Jeju City is located on the north side of Cheju Island, is located in the Korean Strait, south of the South Korean mainland. In 1946, Cheju Island became a Special Self-Governing Province and today is known as Jeju Province, short Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Jeju City is the capital of Jeju Province.
With its mild climate, Jeju is a popular vacation spot for Koreans and many Japanese. Jeju City city is a well-known resort, with prestigious hotels and public casino facilities. The economy is primarily gear to the tourists trade, but the city is surrounded by orange and mandarin farms.
Cheju Island, or Jeju Island, is also known as the “Island of the Gods”. The island has a surface area of 1,846 square kilometers (712.744 mi2) and was formed by volcanic activity starting during the Cretaceous period and lasted until the early Tertiary period. Mount Hallasan is a shield volcano and is the tallest mountain in South Korea. Mount Hallasan is dormant and rises 1,950 meters (6397.637 feet) above sea level. The island is covered in by volcanic rock and volcanic soil and the weather is mild and warm throughout the year. Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
1884: Kim Okgyun leads the Gapsin Jeongbyeon. In 3 days, Chinese forces are able to overwhelm the Progressives and their Japanese supporters.
1894: Donghak Rebellion prompts the first Sino-Japanese War and Gabo Reforms. The Gabo Reforms addressed such social reforms as discrimination based on the class system, slavery, underage marriage were all banned and widows were granted the right to remarry. Even though the Gabo Reforms officially abolished slavery in reality it continued until 1930. Estimates are that 30% to 50% of the Korean population were slaves during the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910).
1918, March 3: Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
1918, November 11: Armistice Day. At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. The war is officially over. More than 8.5 million have been killed and over twice as many wounded from across the globe. New technology has been created, America has risen to prominence as an economic power and new countries are forming in Europe and the Middle East.
1916: The final wave of Uibyeong rebels is defeated by Japanese forces.
1919: March 1st Movement. Spurred by the sudden and mysterious death of Gojong. Declaration of Korean Independence. Nation-wide peaceful demonstrations are crushed by Japanese military and police forces after two months. Governor-General Hasegawa resigns.
1935, October 3: The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
1940, June 17: The British ocean liner,
RMS Lancastria, requisitioned by the UK Government during the Second World War was sunk
during Operation Aerial
off the cost of Saint-Nazaire, France. At the time of the sinking, there were an estimated 4,000 to 9,000
British military personal and forty civilian refugees, including embassy staff and employees of
Fairey Aviation Company of Belgium with their
families aboard the ship when the ship was struck by 3 to 4 bombs and quickly capsizes and sinks. Estimates of the death toll vary from fewer than 3,000 to 5,800 people to as many as 6,500 people, the largest loss of life in British maritime history.
The estimated number of people that perished during World War II is 70 to 85 million. This was about 3 % of the world’s population in 1940. (Estimated to be 2.3 billion).
This makes World War II the deadliest military conflict in history.
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People's Republic of Korea (PRK) was a short-lived provisional government that was organized with the aim to take over control of Korea shortly after the Surrender of the Empire of Japan at the end of World War II. It operated as the government in late August and early September 1945 until the United States Army Military Government in Korea was established by the United States of America. After that it operated unofficially, and in opposition to the United States Military Government, until it was forcibly dissolved in January 1946.
1946: US-USSR Joint-Commission on the formation of a Korean Government reaches an impasse. The Joint-commission is dissolved as the Cold War begins.
1948, 10 May: UN sponsored elections are held in South Korea.
1949: The murder of Kim Gu. Kim Gu was a Korean Nationalist who believed in, and fought for, a unified Korea. He strongly objected to the formation of a separate South Korean state. He was shot in his home by a South Korean Army lieutenant.
1949, March 23: President Harry S. Truman approves the withdrawal of all US Forces in South Korea except for 500 military advisors.
1950, October 25: The Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) 13th Army Group launched the First Phase Offensive, attacking the advancing U.N. forces near the Sino-Korean border. Twelve days later, Stalin allowed the Soviet Air Force to provide air cover, and provides more aid to China.
1950, November 27: The Chinese 9th Army launched multiple attacks and ambushes along the road between the Chosin Reservoir and Koto-ri. At Yudam-ni, the 5th, 7th and 11th Marines were surrounded. The UN forces breakout on December 6 and conduct a fighting withdrawal to the port city of Hungnam. Approximately 105,000 soldiers, 98,000 civilians, 17,500 vehicles, and 350,000 tons of supplies are evacuated from Hungnam.
1972: Start of the third Five-year plans of South Korea.
1972, 12 August: The first Red Cross talks between North and South Korea are held.
1972: President Park Chung Hee declares Emergency Martial Law and changes Constitution in August, which may allow him to become the permanent ruler. This is similar to Gojong of the Korean Empire stating his country's governmental system as 'autocratic' in the constitution- for greater leadership and less opposition.
1980: The Gwangju Uprising. Martial Law is declared throughout the nation. The city of Gwangju becomes a battleground between dissenters and the Armed Forces (18-27 May). Some reports claim over 100 casualties.
1998: Taepodong-1, a two-stage intermediate-range ballistic missile is developed and tested by the DPRK. End of the Arduous March famine in North Korea. It is possible that up to 3.5 million people did not survive the 'march'.
1999: The DPRK promises to freeze long-range missile tests.
2000: President Kim Dae-jung becomes the first South Korean to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
2002: The 2002 FIFA World Cup jointly held by Korea & Japan. The Korean National Team makes it to the semi-finals for the first time in Korean history. The DPRK pledges to extend moratorium on missile tests beyond 2003.
2004: The DPRK reaffirms moratorium.
2005: The DPRK fires short-range missile into the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
2007: The second summit between DPRK and ROK leaders is held, with Roh Moo-hyun representing the south and Kim Jong Il the north. The DPRK fires short-range missile into the Sea of Japan.
2008: A South Korean tourist, a women in about her 50s, is shot down by a DPRK soldier for 'going into military territory' at 4 am, in Keumgang Mountain Tourist Region. This causes immediate uproar and all tourism into North Korea is suspended after the incident.
2011, 17 December: Kim Jong Il dies, Kim Jong un takes over as the Supreme Leader of North Korea. The National Intelligence Service discovers Communist spies who have been working underground for the DPRK for almost 10 years. One of the members was a former Democratic Party representative. Their mission was to influence the party named above and extract military secret information.
2012, 13 April: The Kim Regime of the DPRK tested a rocket, officially called “Unha-3”, an expendable launch system developed from the Soviet Scud rockets. The rocket was to send a satellite, called “Kwangmyongsong-3”, into orbit. The rocket failed to launch the satellite and fell into the Yellow Sea. The mission ultimately ended in complete failure.
Humid subtropical climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F) (or −3 °C (27 °F)), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F). No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled). No dry months in the summer. [Ref]