Roswell, GA, is a small community located north of Atlanta, GA. Founded as a cotton mill town by Roswell King in the middle of the 1830s, and incorporated February 16, 1854, Roswell today is the sixth largest city in Georgia and retains the friendliness and hospitality of a small southern town. Roswell has more parkland per capita than anywhere else in the metropolitan Atlanta area, with everything from ball fields, hiking trails and access to the Chattahoochee River.
Since most of the town's original homes and building survived the Civil War, the Roswell Historic District offers 640 acres of historic sites, vintage homes, churches, cemeteries, museums, and monuments. There are many homes, buildings, and churches listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Before North Georgia was opened to settlement of Europeans, the Hightower (Etowah) Trail ran just west of present day Roswell and crossed today's Azalea drive. With connections from Charleston via Augusta, the old thoroughfare ran through the Roswell area to the Indian towns of present-day northwest Georgia. The Hightower trail was once recognized as an early boundary between the Cherokee and Creek Indian Nations. The old road was used as the dividing line between Indian cessions of 1819 and 1821, and remains today as the boundary between Gwinnett and DeKalb Counties.
After northwest Georgia was opened to settlement in 1832, numerous pioneers migrated over this old trace and many built their homes along it. The name of the trail is believed to come from the Cherokee, Ita-Wa, but the first English to visit this section pronounced and recorded the name Hightower. Today most visible remains of the trail have been erased by urban settlement, but parts of it survive as modern roads.
February 12, 1825: Creek Chiefs cede all Creek lands in Georgia to the United States in Treaty of Indian Springs and promise to leave Georgia by September 1. Creek tribesmen repudiate treaty.
January 24, 1826: Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1827.
1828: Gold was found in north Georgia. This drew Roswell King of Darien, Georgia, to investigate the area. Traveling on horseback, Mr. King followed Indian trails to the Chattahoochee River near what is now Roswell. Following the Chattahoochee River, Roswell King discovered vast forests and the rushing waters of Vickery (Vickery's) Creek. These natural resources inspired him to envision a mill, powered by the water, and a community close by.
1838: Roswell King began work on the first cotton mill and in 1839 it was incorporated as "The Roswell Manufacturing Company". The company was extremely successful and expanded. Even a "flour" mill was constructed. Orders for cloth, tenting, rope, flannels, and yarn poured in. 
1839: Apartments called "The Bricks" are built for workers in the Roswell Cotton Mill, these apartments were the first built in the South and are believed to be the oldest in the United States.
1839: Fifteen (15) Presbyterian men and women, "members of the colony" of Roswell, invited the Rev. Nathaniel A. Pratt, D.D., of Darien, to organize the first Presbyterian church of Roswell.
1841: An outbreak of scarlet fever resulted in the death of many children; among them was Charles Irving Bulloch, infant son of Major and Mrs. James Stephens Bulloch and three-year-old Ralph King Hand, son of the widowed daughter of Roswell King, Eliza Hand, for whom the first permanent home in Roswell was built, Primrose Cottage.
1842: Barrington Hall is completed by Barrington King, co-founder of Roswell with his father, Roswell King.
1844: Roswell King died. His son Barrington King, and daughter-in-law, Catherine Nephew King, worked to carry on his father's dream.
July 5, 1864: Union cavalry, under the command of Brigadier General Kenner Garrard, arrived in Roswell and the town was occupied. Retreating Confederate soldiers burned the covered bridge at the Chattahoochee River - However, there was a river crossing called Shallow Ford (located on today's Azalea Drive at the River Park). At Shallow Ford, in those early years, the river was only about waist deep. Phoenix Hall, The Bricks and the Presbyterian Church are used as hospitals by Union forces.
July 7, 1864: General Sherman ordered everyone connected with the mill to be charged with treason. The nearby cotton mill was destroyed. Mill workers, mostly women and children were arrested, charged with treason and sent north to uncertain fates. One of the women involved in this tragedy was pregnant and working as a seamstress at the mill. She was sent north to Chicago and left to fend for herself. It would take five years before she and her daughter would return, on foot, to Roswell, only to find that her husband had remarried because he thought she was dead. Although the mills were destroyed, the magnificent homes and church were not. The mills were rebuilt after the war.
1926: The old mill burned down and was rebuilt and operated as Southern Mills from 1947 until it closed in 1975.
1975: The last mill in Roswell, "Southern Mill" closed.
ca. 40,000-15,000 B.C.; People migrate to North America from Asia at irregular intervals by way of the Bering Land Bridge.
10,000-8000 B.C.; Paleo-Indian-period American Indians are nomadic and hunt large animals for food. They also eat small game and wild plants. They leave no evidence of permanent dwellings in North Carolina.
2,500 BC - 100 BC; Gulf Formational Period of Indian culture with increasing sophistication in ceramic development with tempered pottery.
1,000 B.C.-A.D. 1550; Woodland-culture American Indians settle in permanent locations, usually beside streams, and practice a mixed subsistence lifestyle of hunting, gathering, and some agriculture. They create pottery and also develop elaborate funeral procedures, such as building mounds, to honor their dead.
A.D. 700-1550; Mississippian-culture American Indians create large political units called chiefdoms, uniting people under stronger leadership than the Woodland cultures have. Towns become larger and last longer. People construct flat-topped, pyramidal mounds to serve as foundations for temples, mortuaries, chiefs' houses, and other important buildings. Towns are usually situated beside streams and surrounded by defensive structures. The Etowah Indian Mounds just west of the confluence of Pumpkinvine Creek and the Etowah River south of Cartersville, GA, are an example of the mounds built during this period.
A.D 900 and 950: the mounds at Ocmulgee were constructed.
1566: Forts were built along the Atlantic coast, including the first in Georgia on St. Catherines Island
1607; First permanent English colony in North America established at Jamestown, VA.
1629: Charles I of England granted a charter to Sir Robert Heath which included all territory between 31° and 36° N Lat. and extended from sea to sea. This was approximately from Albemarle Sound in North Carolina to Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia. The delivery of this charter is a matter of dispute. There are claims that this charter was conveyed to Samuel Vassal in 1630.
1670, July 18: Treaty of peace between England and Spain, who claims the entire eastern half of North America, signed at Madrid, Spain, provides that actual possession of land would determine ownership. The English have no settlements south of Charleston while the Spanish have settlements as far north as latitude 32" 30'. This is approximately the latitude of Port Royal (Santa Elena), South Carolina or about fifty miles north of Savannah.
1730, February 13: Earl of Egmont's diary contains the first written mention of Georgia. The state of Georgia purchased Egmont's Journal of the Transaction of the Trustees for $16,000 in 1946. Egmont's Journal is known as Georgia's birth certificate.
1732, June 9: The privy seal is affixed to Georgia's charter and George II grants charter with seven-eights interest to James Edward Oglethorpe, the Earl of Egmont and 19 associates for all the land "between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers from the Atlantic coast to the headwaters of these streams and thence to the South Seas" for 21 years.
1732, July 20: Twelve trustees attend the first meeting of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America at Old Palace Yard, Westminster. A total of 72 trustees will serve during the life of the charter. Six of the original Trustees will still be serving when the charter is surrendered. The Trustees are not allowed to hold office, own land or profit from Georgia in any way.
1732, October 3: 114 colonists have been enrolled. Male colonists are drilled by the sergeants of the Royal Guard.
1732, November 17: James Oglethorpe and 114 colonists embark on the Anne from Gravesend, England for Charles Town, Carolina. Ten tuns of Alderman Parson's best beer are on board. The Anne stops at Madeira to take on board five tuns of wine. Two children die on the voyage and four children are born.
1733, February: The Trustees Garden is established. This is the first public agricultural experimental garden in the colonies. The upland cotton which prolongs slavery with such disastrous consequences is developed here as well as Georgia's famed peaches.
1740, July 5: South Carolina troops at the siege of St. Augustine begin a disorderly retreat and Oglethorpe lifts siege.
1742, July 7: The Battle of Bloody Marsh was the last Spanish action in the War of Jenkins' Ear. The Spanish were prevented from taking Charleston. Almost all authors speak of a great slaughter and numerous dead but no one quotes the actual number of casualties. Oglethorpe reports killing 170 to 200 Spaniards. Both English and Spanish sources report the action as being especially bloody. Georgia desperately needed a victory and the Spanish needed an excuse. The Boston Post October 4, 1742 page 2 reported: "They both did meet, they both did fight, they both did run away, they both did strive to meet again, the quite Contrary Way." In any event it was a Glorious Victory.
1742, July 14: Parliament directs the trustees to rescind the prohibition on rum. The officers charged with enforcing the rum prohibition were using their position to sell rum.
1749: Law prohibiting the importation of slaves rescinded. Georgia planters were hiring South Carolina slaves for life and even openly purchasing slaves at the dock in Savannah.
1749, July 20: Mary Musgrove declares herself Empress of the Creeks and marches on Savannah with a Creek Army to either collect moneys due her for services rendered during the War of Jenkins' Ear or to drive the whites from Georgia. The Creeks are satisfied with a few presents and some rum. Mary's claims are settled by London for £2,100 and title to St. Catherines Island.
1755, January 7: First Assembly under the British Crown meets at Savannah. First law passed by the Assembly provides for punishment of anyone who questions the decisions of the Assembly.
1756, January: Four hundred French Arcadians arrive in Georgia. About 6,000 will be sent to Georgia and the Carolinas.
1765, May 2: The Georgia Gazette suspends publication due to Stamp Act.
1765, October 7: Stamp Act Congress held in New York. Georgia sends an unofficial observer whose sole duty is to bring back a copy of the minutes.
1765, October 31: Stamp Master hanged in effigy in Savannah.
1765, November 1: Stamp Act becomes effective but Georgia has no stamps, no stamp master and no official notice of the Stamp Act. The royal Governor James Wright suspends the courts and clears ships with certificates attesting that no stamps are available. Savannah is soon crowded with ships from all over the Empire seeking passes.
1766, March 18: George III signs bill to rescind Stamp Act.
1766, May 21: The Georgia Gazette resumes publication.
1767, June 29: The Townshend Revenue Act passed by Parliament. The Act imposes duties on tea, glass, paint, oil, lead and paper imported into the colonies. The estimated revenue is £40,000 per annum.
Charles, Townshend is Chancellor of the Exchequer. Townshend said, "These colonies are children of the mother country. They were planted by our care and nurtured by us. They will not grudge us their mite to help with the heavy burden we bear." James Habersham warns the British, "If you persist in your right to tax the colonists, you will drive them to rebellion."
1770, January 19-20: The battle of Golden Hill New York is the first clash between British forces and colonists.
1770, March 5: Boston Massacre. British troops fire into a rioting mob killing five men and wounding six. Three men die instantly and two die later of wounds. The British Captain and his men are tried for murder and acquitted. The prosecutor is Robert Treat Paine and the defense attorneys are John Adams and Josiah Quincy II.
1774, September 5: First Continental Congress in Philadelphia is attended by twelve of the nineteen continental colonies. Georgia, Canada, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, East Florida and West Florida do not attend.
1774, October 14 - A Declaration of Rights and Grievances adopted by the Continental Congress. George Washington writes "no thinking man in all of North America desires independence".
1774, October 20: The Continental Congress adopts "The Association" which is an agreement to import nothing from Great Britain after December 1, and to export nothing to Great Britain, Ireland or the British West Indies after September 10 unless grievances against the Crown are redressed. The Association is ratified within six months by all colonies except Georgia and New York.
1774, October 26: The Continental Congress sends a petition to King George and an address to the British people.
1774, December: St. Johns Parish ratifies the acts of the Continental Congress and attempts to secede from Georgia and join South Carolina. St. Johns elects its own delegate, Lyman Hall, to the Continental Congress. The Continental Congress banned all intercourse with Georgia except for St. Johns Parish.
1778, December 29: British troops capture Savannah, GA during the Revolutionary War.
1779; Spain, the United States' unsung ally, asks Britain to recognize the independence of the thirteen united States of America and to cease hostilities. Spain contributes over $5,000,000 to the revolution.
1779: The Georgia Gazette resumes publication as the Royal Georgia Gazette.
1781 December: When news reaches London of Washington´s defeat of Cornwallis at Yorktown, the British Parliament resolves to bring the war to an end.
1782, July 12: British evacuate Savannah.
1783: The Treaty of Paris is signed formally ending the American War of Independence. The United States was bounded by British Canada on the north, Spanish Florida on the south, and the Mississippi River on the west.
1802: Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel to Alabama.
1805: The Treaty of Tellico with the Cherokees and the Treaty of Washington with the Creeks gave the government the right to open and operate roads through Indian lands.
1807: Horace King was born as a slave of African, European, and Native American (Catawba) ancestry in Chesterfield District, South Carolina. His master, John Godwin (1798-1859), a contractor, realized King's intuitive genius as a builder and nurtured those skills. King became know as Georgia's Master Bridge Builder.
1808: January 1 - United Stares bans all importation of slaves.
1810: The surveying and constructing of a route to link Georgia with Tennessee and Alabama began in 1810. Known as the Old Federal Road, much of the route followed an old Cherokee trading path and connected Georgia with Nashville and Knoxville, both frontier settlements in Tennessee. From Athens the route led northwestward along a generally straight course, entering the lands of the Cherokees at the present Hall County-Jackson County line and heading toward what is now Ramhurst in Murray County, GA. There it forked, one branch leading north to Knoxville and the other west to Ross Landing, now Chattanooga, TN.
1814, December 24: Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812. United States and Great Britain agree to cooperate in suppressing the slave trade but Yankee Clippers built at Baltimore, Maryland and New Port, Rhode Island out sail the ponderous British man-of-wars assigned to patrol the slave lanes.
1815, February 17 British finally evacuate St. Marys Island.
1817 - 1818: First Seminole war begins as Georgia backwoodsmen attack Indians just north of the Florida border.
1818, March 9: Andrew Jackson arrives at Fort Scott to concentrate troops for an expedition into Spanish Florida against those who have been raiding United States territory.
1818: First Seminole War ends.
1820, March 3: Missouri Compromise accepted by Congress. Missouri is admitted as a slave state in exchange for Maine's admittance as a free state on the condition that slavery is abolished in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase.
February 12, 1825: Creek Chiefs cede all Creek lands in Georgia to the United States in Treaty of Indian Springs and promise to leave Georgia by September 1. Creek tribesmen repudiate treaty.
1825, November 12: the Cherokee council adopts a resolution making Newtown the Cherokee Nation's capital. They changed the town's name to New Echota in honor of Chota, a beloved town located in present-day Tennessee.
1826, January 24; Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1827.
1828: The Cherokee Phoenix, the first Native American newspaper in the United States, was first printed in New Echota, Georgia, the capital of the Cherokee Nation.
1840's: Most of the "easy" gold has been found in Georgia. It is estimated that Georgia produced about 870,000 troy ounces (24,000 kg) of gold between 1828 and the mid-20th Century, when commercial gold production ceased.
1842: Crawford W. Long performs first recorded operation under general anesthesia. Ether parties are in vogue and Long notices the absence of pain in guests who fall down and bruise themselves at an ether party he hosts. He removes a cyst from James Venable's neck while Venable is under the influence of ether.
1847: Atlanta, Georgia is incorporated (Formally Marthasville). Atlanta is named for Martha Atalanta Lumpkin the daughter of Governor Wilson Lumpkin, Atalanta is a variant of Atlanta.
1848, February 2; The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed. The treaty established the U.S. - Mexican border of the Rio Grande River, and ceded to the United States the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, most of Arizona and Colorado, and parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming. In return, Mexico received US $18,250,000 ($461,725,000 )-less than half the amount the U.S. had attempted to offer Mexico for the land before the opening of hostilities-and the U.S. agreed to assume $3.25-million ($82,225,000 ) in debts that the Mexican government owed to U.S. citizens. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants being considered as inviolable.[Ref]
January 19: Georgia rescinds the January 2, 1788, ratification of the United States Constitution. The motion is introduced by Judge Eugenius Nisbet and the vote is 208 to 89. All members sign but six do so under protest.
January 24: Georgia forces occupy the Augusta Arsenal.
April 12: Bombardment of Fort Sumter begins at 4:30 A.M. The bombardment lasts 33 hours and the Confederates fire 3,000 shells. No one on either side is killed and only one injured at Fort Sumter. Edmund Ruffin is credited with the first shot. Captain James fired the signal shell from a ten inch mortar on Johnson's Island but the first gun from the iron clad battery on Morris Island is generally considered the first shot. Roger A. Pryor declined the honor of firing the signal shell. Ruffin later wraps himself in the Confederate Flag and commits suicide.
April 13: Fort Sumter surrenders at 2:30 PM on Saturday. Major Robert Anderson is allowed to fire a 100 gun salute to the United States Flag but only 50 guns are fired. One of the guns explodes and Private Daniel Hough is killed and five are injured. Some authors say two were killed. Perhaps one died of wounds.
April 14 - Fort Sumter is evacuated at noon. The commanding officer at Fort Sumter is Major Robert Anderson and the artillery officer is Abner Doubleday. (Doubleday will be credited, erroneously, with the invention of baseball in 1839 in Cooperstown N.Y. by the 1908 Spalding Commission.)
April 15: Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers for three months service.
April 12: The Great Locomotive Chase - James Andrews and 21 other Federal raiders steal the Western & Atlantic locomotive General at Big Shanty (now Kennesaw) near Marietta, Georgia, and head north toward Chattanooga. Their intention is to disrupt Confederate rail operations between Atlanta and Chattanooga. Determined Confederate trainmen operating the locomotive Texas in reverse pursue the raiders. The General finally quits running as it nears the Tennessee state line. The raiders abandon the General, but most are captured and several are subsequently hanged. Nineteen (19) of the soldiers are awarded the Medal of Honor.
November 27: The Battle of Ringgold Gap - After the battle of Missionary Ridge, Gen. Bragg's Confederate Army retreated through the Ringgold Gap in disorder towards Dalton, GA. Brig. Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne was ordered to take position in the gap east of Ringgold and to hold back the Federals and save the Confederate trains and artillery from capture. Even though outnumbered 3 to 1, Gen. Cleburne successes in delaying Gen. Hooker long enough for the Confederate forces to reach safety.
July 17: President Jefferson Davis relieves Joseph E. Johnston of command and places General John B. Hood in charge with the rank of full General. In a meeting with his men, Sherman instructs them to expect an attack at any moment, given Hood's aggressive nature.
July 21: Engagement at Bald (or Leggett's) Hill - On July 20th, the confederate cavalry under Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler encountered and, opened fire, on Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair's 17th A.C. at Clay St. and in a contest lasting all afternoon, endeavored to halt the advance of the Union forces towards Atlanta. Both forces used artillery. Toward evening, Wheeler withdrew west to a treeless eminence known as Bald Hill (later known as Leggett's Hill, present day at I-20 and Moreland Ave. - US 23). He dismounted his troops and dug in and held until the next morning.
September 1: Confederates evacuate Atlanta, Georgia
September 2: Atlanta is occupied by United States troops. After the occupation of Atlanta by Federal forces the remaining civilians were required to register for transportation to points north or south as desired. Those electing to go south are carried, with household goods, in army wagons from Atlanta to Rough and Ready (now Mountain View) where, by truce agreement, they are transferred in Hood's wagons [CS] to the rail-head at Lovejoy. From there they continue south on the Macon & Western R. R. Mass eviction of the populace is necessitated because Atlanta is transformed into an armed camp under martial law - a status that prevailed Nov. 16, 1865.
November 15: Sherman begins March to the sea. Sherman's March to the Sea is considered the first example of total war because it resulted in wholesale destruction of the countryside, much like a modern bombing raid. The Union army burned bridges, railroads, factories, warehouses, barns, and plantations, taking or destroying food that could not be eaten by the troops.
November 19: United States forces occupy Buckhead and burn buildings and supplies.
1889: Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills opens on the south side of the Georgia Railroad line, east of downtown Atlanta, GA. One part of the company evolved into the Elsas, May Paper Company and the other, led by Jacob Elsas and incorporated in 1889, became the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill Company.
Built under the supervision of Major J.N. Pease,
, and engineered by Lockwood-Greene & Co., Camp Gordon was the largest construction project in Atlanta history to that time. Ready for troop occupancy in just five months, the camp's 2,400 acres included 1,635 buildings with barracks for 46,612 men and corral space for 7,688 horses and mules. The November 11, 1918 armistice ended "The Great War" and the need for Camp Gordon. It was salvaged and abandoned by 1921.
The Emory Unit served in France and was reactivated for World War II. Atlanta's own 82D Division fought with distinction in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives, suffered 8,077 casualties and produced the most decorated hero of the war, Sgt. Alvin York. It was reactivated for World War II as the 82D Airborne Division.
The 82nd Infantry Division was formed August 25, 1917, at Camp Gordon, Georgia. Since members of the Division came from all 48 states, the unit was given the nickname "All-Americans," hence its famed "AA" shoulder patch.
1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
Fort McPherson was used to house German naval prisoners of war.
The beginning of the Great Depression in the United States is associated with the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. The depression had devastating effects in both the industrialized countries and those which exported raw materials.
The New Deal is the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs and promises he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving relief, reform and recovery to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression.
1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia).
1939: Germany invades Poland.
1941 - 1959 Navel Air Station Atlanta.
Anticipating America's involvement in a second world war, the government returned to the site of Camp Gordon in October 1940 and over the next seven months constructed a 400-acre Naval Reserve Aviation Base at the DeKalb County Airport.
Commissioned in March 1941, the field's chief mission was primary flight training of Navy and Marine Corps aviators. Expanding to meet war needs, the base added training for instrument flight instructors and in January 1943 was designated Naval Air Station Atlanta. Training some 3,000 pilots and over 4,000 instructors, NAS Atlanta supported the vast expansion of naval aviation that proved decisive in the Pacific War against Japan.
1942, July 20 The 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment was activated on 20 July 1942 at Mount Currahee, Camp Toccoa, Georgia, as part of the newly formed 101st Airborne Division. Currahee is a Cherokee Indian word meaning " Stands Alone", a phrase which later became the Regiment's motto. Led by their Regimental Commander, Col Robert F. Sink, the Regiment conducted a 137-mile forced march from Camp Toccoa to Fort Benning to begin Airborne training. They were the first Parachute Infantry Regiment to complete Airborne training as a unit.
1942, August 15: The 82nd and 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) are activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. The 82nd Infantry Division, the All-American Division is re-designated the 82nd Airborne Division to became the first airborne division in the U.S. Army.
September 16: Second consignment of SS-4 MRBMs and SS-5s with a 4,000 kilometer-range (2,400 statute miles) arrived in Cuba.
October 1: Four attack submarines -- B-4, B-36, B-59, and B-130--of the Soviet Sixty-Ninth Submarine Brigade depart from Sayda Bay, near Murmank, heading for Mariel Bay, Cuba. The submarines are of the "Foxtrot" (F-class) category, as designated by NATO. Armed with nuclear-tipped torpedoes and supplied with tropical clothing, the submarines and their crews have orders to sail covertly to Cuba and establish a base at Mariel.
October 22: President John F. Kennedy delivers a televised address announcing the discovery of the missile installations. He proclaimed that the United States would "...regard any nuclear missile launched from the island of Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response..." He also placed a naval "quarantine" on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of military weapons from arriving there.
October 24: Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara informs President Kennedy that a Soviet submarine is close to two Soviet ships that the U.S. Navy intends to intercept. He stresses the danger of the situation, but assures Kennedy that the Navy is prepared. The USS Essex group was instructed to block the progress of the submarine and was authorized to use "small explosives" if necessary. Unbeknownst to the Navy, the submarine carried a nuclear-tipped torpedo with orders that allowed its use if the submarine was "hulled" . At 10:25 a.m. John McCone received an intelligence message and announced that the ships had gone dead in the water.
October 28: a new message from Nikita Khrushchev is broadcast on Radio Moscow. Khrushchev stated "the Soviet government, in addition to previously issued instructions on the cessation of further work at the building sites for the weapons, has issued a new order on the dismantling of the weapons which you describe as 'offensive' and their crating and return to the Soviet Union."
Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Roswell, GA. Data from Alpharetta 4 SSW Weather station, 3.87 miles from Roswell.
The climate in Roswell, GA, climate is hot during summer when temperatures tend to be in the upper 80´s
and cool to cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the low 40´s. The yearly mean is 59.0 ° Fahrenheit.
The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 87.5 ° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the
year is January with an average minimum temperature of 29.1 ° Fahrenheit.
The annual average precipitation at Roswell is 51.82 inches. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.
The wettest period of the year is in March with an average rainfall of 5.52 inches while the driest month is June with an average
rainfall of 3.66 inches.
The climate in Roswell is warm during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 80's with high humidity and cool during winter when
temperatures tend to be in the 40's with occasional periods of colder weather with temperatures dropping in to the teens or even single digits.
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate year round. The difference during the summer can be as much as 20 degrees
Fahrenheit, and during winter an average difference of 22 degrees Fahrenheit.
Humid subtropical climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F) (or −3 °C (27 °F)), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F). No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled). No dry months in the summer. [Ref]
GA Notable Severe Weather Events
“The climate in Georgia varies, seasonally, and annually. Contrasting conditions may coexist; for example, in 1988 northern Georgia had less than normal precipitation and southern Georgia had greater than normal precipitation. Georgia's climate is affected in the winter by continental high-pressure systems, which move frontal systems through the State, and in the summer by the Bermuda High, which frequently directs humid, maritime air inland. The largest floods generally are caused by hurricanes. Two hurricanes over the coastal area during the late 1800's are considered to be the most destructive in the history of Georgia. In the 20th century, major floods of streams in large parts of the State occurred in 1916, 1919, 1925, 1929, 1936, 1940, 1947, and 1948. Other floods were of similar magnitude but of less areal extent. The most notable flood of this century, which resulted in 39 deaths, was caused by a dam break on Toccoa Creek near Toccoa in 1977. Droughts do not have the immediate effects of floods, but sustained droughts can cause economic stress on a large region. The droughts of 1903-05, 1924-27, 1930-35, 1938-14, 1950-57, 1968-71, 1980-82, and 1985-89 were monitored by the streamflow-gaging-station network in Georgia. During 1986 in northern Georgia, streamflow's were at or near the lowest of this century.”
Objective Short and Long-term Drought Indicator Blends (Percentiles)
Going into drought: short-term dryness slowing planting, growth of crops or pastures. Coming out of drought: some lingering water deficits; pastures or crops not fully recovered
-1.0 to -1.9
-0.5 to -0.7
Some damage to crops, pastures; streams, reservoirs, or wells low, some water shortages developing or imminent; voluntary water-use restrictions requested
-2.0 to -2.9
-0.8 to -1.2
Crop or pasture losses likely; water shortages common; water restrictions imposed
-3.0 to -3.9
-1.3 to -1.5
Major crop/pasture losses; widespread water shortages or restrictions
-4.0 to -4.9
-1.6 to -1.9
Exceptional and widespread crop/pasture losses; shortages of water in reservoirs, streams, and wells creating water emergencies
-5.0 or less
-2.0 or less
The 1903-05 drought was the earliest record ed severe drought in Georgia. In 1904, the U.S. Weather Bureau (1904, p. 4) reported that levels in streams and wells were the lowest in several years. Many localities had to conserve water for stock and machinery and many factories were forced to close or operate at half capacity.
The drought of 1924-27 was most severe in the Altamaha, Chattahoochee, and Coosa River basins, and in north-central Georgia. The U.S. Weather Bureau (1925, p. 49-50) reported: The drought was especially severe during the latter part of July, August, and September and the rivers in many places reached the lowest stages ever known. The scarcity of water had a profound influence on industrial and agricultural conditions in Georgia.
The severity of the 1930-35 drought exceeded a 25-year recurrence interval in central and southwestern Georgia and affected much of the United States. In extreme northern and southeastern Georgia, the recurrence interval was 10-25 years; in coastal Georgia and the Savannah and Ogeechee River basins, however, the recurrence interval was less than 10 years. The recurrence interval is the average time between droughts of a given severity. In a drought with a 25-year recurrence interval, the low streamflows occur, on average, once every 25 years.
The 1938-44 drought affected much of the same area as the 1930-35 drought. In the upper Coosa and Chattahoochee River basins, the recurrence interval exceeded 50 years, and in much of central and southern Georgia, it exceeded 25 years. In the Savannah and Ogeechee River basins and in extreme northern and southwestern Georgia, the drought had recurrence intervals of 10-25 years.
The 1950-57 drought was most severe in southern Georgia, with most streamflows having recurrence intervals exceeding 25 years. In northeastern Georgia, the drought severity also exceeded the 25-year recurrence interval. In northwestern Georgia, the recurrence interval of the drought was between 10 and 25 years.
1968-71: Drought affecting the southern, central, and northwestern parts of State, severity extremely variable areally.
The 1980-82 drought resulted in the lowest streamflows since 1954 in most areas, and the lowest streamflows since 1925 in some areas (Carter, 1983, p. 2). Recurrence intervals of 10-25 years were common in most of Georgia. Pool levels at four major reservoirs receded to the lowest levels since first filling. Groundwater levels in many observation wells were lower than previously observed. Nearly continuous declines were recorded in some wells for as long as 20 consecutive months, and water levels remained below previous record lows for as long as nine consecutive months.
Streamflows during the 1985-89 drought in northern Georgia were near the lowest of the 1900's. By 1988, the drought had reached recurrence intervals of 50-100 years in extreme northern Georgia, 10-25 years in central Georgia, and less than 10 years in southern Georgia. Water-supply shortages occurred in Georgia in 1986. Shortages first occurred in a few Atlanta Selected rivers in Georgia.
Between 05/30/1950 - 12/29/2014 Georgia has had 1486 tornadoes killing 278 people and injuring 4631 people. The longest path for a tornado in the state occurred on April 18, 1969 when a F2 tornado touched down near Donalsonville, GA. This tornado then moved northeast for 217.8 miles before lifting near Midway, GA. The deadliest tornado in this time period occurred on April 27, 2011 when a F4 Tornadoes struck Ringgold killing 8 and injuring 30. [Source 1] [Source 2]
1924, April 30: The April 1924 tornado outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Virginia. The most severe damage during this outbreak was seen in parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia on April 30. A tornado, estimated as an F2, damage the town of Lawrenceville, Georgia, and killed one. A F4 passed through Macon, Georgia, sweeping away a few homes, damaging an industrial area, and killing 3. At 1:30 pm, an F3 struck south of Pine Mountain, in Harris County, GA, killing 10. There were 25 fatalities across Georgia caused by this tornado outbreak. During the 3 day outbreak there were a total of 110 deaths and 1,133 injuries in the affected states. Seven were killed at school in Horrell Hill, South Carolina.[Ref]
1936, April 6: An F4 tornado landed in Hall County southwest of Gainesville and began to destroy homes and infrastructure as it moved northeast. A second funnel was spotted west of the city moving almost due east. At 8:27 the funnel paths met in downtown Gainesville, GA. More than 1600 people were injured in Gainesville and throughout Hall County and more than 750 houses were damaged or destroyed. For more on the Gainesville tornado visit A Time to Mourn by Larry Worthy.
1956, April 14 - 15; The 1956 McDonald Chapel tornado took place during the afternoon of April 15, 1956, across the Greater Birmingham area in Jefferson County, with damaged most severe in McDonald Chapel, northeast of the Birmingham. Retroactively rated an F4 on the Fujita scale, which was not invented until 1971, the tornado killed 25 people and injured 200 others. The Total damage in the Pleasant Grove area reached $1.5 million. On April 14, there were F1 tornadoes in Michigan (one), Kansas (one) and Texas (one). On April 15, a F2 tornado tracked from Dallas to Cumming, Georgia, damaging about 25 homes.[Ref]
1957, April 2-5; The April 1957 Dallas tornado outbreak struck most of the Southern United States from April 2 to April 5, 1957, producing 57 tornadoes. Twenty-one (21) people were killed by this outbreak in four states, 1 in Mississippi, 2 in Georgia, 6 in Oklahoma and 12 in Texas. On April 2, a F3 tornado hit a densely populated area of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area, killing 10 people and injuring 200 or more. The states affected by the Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence were Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
1975, January 10; The Great Storm of 1975 (also known as the Super Bowl Blizzard, Minnesota's Storm of the Century, or the Tornado Outbreak of January, 1975) was an intense storm system that impacted a large portion of the Central and Southeast United States from January 9 to January 12, 1975. The storm produced 45 tornadoes in the Southeast U.S. resulting in 12 fatalities, while later dropping over 2 feet (61 cm) of snow and killing 58 people in the Midwest. This storm remains one of the worst blizzards to ever strike parts of the Midwest, as well as one of the largest January tornado outbreaks on record in the United States A total of 7 tornadoes struck Mississippi on January 10, 1975. An F4 tornado moving from southwest of McComb, MS, to southwest of Pinola, MS, caused 9 deaths and 210 injuries. Tornadoes also struck Alabama (1 death), Arkansas, Florida (1 death), Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana (1 death), North Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas. 
1974, April 3: A F4 tornado hit 23.3 miles away from the Roswell city center killed 6 people and injured 30 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.
1992, Nov. 21-23; The November 1992 tornado outbreak struck large parts of the eastern and Midwestern. The storm spawned 95 tornadoes, 6 of them F4s. There were 26 fatalities and 641 injuries in Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. The tornado outbreak began on November 21 with a cluster of 6 tornadoes (ranging from F1 to F4) intensities that struck parts of the Houston, TX, area. There were 12 fatalities and 122 Injuries on Nov. 21, when devastating, long-tracked (128 miles), violent F4 tornado began near Hopewell, MS, and moved northeast and ending west of Sherwood. During this outbreak, there were 10 confirmed tornadoes in Georgia resulting in 6 deaths.[Ref][S-2]
1992, November 22: A F 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 11.1 miles away from the Roswell city center injured 46 people and caused between $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.
2001, November 23-24: The Arkansas-Mississippi-Alabama tornado outbreak affected Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Missouri, Kentucky, Georgia and Indiana. There were 69 confirmed tornadoes, 3 F4s. This outbreak was responsible for 13 deaths, 4 in Arkansas, 4 in Alabama and 5 in Mississippi.
2007, February 28 - March 1 - The February-March 2007 Tornado Outbreak affected Florida, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 55 confirmed tornadoes, 3 EF3s and 3 EF4s with 19 fatalities. An EF4 struck the Enterprise, Alabama, high school killing 9 and injuring 50. One person was also killed in Millers Ferry, Alabama by an EF4. 1 person was killed in Caulfield, Missouri. In Georgia there was 1 Death and 4 Injuries in Reynolds, 2 Deaths and 11 Injuries in Americus and 6 Deaths 3 Injuries in the Newton area.[Ref]
2008, March 14-15: The 2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. There were 45 confirmed tornadoes, with 3 EF3s. On Friday, March 14, 2008, an EF2 struck the downtown Atlanta Area, damaging the CNN Center, the Georgia World Congress Center the Georgia Dome, Philips Arena, Ritz Carlton, Westin Peachtree Plaza, Georgia-Pacific Building, SunTrust Tower, Equitable Building, Georgia State University and other downtown businesses. Fortunately only one death was caused by this tornado. On March 15, an EF3 hit in the Aragon, Georgia area, killing two.
2009, February 10-11: The February 2009 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, Kentucky, Michigan, Iowa, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts. There were 15 confirmed tornadoes, one EF4. The EF4 struck SE of Grady, Oklahoma killing 8 people.
2010, April 22-24; The Tornado outbreak of April 22–25, originally starting in the High Plains on April 22, 2010 and continuing through the Southern Plains on April 23, and the Mississippi and Tennessee Valleys on April 24. The most severe activity was on April 24, particularly in Mississippi. There were a total of 88 tornadoes, 56 EF0, 17 EF1, 9 EF2 4 EF3 and 2 EF4. On April 24, a tornado peaked at EF4 with maximum winds around 170 mph and a maximum width of 1.75 miles. On the south side of Yazoo City, several buildings, including a church and several businesses, were totally destroyed. In Mississippi, there were 10 fatalities and 131 injured. [Ref 1] [Ref 2]
2011, April 4-5: The April 2011 derecho and tornado outbreak affected Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina and Maryland. "derecho" is Spanish: meaning straight. There were 46 confirmed tornadoes, 6 EF 2s. There were 9 fatalities. An EF2 in struck a mobile home near Eastman, Georgia, killing one and injuring two others.
2011, April 14-16: The April 14-16, 2011 tornado outbreak affected Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Missouri, Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. There were 162 confirmed tornadoes, 14 EF3s and 43 fatalities.
2011, April 25-28; The 2011 Super Outbreak affected the Southern, Midwestern, and Northeastern United States. It was the largest, costliest, and one of the deadliest tornado outbreaks ever recorded. The 317 fatalities on April 27, was the highest number of tornado-related fatalities in the United States in a single day since the "Tri-State" outbreak on March 18, 1925 when at least 747 people were killed. The outbreak produced 15 violent (EF4-EF5) tornadoes all on April 27. During the four days, 348 people were killed as a result of the outbreak, which includes 324 tornado-related deaths across six states (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee and Virginia) and an additional 24 fatalities caused by other thunderstorm-related events such as straight-line winds, hail, flash flooding or lightning. The 2011 Super Outbreak affected Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia. There were 334 confirmed tornadoes, 22 EF3s, 11 EF4s and 4 EF5s. There were 328 fatalities, 237 in Alabama, 6 in Arkansas, 14 in Georgia, 31 in Mississippi, 32 in Tennessee, and 4 in Virigina. There were 238 fatalities in Alabama, 32 in Tennessee, 31 in Mississippi, 14 in Georgia, 5 in Arkansas and 4 in Virginia. One of the longest-lived tornadoes on record, an EF5 traveled 132 mi (212 km) across northwest Alabama, devastating Hackleburg and other communities, killing 72 people. In total there were 324 deaths and over 3,200 injuries.[Ref] On April 27, 2011 an EF4 Tornadoes struck Ringgold killing 8 and injuring 30. [Source 1] [Source 2]
2011, Nov 14-16; The tornado outbreak of November 14–16, 2011 was a relatively small but deadly tornado outbreak. The outbreak produced a total of 23 tornadoes, 6 EF0, 10 EF1 and 7 EF2. The outbreak affected Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia. On March 16, an EF2 damaged dozens of homes and businesses in Auburn, Alabama. Damage was also reported on the Auburn University campus, where a veterinary school was damaged and two horses were fatally injured. The tornado crossed into Georgia where damage occurred to numerous homes, the Harris County School Complex, the county's 911 center, and several other structures. Three people were injured. Two deaths were caused by an EF2, east of Linwood, North Carolina and 3 deaths occurred south west of Rock Hill, South Carolina. [Ref]
1881, Aug. 27: A deadly hurricane hit the Georgia coast killing an estimated 700 people and leaving an unknown number homeless.
1893, Aug 27-28: A major hurricane hit the Georgia and the South Carolina coasts drowning 1,000 to 2,500 people and leaving more than 30,000 homeless.
1898, Aug 31: The last Category 3 hurricane to hit Georgia struck Savannah, killing an estimated 179 people
Although no major hurricanes made direct hits on Georgia during the 1900's, four minor hurricanes did make direct hits near Savannah, GA.
1911: A category 2 hurricane hit Savannah, wind gusts of 88 mph and a barometric pressure 29.02 in. Seventeen people where killed.
1940: A category 2 hurricane hit Savannah wind gusts of 90 mph. Fifty people where killed.
1947, Oct 15 - a Category 2 hurricane hit Savannah with wind gusts of 95 mph and a barometric pressure 28.76 in. One person was killed. A B-17 bomber dropped 180lbs of dry ice into the Hurricane off the coast of S Carolina in an experiment to lessen the strength of the storm. After the cloud seeding, the storm changed course to the west and many blamed the cloud seeding experiment for the change in direction. A 12 foot storm surge was reported in Savannah but mass evacuations kept casualties at a minimum.
1979 - Hurricane David, a Category 2 hurricane, hit Savannah. Wind gusts up to 90 mph and a barometric pressure of 28.65 in., no deaths or major damage reported.
1964, Sept 10: Hurricane Dora passed over St. Augustine. Florida on the evening of September 9 with winds reported at 110 miles per hour at landfall. The storm cut a path across the northern part of Florida before finally making a track to the northeast on September 12. As it moved into southwestern Georgia, Dora was downgraded to a tropical storm before moving back over Georgia and into South Carolina.
1994, July 4: Tropical Storm Alberto - made landfall in the Florida Panhandle and then moved into western Georgia, where it made a loop July 5-6, dumping 27.61 inches of rain in Americus (21 inches within 24 hours). Alberto's winds and tides did only minor damage to the FL coast, but the excessive rains that fell in Georgia caused catastrophic flooding from Clayton County through central and southwest Georgia to the FL border, resulting in 33 deaths, $500 million in damage and a major disaster declaration for 55 counties.
1995, Oct. 4: Hurricane Opal - after coming ashore in the Florida Panhandle, Opal swept through Georgia with high winds, heavy rain and tornadoes, killing 14 people and resulting in a major disaster declaration for 50 counties.
1886, Jan 6-11; The January 1886 Blizzard was caused by a strong extratropical cyclone which initially dropped southeast across Texas before strengthening while it moved through the South and East, near the Eastern Seaboard through New England. Across the Texas Panhandle, at least five die due to exposure on January 6. A mix of rain, sleet, and snow fell in Jasper, AL, on January 8 and 9. Savannah, GA, reported a light snowfall for the first time in six years. On January 8, Fort Macon, NC, registered winds up to 62 miles per hour (100 km/h) from the southwest. A significant chunk of arctic air from the north filtered down into the South in the wake of this system. Portions of North Carolina saw temperatures fall well below 0 °F (-18 °C) from Jan 11 through 14, with readings as low at -18 °F (-28 °C) in Wilkes County, NC, on Jan 12.
1899, Feb. 11; The Great Blizzard of 1899 was an unprecedented winter storm that affected the southern United States. Record low temperatures for February were reported across the US. Atlanta, Ga: -9 °F (-23 °C) all-time record low, Fort Logan, MT: -61 °F (-51 °C), Dallas, TX: -8 °F (-22 °C), all-time record low, Gainesville, FL: 6 °F (-14 °C) all-time record low, Harrison, AK: -24 °F (-31 °C), all-time record low, Raleigh, NC: -2 °F (-19 °C), Santuc, SC: -11 °F (-24 °C) and Marienville, PA: -40 °F and C.
1950, Nov. 24 - 30; The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 was a large extratropical cyclone that moved through the Eastern United States. The storm caused significant winds, heavy rains east of the Appalachians, and blizzard conditions along the western slopes of the mountain chain. The storm impacted 22 states, killing 353, injuring over 160, and creating US$66.7 million in damage (1950 dollars). All-time record lows for November were set at Asheville, NC, -5 °F (-21 °C), Wilmington, NC, 16 °F (-9 °C), Charleston, SC, (17°F), Greenville, SC, (11°F), Birmingham, AL. 5 °F (-15 °C), Mobile, AL, 22 °F (-6 °C) Montgomery, AL, 13 °F (-11 °C) Atlanta, GA, (-3°F), Columbus, GA, (10°F), Augusta, GA, (11°F), and Savannah, GA (15°F).
1973, Jan. 7; A Severve Ice Strom sticks the Atlanata area. many are with out power for up to 6 days.
1982, Jan 12; Snow Jam! This large, unpredicted snowfall paralyzed Atlanta and surrounding areas. The storm track took the heaviest amount of snow over Atlanta and hit in the afternoon, stranding thousands of commuters. Because this storm struck Atlanta after several days of single digit temperatures, the streets became sheets of ice within minutes.
1993, March 12-13; A low pressure system strengthen in the Gulf of Mexico and move northeast. Known as the Storm of the Century, areas as far south as central Alabama and Georgia received 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) of snow. The Florida Panhandle reported up to 4 inches (10 cm), with hurricane-force wind gusts and record low barometric pressures. Boone, North Carolina, received 33 inches of snow. The final toll for Alabama included 14 deaths due to exposure, and an estimated $50+ million in damages. 
2000, January 28; Severe ice storms, freezing rain, damaging wind and severely cold temperatures affecting 45 Georgia Counties. (Photos)
2005, January 9: Ice storm hits Atlanta and North Georgia knocking out power for more than 100,000 people. Two deaths were directly attributed to the storm. Flights in and out of Atlanta's International Airport were affected as the number of runways available for take-offs and landings were reduced from the normal 4 to 1 or 2.
2005, Dec. 15-16; The December 2005 North American ice storm affected a large portion of the Southern United States. One death was reported in Gwinnett County. The ice storm left more than a million people without power in and near the Appalachians, affecting 630,000 customers in Georgia, 358,000 in South Carolina, 328,000 in North Carolina and 13,000 in Virginia..
2006, Nov 20 - Dec 1; The November 2006 nor'easter was a powerful extratropical cyclone that formed offshore of the Southeastern United States on November 20. The storm brought heavy rains, high winds, beach erosion, and coastal flooding to the Carolinas and southern New England. In addition, the earliest snowfall ever noted in both Charleston, South Carolina and Savannah, Georgia occurred on the southwest side of this cyclone. Over 10,000 were without power during the storm. On Nov 21, extreme southeast Georgia received 5 to 7 inches of snow. In South Carolina, 4.13 inches (105 mm) measured at Chester, and winds gusted to 44 mph (38 knots) at Folly Beach. Heavy rainfall fell throughout central and eastern North Carolina. The Raleigh-Durham International Airport set a record for its wettest November on record. Winds gusted to 70 knots (80 mph) at Alligator River, with numerous gusts above 50 knots (60 mph) throughout the Outer Banks.
2007, Dec 8 - 18; The Mid-December 2007 North American winter storms were a series of winter storms that affected much of central and eastern North America. The systems affected areas from Oklahoma to Newfoundland and Labrador with freezing rain, sleet, snow, damaging winds, blizzard-like conditions, thunderstorms and Tornado in Georgia and Florida. Vinita, Oklahoma reported 1.25 in (3.2 cm) inches of ice, while Spearman, Texas reported up to 0.50 inches. On Dec 15-16, 8 confirmed Tornado were reported in Georgia and Florida resulting in 1 death in GA.[Ref]
2007, Feb. 12-15; The February 2007 North America Winter Storm was a massive winter storm that began on Feb. 12, 2007 and lasted until on Feb. 14, producing heavy snowfalls across the Midwestern U.S. from Nebraska to Ohio and similar conditions across parts of the northeastern U.S., and into Canada and tornadoes across the southern US. Significant sleet and freezing rain fell across the southern Ohio Valley and affected portions of the east coast of the United States, including the cities of Boston, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., New York City and Philadelphia. The southern portion of the storm produced severe thunderstorms with numerous tornadoes reported. One tornado hit a subdivision of New Orleans. In total, this storm system was responsible for 37 deaths across 13 U.S. states and Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec. On Tuesday, February 13, 2007, the storm produced 7 EF 0, 9 EF1 and 3 EF2 tornadoes affecting Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. NOAA classified the storm as a Category 3, “Major” storm.[Ref]
2007, April 13-17; The Spring Nor'easter of 2007 was a nor'easter that affected mainly the eastern parts of North America. The combined effects of high winds, heavy rainfall, and high tides led to flooding, storm damages, power outages, and evacuations, and disrupted traffic and commerce and resulted min at least 13 fatalities. There were 36 confirmed tornadoes in the Southern States, 15 EF0, 16 EF1, 4 EF2 and 1 EF3 in Sumter County, SC. Tornadoes struck Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas.[Ref]
2008, March 6-5; The North American blizzard of 2008 was a winter storm that struck most of southern and eastern North America. The storm produced heavy snow fall, rain and 13 confirmed tornadoes In Florida, Georgia and Texas. Ottawa, ON received 19 inches of snow between March 7 and 9. Memphis, TN received 5 to 7 inches while Sherman, Texas received 9 inches (230 mm), and Collinsville, Texas, got 8 inches. Some areas of Arkansas received up to a foot of snow.[Ref]
2010, Feb 1-6; The February 5-6, 2010 North American blizzard formed on February 1, 2010 and moved ashore on the West Coast near Baja California Sur, Mexico, and moved north east. The storm moved off the east coast on Feb 6, 2010. The storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet, freezing rain, and flooding, in Mexico the heavy rains resulting in at least 15 fatalities. The storm affected Arizona and New Mexico from February 1 to 4 with up to 1 foot of snow in the mountains east of Albuquerque, New Mexico. On February 4, Oklahoma and northern Texas saw rain and snow, with severe thunderstorms further south. Feb. 4 brought widespread rainfall totals of 1 inch to 4 inches of rain were reported in portions of Central and Southern Mississippi. Jackson, MS, broke a daily rainfall record with 2.51 inches (6.4 cm) of rainfall. On Friday Feb, 5., power outages effecting about 40,000 customers, were reported in the North Carolina's mountain counties as the winter storm brought a mixture of snow, sleet and freezing rain to much of the state. A drenching rain fell early Friday in the Charlotte, NC, and in Atlanta, GA, which transitioned to a few inches of snow later in the day, while several inches of snow accumulated farther north. To the north, Howard, MD, received 38.3 inches of snow, while Washington Dulles International Airport measured 32.9 inches. Fatalities occurred in to Mexico, New Mexico, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The storm was classed as a Category 3 (“major”) nor'easter and severe weather event. [Ref]
2010, Dec 5 - Jan 15; The December 2010 North American blizzard was a major nor'easter and historic blizzard affecting the Contiguous United States, and portions of Canada. The system moved across the Atlantic and was known as Windstorm Benjamin in Europe. The storm formed in the western Gulf of Alaska on Dec 5. From Dec 15 through Dec 22, the system stalled off the coast of the Pacific Northwest bringing with it as much as 2 feet (61 cm) of rain to the San Gabriel Mountains and over 13 feet (4.0 m) of snow in the Sierra Nevada. Although the entire state of Califoria was affected, the Southern California counties of San Bernardino, Orange, San Diego, and Los Angeles bore the brunt of the system of storms as coastal and hillside areas were impacted by mudslides and major flooding. The storms weaken while crossing the America west. The storm began strengthen again on Dec 24, when it moved into the Gulf of Mexico and began a period of rapid intensification off the North Carolina coast. Trenton, GA, received 6" of snow while Rocky Mount and Wilson, NC, both received 12" of snow.[Ref]
2014, Jan. 27-31; The January 2014 Gulf Coast winter storm was a winter storm that impacted the eastern and southeastern United States, as well as Mexico. Freezing rain and sleet were recorded in cites along the Gulf Coast including Houston, TX, New Orleans, LA, Mobile, AL and Tallahassee, FL. On Jan 27, warnings were issued for Atlanta'a south metro area, while the central region (from east to west) was placed under a winter weather advisory. At 3:38 AM, on Jan. 28, the winter storm warning was expanded northward. A tweet issued by the NWSFO in Peachtree City at 3:08 pm and repeated on the local news read: “Winter precip will make travel risky across GA midday Tues into Weds. Not a bad idea to stay off the roads if you're able!”. Many believed that the storm would not occur until midday and planned accordingly. The NWSFO was correct in its forecast, but the roads became slippery faster than anyone anticipated. Thinking they would have time to get home before the road condition deteriorated, many business and school systems planned to work a half day. The results was a higher than normal volume of traffic on the Atlanta roads and with the slippery conditions and hilly terrain in Atlanta, traffic stooped. Many people were not able to reach their homes and had to find shelter where they could. Coastal South Carolina got some of the freezing rain that closed bridges around Charleston, SC. The Outer Banks of North Carolina and the Tidewater region of southeastern Virginia received significant snows,
2014, Feb. 11-17; The North American winter storm of 2014, was a snow and ice storm that affected the American South and East Coast. Damage was estimated at $15 million+ and there were 22 fatalities. Four people died in traffic accidents in Texas due to ice, and in Round Rock, TX, on February 11, a single accident resulting from ice on a bridge affected 20 vehicles. Mississippi had two deaths attributed to the weather. Several tractor-trailers jackknifed on Interstate 65 in northeast Alabama. Catoosa County, GA, reported 11 inches of snow from the storm.  Emergency Declaration declared on February 11, 2014(EM-3368) for Georgia.