Latitude - Longitude - Navigation - Time - History - Weather - Lat34North; Header




Broken Bow, OK

Lat34North Fast Facts

Fast Facts

Founded: 1911 Population: 4,120 Time Zone: -6
Latitude: 34.03 N Longitude: 094.74 W Altitude: 466 ft
Average High: 75.0 Average Low: 48.9 Annual Precipitation: 52.03

 

Broken Bow, Oklahoma is located in McCurtain County in the south eastern section of the state. In 2000, the population of Broken Bow was 4,230. The major highways leading to Broken Bow are US 70 and US 259.



  2010 U.S. Census Demographic Profile about Broken Bow, OK.

    Page Index
 ◊  History of Broken Bow, OK
 ◊  History of OK
 ◊  Weather data for Broken Bow, OK
 ◊  Historic Weather Events for OK

  • Droughts
  • Tornadoes
  • Hurricanes
  • Floods
  • Winter Storms




    • City Hall Down Town Post Office
      Old City HallDown TownCommunity Center




      History



      Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.



      Texas´s History


      State History [1]



      Ancient times


      • 110 Million BP; In Oklahoma the plant eating Tenontosaurus roamed the area along with the meat-eating Deinonychus. Fossils of both together were found in 1999.(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A8) In 1994 fossils of Sauroposeidon proteles, a 60-ton, 60-foot tall dinosaur, were found near Antlers, OK.(SFC, 2/23/99, p.A4)
      • ca. 40,000–15,000 B.C.; People migrate to North America from Asia at irregular intervals by way of the Bering Land Bridge.
      • 10,000–8000 B.C.; Paleo-Indian-period American Indians are nomadic and hunt large animals for food. They also eat small game and wild plants. They leave no evidence of permanent dwellings in North Carolina.
      • 1000 B.C.–A.D. 1550; Woodland-culture American Indians settle in permanent locations, usually beside streams, and practice a mixed subsistence lifestyle of hunting, gathering, and some agriculture. They create pottery and also develop elaborate funeral procedures, such as building mounds, to honor their dead.
      • A.D. 700–1550; Mississippian-culture American Indians create large political units called chiefdoms, uniting people under stronger leadership than the Woodland cultures have. Towns become larger and last longer. People construct flat-topped, pyramidal mounds to serve as foundations for temples, mortuaries, chiefs' houses, and other important buildings. Towns are usually situated beside streams and surrounded by defensive structures.
      • 950 to 1250; Medieval Warm Period.
      • 1300-1850; The Little Ice Age.
      1500 - 1700
      • 1540, Feb 23; Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado began his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest. Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of Mexico, sent Francisco Coronado overland to search for the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola in present day New Mexico. Coronado, Spanish explorer, introduced horses, mules, pigs, cattle, and sheep into the American southwest. An Indian guide spoke of a rich kingdom called Quivira. When no cities were found he confessed under torture that the story was false. (NPS-CNM, 4/1/97)(HN, 2/23/99)(TL-MB, 1988, p.16)(SFC, 1/31/04, p.D1)
      1700 - 1899
      • 1756 - 1763; The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris among France, Spain and Great Britain and the Treaty of Hubertusburg among Saxony, Austria and Prussia, in 1763. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.[Source]
      • 1758, Oct 10; Jean Pierre Chouteau (10 October 1758 - 10 July 1849), French fur trader, early St. Louis settler and "father of Oklahoma" was born in New Orleans. (AP, 10/10/08)
      • 1762; France cedes the Louisiana Territory, including Arkansas, to Spain, but French soldiers continue to man Arkansas Post.
      • 1802, Oct 10; The 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma was made. (MC, 10/10/01)
      • 1803; The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France, which had retaken it from Spain as part of the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
      • 1825, Jan 27; Congress approved Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears." (HN, 1/27/99)
      • November 1, 1831; Under George Gaines the removal of the Choctaw nation from Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana to the Indian Territory begins. [2]
      • 1834, June 30; Congress passed the final Indian Intercourse Act. In addition to regulating relations between Indians living on Indian land and non-Indians, this final act identified an area known as "Indian country". This land was described as being "...all that part of the United States west of the Mississippi and not within the states of Missouri and Louisiana, or the territory of Arkansas..." This is the land that became known as Indian Territory. Oklahoma was declared Indian Territory. [3](SFCM, 3/9/08, p.20)
      • 1838, Aug; Some 12,000 Cherokee Indians in 13 ragtag parties followed the Trail of Tears on a 116-day journey west 800 miles to eastern Oklahoma. Estimates have placed the death toll in camps and in transit as high as 4,000. They followed the trail already set by the Choctaw nation out of Mississippi, the Creek from Alabama, the Chickasaw from Arkansas and Mississippi, and the Seminole from Florida. [4] (NG, 5/95, p.82)
      • 1842, Aug 14; The Second Seminole War ends and remaining Indians in Florida living outside the reservation in southwest Florida were rounded up and shipped west from Florida to Oklahoma.[5]
      • 1846, April; The Mexican-American War ignited as a result of disputes over claims to Texas boundaries. The outcome of the war fixed Texas' southern boundary at the Rio Grande River. Stephen Watts Kearny annexed New Mexico to U.S.[Source]
      • 1848, February 2; The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed. The treaty established the U.S. - Mexican border of the Rio Grande River, and ceded to the United States the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, most of Arizona and Colorado, and parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming. In return, Mexico received US $18,250,000 ($461,725,000 [2011])-less than half the amount the U.S. had attempted to offer Mexico for the land before the opening of hostilities-and the U.S. agreed to assume $3.25-million ($82,225,000 [2011]) in debts that the Mexican government owed to U.S. citizens. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants being considered as inviolable.[Source]
      • 1861 - 1865 American Civil War. [More Information]
      • 1865, December 6; The 13th amendment"Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution" target="_blank">Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified by Georgia, thus officially abolishing slavery.
      • 1868, Nov 27; Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry killed Chief Black Kettle (b. ca 1803) and about 100 Cheyenne (mostly women and children) during the Battle of Washita River near present day Cheyenne, Oklahoma. (www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/blackkettle.htm)
      • 1872; The Osage Nation purchase close to 2,300 square miles in the Oklahoma Territory from the Cherokee and created the Osage Reservation.(SFCM, 3/9/08, p.20)
      • 1873, October 3; Leaders of the Northern California 1872 Modoc War are executed and survivors (consisting of 39 men, 64 women, and 60 children) are exiled to Oklahoma. (SFEC, 6/18/00, p.T7)
      • 1875; The Quahadi Comanches, led by Quanah Parker (c.1852-1911), gave up their fight and settled on Indian Territory in Oklahoma after hunters slaughtered the great buffalo herds of the Texas panhandle. (Econ, 6/19/10, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quanah_Parker)
      • 1876, August 24; William M. "Bill" Doolin was killed by an Oaklahoma posse (Posse comitatus). Photos of the dead man were sold for 25 cents. (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)
      • 1879, Nov 4; William Penn Adair Rogers, aka Will Rogers, was born on a ranch in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). "I never met a man I didn't like." He was widely loved during the 1920s and 1930s for his gentle humor and homespun philosophies. Part Cherokee Indian, Rogers once told a Boston audience, "My ancestors didn't come over on the Mayflower, but they met the boat." Rogers got his show business start in 1902 doing rope tricks in a Wild West show. He moved on to vaudeville and, by 1916, he was the wisecracking star of Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies." As a newspaper columnist and book author, Rogers poked fun at important people and events, and he was equally successful as a motion picture actor. Rogers' film credits include "A Connecticut Yankee" in 1931 and the 1933 production of "State Fair". The nation mourned when Will Rogers, along with pilot Wiley Post, were killed in an Alaska plane crash on August 15, 1935. (HFA, ´96, p.18) (HNPD, 11/4/98)(HN, 11/4/98)
      • 1879-1954; Enamored with flying after Louis Bériot´s 1909 famous flight across the English Channel, Oklahoma automobile salesman Clyde Vernon Cessna became a pioneer aviator--flying, building and selling airplanes. (HNQ, 7/31/01)
      • 1889, March 2; President Grover Cleveland signs the 1889 Indian Appropriations Act officially opening the Unassigned Lands to white settlers. [6]
      • 1889, March 23; President Benjamin Harrison opened Oklahoma for white colonization. (SS, 3/23/02)
      • 1889, April 15; A marshal's posse killed and captured a group of Sooners, settlers who stole onto the Public Domain territory in Oklahoma in hopes of claiming it legally, just nine days before the official start of the land rush. (HN, 4/15/99)
      • 1889, April 22; The US federal government opened up the Unassigned Lands of Indian Territory to the country's first land run. The Oklahoma land rush of 1889 officially started at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims. (WSJ, 1/4/96, p.A-8) (AP, 4/22/97) (HN, 4/22/98)
      • 1890, May 2; The Oklahoma Territory is organized. (AP, 5/2/97) (HN, 5/2/98)
      • 1890, May 22; George Washington Steele, on appointment by President Benjamin Harrison, took the oath of office as the 1st territorial governor (1890-1891) of Oklahoma. (http://digital.library.okstate.edu/chronicles/v020/v020p218.html)
      • 1891, Sep 15; The Dalton gang held up a train and took $2,500 at Wagoner, Oklahoma. (HN, 9/15/99)
      • 1892, Feb 1; Judge Abraham Jefferson Seay was sworn in as the 2nd territorial governor (1892-1893) of Oklahoma. (http://digital.library.okstate.edu/chronicles/v020/v020p218.html)
      • 1892, Jan 8; Coal mine explosion in McAlester, Oklahoma, killing 100 workers. (HN, 1/8/99)
      • 1892, Nov 2; Lawmen surrounded outlaws Ned Christie and Arch Wolf near Tahlequah, Indian Country (present-day Oklahoma). It would take dynamite and a cannon to dislodge the two from their cabin. (HN, 11/2/98)
      • 1896; Plessy v. Ferguson decision by U.S. Supreme Court establishes "separate but equal" doctrine in racial policy.
      • 1898, Feb 12; [Le]Roy Harris, composer (When Johnny Comes Marching Home; An American Overture), was born in Oklahoma. (MC, 2/12/02)
      • 1898, February 15; The USS Maine (ACR-1) exploded and sinks in Havana Harbor, Cuba.
      • 1898; Spanish-American War.
      • 1899; The boll weevil crosses the Rio Grande from Mexico.
      1900 - 2007
      • 1901-1905; Discovery of oil in the nearby villages of Red Fork and Glennpool in 1901 and 1905 launched the city of Tulsa modern era. Tulsa, OK, long called itself "The Oil Capital of the World." (HNQ, 10/2/98)
      • 1901; The Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, a 59,020 acre Refuge hosting a rare piece of the past is opened.[7]
      • 1902, Sep 22; A long-simmering feud between the Brooks and McFarland clans erupted into a bloody gunfight in the railroad town of Spokogee, Indian Territory, which is now Dustin, Oklahoma. Spokogee had sprung up in the path of the coming Fort Smith & Western Railroad. The Creek name meant "the exalted," or "near to God." The area around Spokogee was home to two feuding families, the Brookses and McFarlands. Willis B. Brooks, 48, was a well-known inhabitant of the Dogwood Settlement and one of the toughest men to be found in Indian Territory. He was a gunfighter from Alabama, by way of Texas. Jim McFarland, his chief adversary, had the reputation of being an outlaw and a killer. While the ribbon of steel inched its way toward Spokogee, the long-simmering feud between the warring families heated up and then erupted into a classic Western gunfight, settled with gun smoke, blood and lead. (HNQ, 8/25/01)
      • 1904, April 3; Iron Eyes Cody, actor (Black Gold, Ernest Goes to Camp), was born in Tulsa, OK. See Iron Eyes Cody's Filmography. (MC, 4/3/02)
      • 1905, Feb 7; Congress granted statehood to Oklahoma. New Mexico and Arizona were the only remaining territories. [see 1907] (HN, 2/7/99)
      • 1907, Nov 16; Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory were unified to make Oklahoma, which was made the 46th state. Black settlers founded some 30 towns before statehood was achieved. Osage Indian Reservation became Osage County, one of the largest in the US. (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(NG, 5/95, p.92)(HN, 11/16/98)(SFCM, 3/9/08, p.20)
      • 1908, Feb 27; The forty-sixth star was added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma's admission to statehood. (HN, 2/27/98)
      • 1908; The received 15 bison from New York. (ON, 3/02, p.9)
      • 1909, Feb 17; Apache chief Geronimo died of pneumonia at age 80, while still in captivity at Fort Sill, OK (HN, 2/17/99)
      • 1910; The Oklahoma State Reformatory, medium-security facility, was built of granite from Wildcat Mountain by the first 60 inmates who arrived in covered wagons. (WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A9)
      • 1911; Elmer McCurdy (January, 1880 in Washington, Maine - October 7, 1911), outlaw, died. His mummified corpse became a tourist attraction in a small Oklahoma funeral home, and later was taken across country in carnivals and roving wax museums. In 2002 Mark Svengold authored "Elmer McCurdy: The Misadventures in Life and Afterlife of an American Outlaw." (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M4)
      • 1912, July 14; Woodrow Wilson "Woody" Guthrie (July 14, 1912 - October 3, 1967), American folk singer, was born in Okemah, OK. (HN, 7/14/98)(SFC, 11/27/98, p.C11)
      • 1912; Grasshoppers swept across Tulsa, OK. People raked them up and sold them as chicken feed.(SFC, 5/23/98, p.C3)
      • 1913, April 25; Earl Bostic (April 25, 1913 - October 28, 1965), alto saxophone player (Flamingo, Temptation), was born in Tulsa, OK. (SS, 4/25/02)
      • 1914, March 23; The Battleship USS Oklahoma (BB-37) is launched. The USS Oklahoma was a Nevada-class battleship, 583 feet long and displaced 27,500 long tons. Her main armament was 10 14 inch guns. She was commissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 2 May 1916 with Captain Roger Welles in command.[14]
      • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
        • 1915, May 7; The British ocean liner RMS Lusitania is torpedoed by German U-boat U-20, 128 Americans were killed.[Source]
        • 1917; Fort Jackson, SC, the nation's largest U.S. Army training facility, established to prepare soldiers for World War I.
        • 1917, Jan 11; The Zimmermann Telegram offers a military alliance with Mexico, in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.[Source]
        • 1917, Jan 31; Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.[Source]
        • 1917, February 3: US severs diplomatic ties with Germany.
        • 1917, April 6: The US declares war on Germany.[Source]
        • 1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
        • 1918, May 28: US forces make their first offensive, at Cantigny, France.
        • 1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
      • 1916 , March 6, Rochelle Hudson (March 6, 1916 - January 17, 1972), actress (That's My Boy), was born in Okla City, OK. (MC, 3/6/02)
      • 1918: Flu Epidemic infected 500 million people across the world, and killed 50 to 100 million. (see 1918 flu pandemic for more information.)[Source]
      • 1918, April 13; An electrical fire killed 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital. (MC, 4/13/02)
      • 1918, Sep 4; Paul Harvey (September 4, 1918 - February 28, 2009), conservative radio commentator, was born in Tulsa, OK. (HN, 9/4/98)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)
      • 1920, Feb 26; Tony Randall [Leonard Rosenberg] (February 26, 1920 - May 17, 2004), actor (Felix-Odd Couple, Love Sidney), was born in Tulsa, OK. See Tony Randall's Filmography. (SC, 2/26/02)
      • 1920, August 18; Women win the right to vote when the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified by Tennessee.
      • 1921, May 31; A major race riot broke out in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Greenwood, the black section of town, was burned. In 1997 Jewell Parker Rhodes wrote the novel "Magic City" based on this event. As many as 10,000 white men and boys attacked the black community and 35 blocks of the black business district were burned with participation by police officers and a local unit of the National Guard. Some 200-300 people were believed to have been killed. In 2000 the Tulsa Race Riot Commission recommended that reparations be paid to survivors of the riots. In 2001 a final state commission recommended that reparations be paid to survivors and their descendants. Also see Tulsa race riot. (NPR, 5/31/96)(SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.3)(SFC, 8/10/99, p.A2)(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A3)(SFC, 3/1/01, p.A4)
      • 1921, June 1; A race riot erupted in Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing 85 people (21 whites & 60 blacks killed). [see May 31, 1921] (HN, 6/1/98)(MC, 6/1/02)
      • 1922, July 2; Dan Rowan (July 22, 1922 - September 22, 1987), comedian (Rowan " Martin's Laugh-in), was born in Beggs, OK. (SC, 7/2/02)
      • 1923, Sep 15; Gov. Jack Callaway Walton (March 6, 1881 - November 25, 1949) of Oklahoma declared a state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror. Walton served as Governor from January 9, 1923 until he was impeached on November 19, 1923. Walton was suspended in his office as Governor on October 23, and the Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma Martin E. Trapp (April 18, 1877 - July 26, 1951) became acting Governor. (www.cga.state.ct.us/2004/rpt/2004-R-0184.htm) [8]
      • 1924, Nov 1; William Matthew "Bill" Tilghman (July 4, 1854 - November 1, 1924), legendary Oklahoma marshal, was gunned down by a drunk in Cromwell, Oklahoma, while trying to arrest Wiley Lynn (1891 - July 17, 1932), a corrupt prohibition officer. (HN, 11/1/98)(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAtilghman.htm)
      • 1926; A collection of US roads from Chicago, IL, to Los Angeles, CA, were improved and formed what would be designated as US 66. It was later replaced by 3 interstates, I-55 in Illinois, I-44 in Missouri and Oklahoma, and I-40 to LA. Route 66 was decertified in 1985. In 2006 Arthur Krim authored "Route 66: Iconography of the American Highway". (WSJ, 6/16/06, p.P8)
      • 1927, Mar 6, Leroy Gordon Cooper Jr. March 6, 1927-October 4, 2004), also known as Gordo Cooper, USAF astronaut (Mercury 9, Gemini 5), was born in Shawnee, OK.(SFC, 10/5/04, p.B7)
      • 1927, Mar 16; Daniel Patrick "Pat" Moynihan (March 16, 1927 - March 26, 2003), later NY Senator (1976-2000) and scholar, was born in Tulsa, OK.(SFC, 3/27/03, p.A1)
      • 1927; Oklahoma produced 278 million barrels of crude oil. By 2005 production dropped to 60.7 million. (Econ, 7/29/06, p.33)
      • 1928, April 7; James Garner, born James Scott Bumgarner, actor (Rockford Files, Bret Maverick), was born in Norman, OK. See James Garner's Filmography. (MC, 4/7/02)
      • 1929; The Paseo Arts District of Oklahoma City was built in the style of a Spanish village.(SFCM, 3/20/05, p.31)
      • 1929 - 1940; The Great Depression and New Deal.
        • The beginning of the Great Depression in the United States is associated with the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. The depression had devastating effects in both the industrialized countries and those which exported raw materials.
        • The New Deal is the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs and promises he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving relief, reform and recovery to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression.
      • 1930 - 1936; The American Midwest and the Canadian prairie are in the gripes of the Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties. This period of severe dust storms, causes major ecological and agricultural damage. The Dust Bowl affected 100,000,000 acres and is centered on the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas. Many Americans migrated west looking for work and were often known as "Okies", since so many came from Oklahoma. Some residents of the Plains, especially in Kansas and Oklahoma fall ill and die of dust pneumonia or malnutrition.[17]
      • 1931, September 18, Japan invades Manchuria.
      • 1932, Dec 21; Carl Magee, Oklahoma inventor, applied for a patent for his parking meter. He had came up with the 1st coin-operated, single-space, mechanical meter to be used to free up parking spaces in downtown Oklahoma City. Magee founded the Magee's Independent in 1922, which would change its name to the New Mexico State Tribune in 1923 and to the Albuquerque Tribune in 1933. The Tribune became defunct in 2008. Magee was important in bringing the Teapot Dome Scandal to the fore.[10] (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.B1)(www.ok-history.mus.ok.us/enc/parking.htm)
      • 1934, May 9-11; A great dustbowl storm occurred. [11][see April 14, 1935] (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
      • 1934, Oct 20; Michael Dunn (October 20, 1934 - August 30, 1973), actor (Ship of Fools, The Wild Wild West), was born in Shattuck, Ok. See Filmography for Michael Dunn. (MC, 10/20/01)
      • 1935; The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
      • 1935, Feb 17; Thirty-one prisoners attempted to escape from Oklahoma prison after they managed to smuggle two guns threatening the officers on duty.[12] (HN, 2/17/98)
      • 1935, April 14; A major sandstorm, dubbed "The Black Blizzard," ravaged the US Midwest. The Black Sunday was the worst day of the almost decade long Dust Bowl era. It ravaged Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. In 2005 Timothy Egan authored "The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl." (SSFC, 1/8/06, p.M1)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm)(Sm, 3/06, p.111)
      • 1935, July 16; The first parking meters were installed, in Oklahoma City. Carl Magee's automatic meter, the "Park-O-Meter" was installed by the Dual Parking Meter Company in Oklahoma City. The parking meter were divided by 20-foot spaces painted on the pavement and accepted nickels. (AP, 7/16/97)(HNQ, 8/4/02)
      • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
      • 1938; Charles George Werner (March 23, 1909 - July 1, 1997), cartoonist, won the Pulitzer Prize for his October 6, 1938 cartoon titled "Nomination for 1938," of the Nobel Peace Prize lying on a grave marked "Czechoslovakia."[13](SFC, 7/3/97, p.A24)
      • 1939, May 6; Chet Allen (May 6, 1939 - June 17, 1984), actor (Jerry on Bonino), was born in Chickasha, OK. See Chet Allen's Filmography.[9]
      • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]
        • Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia).
        • 1939: Germany invades Poland.

        • 1941, December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
        • 1941, December 7: The Battleship USS Oklahoma (BB-37) is moored outboard of the USS Maryland (BB-46). The USS Oklahoma is struck by five torpedoes and she capsizes. Her men were strafed as they abandoned ship. Within 12 minutes after the attack began, she had rolled over until halted by her masts touching bottom. Four hundred and twenty-nine of her officers and enlisted men were killed or missing. [15]
        • 1942, April: American and Filipino prisoners of war are forced to endure World War II Bataan Death March in the Philippines.
        • 1943, June 16; The battleship USS Oklahoma (BB-37) righted and moved into dry dock. The Oklahoma is decommissioned on September 1, 1944. She is stripped of her guns and superstructure, and sold on December 5, 1946 to Moore Drydock Company of Oakland, California. On May 17, 1947, Oklahoma sank in a storm at 1:40 a.m., 540 miles (869 km) out of Pearl Harbor while being towed to San Francisco for scrapping. [16]
        • 1945, April 12: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies at Warm Springs, Georgia.
        • 1945, May 8: Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
        • 1945, September 2: Victory over Japan, V-J Day Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri (BB-63).
      • 1940, Mar 25; Anita Bryant, singer (George Gobel Show), was born in Barnsdall, OK. (MC, 3/25/02)
      • 1941; The town of Berwyn renamed itself Gene Autry after the 34-year-old radio and film star. See Gene Autry's Filmography. (SFEC, 12/20/98, z1 p.5)
      • 1941-1983; Wagon Wheel dinner sets were manufactured of cream-colored clay from Ada, OK After 1956 they were made of red clay from Sapulpa, OK.(SFC, 7/29/98, Z1 p.23)
      • 1942, April 27; Tornado destroyed Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100 and injuring 300. (MC, 4/27/02)
      • 1942, June 1; The US Supreme Court, in Skinner v. Oklahoma ex rel. Williamson, struck down Oklahoma's Habitual Criminal Sterilization Act. (WSJ, 9/25/08, p.A18)(http://supreme.justia.com/us/316/535/case.html)
      • 1947, April 9; A series of tornadoes struck Kansas, West Texas and Oklahoma. 181 were killed and some 1,300 injured. The Woodward tornado ranked as the deadliest ever to hit Oklahoma. (AP, 4/9/08)(AH, 4/07, p.55)
      • 1948, Mar 20; A severe tornado moved through Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City destroying 52 aircraft. (SFC, 3/20/09, p.D8)
      • 1949; R.D. Hull, a Texas watchmaker, invented the spin-cast reel for fishing and got the Zero Hour Bomb Co. in Tulsa to manufacture it. The company soon changed its name to Zebco. (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A25)
      • 1950; The first "Yield" sign was installed in Tulsa. OK It read "Yield Right-Of-Way". Clinton E. Riggs (d.1997 at 86), Tulsa police officer, developed the sign after a decade of experimentation. (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C10)
      • 1950 - 1953; The Korean War is fought in Korea.
      • 1951, Aug 11; The Mississippi River flooded some 100,000 acres in KS, OK, MO and Ill. (MC, 8/11/02)
      • 1954; The Collins Kids of Oklahoma, Lawrencine "Lorrie" Collins (born May 7, 1942) and Lawrence "Larry" Collins (born October 4, 1944), began performing as a musical act on national TV. (www.rockabillyhall.com/YouTubeCollinsKids.html)
      • 1954; U.S. Supreme Court decides in Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka that "separate" schools cannot be "equal." This paved the way for desegregation and the civil rights movement.
      • 1955, May 25; Series of 19 twisters destroyed Udall, KS., and most of Blackwell, OK.(SC, 5/25/02)
      • 1956, Feb 7; Garth Brooks, born Troyal Garth Brooks, country vocalist (No Fences), was born in Tulsa, OK.(MC, 2/7/02)
      • 1959, April 7; Oklahoma ended prohibition after 51 years.(MC, 4/7/02)
      • @@here
      • 1963, Aug 19; NAACP Youth Council began sit-ins at lunch counters in Oklahoma City. OK.(MC, 8/19/02)
      • 1963; The Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, OK, founded by Oral Roberts (January 24, 1918 - December 15, 2009), was chartered.(SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)
      • 1969; George B. Kaiser took over Kaiser-Francis Oil Co., a small family oil firm founded in the 1940s by his uncle and parents, Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany, who had settled in Oklahoma. Operations at the time were limited to Kansas. By 2004 the firm had over $600 million in revenues from oil and gas production. (WSJ, 7/23/04, p.A1)
      • 1971-1976; Carl Albert (May 10, 1908 - February 4, 2000), Oklahoma Democrat, served as the Speaker of the US House of Representatives. (WSJ, 2/7/00, p.A1)
      • 1974, Nov 13; Karen Silkwood (February 19, 1946 - November 13, 1974), a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, OK, was killed in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter. (AP, 11/13/07)
      • 1977; The Alfred P. Murrah Building is erected in Federal Plaza in Oklahoma City. (WSJ, 1/4/96, p.A-8)
      • 1981, May 27; Roger Wheeler, chairman of Telex Corp. and owner of World Jai Alai, was shot execution style at a Tulsa country club. In 2001 2 reputed Boston mobsters, James Bulger and Stephen Flemmi, were charged. Jai Alai executive John B. Callahan was murdered in Aug 1982 in Miami. In 2001 hitman John Vincent Martorano (60) pleaded guilty to Wheeler's murder and was sentenced to 15 years in prison. In 2003 former FBI agent H. Paul Rico (78) was arrested and charged with murder for helping to setup the hit. SFC, 3/15/01, p.A8)(SFC, 5/4/01, p.D5)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/38z78q)
      • 1982, July 5; Penn Square Bank of Oklahoma went bankrupt as wildcat oil well loans went bad. More than $2 billion in oil and gas participations were held by five major US banks: Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Company, Chicago, Illinois held $1 billion in those participations. Most of the remaining participations were held by Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, New York; Michigan National Bank, Lansing, Michigan; Seattle First National Bank, Seattle, Washington; and Northern Trust Company, Chicago, Illinois. (WSJ, 1/14/07, p.A4)(www.fdic.gov/bank/historical/managing/Chron/1982/index.html)
      • 1982; Debra Sue Carter (21), a cocktail waitress in Ada, Oklahoma, was raped and murdered. For five years the police could not solve the crime. For reasons that were never clear, they suspected Ron Williamson and his friend Dennis Fritz. The two were arrested in 1987 and charged with capital murder. With no physical evidence, the prosecution's case was built on Junk science and the testimony of jailhouse snitches and convicts. Fritz was found guilty and given a life sentence. Williamson was sent to death row. Both were released 12 years later, when DNA evidence proved their innocence. In 2006 novelist John Grisham read Williamson's obituary in The New York Times and made him and Fritz the subject of his first non-fiction book: "The Innocent Man: Murder and Injustice in a Small Town." The book became a bestseller. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Williamson)
      • 1985, Dec 14; Wilma Mankiller became the first woman to lead a major American Indian tribe as she took office as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. (AP, 12/14/97)
      • 1986, Aug 20; Postal employee Patrick Henry Sherrill (44) went on a deadly rampage at a post office in Edmond, OK, shooting 14 fellow workers to death before killing himself. This incident is credited with inspiring the American phrase "going postal". (WSJ, 8/7/97, p.A12)(AP, 8/20/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Sherrill)
      • 1986, Aug 22; Kerr-McGee Corporation agreed to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood (February 19, 1946 - November 13, 1974), $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit. (AP, 8/22/97)
      • 1988, Dec 3; Barry Sanders of Oklahoma State University won the Heisman Trophy. (AP, 12/3/98)
      • 1988; In Oklahoma City the Crystal Bridge Tropical Conservatory, designed by I.M. Pei, was built. The 224-foot long steel and acrylic cylinder stood 7-stories. (SFCM, 3/20/05, p.30)
      • 1990; Jack E. Counts Jr., an Oklahoma City entrepreneur, founded Glamour Shots Licensing. The business was based on the idea of photographing ordinary women in dazzling garb and makeup. WSJ, 5/13/96, p.B-1)
      • 1991, April 26; Twenty-three people were killed as four dozen tornadoes raked Kansas and Oklahoma. (AP, 4/26/01)
      • 1993; Francisco Morales and Maria Yanez were killed during a burglary. In 1996 George Ochoa and Osbaldo Torres were convicted of the murders and sentenced to death. In 2004 Gov. Henry commuted the sentence against Torres (29) following a World Court ruling his rights, as well as those of 51 other Mexicans on death row, were violated because they was not told that they could receive help from their government as guaranteed by the 1963 Vienna Convention. (SFC 5/14/04, p.A3)
      • 1994; Aug, Randolph Dial, a sculptor and painter convicted of a 1981 murder, escaped from the Oklahoma State Reformatory. On the same day Bobbi Parker disappeared from staff housing at the reformatory, where her husband worked. In 2005 she was found living with Randolph Dial on a chicken farm in Texas. (SFC, 4/6/05, p.A2)
      • 1994; Dr. Tom Coburn, Oklahoma Republican, was elected to Congress. He retired in 2001 after 3 terms in the House of Representatives. In 2003 he with John Hart authored "Breach of Trust." (WSJ, 12/11/03, p.D6)
      • 1995, April 19; At 9:02 A.M. Oklahoma City, USA, a large car bomb exploded at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building killing 168 people, and injuring 500 including many children in the building's day care center. Within a week a suspect, Timothy McVeigh, was caught and charged. Two suspects, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, faced trial. McVeigh was arrested during a routine traffic stop 78 miles from Oklahoma City on weapons charges the same day. Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols , were later convicted of charges related to the bombing. Michael Fortier, a key government witness and friend of Nichols and McVeigh, was sentenced to 12 years in prison in 1998 for failing to warn authorities, lying to the FBI, transporting stolen weapons and conspiring to fence stolen weapons. In 1999 Fortier's sentence was overturned and a more lenient sentence was ordered under manslaughter guidelines. In Oct a new 12-year sentence was issued. McVeigh was later convicted of federal murder charges and executed. (NPR, 4/19/95)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A2)(SFC, 5/28/98, p.A3)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A7)(AP, 4/19/06)
      • 1995, April 21; The FBI arrested former soldier Timothy McVeigh at an Oklahoma jail where he had spent two days on minor traffic and weapons charges; he was charged in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing two days earlier in which over 200 people were killed by a truck bomb that exploded in front of a Federal building. (AP, 4/21/00)(HN, 4/21/99)
      • 1995, April 23; President Clinton declared a national day of mourning for the victims of the Oklahoma City blast. (AP, 4/23/00)(MC, 4/23/02)
      • 1995, April 29; 10 days after the blast, rescue workers in Oklahoma City continued the grim task of searching for bodies and pulling debris from the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, where 168 people died.(AP, 4/29/00)
      • 1995, May 10; Terry Nichols was charged in the Oklahoma City bombing. (AP, 5/10/00)
      • 1995, May 23; The nine-story hulk of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was demolished. That day, James Nichols, whose brother and a friend were charged in the Oklahoma bombing, was released from federal custody. (AP, 5/23/00)
      • 1995, Aug 10; Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were charged with eleven counts in the Oklahoma City bombing. McVeigh was later convicted of murder. He was executed by lethal injection on June 11, 2001, at the US Federal Penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana. McVeigh (33) stated that his only regret was not completely leveling the federal building. Nichols was convicted of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to life in prison. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_McVeigh#Execution)(AP, 8/10/00)
      • 1996, April 19; On the first anniversary of the Oklahoma City bombing, hundreds of mourners paused for 168 seconds of silence at the site where the federal building once stood. (AP, 4/19/97)
      • 1997, June 2; Timothy McVeigh was convicted on 11 counts in the April 19, 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. McVeigh was executed in June 2001. (SFC, 6/3/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A4)(AP, 6/2/07)
      • 1997, Aug 14; A unrepentant Timothy McVeigh (April 23, 1968 - June 11, 2001) is formally sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing. (AP, 8/14/98)
      • 1998, Jan 2; The defense in the Terry Nichols trial rested its case in the penalty phase after calling nine witnesses who pleaded for his life. Nichols had already been convicted of conspiracy, which carried a potential death sentence and involuntary manslaughter for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing. Nichols was sentenced to life in prison on federal convictions of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter involving the deaths of eight federal law enforcement officers. He was later convicted of state murder charges in Oklahoma, and sentenced to 161 consecutive life sentences. AP, 1/2/99)(AP, 1/2/08)
      • 1998, June 4; In Denver Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison without parole for conspiring in 1995 to bomb the Alfred Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. SFC, 6/5/98, p.A1)
      • 1998, Oct 25; Thousands came to Oklahoma City for the ground-breaking ceremony of a memorial to the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. SFC, 10/25/98, p.A3)
      • 1998, Nov 1; Weekend rain caused severe flooding in central Kansas and Oklahoma. The Whitewater and Walnut Rivers topped a 35-foot levee. (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A3)
      • 1999, May 3; Tornadoes hit Oklahoma and Kansas and at least 40 people were killed. As many as 1,500 homes were destroyed. 38 people were killed in Oklahoma and 5 in Kansas. Damages in Oklahoma were later estimated at over $225 million. (SFC, 5/4/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/6/99, p.A1)
      • 1999, May 8; Dana Plato (November 7, 1964 - May 8, 1999), a star of TV's Different Strokes, died at the age of 34 in a suburb of Oklahoma City. Authorities said she succumbed to an overdose of painkillers. (www.eonline.com/News/Items/0,1,19982,00.html?fdnews)
      • 1999, June 8; Senator James Inhofe (R-Okla) blocked all the civilian nominations of Pres. Clinton in protest of the "recess appointment" of James Hormel. (SFC, 6/9/99, p.A3)
      • 2000, Dec 28; In the US recent bad weather was blamed for 41 deaths: including 22 in Texas and 11 in Oklahoma. (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A6)
      • 2001, Jan 27; A small plane crashed south of Denver and 10 people were killed including passengers associated with the Oklahoma State Univ. basketball team. (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A13)
      • 2001, Feb 19; President George W. Bush opened a museum commemorating the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. (AP, 2/19/02)
      • 2001, April 12; Tornadoes killed at least 4 people in Iowa, Missouri and Oklahoma. (WSJ, 4/13/01, p.A1)
      • 2001, Sep 5; C. Wesley Lane, the new district attorney for Oklahoma City, announced that he would prosecute Terry Nichols for murder in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. (SFC, 9/6/01, p.A3)
      • 2001, Oct 10; Tornadoes hit the US plains and caused heavy damage in Oklahoma and Nebraska. (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C16)
      • 2001, Dec 28; Oklahoma led the US in prisoner executions this year over Texas in with 18 vs. 17. (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A9)
      • 2002, May 26; In Oklahoma a barge hit an I-40 bridge over the Arkansas River and 14 people were killed. A 500-600-foot section of the 1,988-foot bridge collapsed after Joe Dedmon, Capt. of the Robert Y. Love tugboat, apparently blacked out. (SFC, 5/27/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/28/02, p.A3)(SFC, 5/30/02, p.A5)
      • 2002, Oct 26; In eastern Oklahoma Daniel H. Fears, a teenager apparently angered by a neighbor, went on a shooting spree that left two people dead and at least seven injured. (AP, 10/27/02)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A4)
      • 2002; Oklahoma banned cockfighting following a referendum. In 2005 state senator Frank Shurden proposed gamecock boxing with cocks wearing foam-filled muffs and protective vests. (Econ, 2/5/05, p.27)
      • 2003, May 8; In Oklahoma a tornado swept through Oklahoma City and flattened hundreds of homes. At least 104 people were injured. (SFC, 5/8/03, p.A10)
      • 2003, May 13; A judge ruled that Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols should stand trial in state court on 160 counts of first-degree murder. Nichols was later found guilty on 161 counts; the 161st count was for the fetus of a pregnant victim. Nichols was sentenced to life in prison. (AP, 5/13/08)
      • 2003, Aug 27; Oklahoma charged Bernie Ebbers (62), ex-CEO of WorldCom, and 6 other former executives with 15 felony violations of state's securities laws. The charges against Ebbers were dropped when the Federal government filed on March 2, 2004 security fraud and conspiracy charges. Ebbers was found guilty of all charges on March 15, 2005. He was sentenced to 25 years in a federal prison in Louisiana, the toughest sentence yet among other recent corporate accounting scandals. (SFC, 8/28/03, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Ebbers#Criminal_charges)
      • 2003; Elizabeth Seay authored "Searching For Lost City," a look at Native Indian languages in Oklahoma. (WSJ, 11/28/03, p.W4)
      • 2003; Oklahoma and Arkansas made an agreement on phosphorus levels. Toxic run-off from poultry houses in Arkansas was entering the Illinois River watershed, which supplied water to eastern Oklahoma. In 2005 Oklahoma filed suit against Arkansas for various violations related to high phosphorus levels. (Econ, 7/16/05, p.30)
      • 2004, Jan 22; Oklahoma Gov. Henry proposed a series of tax cuts to improve the state's economy. (USAT, 1/23/04, p.12A)
      • 2004, Mar 22; Terry Nichols went on trial for his life in the Oklahoma City bombing. Nichols was already serving a life sentence for his conviction on federal charges. On May 26 he was found guilty of 161 state murder charges, but was again spared the death penalty when the jury couldn't agree on his sentence. (AP, 3/22/05)
      • 2004, May 26; A District court jury in McAlester, Oklahoma, convicted Terry Nichols of 161 counts of 1st degree murder in the 1995 Oklahoma City federal building bombing. Nichols later received 161 consecutive life sentences. (SFC, 5/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 5/26/05)
      • 2004, June 11; Terry Nichols escaped execution as the District court jury in McAlester, Oklahoma, deadlocked in the penalty phase of his trial. He was convicted May 26 on 161 counts of 1st degree murder in the 1995 Oklahoma City federal building bombing. (WSJ, 6/14/04, p.A1)
      • 2004, Aug 9; In McAlester, Oklahoma, District Judge Steven Taylor sentenced Terry Nichols to 161 consecutive life sentences for the 1995 Oklahoma City federal building bombing. Terry Nichols , addressing a court for the first time, asked victims of the blast for forgiveness. (SFC, 8/10/04, p.A3)(AP, 8/9/05)
      • 2004, Sep 9; It was reported that a munitions plant in Oklahoma had suspended production of "bunker buster" bombs after workers there developed anemia. (WSJ, 9/9/04, p.A1)
      • 2004; Oklahoma became the first US state to pass a law that made it harder to buy more than small quantities of medicine containing pseudoephedrine, one of the ingredients for the illegal production of methamphetamine. Other states soon followed. (Econ, 9/30/06, p.40)
      • 2005, Oct 1; In Norman, Oklahoma, Joel Henry Hinrichs (21), a Univ. of Oklahoma student, committed suicide using an explosive attached to his body near the Oklahoma Memorial Stadium, where 84,000 people watched a football game. (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A3)
      • 2005, Dec 27; Grass fires burned in drought-stricken Texas and Oklahoma. Over three days, nearly 200 homes were lost and the fires blamed for at least four deaths. (AP, 12/27/06)
      • 2006, Jan 2; Grass fires in New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas left at least 4 people dead with over 250 structures burned. (SFC, 1/3/06, p.A4)
      • 2006, Jan 8; Wildfires in the southwest US spread to Arkansas and Colorado destroying 9 more homes. Over the last 2 weeks the fires in New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas have destroyed 475 homes and left 5 people dead.(SFC, 1/9/06, p.A3)
      • 2006, Jan 10; Oil magnate Boone Pickens donated $165 million to Oklahoma State Univ. for the development of new sports facilities. The 100-acre site under consideration in Stillwater faced problems with low-income residents. (http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=ncf&id=2286807)(WSJ, 3/30/06, p.A1)
      • 2006, Jan 20; Michael Fortier, the government's star witness in the Oklahoma City bombing trials, was released from federal prison after serving more than 10 years for failing to warn authorities about the plot. (AP, 1/20/07)
      • 2006, Mar 12-2006 Mar 13; Swarms of tornadoes killed at least 10 people across the Midwest states of Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, South Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin. It caused so much damage in Springfield, Ill., that the mayor compared it to the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. (AP, 3/13/06)
      • 2006, May 10; Oklahoma became the last state to make tattoos legal when the governor Brad Henry signed legislation to license and regulate tattoo artists and parlors. (AP, 5/11/06)
      • 2006, July 18; The Seattle Soncis basketball team said a group of Oklahoma businessmen had purchased the club for $350 million. The new ownership group said it plans to keep the team in Seattle, if it can work out a deal for a new arena in the next 12 months. Officials in Seattle said they planned to hold the Sonics to their lease, which expires in 2010. (Econ, 7/29/06, p.33)(http://tinyurl.com/qga3e)
      • 2006, July 18, A heat wave in the US left at least 7 people dead including 5 in Oklahoma and 2 in Pennsylvania. (SFC, 7/19/06, p.A2)
      • 2006, Aug 18; In Bristow, Oklahoma, Donald Thompson (59), a former judge convicted of exposing himself while presiding over jury trials, was sentenced to four years in prison and ordered to pay a fine of $40,000. (SFC, 8/19/06, p.A2)
      • 2007, Jan 14; In Oklahoma a minivan carrying 12 people skidded off an icy highway and slammed into an oncoming tractor-trailer, killing seven. (AP, 1/14/07)
      • 2007, Jan 17; A US snow and ice storm was blamed for at least 64 deaths in nine states. These included 20 deaths in Oklahoma, 9 in Missouri, 8 in Iowa, 4 in New York, 5 in Texas, 4 in Michigan, 3 in Arkansas, and 1 each in Maine and Indiana. (AP, 1/17/07)(SFC, 1/18/07, p.A3)
      • 2007, Jan 29; Lauren Nelson, an aspiring Broadway star, was crowned Miss America, the second year in a row that a Miss Oklahoma has won the crown. (AP, 1/30/07)
      • 2007, Mar 3, In Oklahoma Cherokee Nation members voted to revoke the tribal citizenship of an estimated 2,800 descendants of the people the Cherokee once owned as slaves. (AP, 3/4/07)
      • 2007, June 15; In Tulsa, OK, a crane lifted out a 1957 Plymouth Belvedere that had been buried in an underground concrete vault half a century earlier to celebrate 50 years of statehood. (AP, 6/15/08)
      • 2007, June 27; Don Harvey and his wife, Joyce, of Oklahoma won the a $105.8 million Powerball lottery. They chose to receive a $33.3 million lump sum after taxes instead of the full amount paid out over 29 years. (AP, 6/29/07)
      • 2007, Aug 19; Fierce storms from the upper Mississippi to Texas since last week left 22 people dead. Six people died in floodwaters across Oklahoma after heavy rains from the remains of Tropical Storm Erin drenched the state. As much as 9 inches of rain fell across a wide swath of Oklahoma, leaving roadways under 5 feet of water. 8 people were reported dead in Texas and 6 dead in Minnesota. (Reuters, 8/20/07)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.A6)(AP, 8/22/07)
      • 2007, Aug 22; The death toll across the Upper Midwest and from the remnants of Tropical Storm Erin that swept Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri over the past week rose to at least 26. Three people were electrocuted by lightning at a bus stop in Madison, Wisconsin. (AP, 8/23/07)
      • 2008, Jan 7; Tornadoes were reported or suspected in southwest Missouri, southeastern Wisconsin, Arkansas, Illinois and Oklahoma. Two people were killed in Missouri. (AP, 1/8/08)
      • 2008, April 4; In San Francisco, cyclist Tammy Thomas, Univ. of Oklahoma law student, was found guilty of lying to a federal grand jury about her use of banned drugs. (SFC, 4/5/08, p.A1)
      • 2008, April 10; Powerful storms brought hail, heavy rain and possible tornadoes to Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma, causing flooding and power outages for thousands of customers and at least one death. (AP, 4/10/08)
      • 2008, May 10; A tornado rumbled through Picher, OK, killing at least 7 people. The same storm system then moved into southwest Missouri, where tornadoes killed at least 15 others. The storms moved eastward and killed at least one person the next day in Georgia. (AP, 5/11/08)(SFC, 5/12/08, p.A2)
      • 2008, Aug 29; In Oklahoma a train slammed into a propane tanker truck triggering an explosion that killed 2 people. (WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A1)
      • 2008, Nov 9; In Louisiana Raymond "Chuck" Foster, 44, shot and killed an Oklahoma woman, who was lured over the Internet to take part in a Ku Klux Klan initiation, after a fight broke out when she asked to be taken back to town. The group tried to cover it up by dumping her body on a rural roadside and setting her belongings aflame. Foster, the local Klan leader was soon in jail on a second-degree murder charge, and seven others were charged with trying to help conceal the crime. (AP, 11/12/08)
      • 2009, Jan 28; President Barack Obama signed requests from Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear and Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe for federal emergency declarations as crews worked around the clock to resurrect power lines downed by thick ice in both states. Since the storm began building on Jan 26, the weather has been blamed for at least six deaths in Texas, four in Arkansas, three in Virginia, six in Missouri, two in Oklahoma, and one each in Indiana and Ohio. (AP, 1/29/09)
      • 2009, Feb 10; In Oklahoma an unusual cluster of twisters ripped across the state killing eight people. The eight confirmed deaths included seven people in Lone Grove and a truck driver who was driving through the area. (AP, 2/11/09)
      • 2009, Dec 15; Oral Roberts (January 24, 1918 - December 15, 2009), preacher, televangelist and founder of the Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, OK, died in Newport Beach, Ca. The pioneer Oklahoma-based televangelist began broadcasting his revivals by television in 1954. (SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_Roberts)
      • 2010, Jan 29; A US storm that toppled power lines, closed major highways and buried parts of the southern Plains in heavy ice and snow began moving into the South, leaving tens of thousands of people in the dark. Nearly 142,000 homes and businesses in Oklahoma were without power. (AP, 1/29/10)
      • 2010, April 27; The Oklahoma Senate voted to override Gov. Brad. Henry's veto of two abortion bills, one that an abortion-rights group has said would be among the nation's strictest measures against the procedure. On Julyy19 Oklahoma County District Judge Noma Gurich granted an injunctions blocking enforcement of the abortion law. (SFC, 4/28/10, p.A6)(SFC, 7/20/10, p.A4)
      • 2010, May 10; Several tornadoes were reported in Oklahoma and Kansas. 5 people were killed and dozens more injured. Flattened homes, toppled semitrailers and downed power lines were left behind. (AP, 5/11/10)
      • 2010, June 14; Floodwaters inundated parts of Oklahoma City following 10 inches of rain. (SFC, 6/15/10, p.A6)
      • 2010, Sep 8; Tropical Storm Hermine swept north through Texas and into Oklahoma swamping city neighborhoods and killing 6 people, 5 in Texas and 1 in Oklahoma. (SFC, 9/9/10, p.A7)(SFC, 9/11/10, p.A4)
      • 2010, Nov 2; Oklahoma voters approved a measure that would forbid judges from considering international law or Islamic law when deciding cases. Referance Article VI, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution. (SFC, 11/4/10, p.A9)






      For more information about The History of Oklahoma, visit the following sites:





      Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.



      Broken Bow, OK Weather Information



      Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Broken Bow, OK.
      Data from BROKEN BOW 1 N Weather station, 1.52 miles from Broken Bow.



       

      Jan

      Feb

      Mar

      Apr

      May

      Jun

      Jul

      Aug

      Sep

      Oct

      Nov

      Dec

      Annual

      Avg. High

      53.1 °

      58.9 °

      66.6 °

      74.8 °

      81.9 °

      89.6 °

      94.6 °

      94.8 °

      87.6 °

      77.8 °

      64.9 °

      55.9 °

      75.0 °

      Avg. Low

      28.9 °

      32.3 °

      39.6 °

      47.2 °

      57.1 °

      64.8 °

      68.2 °

      67.4 °

      61.1 °

      49.3 °

      39.7 °

      31.7 °

      48.9 °

      Mean

      41.0 °

      45.6 °

      53.1 °

      61.0 °

      69.5 °

      77.2 °

      81.4 °

      81.1 °

      74.4 °

      63.6 °

      52.3 °

      43.8 °

      62.0 °

      Avg. Precip.

      2.95 in

      3.52 in

      4.54 in

      4.37 in

      6.24 in

      4.47 in

      3.69 in

      2.53 in

      4.45 in

      5.09 in

      5.34 in

      4.84 in

      52.03 in



      The climate in Broken Bow, OK, is hot during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 80's and cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 40's. The yearly mean is 62° Fahrenheit.


      The warmest month of the year is August with an average maximum temperature of 94.80° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 28.90° Fahrenheit.


      Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate during summer with a difference that can reach 27° Fahrenheit, and moderate during winter with an average difference of 25° Fahrenheit.


      Rainfall in is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is May with an average rainfall of 6.24 Inches. The annual average precipitation at Broken Bow is 52.03 Inches.[22]





      Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.






      Historical Weather data


      I am still doing research on this weather history of the city.





      OK Notable Severe Weather Events



      Oklahoma´ Weather History


      “Oklahoma's climate is influenced by the State's geographic location on the leeward side of the Rocky Mountains. Average annual precipitation increases from west to east and ranges from about 16 inches in the extreme western panhandle to 56 inches in the southeastern comer of the State (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1977).[Source]






      For more information about the climate:





      Droughts[18]



      Palmer Drought Severity Index
       D0: Abnormally Dry
       D1: Drought - Moderate
       D2: Drought - Severe
       D3: Drought - Extreme
       D4: Drought - Exceptional

      • 1913; Extreme droughts conditions existed in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and South Dakota. The drought in Texas ended by a major storm lasting from September 8 to 13, 1913.
      • 1918; Research shows that in 1918 the surface waters over vast stretches of the eastern Pacific Ocean were unusually warm. This quasiperiodic climate pattern is called El Niño, and was the strongest of the 20th century.[19] The drought of 1918 was one of the worst drought in Texas modern history.
      • NOAA Drought August 1918

      • 1930 - 1936; The American Midwest and the Canadian prairie are in the gripes of the Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties. This period of severe dust storms, causes major ecological and agricultural damage. The Dust Bowl affected 100,000,000 acres and is centered on the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas. Many Americans migrated west looking for work and were often known as "Okies", since so many came from Oklahoma. Some residents of the Plains, especially in Kansas and Oklahoma fall ill and die of dust pneumonia or malnutrition.[20]

      • NOAA Drought October 1934

      • 1950's; The 1950s drought was characterized by both low rainfall amounts and excessively high temperatures. Texas rainfall dropped by 40% between 1949-1951 and by 1953, 75% of Texas recorded below normal rainfall amounts. Excessive temperatures heated up cities like Dallas where temperatures exceeded 100°F on 52 days in the summer of 1953. Kansas experienced severe drought conditions during much of the five-year period, and recorded a negative Palmer Drought Severity Index from 1952 until March 1957, reaching a record low in September of 1956.

        Between 1949 and 1951, Texas rainfall dropped by 40% with75% of Texas recorded below normal rainfall amounts. Temperatures were also extremely high temperatures exceeded 100°F on 52 days in the summer of 1953. By 1954, the drought encompassed a ten-state area reaching from the mid-west to the Great Plains, and southward into New Mexico. The drought maintained a stronghold in the Great Plains, reaching a peak in 1956. The drought subsided in most areas with the spring rains of 1957.[21]

      • NOAA Drought September 1956

      • 2011; Most of Texas and Oklahoma, as well as parts of Louisiana, Kansas and New Mexico are suffering from extreme draught conditions. In 2011, the across the equatorial Eastern Central Pacific Ocean, knowen as La Nina, is the sixth-strongest in records dating back to 1949.

      • NOAA Drought July 2011



      For more information:


      Tornadoes




      Enhanced Fujita Scale
      EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5




      The following statistics where compiled from "The Tornado Project" for the time period of 1950-02-27 - 2014-12-14

      Intensity Number Fatalities
      F0 1450 0
      F1 1124 5
      F2 669 23
      F3 190 79
      F4 57 214
      F5 8 176

       





      Between 1950-02-27 - 2014-12-14 Oklahoma has had 3570 tornadoes killing 497 people and injuring 7695 people. The greatest loss of live occurred on May 25, 1955 when an EF 5 touchdown at 10:00 pm killing 80 and injuries 273. [Source1]








      • 1896, May 15 - 27; The May 1896 tornado outbreak sequence produced at least two, or perhaps three F5 tornadoes as well as the third deadliest tornado ever in United States history. A total of 484 people were killed during the entire outbreak sequence that lasted from May 15 to May 27, 1896, at least 38 different tornadoes which struck Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky and Michigan killing 484 people. On May 15 a tornado struck Sherman, TX, killing 73 people and injuring 200. Four people were killed and 1 injured in Oklahoma.
      • 1905, May 10; The 1905 Snyder, Oklahoma tornado produced an F5 largely destroyed Snyder, OK. The initial death toll was set at 97 people by the National Weather Service data, although the real death toll was not known as several people missing were not accounted or found in the following days and weeks. At least 112 people were killed during this tornado outbreak.
      • 1917 January 4; F3 Vireton tornado (13 NE of McAlester) kills 16 students in the Choctaw Boarding School.[Source]
      • 1917, May 25 - June 7; The 1917 May-June tornado outbreak sequence was an eight-day tornado event that killed at least 382 people, mostly in the Midwestern and parts of the Southeastern United States. The states affected by this tornado outbreak were Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas.
      • 1920 May 2: F4; Peggs tornado destroys town, killing 71. [Source]
      • 1922 March 13; F2 tornado at Gowan (Latimer County) kills 10. [Source]
      • 1922 November 4; F4 tornado near Shamrock and Drumright kills 11. [Source]
      • 1924, April 30; The April 1924 tornado outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Virginia. The most severe damage during this outbreak was seen in parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia on April 30. A tornado produced estimated F2 damage in the town of Lawrenceville, Georgia. A F4 passed through Macon, Georgia, sweeping away a few homes, damaging an industrial area, and killing 3. There were a total of 110 deaths and 1133 injuries. Seven were killed at school in Horrell Hill, South Carolina.
      • 1930 November 19: F4 tornado at Bethany, kills 23. [Source]
      • 1942 April 27: F4 tornado strikes Pryor, killing 52.[Source]
      • 1942 June 12: F4 tornado in Oklahoma City kills 35. [Source]
      • 1942 May 2: Tornadoes in Okfuskee County kills 16. [Source]
      • 1945 April 12: F5 tornado kills 69 in Antlers, F4 tornado kills 13 in Muskogee. [Source]
      • 1947, April 9-10; The 1947 Glazier-Higgins-Woodward tornadoes affected Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas on April 9, 1947. As many as 181 were killed and 970 injuring in this outbreak. The outbreak was responsible for the deaths of 17 in Glazier , TX, and another 51 in Higgins, Texas, on the Texas-Oklahoma border. An estimated 107 people were killed in Woodward, OK. The damage track in Woodward, OK, was two miles wide and destroyed 100 city blocks.
      • 1948, March 20 & 25; The 1948 Tinker Air Force Base tornadoes were the first successful tornado prediction in history. Two tornadoes struck the base. The first on March 20 and the second on March 25, 1948. There were no reported deaths caused by these tornados, but the damage total came to $16 million 1948 USD.
      • 1948 March 25: F4 tornado strikes Lenna, killing 10.[Source]
      • 1953, May 9-11; The 1953 Waco tornado outbreak was a series of 33 tornadoes, over a three day period affecting Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas and Wisconsin. The storm killed 144 and injuring at least 780. An EF5 struck the downtown area of Waco, TX, killing 144 and injuring 597. Thirteen more died and 159 were injuries when a EF4 devastated a 15-block area of San Angelo, TX.[Source]
      • 1955, May 25-26; The 1955 Great Plains tornado outbreak struck the southern and central U.S Great Plains States. It produced 46 tornadoes, 2 F5s in Blackwell, Oklahoma, and Udall, Kansas, and 1 F4. The outbreak killed 102 and injured hundreds more. Unusual electromagnetic activity was observed, including St. Elmo's fire. The states affected were Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas.[Source]
      • 1956, April 2-3; The Hudsonville-Standale tornado affected 14 states on April 2 and 3. On April 2, it affected Missouri (2 F1s), Illinois (F1), Oklahoma (2 F1, 3 F2, 3 F3, 2 F4), Kansas (2 F0, 1 F1, 2 F2, 3 f3), Nebraska F2). On April 3, the systems struck Wisconsin 2 F2, 1 F4, Arkansas 2 F2, Mississippi 2 F2, Illinois (1 F1, 3 F2), Kentucky (1 F0, 1 F3), Tennessee (1 F1, 1 F4), Indiana (1 F1, 5 F2, 1 F3), Michigan (1 F3, 2 F4, 1 F4) and Ohio (1 F0). Five people were killed in Oklahoma. A total of 40 people lost their life during the outbreak.
      • 1957, April 2-5; The April 1957 Dallas tornado outbreak struck most of the Southern United States from April 2 to April 5, 1957, producing 57 tornadoes. Twenty-one (21) people were killed by this outbreak in four states, 1 in Mississippi, 2 in Georgia, 6 in Oklahoma and 12 in Texas. On April 2, a F3 tornado hit a densely populated area of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area, killing 10 people and injuring 200 or more. The states affected by the Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence were Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
      • 1957, April 2-5; The April 1957 Dallas tornado outbreak struck most of the Southern United States from April 2 to April 5, 1957, producing 57 tornadoes. Twenty-one (21) people were killed by this outbreak in four states, 1 in Mississippi, 2 in Georgia, 6 in Oklahoma and 12 in Texas. On April 2, a F3 tornado hit a densely populated area of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area, killing 10 people and injuring 200 or more. The states affected by the Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence were Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
      • 1957, May 19-21; The May 1957 Central Plains tornado affected Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Missouri, Minnesota, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kentucky and Oklahoma and produced 57 tornadoes, 3 F3 and 1 F5. There were 52 deaths reported in Missouri and 7 in Kansas.
      • 1957, May 24-25; The Late-May 1957 tornado outbreak produced 37 confirmed tornadoes, 1 F4 and 3 F3. There were 4 fatalities south of Lawton, Oklahoma. The states affected were Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Wyoming.[Source]
      • 1960, May 4-6; The May 1960 tornado outbreak sequence affected the southeast High Plains, the southern Ozarks, and parts of the Midwestern and Southern United States. There were 71 confirmed tornadoes across 10 states. On May 5, a F5 was traveled 71.8 miles from north of Tecumseh to south of Oakhurst, Oklahoma killing 5. This outbreak affected Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Alabama, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa, Illinois and Mississippi.[Source]
      • 1964, April 3 The 1964 Wichita Falls Tornado hit the north and northwest portions of Wichita Falls along with Sheppard Air Force Base during the afternoon of April 3, 1964. The tornado killed 7 people, injured 111, destroyed 225 homes and inflicted major damage at Sheppard Air Force Base. This was the first tornado ever captured on live television.[24]
      • 1965, May 5-6; The early-May 1965 tornado outbreak sequence a major severe weather event that affected much of the Central United States. There were 72 confirmed tornadoes, 1 F5 and 8 F4s. Four (4) of the F4s touchdown on May 4 in Minnesota, killing 13. The F5 traveled from east of Wewela moving to northeast of Winner, South Dakota, coving 30.1 miles. The states affected were Arkansas, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas and Wisconsin.[Source]
      • 1967, January 24; The 1967 St. Louis tornado outbreak was the rare winter outbreak that affected Oklahoma, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois and Wisconsin. There were 30 tornadoes that touched down during this outbreak including 2 F4´s and killed 6.
      • 1973 May 24: Tornado at Union City is the first intercepted and photographed by "chase team" deployed for that purpose. [Source]
      • 1974 June 8: F4 tornado kills 14 in Drumright. [Source]
      • 1975, January 10; The Great Storm of 1975 (also known as the Super Bowl Blizzard, Minnesota's Storm of the Century, or the Tornado Outbreak of January, 1975) was an intense storm system that impacted a large portion of the Central and Southeast United States from January 9 to January 12, 1975. The storm produced 45 tornadoes in the Southeast U.S. resulting in 12 fatalities, while later dropping over 2 feet (61 cm) of snow and killing 58 people in the Midwest. This storm remains one of the worst blizzards to ever strike parts of the Midwest, as well as one of the largest January tornado outbreaks on record in the United States A total of 7 tornadoes struck Mississippi on January 10, 1975. An F4 tornado moving from southwest of McComb, MS, to southwest of Pinola, MS, caused 9 deaths and 210 injuries. Tornadoes also struck Alabama (1 death), Arkansas, Florida (1 death), Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana (1 death), Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas.
      • 1979, April 10-11; The 1979 Red River Valley tornado outbreak affected Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Nebraska, Mississippi, Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee and Alabama. Fifty nine tornadoes touched down during this outbreak including two F2´s and killing 58. On April 10, 1979 (known locally as "Terrible Tuesday") a F4 touched down in Wichita Fall, TX, killing 42 and injuring 1,800. The tornado left 20,000 people homeless. The 1979 Red River Valley tornado outbreak affected Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Nebraska, Mississippi, Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee and Alabama. Fifty nine tornadoes touched down during this outbreak including two F2´s and killing 58. On April 10, 1979 (known locally as "Terrible Tuesday") a F4 touched down in Wichita Fall, TX, killing 42 and injuring 1,800. The tornado left 20,000 people homeless.[Source]
      • 1981, May 22-23; The May 1981 Tornado Outbreak affected Oklahoma, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri. There were a total of 43 confirmed tornadoes including one F4. There were no fatalities caused by this outbreak.
      • 1982, May 11-12; The May 1982 Tornado Outbreak affected Oklahoma, and Texas. There were a total of 70 confirmed tornadoes, 14 that were significant. There were 2 fatalities due to this outbreak.
      • 1984, April 26-27; The 1984 Morris, Oklahoma tornado outbreak affected the Great Plains and Mississippi Valley. On April 26, a F3 struck Morris, OK, killing 8 and injuring 95. [Source]
      • 1984, April 29; The 1984 Mannford-New Prue, Oklahoma tornado outbreak affected the Central United States. A F4 struck the Mannford-New Prue area killing 1 and injuring 20. [Source]

      • 1991, April 26-27; The 1991 Andover, Kansas tornado outbreak was a violent outbreak of 55 that affected Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, Iowa, and Missouri. There were 4 F4´s and 1 F5. Thenf5 struck Sedgwick, Butler, Kansas killing 17. There were two deaths in Oklahoma, and 19 in Kansas.
      • 1993, April 24; During the 1993 Catoosa, Oklahoma tornado outbreak, Rogers County was hit by an EF 3 and an EF 4 Tornado. The EF 3 injured 30. The EF 4 struck the town of Catoosa, Oklahoma, killing 7 and injuring 100 and damaged or destroyed 75% of the town's businesses.[Source][S-1]
      • 1994, April 25-27; The April 1994 tornado outbreak affected Colorado, Nebraska, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Iowa, Minnesota, Texas, Wisconsin, Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Tennessee, New York and Kentucky. There were 101 tornadoes with two F2 and 6 fatalities, 3 of which were in the Lancaster/Hutchins, TX area.
      • 1995, May 1-31;The May 1995 tornado outbreak sequence produced 393 tornadoes during the month, 279 tornadoes between May 6 and May 19, 1995. There were 13 fatalities during the outbreak sequence. In Texas, there were 4 fatalities and 144 injured.[Source]
        • May 7, there were 20 tornadoes, 2 fatalities and 36 injured. The system produced 10 F0, 5 F1, 3 F2 and 2 F3. A F2 that struck SW of Amarillo claimed one life while an F3 that struck NE of Saint Jo Killed one in Texas before crossing in to Oklahoma were there were two more fatalities, there were 36 injured.[Source]
        • May 14-15, there were 9 tornadoes, one was an F3.
        • May 18, there were 5 tornadoes, injuring 12 people.
        • May 26, there were 6 tornadoes, all rated at F0. Two tornadoes touched down near Burkburnett, TX, Killing 2 and injuring 30.[Source]
      • 1995, June; During the June Tornado Outbreak of 1995, over 70 tornadoes reported across the panhandle for the season, 20 tornadoes occurred on June 8th, across the Texas panhandle with 3 more in Oklahoma, the most ever reported in one day. Three (3) were classed as F4s. An F4 hit the industrial section of Pampa, Texas, destroying or damaging 200 homes and 50 businesses resulted in $30 million in damage which is the costliest tornado on record. There were 7 injured during the Pampa tornado but no fatalities. [Source1][Source2]
      • 1996, April 19-22; The April 1996 Tornado Outbreak Sequence affected Texas, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Oklahoma, Ontario, Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, Louisiana, Quebec and Arkansas. There were 117 confirmed tornadoes with 11 F3s and six people were killed. In Arkansas there 2 deaths, 8 homes and a mobile home destroyed and a church was also damaged. Six people were injured. In the Ft. Smith, Oklahoma, area 2 people were killed, 498 homes were destroyed while 620 had major damage and 1275 had minor damage, 98 businesses were damaged or destroyed and 246 apartment units were damaged. 89 people were injured
      • 1999, April 3; The Easter weekend 1999 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. There were 17 confirmed tornadoes, 3 F3s and 1 F4. The F4 traveled from northwest of Shreveport, LA, to north of Midway killing 7 people.
      • 1999, May 2-8; The 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak was a significant tornado outbreak that took place across much of the Central and parts of the Eastern United States. There were 50 fatalities and 889 injured during this event. There were 40 fatalities in Oklahoma, 6 in Kansas, 3 in Tennessee and one in Texas. On May 3, an F5 formed over Grady County near Amber, OK, and tracked northeast for 37 miles eventually into the Oklahoma City metropolitan area, killing 12 and injuring 39.[Source] A second F5 touchdown WSW of Moore, OK. This tornado traded 10 Miles, killing 11 and injuring 293.[Source] The states most affected where Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, and Arkansas.[Source]
      • 2001, April 10-11; The April 10-11, 2001 tornado outbreak was a large tornado outbreak which affected eight states in the central Great Plains. There were 79 tornadoes across Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois and Michigan. There were four fatalities, 18 injured, and more than $23 million in damage was reported.[Source]
      • 2003, May 3-11; The May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence affected Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Tennessee were hardest hit. There were 86 confirmed tornadoes with 4 F4s.
      • 2006, May 9; The May 2006 North Texas tornado affected Oklahoma and Texas. There were seven reported tornadoes, two of them severe, one of which was a killer that caused 3 fatalities.
      • 2006, September 21-23; The Late-September 2006 tornado outbreak affected Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri Alabama, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas and Michigan. There were 53 confirmed tornadoe, 1 F3 and 1 F4.
      • 2007, April 20-26; The April 20-26, 2007 tornado outbreak sequence were a deadly pair of tornadoes that struck the border cities of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, and Eagle Pass, Texas. There were 93 confirmed tornadoes, 2 EF3s and one EF4. There were seven fatalities in the US and three in Coahuila, Mexico. The states affected were Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia
      • 2007, May 3-5; The May 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Kansas, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska and Illinois. There were 123 confirmed tornadoes, 5 EF3s and 1 EF5 that struck Greensburg, Kansas. There were 14 fatalities caused by this outbreak.
      • 2008, January 7-9; The January 2008 tornado outbreak sequence affected southwest Missouri, northwest Arkansas, northeast Oklahoma, Illinois, Wisconsin, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana and Kentucky. There were 85 confirmed tornadoes, including 8 EF3s. There were 4 fatalities.
      • 2008 May 1-2; The May 1-2, tornado outbreak took place across the Southern and Central US. There were 75 tornadoes across Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas. There were Six deaths, 45 injuries and $ 81.111 million in property damage. There were 3 F3 tornadoes, 2 in Arkansas and one in Missouri. On May 2, a 4 year-old girl and her grandparents were killed, when their house was destroyed in Damascus, Arkansas.[Source][S-2]
      • 2008, May 7-15; The Mid-May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence affected Oklahoma, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Ohio, Virginia, North Carolina, Maryland, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, South Carolina, Kentucky, Texas, Louisiana, Indiana and Wyoming. There were 147 confirmed tornadoes, 5 EF3s and 2 EF4s. There were 19 confirmed tornadoes in Oklahoma and 17 in Texas. There were 25 fataliites caused by the outbreak. The deadliest tornadoes was caused by a single super cell that tracked through Ottawa County, Oklahoma, Newton County, Missouri and Barry County, Missouri on May 10, 2008. The EF4 tornado killed 15 people in Missouri and six people in northeastern Oklahoma.
      • 2008, May 22-25; The Late May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, Oklahoma, South Dakota, North Dakota, Texas, Minnesota, Ontario, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, New Mexico, Nebraska, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia, Virginia and Manitoba. There were 235 confirmed tornadoes 11 EF3, one EF3 and 1 EF4. There were 12 fatalities during this outbreak. Here were 114 confirmed tornadoes in Kansas, 70 on May 23. Oklahoma had 14 tornadoes and there were 10 in Texas.
      • 2009, February 10-11; The February 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, Kentucky, Michigan, Iowa, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts. There were 15 confirmed tornadoes, one EF4. The EF4 struck SE of Grady, Oklahoma killing 8 people.
      • 2009, April 9-10; The April 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 85 confirmed tornadoes, 9 EF3s and 1 EF4. There were 5 deaths caused by this outbreak two in Tennessee and 3 in Arkansas. An EF3 tornado hit the Mena, Arkansas area killing three people; an EF4 tornado hit Murfreesboro, Tennessee killing two people.
      • 2010, April 22-24; The April 2010 tornado outbreak affected the Midwest, U.S. South, including Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi. There were 88 confirmed tornadoes with 4 EF3s and 2 EF4s. There were ten fatalities and 146 injuries in Mississippi.
      • 2010, May 10-11; The May 2010 tornado outbreak affected Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Arkansas. There were 91 confirmed tornadoes, 4 EF3s and 2 EF4s. An EF4 in the Moore area, Oklahoma, killed two and injured 49. Another EF4 in the Norman, Oklahoma, area killed one and injured 32.
      • December 31, 2010 - January 1, 2011; The 2010 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Louisiana and Mississippi. There were 36 confirmed tornadoes with 7 EF3s and 9 fatalities. An early morning EF-3 tornado touched down near Stilwell, OK and lifted near Tontitown, AR, killing 3 elderly people near Cincinnati, AR. Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, took a direct hit from an EF-3 tornado, destroying 41 houses and damaging 118. Another EF-3 tornado killed 2 elderly women near Rolla, MO. An EF-1 tornado killed two women near Lecoma, Missouri. Two were killed NE of Rolla, Missouri, by an EF3.
      • 2011, April 14-16; The April 14-16, 2011 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Missouri, Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. There were 162 confirmed tornadoes, 14 EF3s and 43 fatalities.
      • 2011, May 21-26; The May 21-26, 2011 tornado outbreak was a six day event that affected Kansas, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Tennessee, Colorado, California, Louisiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Alabama. There were 292 tornadoes, 178 fatalities, 1,629 injured and $3 billion in property damage. The state of Missouri was struck by 41 tornadoes, killing 158 statewide. On May 22, a large, devastating EF5, multiple-vortex tornado in excess of 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, tracked through Joplin, Missouri (see 2011 Joplin tornado), leaving behind catastrophic damage. Mainly the southern part of the city was affected, there were 158 fatalities, 1150 injured and 2.800 billion in damages.[Source]. In addition to the 158 killed in Missouri, there were 5 killed in Arkansas, 3 in Kansas, 11 in Oklahoma and 1 in Minnesota.[Source]


      For more information:




      Hurricanes / Tropical cyclone


       

      Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
      Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5
      Related classifications
      Tropical storm: Tropical depression
      Rollover for details


       

      It is rare for hurricanes to occur in Oklahoma. The main impact from hurricanes in Oklahoma is from torrential rains caused by the remnants of a hurricane passing over Oklahoma. The state can be affected by storms originating in the Gulf of Mexico as well as storms form the Pacific.



      • 1959, July 23-28; Hurricane Debra made landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast. Hurricane Debra was a Category 1 storm with highest winds were 85 mph (140 km/h) and it caused 7 million in damage. Torrential rains were produced in southeastern Texas, which caused widespread flooding on highways. In Oklahoma, torrential rainfall produced floods in small areas of the state and two tornadoes where reported. There were heavy rainfall in Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio. [Source]
      • 1960, June 22-29; The 1960 Texas tropical storm produced localized flooding to southeastern Texas, its highest sustained winds where 45 mph. There were 18 fatalities and $3.6 million (1960 USD) in property damages. The storm affected Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri and Illinois.[Source]
      • 1963, Sept. 16-20; Hurricane Cindy was a Category 1 hurricane with sustained winds reaching 80 mph (130 km/h). There were 3 fatalities and $12.5 million (1963 USD), most of the damage was due to flooding. Cindy made landfall at High Island, Texas. In Guthrie, Oklahoma, inundated 25 businesses and 35 homes were flooded, up to 2.5 ft (0.76 m) of water forced 300 residents to flee.[Source]
      • 1970, Sept. 12-17; Tropical Storm Felice lightly impacted parts of the Gulf Coast with highest sustained wind of 70 mph (110 km/h). Felice made landfall northeast of Galveston, Texas. The storm caused scattered power outages and minor tree damage, while heavy rainfall totaling over 6 in (150 mm) triggered some street flooding. [Source]
      • 1974, August 29-Sept. 10; Hurricane Carmen was a Category 4 with sustained winds of 150 mph (240 km/h) and Gust as high as 175 mph (280 km/h). There were 8 fatalities and the storm caused $162 million (1974 USD). The system affected the Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, Louisiana and Texas. Light to moderate rainfall extended as far east as Florida and Georgia and as far west as Oklahoma and Texas. [Source]
      • 1983, August 15-20
      • 1983, August 18; Hurricane Alicia made landfall near Galveston as a category 3 hurricane causing $5.4 billion (2007 USD) in damage and twenty-one fatalities. Rainfall totals of at least 7 inches (178 mm) were reported in Southeast Texas with a maximum of 9.5 inches (241 mm) of rain in Liberty. The peak wind gust in Galveston was 102 miles per hour (164 km/h). Alica also caused twenty-three tornadoes. In the south-central portions of Oklahoma, the rain amounted to 5.51 in (140 mm). Alica affected Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska[Source]
      • 1983, Oct. 11-19; Hurricane Tico was at Category 4 hurricane with highest sustained winds of 130 mph (215 km/h). Tico made landfall very near Mazatlán, Mexico, and moved north east across the South Central United States. The storm dropped heavy rainfall in Oklahoma, before moving continuing to the northeastward to near Lake Michigan as a low pressure system. There were 141 fatalities. In the US, flooding was reported in parts of southern Kansas, Texas, and Oklahoma. Chickasha, Oklahoma, recorded 16.95 inches of rain while Lubbock, Texas, recorded 7 in (180 mm) inches of rain. [Source]
      • 1986, Sept. 28-Oct. 2; Hurricane Paine was a Category 2 hurricane that made landfall near San José, Sonora, Mexico, with winds of 90 mph. The highest sustained winds were 100 mph (155 km/h), and there were at least 10 fatalities. Paine dropped moderate to heavy rainfall in regions that already received above normal rainfall. Some locations in Texas, northern Oklahoma, and southeastern Kansas recorded over 10 inches of rain. [Source]
      • 1989, July 30-Aug. 2; Hurricane Chantal was a Category 1 hurricane with highest sustained winds of 80 mph (130 km/h). There was 13 fatalities and $100 million (1989 USD) in property damage. Chantal affected Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Midwestern United States. Chantal made landfall near High Island, Texas and eventually dissipated over western Oklahoma on August 3. [Source]
      • 1989, Sept. 25-Oct. 5; Hurricane Raymond was a Category 4 hurricane with highest sustained winds of 145 mph (230 km/h). There was one fatality and $1.75 million (1989 USD) in property damage. Raymond affected Baja California Peninsula, northeastern Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Missouri. Raymond made landfall on the Baja California Peninsula as a tropical storm late on October 4 and a second landfall in Sonora, Mexico. Tucson, Arizona recorded 4.5 in (110 mm) of rain that caused flash flooding and landslides. [Source]
      • 1995, July 28-Aug. 2; Tropical Storm Dean's highest sustained winds were measured at 45 mph (75 km/h). There was one fatality in Oklahoma and $500,000 (1995 USD) in property damage. Dean made landfall near Freeport, Texas, bringing 6 to 18 inches of rain across large part of Texas. Monroe City, Texas recorded 17.4 inches (426 mm). In Oklahoma, Great Salt Plains Dam, reported 12.07 inches.[Source]
      • 1995, Sept. 12-16; Hurricane Ismael was a Category 1 hurricane with highest sustained winds measured at 80 mph (130 km/h). There were 116 fatalities and $26 million (1995 USD) in property damage. Ismael made landfall near Topolobampo, Sinaloa, Mexico. Ismael moved northeast bringing heavy rainfall to the New Mexico/Texas border. Hobbs, New Mexico recorded 8.53 inches (217 mm) of rain, while in Lubbock, Texas, the rainfall led to flash flooding, closing many intersections and roads. In southwestern Oklahoma and northern Arkansas, the remnants of the storm produced over 3 inches (76 mm) of rain. [Source]
      • 2003, August 30-Sept. 2; Tropical Storm Grace had sustained winds measured at 40 mph (65 km/h). There were no reported fatalities and $113,000 (2003 USD) in property damage. Grace made landfall San Luis Pass on the southwestern portion of Galveston Island, Texas. Texas, Oklahoma, Ohio Valley, Mid-Atlantic States were affected by Grace. The storm dropped heavy rainfall in Texas, causing minor flash flooding damage. Some areas of Oklahoma, received as much as 8.98 inches (228 mm) of rain. [Source]
      • 2004, Oct. 8-11; Tropical Storm Matthew had sustained winds measured at 45 mph (75 km/h). There were no reported fatalities and $305,000 (2004 USD) in property damage. Matthew made landfall at Cocodrie, Louisiana. Matthew affected Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Arkansas, Missouri and the Ohio Valley. Portions of Texas and Oklahoma experienced over 5 inches (127 mm) of beneficial rain, while southern Arkansas received over 10 inches (255 mm) of rain.[Source]
      • 2007, Aug. 15-20; Tropical Storm Erin had sustained winds measured at 65 mph (100 km/h). There were 21 fatalities and $248.3 million (2007 USD) in property damage. Erin made landfall at near Lamar, Texas. Erin affected Texas, Oklahoma and the central US. Erin produced heavy rainfall near and to the or northeast of its path. Lockwood, Texas reported 11.02 inches (280 mm) of rain. There was severe flooding due to the heavy rainfall in Oklahoma. Watonga, Kingfisher and Geary were the hardest-hit. In Caddo County, OK, a nursing home was damaged by high winds. [Source]

       

      For more information:

       


      Floods



      USGC - Flood Mark
      • 1900, September 9-10, The remnants of the Galveston Hurricane caused flooding in eastern Indian Territory.[Source]
      • 1906, September 16: Sudden flooding along the Cimarron River south of Dover, Oklahoma, washes out the railroad bridge, causing a spectacular train wreck.[Source]
      • 1914, May 1-5; Heavy rains in New Mexico caused flooding on Canadian River. The flow along the entire length of the Canadian River in Oklahoma went from nil to overflow overnight. Flooding was also reported along the North Canadian and the Cimarron rivers. [Source]
      • 1915, June 3-18; Flooding on the North Canadian river inundated low-lying districts of southern and eastern Oklahoma City. [Source]
      • 1915, September 14-15; 9.55 inches of rain in central Osage County caused significant flooding in Pawhuska. [Source]
      • 1916, January; Fort Gibson recorded 13.08 inches of precipitation. The Neosho, Verdigris, and Arkansas rivers all flood. Later in the month, widespread sleet and snow occurred. [Source]
      • 1916, June; Heavy rains in northwestern Oklahoma on the 4th and 5th lead to extensive flooding on the North Canadian river, especially, beginning on the 13th, in Oklahoma City where 6 to 10 feet of water cover Wheeler Park (behind the levee). [Source]
      • 1920, October 21-30; Extensive flooding along the North Canadian river caused the levees in Oklahoma City to be breached, flooding low-lying industrial and residential sections. [Source]
      • 1921, April 4-5; Heavy rain caused flash flooding near Clinton drowning several hundred cattle. [Source]
      • 1923, June 11-13; Severe flooding along the Arkansas and Chikaskia rivers, especially in Ponca City, Blackwell, and Tulsa. [Source]
      • 1923, June 11-13; Above normal rainfall in northwestern Oklahoma caused flooding along the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River, Chikaskia, North Canadian, Cimarron, and Canadian Rivers. There was severe in flooding in Ponca City, Blackwell, and Tulsa. Railroad bridges were out near Mustang and Enid, OK, and substantial agricultural losses. The flood claimed the lives of nearly all the animals of the Oklahoma City Zoo.[Src - pp 3-6 ][src - pp 452-453]
      • 1923, Oct. 13; Above normal rainfall in northwestern Oklahoma caused the North Canadian River to overflow its banks. There was severe in Oklahoma City, the river stage 9 feet higher than during June 1923 flood. The dam for the city's water-supply reservoir, Lake Overholser, was breached sending a wall of water 25 feet high towards downtown Oklahoma City. Mayor Otto Cargill ordered the evacuation of 117 city blocks south of Grand Avenue, about 15,000 residents evacuated. The flood caused nearly $3 million (1923 dollars) in damage in Oklahoma City alone.[Src - pp 3-6 ][src - pp 452-453]
      • 1927, April 6-7; Heavy rains added to already high stream flow produce the greatest flooding along the Arkansas river from below the mouth of the Neosho river since 1833. The flood extended through the 19th inundating 165,000 acres with losses totaling $4M (in 1927 dollars). [Source]
      • 1927, April - May; Flood of 1927 - Rain begain in the summer of 1926. On Christmas Day of 1926, the Cumberland River at Nashville, TN, exceeded 56.2 feet, a record high level. By May 1927, the Mississippi River below Memphis, Tennessee, reached a width of 60 miles. There were 246 fatalities due to the flood and over $400 million in damages. The flood affected Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. Arkansas had 14% of its territory covered by floodwaters.[Source]
      • 1932; June 3; A locally intense thunderstorm dropped 6.4 inches in 5 hours causing severe flooding along the North Canadian River in Oklahoma City. The storm was responsible for 5 deaths, 7 missing and 3,200 people were left homeless.[Src p 453]
      • 1934, Apr. 3-4; On April 3 and early morning of the 4th heavy rainfall totals of 6 to 14 inches occurred over a concentrated area in west central Oklahoma. The most extreme rain was centered over Cheyenne, OK. This storm, caused flash flooding and river flooding along the Washita River that killed 17 people near the town of Hammon, OK.[Source]
      • 1943, May 18-22; Heavy rains first occurred from May 7-11, with most of the eastern Oklahoma stations reporting more than 5 inches of rain and many reporting more than 10 inches, McAlester, Oklahoma, recorded 12.99 inches. A second round of heavy rain occurred over the same area from May 16-20. Most stations in eastern Oklahoma again reported over 5 inches, with several reporting over 10 inches. Ralston's total was 13.10 inches. There was considerable infiltration during the first storm, most of the streams were still running high when the second storm began, resulting in the heaviest flood on record in eastern Oklahoma. There were 26 fatalities during this event. Considerable erosion was reported in the areas having the heavier rains. Flooding occured on the Caney, Neosho, Verdigris, and Arkansas rivers. The Arkansas River at Fort Smith, AR, reached flood stage on May 10. It crested at 41.8 ft. and did not go below flood stage at Pine Bluff, AR until June 4.[Source][Src PDF - p 453]
      • 1945, Apr. 13-14; 14.6 inches of rain at Seminole, Oklahoma, causing the Wewoka Dam to fail and flooding the area around Wewoka, Oklahoma. There were 7 fatalities, 2 missing and hundreds of others were left homeless.[Src-PDF - p 453][Src-2]
      • 1948, June 23-24; As much as 20 inches of rain in west central Oklahoma leaded to major flash flooding near Hydro and in Kingfisher, Oklahoma. There were 11 fatalities on Route 66 near Hydro caused by floods.[Source]
      • 1950, May 11-12; Flooding on the Arkansas, Canadian, lower Washita, Neosho, and Illinois Rivers. Flood of record on Illinois River near Tahlequah. The new Fort Gibson reservoir filled one year ahead of predictions.[Src-PDF - p 453]
      • 1957, May 16-21; A predominant feature of the mid-May 1957 storms was the unusual recurrence of flood-producing precipitation over a 2-week period. Precipitation fell almost every day over much of Oklahoma. Precipitation at Hennessey, OK was 5 times the long-term monthly mean. The mid-May event was part of an extremely wet period from April-June 1957 when multiple rounds of rainfall and flooding occurred. This rain caused severe to record flooding in along many streams, creeks and rivers. Record flooding occurred along parts of the Cimarron, Arkansas, and Canadian Rivers lower Washita, and Red Rivers. Agricultural losses were $20 million. The emergency spillway for the Lake Texoma reservoir had to be opened for first time since the reservoir’s completion in 1943.[Source][Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1959, Oct. 2-5; The Cimarron and Arkansas Rivers and the Bird and Big Cabin Creeks in North-central Oklahoma flooded.[Src-PDF - p 453]
      • 1973, Oct. 11-13; Known as the “Enid Flood”, a locally intense thunderstorm centered at Enid, Oklahoma, produced the greatest recorded rainfall in an urban area in Oklahoma. Rainfall accumulations were 15-20 inches within a 100-square-mile area; 12 inches fell in 3 hours. The flood occurred on the Salt Fork Arkansas River, the Arkansas River, and two small tributaries of the Cimarron River Turkey and Skeleton Creeks. A Major Disaster Declaration was declared on October 13, 1973 (DR-404).[Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1977, Aug. 27-28; A severe thunderstorm centered 3 miles south of Cache, Oklahoma, caused a runoff of 2,210 ft'/s per square mile in the upstream reach of Blue Beaver Creek. West Cache creek was also affected by this storm. There was about 12 inches of rain with 7.7 inches falling in 6 hours. There was about $1 million in damages.[Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1981, Oct. 13-16; The Kingston-Madill-Tishomingo area received an average of 18 inches of rainfall in 36 hours from the remnants of Hurricane Norma. Damage in Oklahoma was estimated to be $23.8 million. Flooding in South-central Oklahoma occurred on the Red, Blue, and Clear Boggy Rivers and the Honey, Hickory, and Pennington Creeks. [Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1983, Oct. 17-23; The remains of Hurricane Tico supplied moisture that contributed to record discharges on Elk Creek near Hobarl and Walnut Creek at Purcell, Oklahoma. Rush Springs-Shawnee area received about 15 inches of rain. Flooding occurred along the Deep Red Run, lower Washita River, Elk, Walnut, and Cottonwood Creeks. [Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1984, May 26-27; The 1984 Memorial Day Flood was the worst flood event in Tulsa, Oklahoma’s, history. The flood was caused by a 6-15 inches deluge from a stalled cold front, affecting the Tulsa metropolitan area and centered near McClure Park in East Tulsa. The rain fell during an 8-hour period from 8:30 pm May 26 to 4:30 am May 27, 1984. The entire Mingo Creek basin received at least 9 inches of rain during this event. Flooding occured on Bird Creek and the Arkansas River tributaries. There were 14 fatalities, 6 of which were auto related, and 288 injuries. The damages were set at $406 million (in 2013 dollars). More than 5,500 buildings were damaged or destroyed, including more than 20 schools. There were 7,000 vehicles destroyed or severely damaged, and many roads and bridges also were destroyed or heavily damaged. A Major Disaster Declaration was declared on May 31, 1984. (DR-709)[Source][Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1986, Sept. 30-Oct. 4; Heavy rains during the last two weeks of September 1986 left the ground across Oklahoma saturated. From Oct 1-4, four weather systems combined to produce heavy rains, resulting in a tremendous runoff of storm water:
        1. A large, nearly stationary high pressure system over southeastern United States bringing warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico into Oklahoma.
        2. Strong, slow-moving upper-level storm system in the West. The locations of the low and high-pressure systems caused a strong jet stream over Oklahoma.
        3. Nearly stationary frontal system from the Great Lakes southwest into north central Oklahoma.
        4. Helped by the strong upper-level winds, the moisture from Hurricane Paine, off Mexico’s west coast, flowed into Oklahoma, combined with the frontal system, and moved across the saturated counties of north central and northeast Oklahoma, and into southeast Kansas.
        Rainfall amounts of 6-10 inches were common, with 15-20 inches falling across the north central and northeast part of Oklahoma. The Arkansas, Caney, Canadian, South Canadian, Cimarron, Washita, Salt Fork, Neosho, Verdigris Rivers, and the North Fork of the Red River set or nearly set record high crests. There were two fatalities, 509 residences were destroyed, and 3,957 were damaged. Damages were estimated at $350 million(1986 dollars), half of which was from agriculture. A Major Disaster Declaration was declared on October 14, 1986 (DR-778).[Source][Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1987, May 29-30; Intense thunderstorms with 24-hour totals of 5 to more than 11 inches of rain over Central, south-central and southwestern Oklahoma. Severe damage was done to Chickasha, Lindsay, and Pauls Vallies. Flooding occurred on the Canadian, North Canadian, N. Fork Red, Red and Washita Rivers. [Src-PDF - pp 453-455]
      • 1990 May 1-4: There was major flooding on Red, Canadian, and Arkansas rivers.[Source]
      • 2007 August 19; The remnants of Tropical Storm Erin, which made landfall August 16 near Lamar, Texas, unexpectedly intensified during the overnight hours of August 19th. Tropical Storm strength winds were observed for several hours in west-central Oklahoma. Extensive wind damage occurred west of Oklahoma City, and severe flooding ravaged much of Oklahoma. More than 9 inches of rain were observed in areas near Watonga, Fort Cobb and Okmulgee. Seven flood-related deaths were reported statewide.[Source]
      • 2008, January 7-8; An unseasonably warm and moist air mass initiated thunderstorm growth ahead of the dry line in Eastern Oklahoma. These unusual January severe storms produced 3 confirmed EF-0 tornadoes as well as reports of straight line wind, large hail and flash flooding. [Source]
      • 2009 May 1; over 7 inches of rain fell in a single day caused flash flooding in Northeast Oklahoma The average monthly total of 5.02". In Pryor, Oklahoma, 5 of the 7 inches was recorded in just one hour, led to more than 25 water rescues to be performed.[Source]
      • 2013 July 25-26: Another moist, unstable air mass brought heavy rains that resulted in flash flooding, in central Oklahoma. The Will Rogers Airport, in southwestern Oklahoma City, recorded 1.09" of rainfall in just 7 minutes with a rain rate of 9.34" per hour. The Walters Mesonet station also recorded large hourly amounts as 3.36 inches in a single hour. [Source]


      For more information:



      Winter Storms



       

      Regional snowfall index (RSI)[Ref-1] [Ref-2]

      Category RSI Value Description
      1 1—2.999 Notable
      2 3—5.99 Significant
      3 6—9.99 Major
      4 10—17.99 Crippling
      5 18.0+ Extreme

       

      • 2007, Dec 8-18; The Mid-December 2007 North American winter storms were a series of winter storms that affected much of central and eastern North America. The systems affected areas from Oklahoma to Newfoundland and Labrador with freezing rain, sleet, snow, damaging winds, blizzard-like conditions, thunderstorms and Tornado in Georgia and Florida. Vinita, Oklahoma reported 1.25 in (3.2 cm) inches of ice, while Spearman, Texas reported up to 0.50 inches. On Dec 15-16, 8 confirmed Tornado were reported in Georgia and Florida resulting in 1 death in GA.[Source] In Oklahoma, A Major Disaster Declaration declared on December 18, 2007 (DR-1735).

      • 2007, Jan 11-24; The January 2007 North American ice storm was a severe ice storm that affected a large of North America from the Rio Grande Valley in Texas to New England and southeastern Canada. The first wave occurred between Jan 11, 2007 through January 16. This was followed by a second wave in the Southern United States from Texas to the Carolinas from January 16 through January 18 and a third one that hit the southern Plains and mid-Atlantic states as well as Newfoundland and Labrador from January 19 to January 24. The storm resulted in at least 74 deaths across 12 U.S. states and 3 Canadian provinces, and caused hundreds of thousands of residents across the U.S and Canada to lose electric power. In Oklahoma, 40,000 customers lost power on Jan 12. After additional waves of ice and sleet, 120,000 customers were without power (60 000 of them for over a week). Freezing rain hit the Carolinas on Jan. 17th and 18th, leading to school closures in both states. In North Carolina police reported over 600 traffic accidents, including two resulting in fatalities. [Source]

      • 2008, March 6-5; The North American blizzard of 2008 was a winter storm that struck most of southern and eastern North America. The storm produced heavy snow fall, rain and 13 confirmed tornadoes In Florida, Georgia and Texas. Ottawa, ON received 19 inches of snow between March 7 and 9. Memphis, TN received 5 to 7 inches while Sherman, Texas received 9 inches (230 mm), and Collinsville, Texas, got 8 inches. Some areas of Arkansas received up to a foot of snow.[Source]

      • 2009, Jan 26-30; The January 2009 North American ice storm was a major ice storm that impacted parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky and West Virginia. This ice storm killed 65 people nationwide with 35 in the state of Kentucky. [Source]

      • 2009, Dec 22-28; The 2009 North American Christmas blizzard was powerful winter storm and severe weather event that produced snow fall, Freezing rain, flooding and 15 confirmed tornadoes in Louisiana and Texas. Little Rock, Arkansas reported 6.89 inches of rain. Oklahoma declared a state of emergency after blizzard conditions killed 3 people and dropped 19 inches of snow.[Source]

      • 2010, Feb 1-6; The February 5-6, 2010 North American blizzard formed on February 1, 2010 and moved ashore on the West Coast near Baja California Sur, Mexico, and moved north east. The storm moved off the east coast on Feb 6, 2010. The storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet, freezing rain, and flooding, in Mexico the heavy rains resulting in at least 15 fatalities. The storm affected Arizona and New Mexico from February 1 to 4 with up to 1 foot of snow in the mountains east of Albuquerque, New Mexico. On February 4, Oklahoma and northern Texas saw rain and snow, with severe thunderstorms further south. Feb. 4 brought widespread rainfall totals of 1 inch to 4 inches of rain were reported in portions of Central and Southern Mississippi. Jackson, MS, broke a daily rainfall record with 2.51 inches (6.4 cm) of rainfall. On Friday Feb, 5., power outages effecting about 40,000 customers, were reported in the North Carolina's mountain counties as the winter storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet and freezing rain to much of the state. A drenching rain fell early Friday in the Charlotte, NC, and in Atlanta, GA, which transitioned to a few inches of snow later in the day, while several inches of snow accumulated farther north. To the north, Howard, MD, received 38.3 inches of snow, while Washington Dulles International Airport measured 32.9 inches. Fatalities occurred in to Mexico, New Mexico, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The storm was classed as a Category 3 (“major”) nor'easter and severe weather event. [Source]

      • 2011, Jan 31 - Feb 2; The January 31 - February 2, 2011 North American winter storm was situated around the US and Canada on Groundhog Day. The storm was rank as a Category 5 on the Regional Snowfall Index. The heavy snowfall, along with sleet and some freezing rain, began developing over Oklahoma and the Texas panhandle on the evening of January 31. The storm brought cold air, heavy snowfall, blowing snow, and mixed precipitation on a path from New Mexico and northern Texas to New England and Eastern Canada. The cold wave behind the storm's cold front left temperatures plunging to -18 °C (0 °F) in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, and in the mountain area plunging to -9 °F, resulting in the deaths of at least six people in the coldest temperatures recorded in the area in at least half a century. In Chihuahua City, the temperature dropped to -1 °F. In New Mexico, up to two feet of snow fell in the Sangre de Cristo, and the Central Mountain Chain, while up to 6 inches fell in Albuquerque. Temperatures across Oklahoma on February 1st and 2nd hovered in the single digits to mid-teens with winds gust to near 60 miles per hour at times creating ground blizzard conditions across the eastern half of the state. In Texas, Dallas and Houston, experienced significant snowfall or ice accumulation. The state of Texas also experienced rolling blackouts due to the high demand for electricity.[Source]

      • 2013, Feb 19-March 6; The February 2013 Great Plains blizzard was a powerful Extratropical cyclone, winter storm, Blizzard that affected the Great Plains, and much of the United States. An extratropical disturbance developed in the Gulf of Alaska on Feb 19 and moved ashore in British Columbia. As the storm, moved southeastwards into the southern Plains it weakened and shrunk considerably in size. On Feb 25, the storm began absorbing moisture coming from the Gulf of Mexico, and intensified. A 400-mile stretch of Interstate 40 between Sayre, Oklahoma and Albuquerque, New Mexico, was closed for two days due to whiteout conditions. The storm systems dumped a large amounts of snow, icy mix, and rain across most of the Eastern United States, while slowly moving eastward.In Oklahoma a Major Disaster Declaration was declared on April 8, 2013 (DR-4109).[Source]



      For more information:


      Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.

       


      References

      1. Timeline Oklahoma   [Online] http://timelines.ws/states/OKLAHOMA.HTML
      2. Choctaw Trail of Tears - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
      3. Indian Nonintercourse Act - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Intercourse_Act
      4. Cherokee Nation - crystalinks   [Online] http://www.crystalinks.com/cherokee2.html
      5. Seminole Wars - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seminole_War
      6. Indian Appropriations Act of 1889 - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Appropriations_Act#1889_Act
      7. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge   [Online] http://www.fws.gov/southwest/refuges/oklahoma/Wichitamountains/
        • Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge - Wikipedia  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wichita_Mountains_Wildlife_Refuge
      8. John Calloway "Jack" Walton - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Walton
      9. Chet Allen - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chet_Allen
      10. Carl Magee - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Magee
      11. Dust storm; Notable dust storms - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dust_storm#Notable_dust_storms
        • The History Channel - May 11, 1934  [Online] http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/dust-storm-sweeps-from-great-plains-across-eastern-states
      12. Oklahoma State Reformatory; The Waters Era - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oklahoma_State_Reformatory#The_Waters_Era
      13. Charles Werner - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Werner
      14. USS Oklahoma (BB-37) - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Oklahoma_(BB-37)
      15. USS Oklahoma (BB-37); During the attack on Pearl Harbor - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Oklahoma_(BB-37)#During_the_attack_on_Pearl_Harbor
      16. USS Oklahoma (BB-37); Salvage - Wikipedia   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Oklahoma_(BB-37)#Salvage
      17. Wikipedia: Dust Bowl   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dust_Bowl
         • Farming in the 1930: Dust Bowl  [Online] http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/water_02.html
      18. USGS: Major and Catastrophic Storms and Floods in Texas   [Online] http://www.floodsafety.com/texas/USGSdemo/date.htm
         • NOAA, National Climatic data Center, Historical Palmer Drought Indices   [Online] http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/temp-and-precip/drought/historical-palmers.php
      19. Texas A&M researcher shows possible link between 1918 El Niño and flu pandemic   [Online] http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-09/tau-tar091409.php
      20. Wikipedia: Dust Bowl   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dust_Bowl
         • Farming in the 1930: Dust Bowl  [Online] http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/water_02.html
      21. Drought: A Paleo Perspective -- 20th Century Drought   [Online] http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/drought/drght_history.html
      22. IDcide - Broken Bow, OK   [Online] http://www.idcide.com/weather/ok/broken-bow.htm


      Last Update: May 14, 2015


      Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.

Lat34North Footer.com Lat34North Footer.com