38.1 °

      30.3 °

      47.9 °

      Mean

      38.5 °

      43.4 °

      51.4 °

      59.3 °

      67.8 °

      75.3 °

      79.6 °

      78.9 °

      72.5 °

      61.6 °

      49.9 °

      41.7 °

      60 °

      Avg. Precip.

      3.68 in

      3.69 in

      5.22 in

      4.8 in

      5.25 in

      4.53 in

      4.18 in

      2.72 in

      3.92 in

      4.64 in

      5.91 in

      5.13 in

      53.67 in


      The climate in Delight, AR, climate is hot during summer when temperatures tend to be in the upper 80´s to low 90´s and cool to cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the low 30´s. The yearly mean is 60 ° Fahrenheit.


      The warmest months of the year are July and August with an average maximum temperature of 91.1 ° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 27.1 ° Fahrenheit.


      The annual average precipitation at Delight is 53.67 inches. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest period of the year is in November with an average rainfall of 5.91 inches while the driest month is August with an average rainfall of 2.72 inches.[12]





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      Historical Weather data


      I am still doing research on this weather history of the city.





      AR Notable Severe Weather Events



      Arkansas´ Weather History

      “The geographic aspects of Arkansas mountain ranges and flat delta areas combined with moisture-laden winds from the southwest produce diverse weather and climatic conditions. Areas of both maximum and minimum precipitation are in the west-central part of the State. The maximum precipitation (58 inches) occurs in the Ouachita Mountains, and the minimum (40 inches) occurs in the Arkansas Valley north of the Ouachita Mountains. Annual precipitation is fairly uniform (about 50 inches) in the flat delta of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain along the eastern part of the State.”


      “During the winter, flooding generally is widespread and lasts for several days, whereas during the summer, flooding generally is local and of short duration. Arkansas was affected by major floods in December 1982 and December 1987. During the 1982 Hood, four lives were lost and damage was $350 million.”


      “Arkansas has never had a major drought that has caused the water levels to be significantly lowered in deep regional aquifers, such as the Sparta, Memphis, or Wilcox aquifers. However, drought has caused water levels in the shallow aquifers in the western and southeastern parts of the State to decline as much as 20 feet.”


      “Long-term annual runoff across the State ranges from 12 to 22 inches. Before 1988, Arkansas had several continuous years of less than normal precipitation. In the Ozark Plateaus and the southern one-half of the Ouachita Mountains, streams generally have sustained flows during the dry season, whereas in the Arkansas Valley and in the northern one-half of the Ouachita Mountains, streams generally have become dry.”[3]







      For more information about the climate:







      Droughts[3]


      • 1930-1931; The worst drought of the twentieth century took place in 1930-1931. This was part of a major drought known as the dust bowl that affected twenty-three states across the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys and into the mid-Atlantic region and as far north as Canada. Rainfall in Arkansas during June and July 1930 was the lowest on record. [7]
        NOAA Drought October 1934

      • 1954-56; The drought affected the entire State, least severe in the west and northwest. Annual runoff in 1954-56 on the Strawberry River near Poughkeepsie, Arkansas, was 50 percent of average.
      • 1963-67; The drought affected the entire State. During 3 of the 5 years, runoff was 45 percent of average.
      • 1970-72; The drought of 1970-72 affected all but the southwestern and northeastern corners of Arkansas. During the 3-year drought, the average annual runoff at the six gaging stations was 68 percent of average. On the Bayou Bartholomew near McGehee, the annual runoff during 1971-72 was 32 percent of average.
      • 1976-78; The drought of 1976-78 affected most of the state. During the 3-year drought, the average annual runoff at the six gaging stations was 60 percent of average. Emergency Declaration declared on December 3, 1976(EM-3019)
      • 1980-83; The drought of 1980-83, affected the northern one-half of Arkansas. Annual runoff at four gaging stations was 60 percent of average.


      For more information:



      Tornadoes




      Enhanced Fujita Scale
      EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5




      The following statistics where compiled from "The Tornado Project" for the time period of 1950-01-13 - 2014-10-13.
      Intensity Number Fatalities
      F0 467 0
      F1 657 5
      F2 410 48
      F3 156 105
      F4 28 244
      F5 0 0

       


      Between 1950-01-13 - 2014-10-13 Arkansas has had 1734 tornadoes killing 403 people and injuring 5592 people. The greatest loss of live occurred on March 21, 1952 when a EF 4 touchdown at 4:50 pm in White County, AK.[Source]




      • 1917, May 25 - June 7; The 1917 May-June tornado outbreak sequence was an eight-day tornado event that killed at least 382 people, mostly in the Midwestern and parts of the Southeastern United States. The states affected by this tornado outbreak were Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas.
      • 1924, April 30; The April 1924 tornado outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Virginia. The most severe damage during this outbreak was seen in parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia on April 30. A tornado produced estimated F2 damage in the town of Lawrenceville, Georgia. A F4 passed through Macon, Georgia, sweeping away a few homes, damaging an industrial area, and killing 3. There were a total of 110 deaths and 1133 injuries. Seven were killed at school in Horrell Hill, South Carolina.
      • 1936, April 5-6; The 1936 Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee. There were at least 17 tornadoes, an F5 hit Tupelo, MS, killing 233 and a F4 hitting Gainesville, GA., killing 203. More than 436 people lost their lives during this outbreak.
      • 1949, January 3; The 1949 Warren, Arkansas tornado outbreak killed 60 and injured 504. More than 700 homes were damaged or destroyed at Warren, Bradley County. http://www.tornadoproject.com/alltorns/worstts.htm
      • 1952, March 21-22; The March 1952 Southern United States tornado outbreak affected Southern United States, including Arkansas (122 deaths), Tennessee (67 deaths), Missouri (17 deaths), Mississippi (9 deaths), Kentucky, and Alabama (4 deaths). The tornado passed through the business district of Judsonia, AR, Killing 30. In the town, 385 homes were destroyed and 560 exhibited damage. This tornado outbreak killed 209 people.
      • 1953, May 9-11; The 1953 Waco tornado outbreak was a series of 33 tornadoes, over a three day period affecting Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas and Wisconsin. The storm killed 144 and injuring at least 780. An EF5 struck the downtown area of Waco, TX, killing 144 and injuring 597. Thirteen more died and 159 were injuries when a EF4 devastated a 15-block area of San Angelo, TX.[Source]
      • 1955, May 25-26; The 1955 Great Plains tornado outbreak struck the southern and central U.S Great Plains States. It produced 46 tornadoes, 2 F5s in Blackwell, Oklahoma, and Udall, Kansas, and 1 F4. The outbreak killed 102 and injured hundreds more. Unusual electromagnetic activity was observed, including St. Elmo's fire. The states affected were Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas.[Source]
      • 1957, April 2-5; The April 1957 Dallas tornado outbreak struck most of the Southern United States from April 2 to April 5, 1957, producing 57 tornadoes. Twenty-one (21) people were killed by this outbreak in four states, 1 in Mississippi, 2 in Georgia, 6 in Oklahoma and 12 in Texas. On April 2, a F3 tornado hit a densely populated area of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area, killing 10 people and injuring 200 or more. The states affected by the Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence were Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
      • 1957, May 24-25; The Late-May 1957 tornado outbreak produced 37 confirmed tornadoes, 1 F4 and 3 F3. There were 4 fatalities south of Lawton, Oklahoma. The states affected were Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Wyoming.[Source]
      • 1957, May 29; Arkansas is struck by tornadoes, rain, hail and flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on May 29, 1957 (DR-77).
      • 1960, May 4-6; The May 1960 tornado outbreak sequence affected the southeast High Plains, the southern Ozarks, and parts of the Midwestern and Southern United States. There were 71 confirmed tornadoes across 10 states. On May 5, a F5 was traveled 71.8 miles from north of Tecumseh to south of Oakhurst, Oklahoma killing 5. This outbreak affected Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Alabama, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa, Illinois and Mississippi.[Source]
      • 1968, May 15-16; The May 1968 tornado outbreak affected Minnesota, Illinois, Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, Indiana, Ohio, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Oklahoma and Texas. During this outbreak there were 46 tornadoes that touched down including 2 F4´s and 2 F5´s. There were 72 fatalities caused by this storm. An F4 struck Craighead, AR, killing 34.
      • 1979, April 10-11; The 1979 Red River Valley tornado outbreak affected Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Nebraska, `Mississippi, Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee and Alabama. Fifty nine tornadoes touched down dyring this outbreak including two F2´s and killing 58. On April 10, 1979 (known locally as "Terrible Tuesday") a F4 touched down in Wichita Fall, TX, killing 42 and injuring 1,800. The tornado left 20,000 people homeles. The 1979 Red River Valley tornado outbreak affected Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Nebraska, `Mississippi, Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee and Alabama. Fifty nine tornadoes touched down during this outbreak including two F2´s and killing 58. On April 10, 1979 (known locally as "Terrible Tuesday") a F4 touched down in Wichita Fall, TX, killing 42 and injuring 1,800. The tornado left 20,000 people homeless. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wichita_Falls,_Texas#1979_tornado
      • 1975, January 10; The Great Storm of 1975 (also known as the Super Bowl Blizzard, Minnesota's Storm of the Century, or the Tornado Outbreak of January, 1975) was an intense storm system that impacted a large portion of the Central and Southeast United States from January 9 to January 12, 1975. The storm produced 45 tornadoes in the Southeast U.S. resulting in 12 fatalities, while later dropping over 2 feet (61 cm) of snow and killing 58 people in the Midwest. This storm remains one of the worst blizzards to ever strike parts of the Midwest, as well as one of the largest January tornado outbreaks on record in the United States A total of 7 tornadoes struck Mississippi on January 10, 1975. An F4 tornado moving from southwest of McComb, MS, to southwest of Pinola, MS, caused 9 deaths and 210 injuries. Tornadoes also struck Alabama (1 death), Arkansas, Florida (1 death), Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana (1 death), Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas.
      • 1987, November 15-16; The 1987 Arklatex tornado outbreak affected the Southeastern United States. There were 50 confirmed tornadoes, four rated as F3´s, killing 11, 10 in Texas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tornadoes_of_1987
      • 1987, December 14; The 1987 West Memphis Arkansas tornado was an F3 rated tornado that resulted in 6 fatalities and 100 injuries. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tornadoes_of_1987
      • 1996, April 19-22; The April 1996 Tornado Outbreak Sequence affected Texas, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Ontario, Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, Louisiana, Quebec and Arkansas. There were 117 confirmed tornadoes with 11 F3s and six people were killed. In Arkansas there 2 deaths, 8 homes and a mobile home destroyed and a church was also damaged. Six people were injured. In the Ft. Smith, Oklahoma, area 2 people were killed, 498 homes were destroyed while 620 had major damage and 1275 had minor damage, 98 businesses were damaged or destroyed and 246 apartment units were damaged. 89 people were injured
      • 1997, March 1; The 1997 Benton, Arkansas tornado outbreak affected Arkansas, Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee. There were 39 tornadoes, with 3 F4s´ There were 27 casualties caused by this outbreak, 25 of the casualties were in Arkansas. One of the F5 struck the area from SE of Benton to SE of North Little Rock in Saline and Pulaski counties. Several homes were destroyed or heavily damaged in Shannon Hills and there were 10 fatalities Saline County and 5 in Pulaski County.
      • 1999, January 17-22; The January 1999 tornado outbreak sequence affecting Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Missouri, Louisiana, Kentucky, Illinois, Texas and Alabama. There were 150 confirmed tornadoes, 11 F3s and 2 F4 with 17 fatalities, 8 in Arkansas and 9 in Tennessee. The Little Rock area was hit by and F3 and an F2 tornadoes, killing 3 people. The downtown area was devastated, with severe damage reported to over 235 buildings, many of which were destroyed and over 500 buildings sustained lesser damage.
      • 1999, April 3; The Easter weekend 1999 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. There were 17 confirmed tornadoes, 3 F3s and 1 F4. The F4 traveled from northwest of Shreveport, LA, to north of Midway killing 7 people.
      • 2001, November 23-24; The Arkansas-Mississippi-Alabama tornado outbreak affected Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Missouri, Kentucky, Georgia and Indiana. There were 69 confirmed tornadoes, 3 F4s. This outbreak was responsible for 13 deaths, 4 in Arkansas, 4 in Alabama and 5 in Mississippi.
      • 2003, May 3-11; The May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence affected Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Tennessee were hardest hit. There were 86 confirmed tornadoes with 4 F4s. Major Disaster Declaration declared on June 6, 2003DR-1472.
      • 2005, November 15; The Mid-November 2005 outbreak affected Missouri, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama. There were 50 confirmed tornadoes, 3 F3´s and 1 F4. There was one fatality in Benton, Kentucky, area.
      • 2005, November 27-28; The Late-November 2005 tornado outbreak affected Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. There were 57 confirmed tornadoes, 2 F3s. The f3 that struck the Plumerville, Arkansas, area was the strongest tornado and it caused one fatality.
      • 2006, September 21-23; The Late-September 2006 tornado outbreak affected Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri Alabama, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas and Michigan. There were 53 confirmed tornadoe, 1 F3 and 1 F4.
      • 2007, March 28-31; The May 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Kansas, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska and Illinois there were 123 confirmed tornadoes, 5 EF3s and one EF5. The EF5 struck Greensburg, Kansas killing eleven and destroying 95 % the town. One other person was killed during this outbreak.
      • 2008, February 5-6; The 2008 Super Tuesday Tornado Outbreak affected Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Indiana and Texas. There were 86 confirmed tornadoes, 5 EF3s and 5EF4s resulting in 57 fatalities.
      • 2008 May 1-2; The May 1-2, tornado outbreak took place across the Southern and Central US. There were 75 tornadoes across Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas. There were Six deaths, 45 injuries and $ 81.111 million in property damage. There were 3 F3 tornadoes, 2 in Arkansas and one in Missouri. On May 2, a 4 year-old girl and her grandparents were killed, when their house was destroyed in Damascus, Arkansas. Major Disaster Declaration declared on May 20, 2008 DR-1758.[Source][S-2]
      • 2009, February 10-11; The February 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, Kentucky, Michigan, Iowa, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts. There were 15 confirmed tornadoes, one EF4. The EF4 struck SE of Grady, Oklahoma killing 8 people.
      • 2009, April 9-10; The April 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 85 confirmed tornadoes, 9 EF3s and 1 EF4. There were 5 deaths caused by this outbreak two in Tennessee and 3 in Arkansas. An EF3 tornado hit the Mena, Arkansas area killing three people; an EF4 tornado hit Murfreesboro, Tennessee killing two people. Major Disaster Declaration declared on April 27, 2009 DR-1845.
      • 2010, April 22-24; The April 2010 tornado outbreak affected the Midwest, U.S. South, including Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi. There were 88 confirmed tornadoes with 4 EF3s and 2 EF4s. There were ten fatalities and 146 injuries in Mississippi.
      • 2010, April 30 - May 2; The April-May 2010 tornado outbreak affected the Midwest, U.S. South, including Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi. There were 60 confirmed tornadoes with 4 EF3s. Five people were killed from the tornadoes, three in Mississippi, one in Pocahontas, Tennessee and one in Scotland, Arkansas.
      • 2010, May 10-11; The May 2010 tornado outbreak affected Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Arkansas. There were 91 confirmed tornadoes, 4 EF3s and 2 EF4s. An EF4 in the Moore area, Oklahoma, killed two and injured 49. Another EF4 in the Norman, Oklahoma, area killed one and injured 32.
      • December 31, 2010 - January 1, 2011; The 2010 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Louisiana and Mississippi. There were 36 confirmed tornadoes with 7 EF3s and 9 fatalities. An early morning EF-3 tornado touched down near Stilwell, OK and lifted near Tontitown, AR, killing 3 elderly people near Cincinnati, AR. Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, took a direct hit from an EF-3 tornado, destroying 41 houses and damaging 118. Another EF-3 tornado killed 2 elderly women near Rolla, MO. An EF-1 tornado killed two women near Lecoma, Missouri. Two were killed NE of Rolla, Missouri, by an EF3.
      • 2011, April 4-5 The April 2011 derecho and tornado outbreak affected Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina and Maryland. "derecho" is Spanish: meaning "straight". There were 46 confirmed tornadoes, 6 EF 2s. There were 9 fatalities. An EF2 in struck a mobile home near Eastman, Georgia, killing one and injuring two others.
      • 2011, April 14-16; The April 14-16, 2011 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Missouri, Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. There were 162 confirmed tornadoes, 14 EF3s and 43 fatalities. Major Disaster Declaration declared on April 27, 2009 DR-1975.
      • 2011, May 21-27; The May 21-27, 2011 tornado outbreak was a seven day event that affected Kansas, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Tennessee, Colorado, California, Louisiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Alabama. There were a total of 180 tornadoes, 3 EF 4s and 2 EF 5s. There were 172 fatalities related to this outbreak. 153 people were killed when an EF 5 struck the town of Joplin, Missouri (see 2011 Joplin tornado).[Source] Major Disaster Declaration declared on May 2, 2011 DR-DR-1975.

        FEMA-1975-DR Arkansas

      • 2007, February 28 - March 1 - The February-March 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Florida, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 55 confirmed tornadoes, 3 EF3s and 3 EF4s with 19 fatalities. An EF4 struck the Enterprise, Alabama, high school killing 9 and injuring 50. One person was also killed in Millers Ferry, Alabama by an EF4. 1 person was killed in Caulfield, Missouri. In Georgia there was 1 Death and 4 Injuries in Reynolds, 2 Deaths and 11 Injuries in Americus and 6 Deaths 3 Injuries in the Newton area.
      • 2011, April 19-24, The April 19-24 tornado outbreak affected the Midwest and Southern United State. There were 130 tornadoes, zero fatalities, 14 injured and $43.864 million in property damage. On April 22, an EF 4 touchdown in the St. Louis, Missouri arera, injuring 5. The states affected were Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Ohio, Oklahoma and Texas.[Source]
      • 2011, May 21-26; The May 21-26, 2011 tornado outbreak was a six day event that affected Kansas, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Tennessee, Colorado, California, Louisiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Alabama. There were 292 tornadoes, 178 fatalities, 1,629 injured and $3 billion in property damage. The state of Missouri was struck by 41 tornadoes, killing 158 statewide. On May 22, a large, devastating EF5, multiple-vortex tornado in excess of 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, tracked through Joplin, Missouri (see 2011 Joplin tornado), leaving behind catastrophic damage. Mainly the southern part of the city was affected, there were 158 fatalities, 1150 injured and 2.800 billion in damages.[Source]. In addition to the 158 killed in Missouri, there were 5 killed in Arkansas, 3 in Kansas, 11 in Oklahoma and 1 in Minnesota.[Source]
      • 2002 - 2014; Other storms that produced tornadoes that resulted in a Major Disaster Declaration.[6]




      For more information:

      Hurricanes / Tropical cyclone


       

      Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
      Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5
      Related classifications
      Tropical storm: Tropical depression
      Rollover for details




      Arkansas is far enough inland that the state typically is only affected by rainfall and occasionally high winds due to Hurricanes.



      • 1985, September - Hurricane Elena, category 3 makes landfall near Biloxi, Mississippi on September 2. Clinton, Arkansas recieves 8.6 inches of rain from Hurricane Elen.
      • 1986, June - Hurricane Bonnie, category 1, dumps up to 10 in of rain in Arkansas.
      • 2004, Oct. 8-11; Tropical Storm Matthew had sustained winds measured at 45 mph (75 km/h). There were no reported fatalities and $305,000 (2004 USD) in property damage. Matthew made landfall at Cocodrie, Louisiana. Matthew affected Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Arkansas, Missouri and the Ohio Valley. Portions of Texas and Oklahoma experienced over 5 inches (127 mm) of beneficial rain, while southern Arkansas received over 10 inches (255 mm) of rain.[Source]
      • 2005, August 29 - Hurricane Katrina, category 3, causes great destruction across the entire 90 miles (140 km) of Mississippi Gulf coast from Louisiana to Alabama. Hurricane Katrina was the costliest hurricane, as well as one of the five deadliest, in the history of the United States. Eastern Arkansas only received light rain from the passage of Katria.
      • September, 2005 - Hurricane Rita, category 3, made landfall on September 23 between Sabine Pass, Texas, and Johnsons Bayou, Louisiana. In Arkansas, Rita spawns numerous tornadoes and significant flooding was reported in several areas.
      • 2008, September - Hurricane Gustav, category 2, makes landfall near Cocodrie, Louisiana. m Gustav moves slowly across northwest Louisiana and Arkansas on September 4 and September 5, and significant rainfall accumulation are seen statewide. Hamburg, Arkansas, receives 11.25 inches. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on September 18, 2008DR-1793
      • 2008, September - Hurricane Ike makes landfall near Galveston, Texas as a strong Category 2 hurricane, on Sept. 13, 2008. On September 13, Ike begins a slow turn north, then northeast. After losing strength to tropical-storm force winds Ike passes to the east of Dallas and west of Little Rock, Arkansas. In Arkansas about 200,000 customers lost power as a result of the winds.



      For more information:


      Floods[3]



      USGC - Flood Mark
      • 1903, March; West Memphis (Crittenden County). (Photo)
      • 1915, August; Batesville - The flood of 1915 affected the northern part of the State, the most severe flooding was along the Buffalo River.
      • 1927, April - May; Flood of 1927 - Rain begain in the summer of 1926. On Christmas Day of 1926, the Cumberland River at Nashville, TN, exceeded 56.2 feet, a record high levellevel. By May 1927, the Mississippi River below Memphis, Tennessee, reached a width of 60 miles. There were 246 fatalities and caused over $400 million in damages. The flood affected Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. Arkansas had 14% of its territory covered by floodwaters.[4]
      • 1937, Jan-Feb; The Flood of 1937. Eleven Arkansas waterways overflowed, effecting seventeen counties. During this fllod, eleven additional states flooded, from West Virginia to Louisiana, affecting 1.5 million people in 196 counties and submerging 8,141,182 acres (12,721 square miles) along the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys.[5]
      • 1945 Apr.; The flood of April 1945 occurred in northern and west-central Arkansas. Flooding was along the White River, Ouachita River basin of southwestern Arkansas, and the South Fourche La Fave River near Hollis.
      • 1957, May 29; Arkansas is struck by tornadoes, rain, hail and flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on May 29, 1957 (DR-77).
      • 1958, May; The flooding affected the south section of that state. Rainfall of 12 inches was reported.
      • 1961, May; The flooding affected the west and north sections of that state. Rainfall of 12 inches was reported.
      • 1968 May 29; Arkansas is struck by tornadoes, severe storms & flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on May 29, 1968 (DR-239). The counties affected were Conway, Craighead, Crawford, Faulkner, Grant, Greene, Hempstead, Howard, Independence, Jackson, Logan, Lonoke, Miller, Monroe, Montgomery, Phillips, Pike, Poinsett, Polk, Pope, Pulaski, Scott, Sebastian, Sevier, Union and White.
      • Jan. 1969 The flood of January 1969 was confined to the central part of the State around Little Rock.
      • 1971, Dec.; The flooding affected the west section of that state. Rainfall of 8 inches was reported.
      • 1972, Jan. 27; Arkansas is struck by severe storms & flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on January 27, 1972 (DR-321). The counties affected were Baxter, Benton, Boone, Carroll, Conway, Crawford, Franklin, Fulton, Hempstead, Howard, Izard, Johnson, Little River, Logan, Madison, Marion, Miller, Montgomery, Newton, Perry, Polk, Scott, Sebastian, Sevier, Stone, Washington and Yell. Apr. 1973
      • 1974 June 8-9; The flood affected the southern part of Arkansas and isolated areas in the western and northwestern parts of the state. Smackover Creek near Smackover saw a peak discharge that had a recurrence interval greater than 100 years.
      • 1975, March; The flooding affected the east section of that state. Rainfall of 3 inches was reported.
      • 1978 Sept. 13; A storm produced as much as 13.5 inches of rainfall in less than 6 hours in central Arkansas and caused local severe flooding and the loss of 10 lives (U.S. Geological Survey, 1979). Damage to homes, businesses, roads, and bridges was estimated to be $25 million. The storm also caused severe flooding in northeastern Arkansas. A local newspaper reported that damage to crops, roads, and bridges was estimated to be $15 million. Sixteen inches of rainfall was reported at Cherry Valley.
      • 1982, Dec. 3; Rainfall quantities in exceess of 12 inches in 24 hours caused severe flooding. The South Fourche La Fave River near Hollis and the Strawberry River near Poughkeepsie. saw a peak discharge greater than 100-year recurrence interval. Additional rainfall of 4-7 inches on December 26 and 27 produced near-record floods in southeastern Arkansas. Because of flood and tornado damage, 40 of Arkansas' 75 counties were declared disaster areas on December 13, 1982, by President Ronald Reagan (DR-673). Four lives were lost, and thousands were evacuated from their homes as a result of the flooding. Flood and tornado damage estimates were $350 million. The downtown area of Clinton was under 10-12 feet of water, and residents were without drinking water, telephone service, or natural gas.
      • 1987, Dec. 24-28; The worst of the 1987 flood was in the West Memphis area, where 13 inches of rainfall was reported by the National Weather Service. An unofficial measurement of 18 inches of rain was reported by a local resident 3 miles north of West Memphis. About 650 houses were flooded in West Memphis to depths of as much as 4 feet. Bobbye Harris, Federal Emergency Management Agency, reported that due to the severe storm and flooding, 40 mobile homes, 5 businesses, 60 multifamily units, and 886 single family homes were damaged, and 1,200 people were forced to leave their homes. Eleven counties were declared disaster areas on December 31, 1987 by President Ronald Reagan (DR-807).
      • 1990 May 1 - June 3; Arkansas is struck by severe storms & flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on May 15, 1990 (DR-865).
      • 1991, April 12 - May 11; Arkansas is struck by severe storms & flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on May 30, 1991 (DR-907).
      • 1997, April 4 - April 21; Arkansas is struck by severe storms & flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on April 14, 1997 (DR-1176).
      • 1998, April 16; Arkansas is struck by Severe Storms, Tornadoes and Flooding. A of Emergency is declared on April 22, 1998 (EM-3125). Mobile homes are being transferred to the state from storage sites in Texas and North Dakota. The temporary emergency housing will be placed at the now closed Eaker Air Force Base near Blytheville in Mississippi County.
      • 1999, Jan; Arkansas is struck by severe storms, tornadoes, high winds and flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on January 23, 1999 (DR-1266).
      • 2001, Feb 14 - March 21; Arkansas is struck by severe storms & flooding. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on March 13, 2001 (DR-1363).
      • 2002 - 2014; Flooding events that resulted in a Major Disaster Declaration.




      For more information:





      Winter Storms



       

      Regional snowfall index (RSI)[Ref-1] [Ref-2]

      Category RSI Value Description
      1 1—2.999 Notable
      2 3—5.99 Significant
      3 6—9.99 Major
      4 10—17.99 Crippling
      5 18.0+ Extreme

       

      • 1899, Feb. 11; The Great Blizzard of 1899 was an unprecedented winter storm that affected the southern United States. Record low temperatures for February were reported across the US. Atlanta, Ga: -9° F (-23 °C) all-time record low, Fort Logan, MT: -61 °F (-51 °C), Dallas, TX: -8 °F (-22 °C), all-time record low, Gainesville, FL: 6 °F (-14 °C) all-time record low, Harrison, AK: -24 °F (-31 °C), all-time record low, Raleigh, NC: -2 °F (-19 °C), Santuc, SC: -11 °F (-24 °C) and Marienville, PA: -40 °F and C.[10]

      • 1994, Feb 9-10; A Severe Winter/Ice Storm strikes Arkansas. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on February 28, 1994 (DR-1011).

      • 2000, Dec 12 - to Jan 8, 2001; A Severe Winter Storm strikes Arkansas. An Emergency Declaration is declared on December 28, 2000 (EM-3159). A Disaster Declaration is declared on December 29, 2000 (DR-1354).

      • 2002, Dec 3-4; A Severe Ice Storm strikes Arkansas. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on January 6, 2003 (DR-1450).

      • 2007, February 28 - March 1; The February-March 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Florida, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 55 confirmed tornadoes, 3 EF3s and 3 EF4s with 19 fatalities. An EF4 struck the Enterprise, Alabama, high school killing 9 and injuring 50. One person was also killed in Millers Ferry, Alabama by an EF4. 1 person was killed in Caulfield, Missouri. In Georgia there was 1 Death and 4 Injuries in Reynolds, 2 Deaths and 11 Injuries in Americus and 6 Deaths 3 Injuries in the Newton area.[Source]

      • 2008, March 6-5; The North American blizzard of 2008 was a winter storm that struck most of southern and eastern North America. The storm produced heavy snow fall, rain and 13 confirmed tornadoes In Florida, Georgia and Texas. Ottawa, ON received 19 inches of snow between March 7 and 9. Memphis, TN received 5 to 7 inches while Sherman, Texas received 9 inches (230 mm), and Collinsville, Texas, got 8 inches. Some areas of Arkansas received up to a foot of snow.[Source]

      • 2009, Jan 26-30; The January 2009 North American ice storm was a major ice storm that impacted parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky and West Virginia. This ice storm killed 65 people nationwide with 35 in the state of Kentucky. An Emergency Declaration was declared on January 28, 2009 (EM-3301) in Arkansas. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on February 6, 2009 (DR-1819). [Source]

      • 2009, Dec 22-28; The 2009 North American Christmas blizzard was powerful winter storm and severe weather event that produced snow fall, Freezing rain, flooding and 15 confirmed tornadoes in Louisiana and Texas. Little Rock, Arkansas reported 6.89 inches of rain. Oklahoma declared a state of emergency after blizzard conditions killed 3 people and dropped 19 inches of snow.[Source]

      • 2010, Feb 1-6; The February 5-6, 2010 North American blizzard formed on February 1, 2010 and moved ashore on the West Coast near Baja California Sur, Mexico, and moved north east. The storm moved off the east coast on Feb 6, 2010. The storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet, freezing rain, and flooding, in Mexico the heavy rains resulting in at least 15 fatalities. The storm affected Arizona and New Mexico from February 1 to 4 with up to 1 foot of snow in the mountains east of Albuquerque, New Mexico. On February 4, Oklahoma and northern Texas saw rain and snow, with severe thunderstorms further south. Feb. 4 brought widespread rainfall totals of 1 inch to 4 inches of rain were reported in portions of Central and Southern Mississippi. Jackson, MS, broke a daily rainfall record with 2.51 inches (6.4 cm) of rainfall. On Friday Feb, 5., power outages effecting about 40,000 customers, were reported in the North Carolina's mountain counties as the winter storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet and freezing rain to much of the state. A drenching rain fell early Friday in the Charlotte, NC, and in Atlanta, GA, which transitioned to a few inches of snow later in the day, while several inches of snow accumulated farther north. To the north, Howard, MD, received 38.3 inches of snow, while Washington Dulles International Airport measured 32.9 inches. Fatalities occurred in to Mexico, New Mexico, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The storm was classed as a Category 3 (“major”) nor'easter and severe weather event. [Source]

      • 2010, Oct 23 - Nov 5; The October 2010 North American storm complex was a Extratropical cyclone, Blizzard and Tornado outbreak. The storm brought a major serial derecho stretching from the Gulf Coast to the Great Lakes, a widespread tornado outbreak across the Southeast United States and Midwest and a blizzard across portions of the Canadian Prairies and the Dakotas. The heaviest snow fell in St. Louis County, Minnesota where 9 inches (22.5 cm) of snow fell. The storm produced 69 tornadoes, 8 rated as EF2s. Tornadoes struck Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Wisconsin. No fatalities where reported.[Source]

      • 2011, Jan 8 - 13; The January 8-13, 2011 North American Blizzard was a major nor'easter, winter storm, and a New England blizzard. The storm also affected the Southeastern regions of the United States. Jan 8 through Jan 10, the storm dropped snow and ice across Eastern Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. Savoy, Massachusetts reported 40.5" of snow. Portions of Connecticut received 20 to 30" of snow.[Source]

      • 2012, Dec. 17-22; The December 17-22, 2012 North American blizzard was a winter storm that affected the Midwestern and Eastern United States. The storm made landfall along the coast of the Pacific Northwest on Dec. 17, and moved across the Midwest. Numerous warnings and advisories were been posted by the National Weather Service for many states, including Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois, and Wisconsin. More than 130,000 customers are without power across the affected area. There were several tornadoes as a result of the system. At least three barns were displaced due to the strong winds South of Delight, Arkansas. Hail measuring up to 1.25 in (3.2 cm) was recorded in Logan County, Arkansas. On Dec 19, an EF1 tornado touched down near Lavaca, Arkansas. On Dec 20, an EF1 tornado touchdown west of Sheridan, AR and another EF1 struck Mobile, AL. A EF0 also occurred in the Florida Panhandle region.[Source1] [Source2]

      • 2012, Dec 25-26; The December 25-28, 2012 North American storm complex was a massive Extratropical cyclone, Blizzard and Tornado outbreak across the southern and eastern United States. On Christmas Day 2012, 30 confirmed tornadoes occurred in Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Two of the tornadoes were rated as EF3. On Dec 26, an EF1 tornado touchdown north of Beaufort, NC. This tornado outbreak occurred in conjunction with a much larger winter storm event that brought blizzard conditions to much of the interior United States. There were 16 fatalities as a result of the related blizzard, and thousands were without power. In Arkansas, a Major Disaster Declaration was declared on January 29, 2013 (DR-4100).[Source1] [Source2]

      • 2013, Dec 5-7; A Severe Winter Storm strikes Arkansas. A Major Disaster Declaration is declared on January 6, 2014 (DR-4160).



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      References

      1. The War to End All Wars: Arkansas Fights World War I [Online] http://www.arkmilitaryheritage.com/exhibits/wwi.htm
      2. NATIONAL WATER SUMMARY 1988-89 / Hydrologic Events and Floods and Droughts   [Online - PDF] http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wsp2375 p 189
      3. Wikipedia: Great Mississippi Flood of 1927   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Mississippi_Flood_of_1927
      4. The Encyclopedia of Arkansas & Events - Drought of 1930 - 1931   [Online] http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=4344
      5. The Encyclopedia of Arkansas & Events - Huntsville Massacre   [Online] http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=3795
      6. The Encyclopedia of Arkansas & Events - Mountain Meadows Massacre   [Online] http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=129
      7. Wikipedia Great Blizzard of 1899   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Blizzard_of_1899
      8. Profile for Delight, Arkansas [Online] http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=11470
      9. a b Encyclopedia of Arkansas - Delight (Pike County)   [Online] http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=6027
      10. Wikipedia - Delight, Arkansas  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delight,_Arkansas


      Last Update: May 14, 2015


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