Kashan, Iran

Fast Facts

Founded: CA. 6000 BCE Population: 248,789 Time Zone: + 3.5
Latitude: 33.98 N Longitude: 051.44 E Altitude: 1,640 ft
Average High: 77.92 Average Low: 54.08 Annual Precipitation: 5.2




 

Kashan, Iran, and its surrounds have been home to human settlements since at least the 4th millennium BCE. Much of what is known of Kashan´s history is interwoven with legend. It is known that Kashan was twice destroyed by invading armies. During the Seljuk period (AD 1051-1220) the city walls were rebuilt, and the town became famous for its textiles, high quality pottery and tiles. [1] Today, Kashan is the capital of Kashan County , in the province of Isfahan, Iran and houses most of Iran's mechanized carpet-weaving factories. The city is internationally famous for the carpets, silk and other textiles man ufactured there. Kashan also has an active marble and copper mining industry. Its population in 2006 was 248,789.[2]

 

    Page Index
 ◊  History of: Kashan, Iran
 ◊  History of Iran
 ◊  Weather data for Kashan, Iran
 ◊  Historic Weather Events for Iran

History of Kashan, Iran.


  • 5500-6000 BCE - Archeological evidence indicates that the Tepe Sialk date back to 5500-6000 BCE.
  • 11th century - Sultan Malik Shah I (b. 1055 d. 1092) of the Seljuk dynasty ordered the building of a fortress in the middle of Kashan.
  • 1779 - An earthquake destroys much of Kashan. Much of the city is rebuilt during the subsequent Qajar period.[1]
  • 1851 - Amir Kabir, one of Irans most capable and innovative figures is exiled to Kashan and then murered there on January 10, 1852.[3]



Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.




History of Iran[4][5]



Ancient times



1500 - 1699



1700 - 1899



1900 - 2012
  • 1901; William Knox D'Arcy negotiates an oil concession with Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar of Persia. He assumed exclusive rights to prospect for oil for 60 years in a vast tract of territory including most of Iran. In exchange the Shah received £20,000 (£1.9 million today, an equal amount in shares of D'Arcy's company, and a promise of 16% of future profits.[19]
  • 1908, May 26; George Bernard Reynolds, a geologist hired by William Knox D'Arcy finds oil. [19]
  • 1909, 14 April; the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) is created by Burmah Oil.[19]
  • 1914 - 1920 The First World War. [More Information]
  • 1919: Anglo-Persian Agreement established a British protectorate over Iran. This is opposed by the Majlis.[13]
  • 1925-1941: Reza Shah rules Iran until September 16, 1941, when he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
  • 1927-1933; The Trans-Iranian Railway is constructed connecting the capital Tehran with the Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea.[20]
  • 1935, October 3; The Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Italian armed forces from Eritrea invaded Ethiopia without a declaration of war. In response Ethiopia declares war on Italy. On October 7, the League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor, and started the slow process of imposing limited sanctions on Italy.
  • 1935: The Soviet Union declares that the fascist states of Germany and Japan are the enemies.
  • 1941-1979: Mohammad-Reza Shah rules Iran.
  • 1939 - 1945 World War II. [More Information]

  • 1945, November; The Soviet Union established the Azerbaijan People's Government in Iranian Azerbaijan.
  • 1946, January 22: The Soviet-backed Kurdish Republic of Mahabad declared its independence from Iran.
  • 1946, March 2 Iran crisis: British troops withdrew from Iran. The Soviet Union violated its prior agreement and remained.
  • 1946, May 9: Iran crisis: The Soviet Union withdrew from Iran.
  • 1946, December 11: Iran regained control over the territory of the Azerbaijan People's Government.
  • 1946, December 15: Iran conquered Mahabad.
  • 1951; Iranian parliament (the Majlis) voted to nationalise the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) and its holdings.[19]
  • 1977, August 2: Seyyed Mohammad Khatami is elected president of Iran.
  • 1977, October: Demonstrations against the Mohammad Reza Pahlavi begin. [14]
  • 1978, August 19: Four Islamic militants arsonists barred the door of the set the fire to the Cinema Rex in the southwestern city of Abadan killing 422.[14][21]
  • 1979, February 1: Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran.[14]
  • 1979, February 11: The Iranian government collapsed during a popular revolt known as the Iranian Revolution.[14]
  • 1979, May 5: The Revolutionary Guard, or Pasdaran-e Enqelab, is established by Ayatollah Khomeini.[14]
  • 1979, April 1: A referendum passed which made Iran an Islamic republic.[14]
  • 1979, November 4: The American Embassy is invaded. 52 Americans are held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979, to January 20, 1981.[15]
  • 1980, January 28: The Six American diplomats hiding at the Swedish and Italian embassies, with the help of the Canadian Government and Canadian ambassador Ken Taylor, escape from Iran. The Canadian Parliament held a secret session for the first time since World War II and pass special legislation allowing Canadian passports to be issued to some American citizens so that they could escape. In cooperation with the Central Intelligence Agency and using the cover story of a film project, the six American diplomats board a flight to Zürich, Switzerland. [15]
  • 1980, September 22 - 1988, August 20: Iran-Iraq War, also known as the First Persian Gulf War. During the war, the Iraqi government made extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas against Iranian troops, civilians, and Iraqi Kurds. The number of estimated casualties for Iran are 320,000 - 720,000 soldiers and militia killed, and Iraq 150,000-375,000 soldiers and militia killed.[16]
  • 2001, June 8: Iranian presidential election, 2001: President Mohammad Khatami was reelected with vast majority.
  • 2005, June 24: Iranian presidential election, 2005: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad defeated the more liberal Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.
  • 2009, June 12: Iranian presidential election, 2009: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad reelected for a second time after defeated Mir-Hossein Mousavi.
  • 2009, June 13: Iranian election protest all over Iran over the election results.
  • 2012, November 8: A magnitude 6.4 earthquake occurs. The earthquake is centered 32 miles (51.5 km) north-northeast of Tabriz, at a depth of 6.2 miles (10 km) killing at least 250.[17]


Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.




Kashan, Iran, Weather Information



Monthly average highs and low temperatures and the average amount of precipitation for Kashan, Iran.
Data from World Weather On-line - Kashan, Esfahan, Iran.




Month Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
Avg. High 49 ° 56 ° 66 ° 78 ° 88 ° 99 ° 104 ° 103 ° 94 ° 81 ° 65 ° 52 ° 77.92 °
Avg. Low 31 ° 36 ° 44 ° 55 ° 64 ° 73 ° 79 ° 76 ° 76 ° 56 ° 44 ° 35 ° 54.08 °
Mean 40 ° 46 ° 55 ° 66.5 ° 76 ° 86 ° 91.5 ° 89.5 ° 75 ° 68.5 ° 54.5 ° 43.6 ° 66 °
Avg. Prec. 0.7 in 0.5 in 0.8 in 1.1 in 0.5 in 0.4 in 0.2 in 0 in 0 in 0.1 in 0.3 in 0.6 in 5.2 in




The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 104° Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 31° Fahrenheit.


Temperature variations between night and day tend to be large with an average difference of 23.83° Fahrenheit.


The wettest month of the year is April with an average rainfall of 1.1 inches, the driest months of the year are August and September when on average there is no rainfall. The total annual precipitation in Kashan is 5.2 inches.





Climate Classification:

The climate in Kashan, Iran, is classified as cold semi-arid climate (BSk) by the Köppen-Geiger system.

Cold semi-arid climates (type "BSk") tend to be located in elevated portions of temperate zones, typically bordering a humid continental climate or a Mediterranean climate. They are typically found in continental interiors some distance from large bodies of water. Cold semi-arid climates usually feature warm to hot dry summers, though their summers are typically not quite as hot as those of hot semi-arid climates. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi-arid climates tend to have cold winters. These areas usually see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates. Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi-arid climates, and tend to feature major temperature swings between day and night, sometimes by as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more in that time frame. These large diurnal temperature variations are seldom seen in hot semi-arid climates. Cold semi-arid climates at higher latitudes tend to have dry winters and wetter summers, while cold semi-arid climates at lower latitudes tend to have precipitation patterns more akin to subtropical climates, with dry summers, relatively wet winters, and even wetter springs and autumns. Cold semi-arid climates are most commonly found in Asia and North America. However, they can also be found in Northern Africa, South Africa, Europe, sections of South America and sections of interior southern Australia and New Zealand. [Ref]



Earth Science



Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.




Historical Weather data




Historical Weather data

Iran Notable Severe Weather Events



I am still doing research on the weather history of Iran



Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.

 

References

  1. Lonely Planet - Introducing Kashan   [Online] http://www.lonelyplanet.com/iran/central-iran/kashan
  2. Wikipedia - Kashan  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashan
  3. Wikipedia - Amir Kabir   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Kabir
  4.  Wikipedia - History of Iran   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_iran
  5. Wikipedia - Timeline of Iranian history   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Iranian_history
  6. Wikipedia - Chogha Bonut   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogha_Bonut
  7. Wikipedia - Susa   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susa
  8. Wikipedia - Achaemenid Empire   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire
  9. Wikipedia - Battle of Edessa  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Edessa
  10. Wikipedia - Muslim conquest of Persia  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquest_of_Persia
  11. Wikipedia - Samanid Empire  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samanid_Empire
  12. Wikipedia - History of Iran; Mongol invasion   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Iran#Mongol_invasion_.281219.E2.80.931221.29
  13. World War I   [Online] http://countrystudies.us/iran/14.htm
  14. a b Wikipedia - Iranian Revolution   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution
  15. Wikipedia - Iran hostage crisis  [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran_hostage_crisis
  16. Wikipedia - Iran-Iraq War   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
  17. Huffington Post - Iran Earthquake 2012: Death Toll Raised To At Least 250   [Online] http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/12/iran-earthquake-2012-death-toll-rises_n_1769722.html
  18. Wikipedia - Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Soviet_invasion_of_Iran
  19. Wikipedia - Anglo-Persian Oil Company   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Persian_Oil_Company
  20. Wikipedia - Trans-Iranian Railway   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Iranian_Railway
  21. Wikipedia - Cinema Rex fire   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_Rex_fire
  22. Wikipedia - Ismail I, Reign   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_I#Reign
  23. Wikipedia - Umayyad Caliphate   [Online] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umayyad_Caliphate


Last Update: March 18, 2019


Return to the page index.        Return to the top of the page.

Prev The list of cities was sorted by Longitude - ascending Next