Xuchang, China

Fast Facts

Founded: Population: 4,307,199 Time Zone: +8
Latitude: 34.033 N Longitude: 113.859 E Altitude: 12,685 ft
Average High: 68.42 Average Low: 49.56 Annual Precipitation: 27.78


Xuchang, Henan, China, has been a natural transportation hub since early times. The city is located where the north-south route along the western edge of the North China Plain is crossed by the main route running northeast from Shangqiu and to the coastal province of Shandong and by the southwesterly route between the Nanyang region and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) valley. Xuchang was in the central region of the ancient Xia Dynasty (c. 2070 – c. 1600 BCE). Xuchang is located on the southwestern edge of the North China Plain, northeast of the Funiu Range, part of the Qin [Tsinling] Mountains. [1] "According to tradition, the city was named after Xu, an ancient state led by tribal leader Xuyou during the Spring and Autumn Period (c. 771 until 476 BC) of the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1046–256 BC)." The city was named Xuchang in 221, meaning "Xu Rising" during the Wei Kingdom (220-280). Today the city is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province of the People's Republic of China (PRC). In 2010, the population of Xuchang was 4,307,199.[2]

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 ◊  History of: Xuchang, China
 ◊  History of China
 ◊  Weather data for Xuchang, China
 ◊  Historic Weather Events for China

History of Xuchang, China.

  • 21 BC – 16 BC: The city now known as Xuchang was in the central region of the Xia Dynasty.[3]
  • 1046–256 BC: According to tradition, the city now known as Xuchang was named after Xu, an ancient state led by tribal leader Xuyou during the Spring and Autumn Period of the Zhou Dynasty.[4]
  • 11 BC - 771 BC: Xu was the headstream of the ancient Xu Kingdom in Western Zhou Dynasty.[3]
  • 196: After finding the old capital Luoyang ravaged by war, the warlord Cao Cao moved the imperial court and Emperor Xian of Han to his de facto capital to what is now Xuchang.[4]
  • 221: The city was renamed "Xuchang", meaning "Xu Rising" during the reign of the Wei Kingdom.[3]
  • 1271: The Spring and Autumn Tower is built during the Yuan Dynasty and went through many renovations during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The tower was built for the glorious general Guanyu of the Shu Kingdom (Han Dynasty).[3]

For more information on Xuchang and its history, visit the following sites:

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History of China

I am still doing research on this history of China.

Prehistoric China [Ref ]

  • 20,000 BC: Pottery was used in Xianren Cave.
  • 7600 BC: The Zhenpiyan culture appeared.
  • Pigs were first domesticated in China.
  • 7500 BC: The Pengtoushan culture appeared.
  • Rice was first domesticated in China.
  • 7000 BC: The Peiligang culture appeared.
  • 6600 BC: The Jiahu symbols were first used at Jiahu.
  • 6500 BC: The Cishan culture appeared.
  • 6000 BC: Dogs were first domesticated in China.
  • 4000 BC: Symbols were carved into pottery at Banpo.
  • 3630 BC: Silk processing was invented by the Yangshao culture.

Antiquity [Ref ]

  • 2570 BC: Silk was produced by the Liangzhu culture.
  • 2500 BC: Battle of Banquan: The forces of the divine farmer were repelled by a force of tribes allied under the Yellow Emperor.
  • 2500 BC: Battle of Zhuolu: A combined army of tribes under the Yellow Emperor defeated Hmong invasion at Zhuolo.
  • 2366 BC: Zhi became king.
  • 2361 BC: settlers first contact with Văn Lang.

22nd century BC - 11th century BC [Ref ]
  • 2200 BC: Great Flood: Yu the Great completed a drainage system which ended the periodic and destructive flooding of the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. (Reliable Archaeological discoveries depict that it happened around 1920BC:.[5])
  • 2200 BC: The Nine Tripod Cauldrons were forged from metal given in tribute to Yu by the Nine Provinces.
  • 2117 BC: Tai Kang became king of the Xia dynasty.
  • 2075 BC: Xiang of Xia became king of the Xia dynasty.
  • 2047 BC: Xiang was murdered and displaced as king on the orders of the warlord Han Zhuo. His pregnant wife fled the capital Shangqiu.
  • 2047 BC: Xiang's wife gave birth to a son, Shao Kang.
  • 2007 BC: The people of Shangqiu welcomed an army loyal to Shao into the city. Han committed suicide.
  • 1985 BC: Zhu of Xia became king of the Xia dynasty.
  • 1968 BC: Zhu died. He was succeeded by his son Huai of Xia.
  • 1924 BC: Huai died. He was succeeded by his son Mang of Xia.
  • 1906 BC: Mang was succeeded by his son Xie of Xia.
  • 1900 BC: The Erlitou culture appeared.
  • 1890 BC: Xie was succeeded by his son Bu Jiang.
  • 1831 BC: Bu abdicated in favor of his younger brother Jiong of Xia.
  • 1831 BC: Mount Tai earthquake: An earthquake occurred at Mount Tai.
  • 1810 BC: Jiong was succeeded by his son Jin of Xia.
  • 1789 BC: Jin was succeeded by his cousin, Bu's son Kong Jia.
  • 1758 BC: Kong was succeeded by his son Gao of Xia.
  • 1747 BC: Gao was succeeded by his son Fa of Xia.
  • 1728 BC: Fa was succeeded by his son Jie of Xia.
  • 1675 BC: Jie was succeeded by Tang of Shang, marking the beginning of the Shang dynasty.
  • 1600 BC: Battle of Mingtiao: the Shang clan (later Shang dynasty) overthrow the corrupt and last emperor of the Xia dynasty
  • 1500 BC: The Erligang culture appeared.
  • 1290 BC: Pan Geng became king of the Shang dynasty.
  • 1290 BC: The capital of the Shang dynasty was moved from Yan to Yin.
  • 1250 BC: Wu Ding became king of the Shang dynasty.
  • 1250 BC: Oracle bones were first used for divination; evidence of oracle bone script first appears.
  • 1200 BC: Wu's wife, the general and high priestess Fu Hao, died and was buried at the tomb of Fu Hao in Yinxu.
  • 1192 BC: Wu died. He was succeeded by his son Zu Geng of Shang.
  • 1170 BC: Geng Ding became king of the Shang dynasty.
  • 1147 BC: Geng was succeeded by his son Wu Yi of Shang.
  • 1112 BC: Wu was killed by lightning while out hunting. He was succeeded by his son Wen Ding.
  • 1101 BC: Wen was succeeded by his son Di Yi.
  • 1076 BC: Di died.
  • 1075 BC: Di was succeeded as king of the Shang dynasty by his son King Zhou of Shang.
  • 1050 BC: King Wen of Zhou died.
  • 1047 BC: Zhou took Daji as his concubine.
  • 1046 BC: Battle of Muye: The forces of the predynastic Zhou, led by King Wu of Zhou and aided by Shang dynasty defectors, dealt a bloody defeat to Shang forces at Muye, near Yinxu.
  • 1046 BC: Zhou committed suicide by burning himself with his jewels on the Deer Terrace Pavilion.
  • 1043 BC: Wu died.
  • 1042 BC: Wu was succeeded by his son King Cheng of Zhou.
  • 1034 BC: Chinese bronze inscriptions came into use.
  • 1021 BC: Cheng died.
  • 1020 BC: Cheng was succeeded by his son King Kang of Zhou.

1000 - 1499

1500 - 1700
1700 - 1899
1900 - 2007
  • 1902, January 30: Japan signs the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. The alliance was renewed and extended in scope in 1905 and 1911, before its demise in 1921. It was officially terminated in 1923.
  • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
  • 1931, September 18; Japan invades Manchuria.
  • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1937-1945: The Second Sino-Japanese War - Tensions started with the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria but exploded in 1937. After the Japanese captured Shanghai and Nanjing , a stalemate ensued until World War II and American support reframed the conflict into a theater in the larger war. (See World War II 1939-1945)[Ref]
  • 1937, December 13 – January 1938; The Nanking Massacre was a mass murder (50,000–300,000 dead) and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. [Ref]
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
  • 1945; The United Nations develops a plan for a trusteeship administration of the Korean Peninsula. The Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.
  • 1945: After the surrender of Japan, the Korean peninsula is divided between Soviet and American occupation forces at the 38th parallel.
  • 1945: South Korea created a franchise to raise money and funds to recover.
  • 1946: US-USSR Joint-Commission on the formation of a Korean Government reaches an impasse. The Joint-commission is dissolved as the Cold War begins.
  • 1947, July 19, 1947: Lyuh Woon-Hyung is assassinated by Han Ji-geun, a member of secret society for White Terror "Baek-ui-sa".
  • 1948, 10 May: UN sponsored elections are held in South Korea.
  • 1948, 15 August: Establishment of the Republic of Korea with Syngman Rhee as President.
  • 1948, 25 August: Establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea with Kim Il-sung as Premier.
  • 1949: The murder of Kim Gu. Kim Gu was a Korean Nationalist who believed in, and fought for, a unified Korea. He strongly objected to the formation of a separate South Korean state. He was shot in his home by a South Korean Army lieutenant.
  • 1949, March 23: President Harry S. Truman approves the withdrawal of all US Forces in South Korea except for 500 military advisors.[7]
  • 1950 25 June: The Korean War begins.
  • 1950, August: UN Forces are driven back to South-east corner of the Korean Peninsula (The Pusan Perimeter).
  • 1950, September 15: UN Troops, commanded by General Douglas MacArthur , make an Amphibious Landing at Inchon.[8]
  • 1950, October 19: UN Troop capture Pyongyang city, the capital of North Korean.[9]
  • 1950, October 25: Two hundred thousand Chinese troops of the People's Volunteer Army enter North Korea. Chairman Mao Zedong appointed Zhou Enlai as the overall commander and coordinator of the war effort, with Peng Dehuai as field commander. [10]
  • 1950, October 25: The Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) 13th Army Group launched the First Phase Offensive, attacking the advancing U.N. forces near the Sino-Korean border. Twelve days later, Stalin allowed the Soviet Air Force to provide air cover, and provides more aid to China.[11]
  • 1950, November 27: The Chinese 9th Army launched multiple attacks and ambushes along the road between the Chosin Reservoir and Koto-ri. At Yudam-ni, the 5th, 7th and 11th Marines were surrounded. The UN forces breakout on December 6 and conduct a fighting withdrawal to the port city of Hungnam. Approximately 105,000 soldiers, 98,000 civilians, 17,500 vehicles, and 350,000 tons of supplies are evacuated from Hungnam.[12]
  • 1953: The Korean War is halted by the Korean Armistice Agreement that has remained in force until now.
2010 - 2021
  • 2021; The World Population Review reports that China has about 3.4 million slaves. There are an estimated [Ref ]

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Xuchang, China, Weather Information

Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Xuchang, China.
Data from Information from Wikipedia, Weather China. The location of the reporting station is unknown.

Month Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
Avg. High 43 ° 48 ° 57 ° 70.3 ° 80.2 ° 89.2 ° 89.6 ° 87.3 ° 80.6 ° 71.1 ° 57.9 ° 46.8 ° 68.42 °
Avg. Low 25.5 ° 29.5 ° 37.4 ° 48.9 ° 58.6 ° 68 ° 73.6 ° 71.6 ° 61.9 ° 50.9 ° 38.7 ° 28.9 ° 49.56 °
Mean 34.25 ° 38.75 ° 47.2 ° 59.6 ° 69.4 ° 78.6 ° 81.6 ° 79.45 ° 71.25 ° 61 ° 48.3 ° 37.85 ° 58.94 °
Avg. Prec. 0.47 in 0.59 in 1.33 in 1.71 in 2.87 in 3.29 in 6.43 in 4.79 in 2.381 in 1.996 in 1.02 in 0.48 in 27.78 in

The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 89.6° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 25.5° Fahrenheit. The highest reported temperature was 107.4° Fahrenheit in June, while the lowest reported was -3.3° Fahrenheit in February.

Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate with an average difference of 18.96° Fahrenheit.

The wettest month of the year is July with an average rainfall of 6.34 inches, the driest month of the year is January with an average rainfall of 0.47 inches, December has an average rainfall of 0.48 inches. The total annual precipitation in Xuchang is 27.78 inches.

Climate Classification:

The climate in Xuchang, China, is classified as monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Cwa) by the Köppen-Geiger system.

 Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F) (or −3 °C (27 °F)), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F). At least ten times as much rain in the wettest month of summer as in the driest month of winter (alternative definition is 70% or more of average annual precipitation is received in the warmest six months). [Ref]

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Historical Weather data

Historical Weather data

China Notable Severe Weather Events

I am still doing research on the weather history of China

More information on the weather of China

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  1. Wikipedia — Xuchang   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xuchang
  2. Wikipedia — Xuchang   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xuchang
  3. Under Construction -- not used yet
  4. Under Construction -- not used yet
  5. Bill Gilbert Ship of Miracles (Triumph Books - Chicago, © 2000);
    ISBN 1-57243-366-3, p 35
  6. Bill Gilbert Ship of Miracles (Triumph Books - Chicago, © 2000);
    ISBN 1-57243-366-3, p 63
  7. Wikipedia — Korean War - UN forces cross partition line (September - October 1950)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War#UN_forces_cross
  8. Wikipedia — Korean War - China intervenes (October - December 1950)   [Online]
  9. Wikipedia — Korean War - China intervenes (October - December 1950)   [Online]
  10. Wikipedia — Korean War - China intervenes (October - December 1950)   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War

      •  Wikipedia — Battle of Chosin Reservoir   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chosin_Reservoir

Last Update: March 17, 2019

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